United States Ambassador to the United Nations

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Ambassador of the United States to the United Nations
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Samantha Power.jpg
Incumbent
Samantha Power

since August 2, 2013
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Edward Stettinius, Jr.
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation 1945
Website U.S. Mission - UN

The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations. The position is more formally known as the "Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations"; it is also known as the U.S. Permanent Representative, or "Perm Rep", to the United Nations.

The U.S. Permanent Representative, currently Samantha Power, is charged with representing the United States on the U.N. Security Council and during almost all plenary meetings of the General Assembly, except in the rare situation in which a more senior officer of the United States (such as the U.S. Secretary of State or the President of the United States) is present. Like all United States ambassadors, he or she must be nominated by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate.

Many prominent U.S. politicians and diplomats have held the post, including Adlai Stevenson II, George H. W. Bush and Madeleine Albright.

Cabinet status[edit]

The Ambassador to the United Nations is not a member of the United States Cabinet, but the position is frequently accorded cabinet-level rank. It held this status through the Ford, Carter, and Reagan administrations but was removed from cabinet rank by George H. W. Bush, who had previously held the position himself. It was restored under the Clinton administration. It was not a cabinet-level position under the George W. Bush administration (from 2001 to 2009),[1][2] but was once again elevated under the Obama administration. Former UN Ambassador John R. Bolton has publicly opposed the granting of cabinet-level status to the office, stating "One, it overstates the role and importance the U.N. should have in U.S. foreign policy, second, you shouldn't have two secretaries in the same department".

Office holders[edit]

The following is a chronological list of those who have held the office:

# Image US Ambassador to UN Years served U.N. Secretary-General U.S. President
1 Edward Stettinius, as lend-lease administrator, September 2, 1941.jpg Edward Stettinius, Jr. 1945–1946 Gladwyn Jebb (acting) Harry S. Truman
1946 Trygve Lie
No image.svg Herschel V. Johnson
(acting)
1946–1947
2 Austin Warren Robinson.jpg Warren Austin 1947–1952
1953 Dag Hammarskjöld
3 HenryCabotLodgeJr.jpg Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. January 12, 1953 – September 2, 1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower
4 JamesJeremiahWadsworth.jpg James Jeremiah Wadsworth 1960–1961
5 AdlaiEStevenson1900-1965.jpg Adlai Stevenson 1961 John F. Kennedy
1961–1963 U Thant
1963–1965 Lyndon B. Johnson
6 Arthur goldberg.jpg Arthur Goldberg 1965–1968
7 GeorgeWildmanBall.jpg George W. Ball June 26, 1968 – September 25, 1968
8 JamesWiggins.jpg James Russell Wiggins 1968–1969
9 AmbassadorCWYost.jpg Charles Woodruff Yost 1969–1971 Richard Nixon
10 CIA Director George H.W. Bush listens at a meeting following the assassinations in Beirut, 1976 - NARA - 7064954.jpg George H. W. Bush March 1, 1971 – January 1, 1972
January 1, 1972 – January 18, 1973 Kurt Waldheim
11 John Scali.jpg John A. Scali 1973–1974
1974–1975 Gerald Ford
12 DanielPatrickMoynihan.jpg Daniel Patrick Moynihan 1975–1976
13 Wm Scranton Pennsylvania 87th Cong.png William Scranton March 15, 1976 – January 19, 1977
14 Andrew Young, bw head-and-shoulders photo, June 6, 1977.jpg Andrew Young 1977–1979 Jimmy Carter
15 UnitedNationsAmbassadorMcHenry.jpg Donald McHenry 1979–1981
16 Od jeane-kirkpatrick-official-portrait 1-255x301.jpg Jeane Kirkpatrick 1981 Ronald Reagan
1982-1985 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
17 Ambassador Vernon A. Walters.jpg Vernon A. Walters 1985–1989
18 ThomasRPickering.jpg Thomas R. Pickering 1989–1991 George H. W. Bush
1992 Boutros Boutros-Ghali
19 Ambassador Perkins.jpg Edward J. Perkins 1992–1993
20 Secretary of State Madeleine Albright.jpg Madeleine Albright January 27, 1993 – January 1, 1997 Bill Clinton
January 1 - January 21, 1997 Kofi Annan
21 RichardsonAmb.jpg Bill Richardson February 13, 1997 – August 18, 1998
Peter Burleigh.jpg Peter Burleigh
(acting)
August 18, 1998 – August 25, 1999
22 Richard Holbrooke.jpg Richard Holbrooke August 25, 1999 – January 20, 2001
James B Cunningham.jpg James B. Cunningham
(acting)
January 20, 2001 - September 15, 2001 George W. Bush
23 John Negroponte official portrait State.jpg John Negroponte September 15, 2001 – July 1, 2004
24 John danforth.JPG John Danforth July 1, 2004 – January 20, 2005
Anne W Patterson ambassador 2011.jpg Anne W. Patterson
(acting)
January 20 - August 1, 2005
25 John R. Bolton.png John R. Bolton
Recess Appointment
Never Confirmed by the U.S. Senate
August 1, 2005 – December 9, 2006
Alejandro D. Wolff US State Dept photo.jpg Alejandro Daniel Wolff
(acting)
December 9, 2006 - January 1, 2007
January 1, 2007 - April 17, 2007 Ban Ki-moon
26 Zalmay Khalilzad in October 2011-cropped.jpg Zalmay Khalilzad April 17, 2007 – January 22, 2009
27 Susan Rice, official State Dept photo portrait, 2009.jpg Susan Rice January 22, 2009 – July 1, 2013 Barack Obama
Rosemary DiCarlo official portrait.jpg Rosemary DiCarlo
(acting)
July 1 - August 1, 2013
28 Samantha Power.jpg Samantha Power August 2, 2013 – present

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kelemen, Michele (December 1, 2008). "U.N. Envoy Nominee Rice Known As Smart, Tough". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 21, 2009. The head of the United Nations Foundation, a Washington-based advocacy group, released a statement praising Rice as well as Obama's decision to make the post of U.N. ambassador a Cabinet-level position once again—as it was during the Clinton years. 
  2. ^ Cooper, Helene (November 20, 2008). "Clinton Decision Holding Up Other Obama Choices". New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2009. Ms. Rice could get the post of United States ambassador to the United Nations, a cabinet-level position under President Clinton. President Bush downgraded the position when he came into office 

External links[edit]