United States District Court for the District of Oregon

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"District of Oregon" redirects here. For the Civil-War-era U.S. Army district, see District of Oregon (military).
United States District Court for the District of Oregon
(D. Ore.)
Seal of the United States District Court for the District of Oregon
Appeals to Ninth Circuit
Established March 3, 1859
Judges assigned 6
Chief judge Ann Aiken
Official site

The United States District Court for the District of Oregon (in case citations, D. Ore. or D. Or.) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of Oregon. It was created in 1859 when the state was admitted to the Union. Appellate jurisdiction belongs to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit). Matthew P. Deady served as its first judge. Ann Aiken is the current (2009) chief judge, the first woman to hold that position on the court.[1]

The United States Attorney's Office for the District of Oregon represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is Amanda Marshall.[2]

Organization[edit]

The court has four divisional offices within the state (three with staff): Portland, Eugene, Medford, and Pendleton.[3] Portland’s division holds court at the Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse and handles cases from Clackamas, Clatsop, Columbia, Hood River, Jefferson, Multnomah, Polk, Tillamook, Wasco, Washington, and Yamhill counties.[3] The Medford Division covers Curry, Jackson, Josephine, Klamath, Lake counties and meets at the James A. Redden United States Courthouse.[3][4] The Pendleton court includes Baker, Crook, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Malheur, Morrow, Sherman, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, and Wheeler and holds session at John F. Kilkenny United States Post Office and Courthouse.[3][5] The Wayne L. Morse United States Courthouse houses the Eugene Division that covers Benton, Coos, Deschutes, Douglas, Lane, Lincoln, Linn, and Marion counties.[3]

History[edit]

After Oregon became a state on February 14, 1859, the United States Congress created the District of Oregon encompassing the entire state on March 3, 1859.[6] The bill creating the district authorized a single judge and also designated it as a judicial circuit.[6] President James Buchanan appointed Matthew Deady as judge, and the court was to hold annual sessions in April and September at the seat of government in Salem.[7] Deady held the first session of the court on September 12, 1859, in Salem, but was able to have the court relocated to Portland by the September session of 1860.[7] Beginning in 1933, the court was housed in the United States Courthouse (now Gus J. Solomon United States Courthouse) before moving to the new Hatfield Courthouse in 1997.[8]

On March 3, 1863, Congress passed a law that removed the circuit court jurisdiction and transferred appeals court jurisdiction to the Tenth Circuit, and in 1866 transferred it again to the Ninth Circuit.[6] On April 18, 1877, court clerk Ralph Wilcox committed suicide in his office at the court using a Deringer pistol.[9] On March 27, 1885, judge Deady admitted Mary Leonard to the federal bar, the first woman admitted in Oregon.[10] In 1909, Congress adding an additional judge position to the court, followed by another judgeship in 1949.[6] On October 20, 1978, Congress passed a law authorizing two more positions on the bench of the Oregon court.[6] The first woman to serve on the court was Helen J. Frye, whose service began on February 20, 1980. In 1990, Congress added a sixth judgeship for the district.[6] Ancer L. Haggerty, the first African American on the court, began his service on March 28, 1994.

Chief Judges[edit]

The District of Oregon met in the U.S. Custom House and Post Office of Portland until 1933.

Former and current Chief Judges for the court.[11]

Order Name Years on the Court
1. James A. Fee 1948–1954
2. Claude C. McColloch 1954–1958
3. Gus J. Solomon 1958–1971
4. Robert C. Belloni 1971–1976
5. Otto R. Skopil, Jr. 1976–1979
6. James M. Burns 1979–1984
7. Owen M. Panner 1984–1990
8. James A. Redden 1990–1995
9. Michael R. Hogan 1995–2002
10. Ancer L. Haggerty 2002–2009
11. Ann Aiken 2009–Present

Current judges[edit]

