United States District Court for the Northern District of California
|United States District Court for the Northern District of California
|Appeals to||Ninth Circuit|
|Established||August 5, 1886|
The United States District Court for the Northern District of California (in case citations, N.D. Cal.) is the federal United States district court whose jurisdiction comprises following counties of California: Alameda, Contra Costa, Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, San Benito, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. The court hears cases in its courtrooms in Eureka, Oakland, San Francisco, and San Jose. It is headquartered in San Francisco.
Cases from the Northern District of California are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
California was admitted as a state on September 9, 1850, and was initially divided into two districts, the Northern and the Southern, by Act of Congress approved September 28, 1850, 9 Stat. 521. The boundary line was at the 37th parallel of North Latitude. The creating act provided that:
- In addition to the ordinary jurisdiction and powers of a District Court of the United States, with which the Southern District Court of New York has been invested, the said Courts be and hereby are invested respectively within the limits of its district with the exercise of concurrent jurisdiction and power in all civil cases now exercised by the Circuit Courts of the United States; and that in all cases where said Courts shall exercise such jurisdiction, appeals may be taken from the judgments, orders or decrees of said Courts to the Supreme Court of the United States.
The Act of August 31, 1852 made the Judge of the Northern District be Judge of the Southern District as well until otherwise provided, by 10 Stat. 76, 84, effectively creating a single District in all but name until an Act of January 18, 1854 provided for the appointment of a Judge for the Southern District. The Southern District of California was abolished and the State made to constitute a single district – the United States District Court for the District of California – by Act of Congress approved July 27, 1866, 14 Stat. 300.
Twenty years later, on August 5, 1886, Congress re-created the Southern District of California by 24 Stat. 308. Erskine M. Ross was appointed Judge of the new district and served until his promotion to the Circuit Judgeship, when he was succeeded by Olin Wellborn. On March 18, 1966, the Eastern and Central Districts were created from portions of the Northern and Southern Districts by 80 Stat. 75.
Current judges 
- As of October 3, 2011 a vacancy exists due to the resignation of Jeremy Fogel to head the Federal Judicial Center. There is not yet a pending nomination for this vacancy.
- As of August 31, 2012 a second vacancy exists due to the retirement of Chief Judge James Ware. There is not yet a pending nomination for this vacancy.
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|50||Chief Judge||Claudia Ann Wilken||Oakland||1949||1993–present||2012-present||—||Clinton|
|52||District Judge||Susan Illston||San Francisco||1948||1995–present||—||—||Clinton|
|56||District Judge||William Haskell Alsup||San Francisco||1945||1999–present||—||—||Clinton|
|57||District Judge||Phyllis Jean Hamilton||Oakland||1952||2000–present||—||—||Clinton|
|58||District Judge||Jeffrey White||San Francisco||1945||2002–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|59||District Judge||Richard G. Seeborg||San Francisco||1956||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|60||District Judge||Lucy H. Koh||San Jose||1968||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|61||District Judge||Edward J. Davila||San Jose||1952||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|62||District Judge||Edward M. Chen||San Francisco||1953||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|63||District Judge||Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers||Oakland||1965||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|64||District Judge||Jon S. Tigar||San Francisco||1962||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|65||District Judge||William H. Orrick, III||San Francisco||1953||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|30||Senior District Judge||Samuel Conti||San Francisco||1922||1970–1987||—||1987–present||Nixon|
|36||Senior District Judge||William W Schwarzer||inactive||1925||1976–1991||—||1991–present||Ford|
|38||Senior District Judge||Thelton Henderson||San Francisco||1933||1980–1998||1990–1997||1998–present||Carter|
|43||Senior District Judge||Delwen Lowell Jensen||San Jose||1928||1986–1997||—||1997–present||Reagan|
|47||Senior District Judge||Saundra Brown Armstrong||Oakland||1947||1991–2012||—||2012–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|49||Senior District Judge||Ronald M. Whyte||San Jose||1942||1992–2009||—||2009–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|51||Senior District Judge||Maxine M. Chesney||San Francisco||1942||1995–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|53||Senior District Judge||Charles R. Breyer||San Francisco||1941||1997–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
Former judges 
|#||Judge||State||Born/Died||Active service||Term as Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for
|1||Ogden Hoffman, Jr.||CA||1822–1891||1851–1866
|—||—||Fillmore||reassignment to D. Cal.
