United States Ambassador to Indonesia

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Ambassador of the United States to Indonesia
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Robert O Blake Jr.jpg
Incumbent
Robert O. Blake, Jr.

since November 5, 2013
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder H. Merle Cochran
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation December 27, 1949
Website U.S. Embassy - Jakarta

This is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to the Republic of Indonesia.

Indonesia had been a Dutch colony since 1800 as a part of the Dutch East Indies. The Dutch were expelled in March 1942 by the Japanese occupation of Indonesia. After the surrender of Japan in 1945, Sukarno declared independence on August 17, 1945. However, the Netherlands attempted to reestablish their colony during a prolonged war that lasted for four and a half years. Ultimately the struggle was unsuccessful for the Netherlands, and in December 1949, the Netherlands formally recognized Indonesian sovereignty.

The United States immediately recognized the independence of Indonesia and moved to establish diplomatic relations. A U.S. embassy was established in Jakarta on December 27, 1949 under the informal direction of a consul general. President Truman appointed H. Merle Cochran as ambassador the following day.

The United States Embassy in Indonesia is located in Jakarta, with consulates in Surabaya and Bali, and an American Presence Post in Medan[1]

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • H. Merle Cochran[2] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 28, 1949
    • Presented credentials: December 30, 1949
    • Terminated mission: Left post, February 27, 1953
  • Hugh S. Cumming, Jr.[3] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 3, 1953
    • Presented credentials: October 15, 1953
    • Terminated mission: Left post, March 3, 1957
  • John M. Allison – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 21, 1957
    • Presented credentials: March 13, 1957
    • Terminated mission: Left post, January 29, 1958
  • Howard P. Jones – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 20, 1958
    • Presented credentials: March 10, 1958
    • Terminated mission: Left post, May 24, 1965
  • Marshall Green – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 4, 1965
    • Presented credentials: July 26, 1965
    • Terminated mission: Left post, March 26, 1969
  • Francis J. Galbraith – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 27, 1969
    • Presented credentials: July 19, 1969
    • Terminated mission: Left post, February 3, 1974
  • David D. Newsom – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 19, 1973
    • Presented credentials: February 27, 1974
    • Terminated mission: Left post, October 6, 1977
  • Edward E. Masters – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 3, 1977
    • Presented credentials: December 10, 1977
    • Terminated mission: Left post, November 10, 1981
  • Note: John Cameron Monjo served as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, November 1981–February 1983.
  • John Herbert Holdridge – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 10, 1982
    • Presented credentials: February 19, 1983
    • Terminated mission: Left post, January 7, 1986
  • Paul Dundes Wolfowitz – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 4, 1986
    • Presented credentials: April 11, 1986
    • Terminated mission: Left post, May 12, 1989
  • John Cameron Monjo – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 22, 1989
    • Presented credentials: May 31, 1989
    • Terminated mission: Left post, July 18, 1992
  • Robert L. Barry – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 7, 1992
    • Presented credentials: August 11, 1992
    • Terminated mission: Left post, July 10, 1995
  • J. Stapleton Roy – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 19, 1995
    • Presented credentials: February 27, 1996
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 12, 1999
  • Robert S. Gelbard – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 9, 1999
    • Presented credentials: October 18, 1999
    • Terminated mission: Left post October 14, 2001
  • Ralph Leo Boyce – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 1, 2001
    • Presented credentials: October 24, 2001
    • Terminated mission: Left post, August. 2, 2004
  • B. Lynn Pascoe – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 18, 2004
    • Presented credentials: November 25, 2004
    • Terminated mission: Left post, February 17, 2007
  • Cameron R. Hume – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 30, 2007
    • Presented credentials: August 1, 2007
    • Terminated mission: Left post, August 7, 2010
  • Scot Marciel - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 10, 2010
    • Presented credentials: September 21, 2010
    • Terminated mission: Left post, July 18, 2013
  • Robert O. Blake, Jr. - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 30, 2013
    • Presented credentials: January 30, 2014
    • Terminated mission:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Embassy Information". U.S. Embassy Jakarta. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  2. ^ Cochran was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on February 2, 1950.
  3. ^ Cumming was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 26, 1954.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]