United States Ambassador to Nicaragua

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Ambassador of the United States to Nicaragua
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Incumbent
Phyllis M. Powers

since March 30, 2012
Appointer Barack Obama
Inaugural holder John B. Kerr
as Chargé d'Affaires
Formation February 18, 1851
Website U.S. Embassy - Managua

The following is a list of United States Ambassadors, or other Chiefs of Mission, to Nicaragua. The title given by the United States State Department to this position is currently Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.

Ambassadors[edit]

Representative Title Presentation
of Credentials
Termination
of Mission
Appointed by
John B. Kerr Chargé d'Affaires February 18, 1851 June 1, 1853 Millard Fillmore
Solon Borland[1] Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary September 14, 1853 April 17, 1854 Franklin Pierce
John H. Wheeler Minister Resident April 7, 1855 October 23, 1856
Mirabeau B. Lamar[2] Minister Resident February 8, 1858 May 20, 1859 James Buchanan
Alexander Dmitry[3] Minister Resident December 7, 1859 April 27, 1861
Andrew B. Dickinson Minister Resident July 11, 1861 January 15, 1863 Abraham Lincoln
Thomas H. Clay Minister Resident January 15, 1863 May 31, 1863
Andrew B. Dickinson Minister Resident and Extraordinary May 31, 1863 July 29, 1869
Charles N. Riotte Minister Resident July 29, 1869 January 15, 1873 Ulysses S. Grant
George Williamson[4] Minister Resident November 1, 1873 January 31, 1879
Cornelius A. Logan[4] Minister Resident July 30, 1879 April 15, 1882 Rutherford B. Hayes
Henry C. Hall[4] Minister Resident August 12, 1882 November 2, 1882 Chester A. Arthur
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary November 2, 1882 May 23, 1889
Lansing B. Mizner[4] Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary August 7, 1889 December 31, 1890 Benjamin Harrison
Romualdo Pacheco[4] Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary May 21, 1891 October 13, 1891
Richard Cutts Shannon[5] Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary October 13, 1891 April 30, 1893
Lewis Baker[5] Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary May 13, 1893 December 9, 1897 Grover Cleveland
William L. Merry[6] Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary March 1, 1899 August 24, 1908 William McKinley
John Gardner Coolidge Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary August 24, 1908 November 21, 1908 Theodore Roosevelt
John H. Gregory, Jr. Chargé d'Affaires ad interim November 21, 1908 March 12, 1909
Elliott Northcott Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary February 21, 1911 June 23, 1911 William H. Taft
George T. Weitzel Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary January 22, 1912 April 19, 1913
Benjamin L. Jefferson Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary September 5, 1913 October 24, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
John E. Ramer Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary December 30, 1921 April 5, 1925 Warren G. Harding
Charles C. Eberhardt Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary August 7, 1925 May 10, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
Matthew E. Hanna Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary April 11, 1930 September 6, 1933 Herbert Hoover
Arthur Bliss Lane Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary December 7, 1933 March 14, 1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Boaz Long Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary March 19, 1936 April 1, 1938
Meredith Nicholson Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary June 9, 1938 February 27, 1941
Pierre de Lagarde Boal Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary July 24, 1941 March 5, 1942
James B. Stewart Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary June 12, 1942 April 14, 1943
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary April 14, 1943 January 4, 1945
Fletcher Warren Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary May 9, 1945 May 4, 1947 Harry S. Truman
George P. Shaw Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary September 1, 1948 June 8, 1949
Capus M. Waynick Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary July 12, 1949 July 22, 1951
Thomas E. Whelan Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary November 3, 1951 March 22, 1961
Aaron S. Brown Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary April 21, 1961 May 3, 1967 John F. Kennedy
Kennedy M. Crockett Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary August 21, 1967 April 19, 1970 Lyndon B. Johnson
Turner B. Shelton Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary November 20, 1970 August 11, 1975 Richard Nixon
James D. Theberge Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary August 11, 1975 June 8, 1977 Gerald Ford
Mauricio Solaún Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary September 30, 1977 February 26, 1979 Jimmy Carter
Lawrence A. Pezzullo Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary July 31, 1979 August 18, 1981
Anthony Cecil Eden Quainton Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary March 26, 1982 May 6, 1984 Ronald Reagan
Harry E. Bergold, Jr. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary May 31, 1984 July 1, 1987
Richard Huntington Melton Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary May 4, 1988 July 12, 1988[7]
Jack Leonard Chargé d'Affaires ad interim July 11, 1988 June 21, 1990
Harry W. Shlaudeman Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary June 21, 1990 March 14, 1992 George H. W. Bush
Ron Godard Chargé d’Affaires a.i.      
John Francis Maisto Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary September 8, 1993 November 15, 1996 Bill Clinton
Lino Gutierrez Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary December 5, 1996 July 21, 1999
Oliver P. Garza Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary September 24, 1999 August 30, 2002
Barbara C. Moore Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary September 13, 2002 July 15, 2005 George W. Bush
Paul A. Trivelli Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary September 9, 2005 2008
Robert J. Callahan Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary July 24, 2008 July 2011
Robert R. Downes Chargé d’Affaires a.i. July 2011 March 2012 Barack Obama
Phyllis M. Powers [8] Ambassador Minister-Counselor March 30, 2011 Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Commissioned to Central America; resident at Managua.
  2. ^ Also accredited to Costa Rica; resident at Managua.
  3. ^ Also accredited to Costa Rica; resident partly at Managua and partly at San José. ALEXANDER DIMITRY, Minister to Nicaragua and Costa Rica, has been recalled, although no successor bas been named. It is becoming a disgrace to the late Administration that this step was not taken long ago. Let us hope that Mr. LINCOLN will send sober men and anti-filibusters to represent the United States in all the Spanish-American countries. The New York Times', March 20, 1861, [1]
  4. ^ a b c d e Commissioned to "the Central American States" but accredited individually to Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; resident at Guatemala.
  5. ^ a b Also accredited to El Salvador and Costa Rica; resident at Managua.
  6. ^ Originally accredited to Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Nicaragua; after December 12, 1907, only to Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Resident at San José.
  7. ^ Ambassador Melton and seven other members of the American embassy were expelled by the Government of Nicaragua on July 11, 1988 because of United States support of the opposition to the Sandinista government. – "Nicaragua". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  8. ^ [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]