United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
|Ambassador of the United States to the Netherlands
Ambassadeur van de Verenigde Staten in Nederland
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Inaugural holder||John Adams
as Minister Plenipotentiary
|Formation||April 19, 1782|
|Website||U.S. Embassy – The Hague|
In 1782, John Adams was appointed America's first Minister Plenipotentiary to Holland. According to the United States Department of State, the same year came formal recognition by the Netherlands of the United States as a separate and independent nation, along with badly needed financial help that indicated faith in its future. These loans from Friesland and the United Provinces, which have been called "the Marshall Plan in reverse," were the first the new government received.
The American Embassy building in The Hague opened on July 4, 1959. It was designed by architect Marcel Breuer. Notable Americans such as former Presidents Adams and John Quincy Adams, General Hugh Ewing and Iraq Envoy L. Paul Bremer have held the title of Ambassador.
Besides the embassy, a U.S. consulate-general is located on Curaçao which is responsible for the territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean, but which is not part of the U.S. diplomatic mission to the Netherlands.
U.S. diplomatic terms
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
|#||Name||Type||Start date||End date|
|1||John Adams||MP||April 19, 1782||March 30, 1788|
|4||William Short||MP||June 18, 1792||December 19, 1792|
|5||John Quincy Adams||MP||November 6, 1794||June 20, 1797|
|6||William Vans Murray||MP||June 20, 1797||September 2, 1801|
|7||William Eustis||EE/MP||July 20, 1815||May 5, 1818|
|8||Alexander H. Everett||Chd'Aff||January 4, 1819||April 7, 1824|
|9||Christopher Hughes||Chd'Aff||July 10, 1826||January 28, 1830|
|10||William Pitt Preble||EE/MP||January 28, 1830||May 2, 1831|
|11||Auguste Davezac||Chd'Aff||December 30, 1831||July 13, 1839|
|12||Harmanus Bleecker||Chd'Aff||July 13, 1839||August 22, 1842|
|13||Christopher Hughes||Chd'Aff||August 22, 1842||June 28, 1845|
|14||Auguste Davezac||Chd'Aff||June 28, 1845||September 16, 1850|
|15||George Folsom||Chd'Aff||September 16, 1850||October 11, 1853|
|16||August Belmont||Chd'Aff||October 11, 1853||September 26, 1854|
|MR||September 26, 1854||September 22, 1857|
|17||Henry C. Murphy||MR||September 24, 1857||June 8, 1861|
|18||James S. Pike||MR||June 8, 1861||May 29, 1866|
|19||Daniel E. Sickles||MR|||
|20||John A. Dix||MR|||
|21||Albert Rhodes||Chd'Aff||October 19, 1866||December 1, 1866|
|22||Hugh Ewing||MR||December 1, 1866||October 31, 1870|
|23||Joseph P. Root||MR|||
|24||Charles T. Gorham||MR||December 15, 1870||July 9, 1875|
|25||Francis B. Stockbridge||MR|||
|26||James Birney||MR||March 29, 1876||April 20, 1882|
|27||William L. Dayton, Jr.||MR||September 26, 1882||June 8, 1885|
|28||Isaac Bell, Jr.||MR||June 8, 1885||April 29, 1888|
|29||Robert B. Roosevelt||MR||August 10, 1888||September 26, 1888|
|EE/MP||September 26, 1888||May 17, 1889|
|30||Samuel R. Thayer||EE/MP||May 24, 1889||August 7, 1893|
|31||William E. Quinby||EE/MP||August 11, 1893||July 26, 1897|
|32||Stanford Newel||EE/MP||August 19, 1897||June 30, 1905|
|33||David J. Hill||EE/MP||July 15, 1905||June 1, 1908|
|34||Arthur M. Beaupre||EE/MP||June 15, 1908||September 25, 1911|
|35||Lloyd Bryce||EE/MP||November 16, 1911||September 10, 1913|
|36||Henry van Dyke||EE/MP||October 15, 1913||January 11, 1917|
|37||John W. Garrett||EE/MP||October 11, 1917||June 18, 1919|
|38||William Phillips||EE/MP||April 23, 1920||April 11, 1922|
|39||Richard M. Tobin||EE/MP||May 1, 1923||August 29, 1929|
