United States Army War College

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U.S. Army War College
sign reading "U.S. Army War College" and "Carlisle Barracks" with other, illegible text
Motto prudens futuri[1]
Motto in English wisdom and strength for the future
Established 1901 (1901)
Officer in charge Maj. Gen. William Rapp[2]
Students 800
Location Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States
40°12′40″N 77°10′23″W / 40.211°N 77.173°W / 40.211; -77.173Coordinates: 40°12′40″N 77°10′23″W / 40.211°N 77.173°W / 40.211; -77.173
Website www.carlisle.army.mil
Usawc-logo.png

The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a United States Army institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500 acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks. It provides graduate level instruction to senior military officers and civilians to prepare them for senior leadership assignments and responsibilities. Each year, a number of Army colonels and lieutenant colonels are considered by a board for admission.[3] Approximately 800 students attend at any one time, half in a two-year-long distance learning program, and the other half in an on-campus full-time resident program lasting ten months. Upon completion, the college grants its graduates a master's degree in Strategic Studies.

Army applicants must have already completed the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, the required Professional Military Education for officers in the rank of major. While the Army handpicks most of the students who participate in the residential program, the student body always includes officers from the other military branches, civilians from agencies like the Department of Defense, State Department, and National Security Agency, and officers from foreign countries. For example, the residential Class of 2004 included 268 officers from the five branches of the United States Armed Forces (from the active and reserve components), 30 senior civilian employees of the federal government, and 42 foreign military officers. Majors with the specialty of Function Area 59, Strategist, formerly Strategic Plans and Policy, also attend their qualification course, the Basic Strategic Arts Program (BSAP), at the college.

The Army War College is one of the three senior service colleges of the U.S. Department of Defense, joined by the Naval War College for the U.S. Navy and Air War College for the U.S. Air Force. The Army War College is a split-functional institution. While a great deal of emphasis is placed on research, students are also instructed in leadership, strategy, and joint-service/international operations.

Mission[edit]

According to U.S. Army regulation 10–44, the mission of the War College is "To prepare selected military, civilian, and international leaders for the responsibilities of strategic leadership; educate current and future leaders on the development and employment of landpower in a joint, multinational and interagency environment; conduct research and publish on national security and military strategy; and engage in activities in support of the Army’s strategic communication efforts."

History[edit]

Established from the principles learned in the Spanish-American War, the College was founded by Secretary of War, Elihu Root, and formally established by General Order 155 on 27 November 1901. Washington Barracks — now called Fort Lesley J. McNair — in Washington, D.C. was chosen as the site. Theodore Roosevelt attended the Masonic laying of the cornerstone of Roosevelt Hall on 21 February 1903.

The first president of the Army War College was Major General Samuel B. M. Young[4] in July 1902 and the first students attended the College in 1904. The College remained at Washington Barracks until the 1940s, when it was closed due to World War II. It reopened in 1950 at Fort Leavenworth, and moved one year later to its present location.

Basic Strategic Art Program[edit]

The Basic Strategic Art Program is one of the academic programs taught at the U.S. Army War College. When the program was founded in 2003, its purpose was to provide those officers who had been newly designated into Functional Area 59 (Strategist, formerly Strategic Plans & Policy) an introduction to strategy and to the unique skills, knowledge, and attributes needed as a foundation for their progressive development as army strategists. FA 59 officers have deployed to combat since the onset of the Global War on Terror in 2001. Since then, graduates of this program served in key positions in Iraq, Afghanistan, all combatant commands, and at the Pentagon.

Center for Strategic Leadership[edit]

The Center for Strategic Leadership and Development (CSLD)'s areas of emphasis are experiential education, Senior Leader education, support to Army Senior Leader research, and support to both US Army War College (USAWC) and Army Senior Leader strategic communication efforts. CSL's professional staff and Collins Hall facility host, support, develop, and conduct world-class events (workshops, symposia, conferences, games, and exercises) focused on a broad range of strategic leadership and national security issues and concepts in support of the USAWC, the Army, and the Interagency and Joint Communities.

Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute[edit]

Logo PKSOI.gif

The Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) is located at the War College. The institute's mission is to serve as the U.S. Military’s Center of Excellence for Stability and Peace Operations at the strategic and operational levels in order to improve military, civilian agency, international, and multinational capabilities and execution.

PKSOI Stability Operations Lessons Learned Information Management System (SOLLIMS)[edit]

SOLLIMS is PKSOI's repository for Observations, Issues and Lessons (Best Practices) emerging from the Stability Operations community. SOLLIMS provides the ability to capture Lessons Learned data from ongoing Exercises, Experiments and real-world SSTR missions and operations. Access to SOLLIMS is provided to OSD, USG agencies, and other NGO, IO and multi-national organizations involved in SSTR operations across the globe.

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commandant's Column: Envisioning USAWC 2020". Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  2. ^ "The Torch: Global Application of Landpower". Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  3. ^ US Army War College. Carlisle.army.mil. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  4. ^ Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer; William Gardner Bell; Government Printing Office, 2006.

External links and sources[edit]