United States Ambassador to Pakistan

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Ambassador of the United States to Pakistan
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Incumbent
Richard Olson

since September 24, 2012
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Paul H. Alling
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation September 20, 1947
Website U.S. Embassy - Islamabad

The U.S. embassy in Karachi was established August 15, 1947 with Edward W. Holmes as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, pending the appointment of an ambassador. The first ambassador, Paul H. Alling, was appointed on September 20, 1947. Anne W. Patterson was nominated as United States Ambassador to Pakistan in May 2007, replacing Ryan C. Crocker who was appointed United States Ambassador to Iraq after completing three years of service in Pakistan. In 2010, her post was succeeded by Cameron Munter. The American ambassador is based in the U.S. Embassy, Islamabad.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Paul H. Alling – Career FSO[1]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 20, 1947
    • Presented credentials: February 26, 1948
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 27, 1948
  • H. Merle Cochran – Career FSO[2]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 4, 1949
    • Presented credentials:
    • Terminated mission:
  • Avra M. Warren – Career FSO[3]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 2, 1950
    • Presented credentials: February 25, 1950
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 26, 1952
  • John M. Cabot – Career FSO[4]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 17, 1952
    • Presented credentials:
    • Terminated mission:
  • Horace A. Hildreth – Political appointee[5]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 13, 1953
    • Presented credentials: May 19, 1953
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 1, 1957
  • James M. Langley – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 13, 1957
    • Presented credentials: July 27, 1957
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 29, 1959
  • William M. Rountree – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 18, 1959
    • Presented credentials: August 17, 1959
    • Terminated mission: Left post February 7, 1962
  • Note: The capital of Pakistan was moved to Islamabad in August 1960.
  • Walter P. McConaughy – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 1, 1962
    • Presented credentials: March 20, 1962
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 27, 1966
  • Eugene Murphy Locke – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 27, 1966
    • Presented credentials: June 9, 1966
    • Terminated mission: Left Pakistan, April 16, 1967
  • Benjamin H. Oehlert, Jr. – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 27, 1967
    • Presented credentials: August 16, 1967
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 17, 1969
  • Joseph S. Farland – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 19, 1969
    • Presented credentials: November 15, 1969
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 30, 1972
  • Note: The post was vacant May 1972–December 1973. Sidney Sober served as chargé d'affaires ad interim during that period
  • Henry A. Byroade – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 15, 1973
    • Presented credentials: December 5, 1973
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 23, 1977
  • George S. Vest – Career FSO[6]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed:
    • Presented credentials:
    • Terminated mission:
  • Arthur W. Hummel, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 8, 1977
    • Presented credentials: June 28, 1977
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 19, 1981
  • Robert I. Spiers – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 1, 1981
    • Presented credentials: October 29, 1981
    • Terminated mission: Left post October 27, 1983
  • Deane Roesch Hinton – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 21, 1983
    • Presented credentials: December 26, 1983
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 9, 1986
  • Arnold Lewis Raphel – Career FSO[7]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 4, 1987
    • Presented credentials: June 24, 1987
    • Terminated mission: Died in office, August 17, 1988
  • Robert B. Oakley – Career FSO[8]
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 18, 1988
    • Presented credentials: September 1, 1988
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 29, 1991
  • Nicholas Platt – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 2, 1991
    • Presented credentials: October 24, 1991
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 3, 1992
  • John Cameron Monjo – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 9, 1992
    • Presented credentials: November 10, 1992
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 10, 1995
  • Thomas W. Simons – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 19, 1995
    • Presented credentials: January 25, 1996
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 24, 1998
  • William B. Milam – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 3, 1998
    • Presented credentials: September 10, 1998
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 6, 2001
  • Wendy Jean Chamberlin – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 12, 2001
    • Presented credentials: September 13, 2001
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 29, 2002
  • Nancy Jo Powell – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 2, 2002
    • Presented credentials: August 16, 2002
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 5, 2004
  • Ryan C. Crocker – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 18, 2004
    • Presented credentials: November 25, 2004
    • Terminated mission: Left post March 28, 2007
  • Anne W. Patterson – Career FSO
    • Appointed: July 2, 2007
    • Presented credentials: July 31, 2007
    • Terminated mission: Left post October 5, 2010
  • Cameron Munter – Career FSO
    • Appointed: October 6, 2010
    • Presented credentials: October 27, 2010
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 7, 2012
  • Richard Olson – Career FSO
    • Appointed: September 24, 2012
    • Presented credentials: October 31, 2012
    • Terminated mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alling was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 9, 1947.
  2. ^ Cochran took the oath of office, but did not proceed to the post.
  3. ^ Avra was commissioned on December 28, 1949, during a recess of the Senate but did not serve under the recess appointment. He was nominated again, confirmed by the United States Senate, and commissioned on February 2, 1950.
  4. ^ Cabot was commissioned during a recess of the Senate but did not serve under this appointment.
  5. ^ Hildreth was reaccredited when Pakistan became a republic and formally received April 23, 1956.
  6. ^ Vest’s nomination was withdrawn May 5, 1977.
  7. ^ Raphel died on August 17, 1988 in an airplane crash near Bhawalpur with Pakistani President Zia ul-Haq and Brigadier General Herbert M. Wassom, chief of the U.S. military group in Pakistan.
  8. ^ Oakley was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on October 17, 1988.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]