|40||Gerrit John Diekema||EE/MP||November 20, 1929||December 20, 1930|
|41||Laurits S. Swenson||EE/MP||April 29, 1931||March 5, 1934|
|42||Grenville T. Emmet||EE/MP||March 21, 1934||August 21, 1937|
|43||George A. Gordon||EE/MP||September 10, 1937||July 16, 1940|
|44||Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.||EE/MP||March 27, 1941||May 8, 1942|
|AE/P||May 8, 1942||December 1, 1943|
|45||Stanley K. Hornbeck||AE/P||December 8, 1944||March 7, 1947|
|46||Herman B. Baruch||AE/P||April 12, 1947||August 26, 1949|
|47||Selden Chapin||AE/P||October 27, 1949||October 30, 1953|
|48||H. Freeman Matthews||AE/P||November 25, 1953||June 11, 1957|
|49||Philip Young||AE/P||June 27, 1957||December 20, 1960|
|50||John S. Rice||AE/P||May 6, 1961||May 27, 1964|
|51||William R. Tyler||AE/P||June 23, 1965||June 20, 1969|
|52||J. William Middendorf II||AE/P||July 9, 1969||June 10, 1973|
|53||Kingdon Gould, Jr.||AE/P||October 18, 1973||September 30, 1976|
|54||Robert J. McCloskey||AE/P||October 22, 1976||March 10, 1978|
|55||Geri M. Joseph||AE/P||September 6, 1978||June 17, 1981|
|56||William J. Dyess||AE/P||September 2, 1982||July 19, 1983|
|57||L. Paul Bremer||AE/P||August 31, 1983||August 25, 1986|
|58||John Shad||AE/P||June 24, 1987||February 23, 1989|
|59||C. Howard Wilkins, Jr.||AE/P||July 13, 1989||July 11, 1992|
|60||K. Terry Dornbush||AE/P||March 16, 1994||July 28, 1998|
|61||Cynthia P. Schneider||AE/P||September 2, 1998||June 17, 2001|
|62||Clifford Sobel||AE/P||December 6, 2001||August 24, 2005|
|63||Roland Arnall||AE/P||Mar 8, 2006||March 7, 2008|
|64||James Culbertson||AE/P||July 10, 2008||January 20, 2009|
|65||Fay Hartog-Levin||AE/P||August 19, 2009||September 1, 2011|
|66||Edwin R. Nolan||Chd'Aff||September 1, 2011||June 2013|
|67||Michael Gallagher||Chd'Aff||June 2013||July 2013|
|68||Adam Sterling||Chd'Aff||July 2013||incumbent|
On July 18, 2013, President Obama nominated Timothy M. Broas to become the next Ambassador of the Netherlands, succeeding Fay Hartog-Levin, who had resigned in September 2011. Broas, an attorney and philanthropist, was a major donor to President Obama's campaigns. He was first nominated in April 2012, but withdrew his name in June after being arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol. He subsequently plead guilty to the reduced charge of driving while impaired and was placed on probation.
- Ambassadors of the United States
- Foreign relations of the Netherlands
- Netherlands – United States relations
- "welcome". Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- [dead link]
- "Nations - Netherlands". AllGov. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- He declined his appointment.
- His nomination was withdrawn.
- He took the oath of office, but he never proceeded to the post.
- He died at his post.
- He left with a special ambassador train from The Hague on the July 16. This train was specially ment for ambassadors and their families. See for a picture of ambassador Gordon in this train: http://www.haagsebeeldbank.nl/
- He served in England.
- "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". United States White House. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- Sheldon Alberts, The Hill, Obama Makes New Bid to Install Bundler as an Ambassador in Europe, July 19, 2013
- St. Mary's College of Maryland, Board of Trustees Biography, Timothy Broas, 2013
- Winston & Strawn LLP, Biography, Timothy M. Broas, 2013
- United States Department of State: Background notes on the Netherlands
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).
- United States Department of State: Chiefs of Mission for the Netherlands
- United States Department of State: Netherlands
- United States Embassy in The Hague