United States Ambassador to Niger

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Ambassador of the United States to Niger
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Bisa Williams ambassador.jpg
Incumbent
Bisa Williams

since October 29, 2010
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder R. Borden Reams
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation October 14, 1960
Website U.S. Embassy - Niamey

The day before Niger's independence on August 3, 1960, the first American Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, Donald R. Norland, presented his credentials to take effect the following day. The first United States ambassador to Niger, R. Borden Reams was appointed that October 14 and presented his credentials on November 23.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.

Note: Donald R. Norland (resident in Abidjan) presented credentials as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, August 2, 1960, to take effect from August 3, 1960. During Reams' tenure as non-resident Ambassador, the Embassy in Niamey was established February 3, 1961, with Joseph W. Schutz as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim.

  • R. Borden Reams[1] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 14, 1960
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 23, 1960
    • Termination of Mission: Superseded, August 2, 1961
  • Mercer Cook - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 22, 1961
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 2, 1961
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 30, 1964
  • Robert J. Ryan - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 9, 1964
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 24, 1964
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 19, 1968
  • Samuel C. Adams, Jr. - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 24, 1968
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 10, 1968
    • Termination of Mission: Left post October 3, 1969
  • Roswell D. McClelland - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 8, 1970
    • Presentation of Credentials: July 27, 1970
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 7, 1973
  • L. Douglas Heck - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 22, 1974
    • Presentation of Credentials: May 30, 1974
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 20, 1976
  • Charles A. James - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 16, 1976
    • Presentation of Credentials: December 11, 1976
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 5, 1979
  • James Keough Bishop - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 2, 1979
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 1, 1979
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 29, 1981
  • William Robert Casey, Jr. - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 9, 1982
    • Presentation of Credentials: April 3, 1982
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 29, 1985
  • Richard Wayne Bogosian - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 1, 1985
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 11, 1985
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 7, 1988
  • Carl Copeland Cundiff - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 12, 1988
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 9, 1988
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 10, 1991
  • Jennifer C. Ward - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 25, 1991
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 16, 1991
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 28, 1993
  • John S. Davison - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 9, 1993
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 23, 1993
    • Termination of Mission: July 28, 1996
  • Charles O. Cecil - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 11, 1996
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 6, 1996
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 13, 1999
  • Barbro A. Owens-Kirkpatrick - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 9, 1999
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 11, 1999
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 12, 2002
  • Gail Dennise Thomas Mathieu - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 3, 2002
    • Presentation of Credentials: December 4, 2002
    • Termination of Mission: Left post September 30, 2005
  • Bernadette M. Allen - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: February 21, 2006
    • Presentation of Credentials: April 19, 2006
    • Termination of Mission: Unknown
  • Bisa Williams - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 29, 2010
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 29, 2010
    • Termination of Mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on February 6, 1961. Also accredited to Dahomey, Ivory Coast, and Upper Volta; resident at Abidjan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]