United States Ambassador to Ireland

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Ambassador of the United States of America to Ireland
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Stuart Dwyer.jpg
Incumbent
Stuart Dwyer
Chargé d'affaires ad interim

since September 5, 2013
Residence Deerfield Residence
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Frederick A. Sterling
as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Formation February 19, 1927
Website U.S. Embassy in Dublin

The Ambassador of the United States of America to Ireland is a position in existence since the 1920s, and is considered a highly prestigious position within the United States Foreign Service.

There have been a total of 30 United States Ambassadors to Dublin. All except one, Frederick A. Sterling, have been non-career appointees.

The ambassador and embassy staff at large work at the Ballsbridge Chancery of the Embassy of the United States of America in Dublin.[1] Deerfield Residence is the official residence of the U.S. Ambassador, located in the Phoenix Park, Dublin.[2]

The position of ambassador is currently vacant, following the resignation of Dan Rooney on December 14, 2012. Stuart Dwyer is the Chargé d'affaires since September 5, 2013.[3] President Barack Obama nominated Kevin O'Malley, an Irish American St. Louis attorney, as the next ambassador to Ireland on June 5, 2014. Mr. O'Malley must undergo a United States Senate confirmation hearing before being appointed.[4]

List of Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
Deerfield Residence is the United States Ambassador's Official Residence in the Phoenix Park, Dublin 8
  • Frederick A. Sterling
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 19, 1927
    • Presentation of Credentials: February 27, 1927
    • Termination of Mission: Left post March 7, 1934
    • Note: Commissioned to the Irish Free State.
  • W.W. McDowell
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 13, 1933
    • Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; did not serve under this appointment.
  • W.W. McDowell
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: January 15, 1934
    • Presentation of Credentials: March 27, 1934
    • Termination of Mission: Died at post April 9, 1934
    • Note: Commissioned to the Irish Free State.
  • Alvin Mansfield Owsley
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 15, 1935
    • Presentation of Credentials: June 27, 1935
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 7, 1937
  • John Cudahy
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 28, 1937
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 23, 1937
    • Termination of Mission: Left post January 15, 1940
  • David Gray
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: February 16, 1940
    • Presentation of Credentials: April 15, 1940
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 28, 1947
    • Notes: Uncle (by marriage) of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
  • George A. Garrett
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: April 10, 1947
    • Presentation of Credentials: July 28, 1947
    • Termination of Mission: Promoted to Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
  • George A. Garrett
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 17, 1950
    • Presentation of Credentials: April 18, 1950
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 27, 1951
  • Francis P. Matthews
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 6, 1951
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 22, 1951
    • Termination of Mission: Left post September 7, 1952
  • William Howard Taft III
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: April 2, 1953
    • Presentation of Credentials: May 13, 1953
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 25, 1957
  • R. W. Scott McLeod
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 9, 1957
    • Presentation of Credentials: July 17, 1957
    • Termination of Mission: Left Ireland, March 15, 1961
  • Edward G. Stockdale
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 29, 1961
    • Presentation of Credentials: May 17, 1961
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 7, 1962
  • Matthew H. McCloskey
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 12, 1962
    • Presentation of Credentials: July 19, 1962
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 7, 1964
  • Raymond R. Guest
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 11, 1965
    • Presentation of Credentials: April 28, 1965
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 7, 1968
  • Leo J. Sheridan
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 26, 1968
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 1, 1968
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 1, 1969
  • John D.J. Moore
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: April 19, 1969
    • Presentation of Credentials: June 23, 1969
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 30, 1975
  • Walter J.P. Curley Jr.
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 23, 1975
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 18, 1975
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 2, 1977
  • William V. Shannon
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 22, 1977
    • Presentation of Credentials: July 20, 1977
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 7, 1981
  • William E. McCann
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Note: Not commissioned; nomination of March 17, 1981 not acted upon by the Senate.
  • Peter H. Dailey
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 15, 1982
    • Presentation of Credentials: April 30, 1982
    • Termination of Mission: Left post January 15, 1984
  • Robert F. Kane
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: February 28, 1984
    • Presentation of Credentials: March 6, 1984
    • Termination of Mission: May 29, 1985
  • Margaret M. O'Shaughnessy Heckler
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: December 17, 1985
    • Presentation of Credentials: January 30, 1986
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 20, 1989
  • Richard Anthony Moore
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 7, 1989
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 19, 1989
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 15, 1992
  • William Henry Gerald FitzGerald
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 15, 1992
    • Presentation of Credentials: June 26, 1992
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 5, 1993
  • Jean Kennedy Smith
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 17, 1993
    • Presentation of Credentials: June 24, 1993
    • Termination of Mission: Left post September 17, 1998
  • Michael J. Sullivan
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 22, 1998
    • Presentation of Credentials: January 21, 1999
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 20, 2001
  • Richard J. Egan
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 29, 2001
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 10, 2001
    • Termination of Mission: January 31, 2003
  • James C. Kenny
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 31, 2003
    • Termination of Mission: October 18, 2006
  • Thomas C. Foley
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 18, 2006
    • Termination of Mission: January 2009
  • Daniel M. Rooney
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 1, 2009
    • Presentation of Credentials: July 3, 2009
    • Termination of Mission: December 14, 2012[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Embassy Dublin - History". U.S. Embassy Dublin. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Ambassador's Residence ("Deerfield"), Phoenix Park, Dublin". U.S. Embassy Dublin. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Chargé d'affaires (Chief of Mission)". U.S. Embassy Dublin. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Carswell, Simon (5 June 2014). "US nominates Missouri lawyer as next Irish ambassador". The Irish Times. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Ambassador Dan Rooney Resigns (Statement)". 14 December 2012. U.S. State Department. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 

External links[edit]