United States Ambassador to Togo

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Ambassador of the United States to Togo
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Incumbent
Robert E. Whitehead

since May 3, 2012
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Leland Barrows
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation June 23, 1960
Website U.S. Embassy - Lomé

This is a list of Ambassadors of the United States to Togo.

Until 1955 French Togoland was a United Nations Trust Territory mandated by the U.N. to France. In 1955, French Togoland became the autonomous Republic of Togo within the French Community (Communauté française), although it retained its UN trusteeship status. In 1960 Togo severed its constitutional ties with France, shed its UN trusteeship status, and became fully independent as the Togolese Republic.

The United States immediately recognized Togo and moved to establish diplomatic relations. The State Department established an embassy in Yaoundé in nearby Cameroon on January 1, 1960, with Bolard More as Chargé d'affaires ad interim. The Yaoundé embassy was simultaneously accredited to Togo. The embassy in Lomé was established on April 27, 1960, with Jesse M. MacKnight as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim. On June 23, 1960, Leland Barrows was appointed as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Cameroon with separate accreditation to Togo while remaining resident in Yaoundé. In 1961 a separate ambassador was appointed solely for Togo and resident at Lomé. The United States has maintained diplomatic relations with Togo since that date.

The United States Embassy in Togo is located in Lomé. The current Togolese ambassador to the United States is Limbiye Edawe Kadangha Bariki.[1]

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Leland Barrows[2][3] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 23, 1960
    • Presented credentials: August 22, 1960
    • Terminated mission: Superseded by ambassador to Togo June 27, 1961
  • Leon B. Poullada – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: April 18, 1961
    • Presented credentials: July 27, 1961
    • Terminated mission: Left post February 24, 1964
  • William Witman II – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 8, 1964
    • Presented credentials: July 10, 1964
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 8, 1967
  • Albert W. Sherer, Jr.[4][5][6] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 13, 1967
    • Presented credentials: October 13, 1967
    • Terminated mission: Left post March 5, 1970
  • Dwight Dickinson – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 8, 1970
    • Presented credentials: October 8, 1970
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 3, 1974
  • Nancy V. Rawls – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 11, 1974
    • Presented credentials: June 7, 1974
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 8, 1976
  • Ronald D. Palmer – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 16, 1976
    • Presented credentials: October 28, 1976
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 15, 1978
  • Marilyn P. Johnson – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 23, 1978
    • Presented credentials: November 3, 1978
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 29, 1981
  • Howard Kent Walker – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 9, 1982
    • Presented credentials: April 19, 1982
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 9, 1984
  • Owen W. Roberts – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: June 28, 1984
    • Presented credentials: July 31, 1984
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 5, 1986
  • David A. Korn – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 16, 1986
    • Presented credentials: November 4, 1986
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 4, 1988
  • Rush Walker Taylor, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: April 28, 1988
    • Presented credentials: June 20, 1988
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 4, 1990
  • Harmon Elwood Kirby – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 22, 1990
    • Presented credentials: December 3, 1990
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 16, 1994
  • Johnny Young – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 9, 1994
    • Presented credentials: October 7, 1994
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 21, 1997
  • Brenda Schoonover – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 11, 1997
    • Presented credentials: January 7, 1998
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 30, 2000
  • Karl William Hofmann – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 15, 2000
    • Presented credentials: October 17, 2000
    • Terminated mission: Left post December 14, 2002
  • Gregory W. Engle – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: April 16, 2003
    • Presented credentials: May 22, 2003
    • Terminated mission: Left post April 1, 2005
  • David B. Dunn – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 2, 2005
    • Presented credentials: February 2, 2006
    • Terminated mission: September 2008
  • Patricia McMahon Hawkins[7] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 22, 2008
    • Presented credentials: September 12, 2008
    • Terminated mission: 2011
  • Robert E. Whitehead[8] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: May 3, 2012
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.togoembassy.us/index.php/83-content/82-about-the-ambassador
  2. ^ Barrows was accredited to Cameroon and Togo, while resident in Yaoundé.
  3. ^ Barrows’ commission to Togo was superseded by appointment of an ambassador to Togo.
  4. ^ Sherer was commissioned during a recess of the Senate. He was renominated January 31, confirmed February 7, 1969, and recommissioned after confirmation. A nomination of Jan 9, 1969, was withdrawn before the Senate acted upon it.
  5. ^ Sherer was also accredited to Equatorial Guinea
  6. ^ During Sherer’s tenure as non-resident Ambassador to Equatorial Guinea, the Embassy in Santa Isabel (now Malabo) was opened August 1, 1969, with Albert N. Williams as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.
  7. ^ Source: U.S. Embassy in Lomé
  8. ^ http://togo.usembassy.gov/ambassador.html

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]