The current judges of the court including senior judges.[12]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
23 Chief Judge Ann Aiken Eugene 1951 1998–present 2009–present Clinton
25 District Judge Anna J. Brown Portland 1952 1999–present Clinton
26 District Judge Michael W. Mosman Portland 1956 2003–present G.W. Bush
27 District Judge Marco A. Hernandez Portland 1957 2011–present Obama
28 District Judge Michael H. Simon Portland 1956 2011–present Obama
29 District Judge Michael J. McShane Eugene 1961 2013–present Obama
16 Senior Judge Owen M. Panner Medford 1924 1980–1992 1984–1990 1992–present Carter
17 Senior Judge James A. Redden Portland 1929 1980–1995 1990–1995 1995–present Carter
19 Senior Judge Malcolm F. Marsh Portland 1928 1987–1998 1998–present Reagan
20 Senior Judge Robert E. Jones Portland 1927 1990–2000 2000–present G.H.W. Bush
22 Senior Judge Ancer L. Haggerty Portland 1944 1994–2009 2002–2009 2009–present Clinton
24 Senior Judge Garr King Portland 1936 1998–2009 2009–present Clinton

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Deady, MatthewMatthew Deady OR 1824–1893 1859–1893 Buchanan, Buchanan death
2 Bellinger, Charles B.Charles B. Bellinger OR 1839–1905 1893–1905 Cleveland, Cleveland death
3 Wolverton, Charles E.Charles E. Wolverton OR 1851–1926 1906–1926 Roosevelt, Roosevelt death
4 Bean, Robert S.Robert S. Bean OR 1854–1931 1909–1931 Taft, Taft death
5 McNary, John HughJohn Hugh McNary OR 1867–1936 1927–1936 Coolidge, Coolidge death
6 Fee, James AlgerJames Alger Fee OR 1988–1959 1931–1954 1948–1954 Hoover, Hoover reappointment
7 McColloch, Claude C.Claude C. McColloch OR 1888–1959 1937–1958 1954–1958 1958–1959 F. Roosevelt, F. Roosevelt death
8 Solomon, Gus J.Gus J. Solomon OR 1906–1987 1950–1971 1958–1971 1971–1987 Truman, Truman death
9 East, William G.William G. East OR 1908–1985 1955–1985 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
10 Kilkenny, JohnJohn Kilkenny OR 1901–1995 1959–1969 Eisenhower, Eisenhower reappointment
11 Belloni, Robert C.Robert C. Belloni OR 1919–1999 1967–1984 1971–1976 1984–1995 L. Johnson, L. Johnson retirement
12 Goodwin, AlfredAlfred Goodwin OR 1923–present 1969–1971 Nixon, Nixon reappointment
13 Burns, James M.James M. Burns OR 1924–2001 1972–1989 1979–1984 1989–2001 Nixon, Nixon death
14 Skopil, Jr., Otto RichardOtto Richard Skopil, Jr. OR 1919–2012 1972–1979 1976–1979 Nixon, Nixon reappointment
15 Frye, Helen J.Helen J. Frye OR 1930–2011 1980–1995 1995–2011 Carter, Carter death
18 Leavy, EdwardEdward Leavy OR 1929–present 1984–1987 Reagan, Reagan reappointment
21 Hogan, Michael R.Michael R. Hogan OR 1946–present 1991–2011 1995–2002 2011–2012 G.H.W. Bush, G.H.W. Bush retirement

Succession of seats[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Courthouse News". Vol. XV, No. 1. United States District Court for the District of Oregon. January 20, 2009. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  2. ^ WW Editorial Staff, ed. (September 28, 2011). "Murmurs: Condoleezza's Speaking Fee and Illegal Wastewater Dumping". Willamette Week. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e U.S. District Court District of Oregon: Local Rules of Civil Practice
  4. ^ GAS: Historic Federal Buildings
  5. ^ "Judge John Kilkenny, 93, Dies". The Oregonian (Oregonian Publishing Co.): B01. February 20, 2000. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f U.S. District Court of Oregon: Legislative history
  7. ^ a b Horner, John B. (1919). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 168-169.
  8. ^ Historic Federal Courthouses: Portland, Oregon. Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved on November 19, 2007.
  9. ^ Stockton Daily Independent "Shocking suicide". Stockton Daily Independent. April 21, 1877. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  10. ^ Abrams, Kerry. Folk Hero, Hell Raiser, Mad Woman, Lady Lawyer: What is the Truth about Mary Leonard? Women's Legal History Biography Project. Stanford Law School. Retrieved on May 7, 2008.
  11. ^ Chief judges of the District of Oregon
  12. ^ Federal Judicial Center: Oregon District Court judges

External links[edit]