United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida

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United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida
(N.D. Fla.)
Appeals to Eleventh Circuit
Established February 23, 1847
Judges assigned 4
Chief judge Margaret Catharine Rodgers
Official site

The United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida (in case citations, N.D. Fla. or N.D.Fl.) is the federal United States district court with jurisdiction over the northern part of the state of Florida.

Appeals from cases brought in the Northern District of Florida are to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The current United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida is Pamela C. Marsh.[1]


On the same day that Florida was admitted as a state, March 3, 1845, Congress enacted legislation creating the United States District Court for the District of Florida, 5 Stat. 788.[2][3] On February 23, 1847, this District was subdivided into Northern and Southern Districts, by 9 Stat. 131.[2][3] The statute effecting this division set forth the boundaries of the Districts:

[T]hat part of the State of Florida lying south of a line drawn due east and west from the northern point of Charlotte Harbor, including the islands, keys, reefs, shoals, harbors, bays and inlets, south of said line, shall be erected into a new judicial district, to be called the Southern District of Florida; a District Court shall be held in said Southern District, to consist of one judge, who shall reside at Key West, in said district...

The same statute directed the Northern District to hold court at Apalachicola, Florida, and Pensacola, Florida. On July 30, 1962 the Middle District was created from portions of the other districts by 76 Stat. 247.[3]


The court's jurisdiction comprises 23 counties: Alachua, Bay, Calhoun, Dixie, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Madison, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Taylor, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington.

The four courthouses in which it hears cases are located in Gainesville, Panama City, Pensacola, and Tallahassee.

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
22 Chief Judge Margaret Catharine Rodgers Pensacola 1964 2003–present 2011–present G.W. Bush
20 District Judge Robert Lewis Hinkle Tallahassee 1951 1996–present 2004–2009 Clinton
23 District Judge John Richard Smoak, Jr. Panama City 1943 2005–present G.W. Bush
24 District Judge Mark E. Walker Tallahassee 1967 2012–present Obama
15 Senior District Judge William Henry Stafford, Jr. Tallahassee 1931 1975–1996 1981–1993 1996–present Ford
17 Senior District Judge Maurice M. Paul Gainesville 1932 1982–1997 1993–1997 1997–present Reagan
18 Senior District Judge Roger Vinson Pensacola 1940 1983–2005 1997–2004 2005–present Reagan
19 Senior District Judge Lacey A. Collier Pensacola 1935 1991–2003 2003–present G.H.W. Bush
21 Senior District Judge Stephan P. Mickle Gainesville 1944 1998–2011 2009–2011 2011–present Clinton

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
1 Bronson, Isaac H.Isaac H. Bronson FL 1802–1855 1847–1855 Polk, Polk death
2 McIntosh, McQueenMcQueen McIntosh FL 1822–1868 1856–1861 Pierce, Pierce resignation
3 Fraser, PhilipPhilip Fraser FL 1814–1876 1862–1876 Lincoln, Lincoln death
4 Settle, ThomasThomas Settle FL 1831–1888 1877–1888 Grant, Grant death
5 Swayne, CharlesCharles Swayne FL 1842–1907 1890–1907 B. Harrison, B. Harrison death
6 Sheppard, William BostwickWilliam Bostwick Sheppard FL 1860–1934 1908–1934 T. Roosevelt, T. Roosevelt death
7 Long, Augustus V.Augustus V. Long FL 1877–1955 1934–1947 1947–1955 F. Roosevelt, F. Roosevelt death
8 Waller, Curtis L.Curtis L. Waller FL 1887–1950 1940–1943 F. Roosevelt, F. Roosevelt appointment to 5th Cir.
9 DeVane, Dozier A.Dozier A. DeVane FL 1883–1963 1943–1958 1958–1963 F. Roosevelt, F. Roosevelt death
10 Whitehurst, George WilliamGeorge William Whitehurst FL 1891–1974 1950–1961 1961–1974 Truman, Truman death
11 Carswell, G. HarroldG. Harrold Carswell FL 1919–1992 1958–1969 1958–1969 Eisenhower, Eisenhower appointment to 5th Cir.
12 Young, George C.George C. Young FL 1916–present 1961–1962 Kennedy, Kennedy reassignment to M.D.Fla
13 Arnow, Winston E.Winston E. Arnow FL 1911–1994 1967–1981 1969–1981 1981–1994 L. Johnson, L. Johnson death
14 Middlebrooks, Jr., David LycurgusDavid Lycurgus Middlebrooks, Jr. FL 1926–present 1969–1974 Nixon, Nixon resignation
16 Higby, Lynn CarltonLynn Carlton Higby FL 1938–1992 1979–1983 Carter, Carter resignation

Succession of seats[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Office of the United States Attorneys". Executive Office for United States Attorneys. United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 393.
  3. ^ a b c U.S. District Courts of Florida, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.

External links[edit]