United States Ambassador to Nigeria

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Ambassador of the United States to Nigeria
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
James F Entwistle ambassador.jpg
Incumbent
James F. Entwistle

since October 28, 2013
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Joseph Palmer II
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation September 23, 1960
Website U.S. Embassy - Abuja

The following is a list of United States Ambassadors to Nigeria.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Joseph Palmer II[1] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 23, 1960
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 4, 1960
    • Termination of Mission: Reaccredited when Nigeria became a republic; presented new credentials December 12, 1963; Left post January 16, 1964

Note: The Embassy in Lagos was established October 1, 1960, with Ambassador Palmer in charge pending presentation of his letter of credence.

  • Elbert G. Mathews - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 10, 1964
    • Presentation of Credentials: April 11, 1964
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 26, 1969
  • William C. Trueheart - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 19, 1969
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 6, 1969
    • Termination of Mission: Left post September 1, 1971
  • John E. Reinhardt - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 30, 1971
    • Presentation of Credentials: December 3, 1971
    • Termination of Mission: Left post February 23, 1975
  • Donald B. Easum - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 26, 1975
    • Presentation of Credentials: May 22, 1975
    • Termination of Mission: Left post October 15, 1979
  • Stephen Low - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 20, 1979
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 29, 1979
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 4, 1981
  • Thomas R. Pickering - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 26, 1981
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 30, 1981
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 9, 1983
  • Thomas W. M. Smith - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: February 10, 1984
    • Presentation of Credentials: March 15, 1984
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 5, 1986
  • Princeton Nathan Lyman - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 12, 1986
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 10, 1986
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 24, 1989
  • Lannon Walker - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 10, 1989
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 17, 1989
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 10, 1992
  • William Lacy Swing - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 15, 1992
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 24, 1992
    • Termination of Mission: Left post September 22, 1993
  • Walter C. Carrington - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: August 10, 1993
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 9, 1993
    • Termination of Mission: Left post October 7, 1997
  • William H. Twaddell - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: November 10, 1997
    • Presentation of Credentials: December 19, 1997
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 3, 2000

Note: The U.S. Embassy was transferred from Lagos to Abuja September 15, 2000.

  • Howard Franklin Jeter - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: December 28, 2000
    • Presentation of Credentials: March 3, 2001
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 30, 2003
  • John Campbell - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 12, 2004
    • Presentation of Credentials: June 25, 2004
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, July 19, 2007
  • Robin Renee Sanders - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 29, 2007
    • Presentation of Credentials: December 3, 2007
    • Termination of Mission: Unknown
  • Terence P. McCulley - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 28, 2010
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 2, 2010
    • Termination of Mission: Unknown
  • James F. Entwistle - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 23, 2013
    • Sworn in: October 28, 2013
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 26, 2013
    • Termination of Mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on February 6, 1961.
  2. ^ Nomination not acted upon by the Senate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]