United States Ambassador to Eritrea

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Ambassador of the United States to Eritrea
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Incumbent
Sue Bremner
as Chargé d’Affaires

since July 2012
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Joseph P. O'Neill
as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
Formation June 11, 1991
Website U.S. Embassy - Asmara

The following is a list of United States ambassadors to Eritrea. The United States recognized Eritrea's independence April 27, 1991, and established diplomatic relations on June 11, 1991. The Consulate in Asmara then became an Embassy with Joseph P. O'Neill as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Robert Gordon Houdek - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: November 22, 1993
    • Presentation of Credentials: December 31, 1993
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, September 10, 1996
  • John F. Hicks - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 2, 1996
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 29, 1996
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, May 11, 1997
  • William Davis Clarke - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 29, 1998
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 20, 1998
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 12, 2001
  • Donald J. McConnell - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 16, 2001
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 3, 2001
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, July 16, 2004
  • Scott H. DeLisi - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 12, 2004
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 21, 2004
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, June 2, 2007
  • Ronald K. McMullen - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 29, 2007
    • Presentation of Credentials: Unknown
    • Termination of Mission: July 19, 2010
  • Joel Reifman - Career FSO
    • Title: Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
    • Appointment: July 19, 2010
    • Presentation of Credentials: Unknown
    • Termination of Mission: Unknown
  • Sue Bremner - Career FSO
    • Title: Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
    • Appointment: 2012
    • Presentation of Credentials: Unknown
    • Termination of Mission: Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]