|2||William W. Morrow||CA||1843–1929||1891–1897||—||—||Harrison||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|3||John J. De Haven||CA||1849–1913||1897–1913||—||—||McKinley||death|
|4||William Cary Van Fleet||CA||1852–1923||1907–1923||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|5||Maurice Timothy Dooling||CA||1860–1924||1913–1924||—||—||Wilson||death|
|6||John Slater Partridge||CA||1870–1926||1923–1926||—||—||Harding||death|
|7||Frank Henry Kerrigan||CA||1868–1935||1924–1935||—||—||Coolidge||death|
|8||Adolphus Frederic St. Sure||CA||1869–1949||1925–1947||—||1947–1949||Coolidge||death|
|10||Michael Joseph Roche||CA||1878–1964||1935–1958||1948–1958||1958–1964||F. Roosevelt||death|
|11||Martin Ignatius Welsh||CA||1882–1953||1939–1946||—||1946–1953||F. Roosevelt||death|
|12||Louis Earl Goodman||CA||1892–1961||1942–1961||1958–1961||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|13||George Bernard Harris||CA||1901–1983||1946–1970||1961–1970||1970–1983||Truman||death|
|14||Dal Millington Lemmon||CA||1887–1958||1947–1954||—||—||Truman||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|15||Herbert Wilson Erskine||CA||1888–1951||1949–1951||—||—||Truman||death|
|16||Oliver Jesse Carter||CA||1911–1976||1950–1976||1970–1976||1976||Truman||death|
|17||Edward Preston Murphy||CA||1904–1958||1950–1958||—||—||Truman||death|
|18||Monroe Mark Friedman||CA||1895–1978||1952–1953||—||—||Truman||not confirmed|
|19||Oliver Deveta Hamlin, Jr.||CA||1892–1973||1953–1958||—||—||Eisenhower||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|20||Sherrill Halbert||CA||1901–1991||1954–1966||—||—||Eisenhower||reassignment to E.D. Cal.|
|21||Albert Charles Wollenberg||CA||1900–1981||1958–1975||—||1975–1981||Eisenhower||death|
|22||Lloyd Hudson Burke||CA||1916–1988||1958–1979||—||1979–1988||Eisenhower||death|
|23||William Thomas Sweigert||CA||1900–1983||1959–1973||—||1973–1983||Eisenhower||death|
|24||Thomas Jamison MacBride||CA||1914–2000||1961–1966||—||—||Kennedy||reassignment to E.D. Cal.|
|25||Alfonso Joseph Zirpoli||CA||1905–1995||1961–1975||—||1975–1995||Kennedy||death|
|26||Stanley Alexander Weigel||CA||1905–1999||1962–1982||—||1982–1997||Kennedy||retirement|
|27||Robert Francis Peckham||CA||1920–1993||1966–1988||1976–1988||1988–1993||L. Johnson||death|
|28||Gerald Sanford Levin||CA||1906–1971||1969–1971||—||—||Nixon||death|
|29||Robert Howard Schnacke||CA||1913–1994||1970–1983||—||1983–1994||Nixon||death|
|31||Spencer Mortimer Williams||CA||1922–2008||1971–1987||—||1987–2008||Nixon||death|
|32||Charles Byron Renfrew||CA||1928–present||1971–1980||—||—||Nixon||resignation|
|33||William Horsley Orrick Jr.||CA||1915–2003||1974–1985||—||1985–2003||Nixon||death|
|34||William Austin Ingram||CA||1924–2002||1976–1990||1988–1990||1990–2002||Ford||death|
|35||Cecil F. Poole||CA||1914–1997||1976–1980||—||—||Ford||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|37||Robert Peter Aguilar||CA||1931–present||1980–1996||—||1996||Carter||retirement|
|39||Marilyn Hall Patel||CA||1938-present||1980–2009||1997–2004||2009–2012||Carter||retirement|
|40||Eugene F. Lynch||CA||1931–present||1982–1997||—||1997||Reagan||retirement|
|41||John P. Vukasin Jr.||CA||1928–1993||1983–1993||—||—||Reagan||death|
|42||Charles A. Legge||CA||1930–present||1984–2001||—||—||Reagan||retirement|
|44||Fern M. Smith||CA||1933–present||1988–2003||—||2003–2005||Reagan||retirement|
|45||Vaughn Walker||CA||1944–present||1989–2011||2004–2010||—||G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|46||James Ware||CA||1946-present||1990–2012||2011–2012||—||G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|48||Barbara A. Caulfield||CA||1947–2010||1991–1994||—||—||G.H.W. Bush||resignation|
|55||Jeremy D. Fogel||CA||1949–present||1998–2011||—||—||Clinton||resignation|
United States Attorney 
The United States Attorney for the Northern District of California represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. Melinda Haag was nominated by President Barack Obama to serve as the United States Attorney for the Northern District of California on March 25, 2010, confirmed by the Senate on August 5, and sworn in on August 13, 2010.
See also 
- U.S. District Courts of California, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- Willoughby Rodman, History of the Bench and Bar of Southern California (1909), p. 46.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 10, 1891, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 11, 1892, and received commission on January 11, 1892.
- Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
- United States District Court for the Northern District of California Official Website
- United States Attorney for the Northern District of California Official Website
- Community History Exhibits at SanFrancisco Court facilities