United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama

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United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
(N.D. Ala.)
Seal of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
Appeals to Eleventh Circuit
Established March 10, 1824
Judges assigned 8
Chief judge Karon O. Bowdre
Official site

The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama (in case citations, N.D. Ala.) is a federal court in the Eleventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The District was established on March 10, 1824 with the division of the state into a Northern and Southern district. The circuit court itself was established on June 22, 1874.[1]

Organization of the court[edit]

The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama is one of three federal judicial districts in Alabama.[2] Court for the District is held at Anniston, Birmingham, Decatur, Florence, Gadsden, Huntsville, and Tuscaloosa.

Eastern Division comprises the following counties: Calhoun, Clay, Cleburne, and Talladega.

Jasper Division comprises the following counties: Fayette, Lamar, Marion, Walker, and Winston.

Middle Division comprises the following counties: Cherokee, DeKalb, Etowah, Marshall, and St. Clair.

Northeastern Division comprises the following counties: Cullman, Jackson, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, and Morgan.

Northwestern Division comprises the following counties: Colbert, Franklin, and Lauderdale.

Southern Division comprises the following counties: Blount, Jefferson, and Shelby.

Western Division comprises the following counties: Bibb, Greene, Pickens, Sumter, and Tuscaloosa.

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
32 Chief Judge Karon O. Bowdre Birmingham 1955 2001–present 2013-present G.W. Bush
28 District Judge Sharon Lovelace Blackburn Birmingham 1950 1991–present 2006–2013 G.H.W. Bush
33 District Judge L. Scott Coogler Tuscaloosa 1959 2003–present G.W. Bush
34 District Judge R. David Proctor Birmingham 1960 2003–present G.W. Bush
35 District Judge Virginia Emerson Hopkins Birmingham 1952 2004–present G.W. Bush
36 District Judge Abdul Kallon Birmingham 1969 2010–present Obama
37 District Judge Madeline Hughes Haikala Birmingham 1964 2013–present Obama
38 District Judge vacant
21 Senior Judge James Hughes Hancock Birmingham 1931 1973–1996 1996–present Nixon
22 Senior Judge Junius Foy Guin, Jr. Birmingham 1924 1973–1989 1989–present Nixon
24 Senior Judge Robert Bruce Propst Anniston 1931 1980–1996 1996–present Carter
26 Senior Judge William Marsh Acker, Jr. Birmingham 1927 1982–1996 1996–present Reagan
29 Senior Judge Charles Lynwood Smith, Jr. Huntsville 1943 1995–2013 2013–present Clinton
31 Senior Judge Inge Prytz Johnson Birmingham 1945 1998–2012 2012–present Clinton

Vacancies and pending nominations[edit]

# Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Nominated
1 Smith, Jr., Charles LynwoodCharles Lynwood Smith, Jr. Senior status August 31, 2013

