1920 United States Census

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Fourteenth Census
of the United States
Census Bureau seal.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General Information
Date Taken January 5, 1920
Total U.S. Population 106,021,537
Percent Change Increase 15.0%
Most Populous State New York
10,385,227
Least Populous State Nevada
77,407
Population Schedule
Cuyahoga County US Census Form-Herbert Birch Kingston 1920.jpg

The Fourteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 Census.

Despite the constitutional requirement that House seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census, members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census, and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933. In 1929, Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929 which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435.

Census questions[edit]

The 1920 census collected the following information:[1]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status
  • if foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., whether naturalized and, if so, year of naturalization
  • school attendance
  • literacy
  • birthplace of person and parents
  • if foreign-born, the mother tongue
  • ability to speak English
  • occupation, industry, and class of worker migratory
  • whether home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether free or mortgaged

Full documentation for the 1920 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

State rankings[edit]

1920 U.S. State Population Rankings
Rank State
1 New York
2 Pennsylvania
3 Illinois
4 Ohio
5 Texas
6 Massachusetts
7 Michigan
8 California
9 Missouri
10 New Jersey
11 Indiana
12 Georgia
13 Wisconsin
14 North Carolina
15 Kentucky
16 Iowa
17 Minnesota
18 Alabama
19 Tennessee
20 Virginia
21 Oklahoma
22 Louisiana
23 Mississippi
24 Kansas
25 Arkansas
26 South Carolina
27 West Virginia
28 Maryland
29 Connecticut
30 Washington
31 Nebraska
32 Florida
33 Colorado
34 Oregon
35 Maine
36 North Dakota
37 South Dakota
38 Rhode Island
39 Montana
40 Utah
41 New Hampshire
x District of Columbia
42 Idaho
43 New Mexico
44 Vermont
45 Arizona
46 Delaware
47 Wyoming
48 Nevada

Territories[edit]

United States Territories
Year of conquest or purchase Territory Population
1867 Alaska 55,036
1898 Hawaii 255,881
1898 Puerto Rico 1,299,809
1898 Guam 13,275
1899 American Samoa N/A
1903 Panama Canal Zone N/A
1915 Haiti N/A
1916 Santo Domingo 894,652
1916 US Virgin Islands N/A

Data availability[edit]

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed.[2] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along with digital indices.

Microdata from the 1920 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  2. ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets". Retrieved May 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]