United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama (in case citations, M.D. Ala.) is a federal court in the Eleventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The District was established on February 6, 1839 with the addition of the Middle district. The circuit court itself was established on June 22, 1874.
The United States Attorney's Office for the Middle District of Alabama represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is George L. Beck, Jr., who was confirmed by the
U.S. Senate on June 30, 2011.
Organization of the court [ edit ]
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama is one of three federal judicial districts in Alabama.
Court for the District is held at [2 ] Dothan, Montgomery, and Opelika.
Division comprises the following counties: Eastern Chambers, Lee, Macon, Randolph, Russell, and Tallapoosa.
Division comprises the following counties: Northern Autauga, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Elmore, Lowndes, Montgomery, and Pike.
Division comprises the following counties: Southern Coffee, Dale, Geneva, Henry, and Houston.
Current judges [ edit ]
Vacancies and pending nominations [ edit ]
Former judges [ edit ]
Senior status Appointed by
Crawford, William William Crawford
Adams, J.Q. J.Q. Adams death
Gayle, John John Gayle
Taylor, Taylor death
Jones, William Giles William Giles Jones
–1861 [3 ] —
Buchanan, Buchanan resignation
Lane, George Washington George Washington Lane
Lincoln, Lincoln death
Busteed, Richard Richard Busteed
–1874 [4 ] —
Lincoln, Lincoln resignation
Bruce, John John Bruce
Grant, Grant death
Jones, Thomas G. Thomas G. Jones
Roosevelt, T. T. Roosevelt death
Clayton, Jr., Henry De Lamar Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr.
Wilson, Wilson death
Kennamer, Charles Brents Charles Brents Kennamer
Hoover, Hoover death
Johnson, Frank Minis Frank Minis Johnson
Eisenhower, Eisenhower reappointment
Pittman, Thomas Virgil Thomas Virgil Pittman
Johnson, Johnson reassignment
Varner, Robert Edward Robert Edward Varner
Nixon, Nixon death
Dubina, Joel Fredrick Joel Fredrick Dubina
Reagan, Reagan reappointment
De Ment, Ira Ira De Ment
Court Decisions [ edit ]
(1956) - Court rules that bus segregation in Montgomery was unconstitutional under the Browder v. Gayle Fourteenth Amendment. Decision upheld by U.S. Supreme Court six months later.
(1958) - Court dismissed action, which was later affirmed by the Gomillion v. Lightfoot Fifth Circuit. In 1960, the U.S. Supreme Court reversed the decision, finding that electoral districts drawn in Tuskegee, with the purpose of disenfranchising black voters, violated the Fifteenth Amendment.
Lee v. Macon County Board of Education (1963) - Court rules segregation in schooling was unconstitutional under the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment. Decision upheld by U.S. Supreme Court. [5 ]
United States v. Alabama (1966) - Court rules poll tax violates the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment. U.S. Supreme Court concurred three weeks later in an unrelated case, Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections.
(2002) - Court rules that a display of the Glassroth v. Moore Ten Commandments, erected by Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore in the Alabama Judicial Building violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
Succession of seats [ edit ]
Seat reassigned concurrent with the Northern and Southern Districts on February 6, 1839 by 5 Stat. 315
Concurrency with Southern District abolished on August 2, 1886 by 24 Stat. 213
Concurrency with Northern District abolished on June 5, 1936 by 49 Stat. 1476
Seat established on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75 (concurrent with Southern District)
Seat reassigned solely to Southern District on June 2, 1970 by 84 Stat. 294
Seat established on June 2, 1970 by 84 Stat. 294
Seat established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
See also [ edit ]
^ http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/courts_district_al.html U.S. District Courts of Alabama, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
^ 28 U.S.C. § 81
^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 23, 1860, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 30, 1860, and received commission on January 30, 1860.
^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 20, 1864, and received commission on January 20, 1864.
^ http://www.leagle.com/decision/1964974231FSupp743_1831 (Lee v. Macon County Board of Education)
External links [ edit ]
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