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Tait, CharlesCharles Tait AL 1768–1835 1824[3]–1826 Monroe, Monroe resignation
2 Crawford, WilliamWilliam Crawford AL 1784–1849 1826–1849 Adams, J.Q.J.Q. Adams death
3 Gayle, JohnJohn Gayle AL 1792–1859 1849–1859 Taylor, Taylor death
4 Jones, William GilesWilliam Giles Jones AL 1808–1883 1859[4]–1861 Buchanan, Buchanan resignation
5 Lane, George WashingtonGeorge Washington Lane AL 1806–1863 1861–1863 Lincoln, Lincoln death
6 Busteed, RichardRichard Busteed AL 1822–1898 1863[5]–1874 Lincoln, Lincoln resignation
7 Bruce, JohnJohn Bruce AL 1832–1901 1875–1901 Grant, Grant death
8 Jones, Thomas G.Thomas G. Jones AL 1844–1914 1901–1914 Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt death
9 Hundley, Oscar RichardOscar Richard Hundley AL 1855–1921 1907–1908
1908–1909
1909
Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt
Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt
Taft, Taft
not confirmed[6]
10 Grubb, William IrwinWilliam Irwin Grubb AL 1862–1935 1909–1935 Taft, Taft death
11 Clayton, Jr., Henry De LamarHenry De Lamar Clayton, Jr. AL 1857–1929 1914–1929 Wilson, Wilson death
12 Kennamer, Charles BrentsCharles Brents Kennamer AL 1874–1955 1931–1936 Hoover, Hoover reassignment
13 Davis, David JacksonDavid Jackson Davis AL 1878–1938 1935[7]–1938 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
14 Murphree, Thomas AlexanderThomas Alexander Murphree AL 1883–1945 1938–1945 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
15 Mullins, Clarence H.Clarence H. Mullins AL 1895–1957 1943–1953 1948–1953 1953–1957 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
16 Lynne, Seybourn HarrisSeybourn Harris Lynne AL 1907–2000 1946–1973 1953–1973 1973–2000 Truman, Truman death
17 Grooms, Harlan HobartHarlan Hobart Grooms AL 1900–1991 1953–1969 1969–1991 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
18 Allgood, Clarence W.Clarence W. Allgood AL 1902–1991 1961[8]–1973 1973–1991 Kennedy, Kennedy death
19 McFadden, Frank HamptonFrank Hampton McFadden AL 1925–present 1969–1982 1973–1982 Nixon, Nixon resignation
20 Pointer, Jr., Sam ClydeSam Clyde Pointer, Jr. AL 1934–2008 1970–1999 1982–1999 1999–2000 Nixon, Nixon retirement
23 Haltom, Jr., Elbert BertramElbert Bertram Haltom, Jr. AL 1922–2003 1980–1991 1991–2003 Carter, Carter death
25 Clemon, U. W.U. W. Clemon AL 1943–present 1980–2009 1999–2006 Carter, Carter retirement
27 Nelson, Edwin L.Edwin L. Nelson AL 1940–2003 1990–2003 Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush death
30 Buttram, Jr., H. DeanH. Dean Buttram, Jr. AL 1950–present 1998–2002 Clinton, Clinton resignation

Court Decisions[edit]

Lucy v. Adams (1955) - A court ruling which affirmed the right of all citizens to be accepted at the University of Alabama. The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the ruling.

Armstrong v. Birmingham Board of Education (1963) - The court dismissed the plaintiff's complaint. On appeal, the Fifth Circuit reversed and ordered the desegregation of Birmingham public schools.[9]

United States v. Wallace (1963) - The court exercised its ruling in Lucy v. Adams and ordered that colored students be permitted to enroll at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. The court order led to the infamous Stand in the Schoolhouse Door incident with Governor George C. Wallace.[10]

Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education (2002) - A reversal of the decision rendered by the district and Eleventh Circuit. The U.S. Supreme Court held that retaliation against a person on the basis of a sexual complaint is a form of sexual discrimination under Title IX.

Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. (2003) - The U.S. Supreme Court reversed the decision of the district court, stating that employers cannot be sued under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act over race or gender discrimination if the claims are based on decisions over 180 days. The decision of the court led Congress to pass the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act in 2009.

United States v. Alabama (2011) - The court upheld most parts of Alabama HB 56, an anti-illegal immigration bill signed by Governor Robert J. Bentley. The Eleventh Circuit reversed, invalidating much of Alabama HB 56.[11]

Succession of seats[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/courts_district_al.html U.S. District Courts of Alabama, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
  2. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 81
  3. ^ Initially appointed to the District of Alabama in 1820 by James Monroe; reassigned to both the Northern District of Alabama and the Southern District of Alabama in 1824.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 23, 1860, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 30, 1860, and received commission on January 30, 1860.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 20, 1864, and received commission on January 20, 1864.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment; received a second recess appointment and was again rejected by the Senate; received a third recess appointment but resigned prior to consideration.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 6, 1936, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 22, 1936, and received commission on January 28, 1936.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 5, 1962, and received commission on February 9, 1962.
  9. ^ http://www.leagle.com/decision/1963437220FSupp217_1398 Armstrong v. Birmingham Board of Education
  10. ^ http://digital.archives.alabama.gov/cdm/ref/collection/voices/id/5665 United States v. Wallace
  11. ^ http://www.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/ops/201114532.pdf United States v. Alabama

External links[edit]