United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit

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United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
(1st Cir.)
Seal of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
Location John Joseph Moakley United States Courthouse
Boston, Massachusetts
Appeals from
Established June 16, 1891
Chief judge Sandra Lynch
Active judges 6
Senior judges 4
Circuit justice Stephen Breyer
Official site

The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (in case citations, 1st Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:

The court is based at the John Joseph Moakley Federal Courthouse in Boston, Massachusetts. Most sittings are held in Boston, where the court usually sits for one week most months of the year; in one of July or August, it takes a summer break and does not sit. The First Circuit also sits for one week each March and November at the Jose V. Toledo Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, and occasionally sits at other locations within the circuit.[1]

With six active and four senior judges, the First Circuit is the smallest of the thirteen United States courts of appeals. Since retiring as an active Justice of the United States Supreme Court, Associate Justice David Souter has sat on the First Circuit by designation in several cases.

Current composition of the court[edit]

As of May 22, 2014, the active judges on the court are as follows:[2]

Six judges currently serve on the court on senior status[2] and retired Supreme Court Justice David Souter has sat by designation.[3][4]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
27 Chief Judge Sandra Lynch Boston, MA 1946 1995–present 2008–present Clinton
21 Circuit Judge Juan R. Torruella San Juan, PR 1933 1984–present 1994–2001 Reagan
29 Circuit Judge Jeffrey R. Howard Concord, NH 1955 2002–present G.W. Bush
30 Circuit Judge Ojetta Rogeriee Thompson Providence, RI 1951 2010–present Obama
31 Circuit Judge William J. Kayatta, Jr. Portland, ME 1953 2013–present Obama
32 Circuit Judge David Jeremiah Barron Boston, MA 1967 2014-present Obama
18 Senior Judge Levin H. Campbell inactive 1927 1972–1992 1983–1990 1992–present Nixon
22 Senior Judge Bruce M. Selya Providence, RI 1934 1986–2006 2006–present Reagan
23 Senior Judge Conrad K. Cyr inactive 1931 1989–1997 1997–present G.H.W. Bush
25 Senior Judge Michael Boudin Boston, MA 1939 1992–2013 2001–2008 2013–present G.H.W. Bush
26 Senior Judge Norman H. Stahl Boston, MA 1931 1992–2001 2001–present G.H.W. Bush
28 Senior Judge Kermit Lipez Portland, ME 1941 1998–2011 2011–present Clinton

List of former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Colt, LeBaron B.LeBaron B. Colt RI 1846–1924 1891–1913[Note 1] Arthur, Arthur resignation
2 Putnam, William LeBaronWilliam LeBaron Putnam ME 1835–1918 1892–1917 Harrison, B.B. Harrison retirement
3 Lowell, Francis CabotFrancis Cabot Lowell MA 1855–1911 1905–1911 Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt death
4 Schofield, WilliamWilliam Schofield MA 1857–1912 1911–1912 Taft, Taft death
5 Dodge, FredericFrederic Dodge MA 1847–1927 1912–1918 Taft, Taft resignation
6 Bingham, George HutchinsGeorge Hutchins Bingham NH 1864–1949 1913–1939 1939–1949 Wilson, Wilson death
7 Johnson, Charles FletcherCharles Fletcher Johnson ME 1859–1930 1917–1929 1929–1930 Wilson, Wilson death
8 Anderson, George WestonGeorge Weston Anderson MA 1861–1938 1918–1931 1931–1938 Wilson, Wilson death
9 Wilson, ScottScott Wilson ME 1870–1942 1929–1940 1940–1942 Hoover, Hoover death
10 Morton, Jr., James MadisonJames Madison Morton, Jr. MA 1869–1940 1932–1939 1939–1940 Hoover, Hoover death
11 Magruder, CalvertCalvert Magruder MA 1893–1968 1939–1959 1948–1959 1959–1968 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
12 Mahoney, John ChristopherJohn Christopher Mahoney RI 1882–1952 1940–1950 1950–1952 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
13 Woodbury, PeterPeter Woodbury NH 1899–1970 1941–1964 1959–1964 1964–1970 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
14 Hartigan, John PatrickJohn Patrick Hartigan RI 1887–1968 1950–1965 1965–1968 Truman, Truman death
15 Aldrich, BaileyBailey Aldrich MA 1907–2002 1959–1972 1965–1972 1972–2002 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
16 McEntee, Edward MatthewEdward Matthew McEntee RI 1906–1981 1965–1976 1976–1981 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
17 Coffin, Frank M.Frank M. Coffin ME 1919–2009 1965–1989 1972–1983 1989–2009 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
19 Bownes, Hugh HenryHugh Henry Bownes NH 1920–2003 1977–1990 1990–2003 Carter, Carter death
20 Breyer, StephenStephen Breyer MA 1938–present 1980–1994 1990–1994 Carter, Carter reappointment
24 Souter, DavidDavid Souter NH 1939–present 1990–1990 Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush reappointment
  1. ^ Colt was appointed as a circuit judge for the First Circuit in 1884 by Chester A. Arthur. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

The court has six seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the president.

Notable decisions[edit]

  • West v. Randall (1820), one of the first decisions setting precedent for class action suits

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ "Court Calendar". United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. Retrieved 26 Oct 2012. "In January through June, and October through December, the Court usually sits for one week starting on the first Monday of the month. In either July or August, the court sits for one week. In September, the Court starts on the Wednesday after Labor Day and sits for the 3 days in that week and the 5 days in the following week. In November and March the court sits two weeks, with one week in Boston and one week in Puerto Rico. Court sittings are held in the morning, typically between 9:30 a.m. and 1:00 p.m." 
  2. ^ a b "U. S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on December 31, 2004. Retrieved May 29, 2005. 
  3. ^ Wente, Gary H. (September 7, 2012). Pagano, Florence; Dumas, Michelle; and McQuillan, Kelly, ed. "First Circuit 2010 Annual Report" (pdf). Circuit Executive, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. p. 8. Retrieved December 28, 2012. "In January, February, March, and May 2010, retired United States Supreme Court Justice David Souter sat with the court." 
  4. ^ "Judges". Official website of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. Retrieved July 1, 2004. 
General
  • Dargo, George (1993). A History of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit: Volume I, 1891–1960. 

External links[edit]