United States Ambassador to Serbia

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Ambassador of the United States to Serbia
Амбасадор Сједињених Држава у Србији
Ambasador Sjedinjenih Država u Srbiji
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Incumbent
Michael David Kirby

since 2012
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Eugene Schuyler
as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Formation November 10, 1882
Website U.S. Embassy - Belgrade

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.

This is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to Serbia.

Some parts of today's Serbia had been under the occupation of the Ottoman Empire (from 1459 until 1804) while other parts were occupied by Habsburg Monarchy (1526–1804), Austrian Empire (1804–1867), and Austria-Hungary (1867-1918). Upon regaining its independence (partial in 1804 and full in 1878), the Serbian state strengthened and expanded and was in 1918 the driving force behind the creation of Yugoslavia (the land of South Slavs, a multi-ethnic state that over the following seven decades experienced various models of governance). In 1992 Yugoslavia disintegrated, although two of its constituent units - Serbia and Montenegro - continued in the same federal state under the same name Yugoslavia until 2003, which is when they re-organized it to Serbia-Montenegro. After the Montenegrin independence referendum in May 2006, Serbia as the only remaining unit in the federation also became independent on 5 June 2006.

The United States established diplomatic relations with Serbia on November 10, 1882 when Eugene Schuyler was appointed resident U.S. Ambassador to Serbia, Romania and Greece, in Athens.

Since July 17, 1919 U.S. diplomatic missions were based in Yugoslavia and since May 1992 after the breakup of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia – United States relations cooled off, significantly severing after 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. The U.S. Embassy formally reopened in Belgrade in May 2001.

The United States Embassy in Serbia is located in Belgrade.

Ambassadors[edit]

  • Eugene Schuyler – Career FSO[1]
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 10, 1882
    • Presented credentials: Resident in Athens
    • Terminated mission: Left post, September 19, 1884
  • Walker Fearn – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 19, 1884
    • Presented credentials: September 28, 1885. Resident in Athens
    • Terminated mission: Left post, October 24, 1889
  • A. Loudon Snowden – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 24, 1889
    • Presented credentials: November 28, 1889. Resident in Athens
    • Terminated mission: Left post, August 25, 1892
  • Eben Alexander – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 25, 1892
    • Presented credentials: June 29, 1894. Resident in Athens
    • Terminated mission: Left post, August 10, 1897
  • William Woodville Rockhill – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 10, 1897
    • Presented credentials: May 7, 1898. Resident in Athens
    • Terminated mission: Left post, April 27, 1899
  • Arthur S. Hardy – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: April 27, 1899
    • Presented credentials: June 24, 1900. Resident in Athens
    • Terminated mission: Left post, March 2, 1901
  • Charles S. Francis – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 2, 1901
    • Presented credentials: May 13, 1901. Resident in Athens
    • Terminated mission: Left post, December 24, 1902
  • John Brinkerhoff Jackson – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 24, 1902
    • Presented credentials: October 13, 1902. Resident in Athens until 1904, Bucharest thereafter
    • Terminated mission: Left post, July 13, 1905
  • John W. Riddle – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 13, 1905
    • Presented credentials: May 7, 1906. Resident in Bucharest
    • Terminated mission: Left post, January 23, 1907
  • Horace G. Knowles – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: January 23, 1907
    • Presented credentials: January 16, 1907. Resident in Bucharest
    • Terminated mission: Left post, February 4, 1909
  • John R. Carter – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 4, 1909
    • Presented credentials: May 3, 1910. Resident in Bucharest
    • Terminated mission: Left post, October 27, 1911
  • John Brinkerhoff Jackson – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 27, 1911
    • Presented credentials: January 16, 1912. Resident in Bucharest
    • Terminated mission: Left post, October 15, 1913
  • Charles J. Vopicka – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 15, 1913
    • Presented credentials: December 15, 1913. Resident in Bucharest
    • Terminated mission: Left post, December 17, 1918

Heads of the Embassy of the United States in Belgrade (1992–present)[edit]

  • Robert Rackmales – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary (U.S. announced on May 21, 1992 that it did not recognize Federal Republic of Yugoslavia comprising Serbia and Montenegro)
    • Appointed: Interim
    • Presented credentials: May 1992
    • Terminated mission: July 1993
  • Rudolf V. Perina – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: Interim
    • Presented credentials: July 1993
    • Terminated mission: 1995
  • Lawrence E. Butler – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: Interim
    • Presented credentials: 1995
    • Terminated mission: August 2, 1996
  • Richard M. Miles – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: Interim
    • Presented credentials: August 2, 1996
    • Terminated mission: March 23, 1999 (NATO invasion of Yugoslavia, break up of diplomatic relations)
  • William Dale Montgomery – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: Interim
    • Presented credentials: 2000
    • Terminated mission: 2002
  • William Dale Montgomery – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: January 4, 2002. (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia becomes Serbia-Montenegro in 2003)
    • Presented credentials: January 4, 2002
    • Terminated mission: February 29, 2004
  • Michael C. Polt – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 29, 2004
    • Presented credentials: May 21, 2004
    • Terminated mission: July 2007
  • Cameron Munter – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: July 26, 2007
    • Presented credentials: July 26, 2007
    • Terminated mission: January 19, 2010
  • Mary Burce Warlick – Career FSO[2]
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 24, 2009
    • Presented credentials: January 19, 2010
    • Terminated mission: January 19, 2012
  • Michael David Kirby – Career FSO
    • Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: 2012
    • Presented credentials: January 19, 2012
    • Terminated mission:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "US Ambassador to Serbia. US GOVERNMENT OFFICE". Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Embassy in Serbia". Retrieved 2011-02-03. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]