United States Tenth Fleet
|United States Fleet Cyber Command / Tenth Fleet|
Fleet Cyber Command and the Tenth Fleet emblem
|Active||May 1943 - June 1945
January 29, 2010 – current
|Country||United States of America|
|Garrison/HQ||Fort Meade, Maryland|
|Vice Admiral Michael S. Rogers|
The U.S. Fleet Cyber Command / U.S. Tenth Fleet is a functional formation of the United States Navy responsible for the Navy's cyber warfare programs. It was first created as an anti submarine warfare coordinating organization during the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War. It has been reactivated as Fleet Cyber Command.
 World War II
Tenth Fleet's mission included the destruction of enemy submarines, the protection of coastal merchant shipping, the centralization of control and routing of convoys, and the coordination and supervision of all USN anti-submarine warfare (ASW) training, anti-submarine intelligence, and coordination with the Allied nations. The fleet was active from May 1943 to June 1945. Tenth Fleet used Commander-in-Chief Atlantic's ships operationally; CinCLANT issued operational orders to escort groups originating in the United States. The Fleet was also responsible for the organization and operational control of hunter-killer groups. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Ernest King was the fleet's commander, with Rear Admiral F.S. Low, King's assistant chief of staff for ASW, as fleet chief of staff, Admiral Low was later relieved by RADM Allan Rockwell McCann, who remained in command of 10th Fleet until it was deactivated. Tenth Fleet never put to sea, had no ships, and never had more than about 50 people in its organization. The fleet was disbanded after the surrender of Germany.
 U.S. Fleet Cyber Command
Tenth Fleet was reactivated 29 January 2010 as U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. Tenth Fleet at Fort Meade, Maryland. Its first commander was Vice Admiral Bernard J. McCullough III. The command has both joint and service responsibilities. The split name alludes to these dual responsibilities.
As Fleet Cyber Command, it is the Naval component to U.S. Cyber Command, the sub-unified cyber commander. As U.S. Tenth Fleet, the command provides operational support to Navy commanders worldwide, supporting information, computer, electronic warfare and space operations. In addition to joint and service reporting, the command also serves as the Navy's cryptologic commander, reporting to the Central Security Service. Tenth Fleet has operational control over Navy information, computer, cryptologic, and space forces.
- Naval Network Warfare Command (NNWC)
- Navy Cyber Defense Operations Command (NCDOC)
- Navy Information Operations Commands (NIOC)
- Navy Cyber Warfare Development Group (Research, Development, Test & Evaluation - formerly NIOC Suitland)
- Combined Task Forces (CTF)
 Administrative reporting
Fleet Cyber Command has administrative control of the following commands and their subordinates and detachments.
- Naval Network Warfare Command, Norfolk, VA
- Naval Satellite Operations Center, Point Mugu, CA
- Navy Cyber Defense Operations Command, Norfolk, VA
- Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Atlantic, Norfolk, VA
- Forces Surveillance Support Center, Chesapeake, VA
- Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station, Jacksonville, FL
- U.S. Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station, Bahrain
- U.S. Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station Sicily, Sigonella, IT
- U.S. Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station, Naples, Italy
- Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Pacific, Wahiawa, HI
- Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station, San Diego, CA
- U.S. Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station, Guam, Mariana Islands
- U.S. Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station Far East, Yokosuka, Japan
- Navy Cyber Warfare Development Group, Washington, DC
- Navy Information Operations Command Sugar Grove, Sugar Grove, WV
- Navy Information Operations Command Pensacola, Pensacola, FL
- U.S. Navy Information Operations Command, Menwith Hill, UK
- Navy Information Operations Command Colorado, Aurora, CO
- Navy Information Operations Command Georgia, Fort Gordon, GA
- Navy Information Operations Command Maryland, Fort George G. Meade, MD
- U.S. Navy Information Operations Command, Yokosuka, Japan
- Navy Information Operations Command Texas, San Antonio, TX
- U.S. Navy Information Operations Command, Misawa, Japan
- Navy Information Operations Command, Norfolk, VA
- Navy Information Operations Command Whidbey Island, Oak Harbor, WA
- Navy Information Operations Command, San Diego, CA
- Navy Information Operations Command Hawaii, Schofield Barracks, HI
- U.S. Navy Information Operations Command, Bahrain
 Fleet Commanders
- Vice Admiral Bernard J. "Barry" McCullough, III (December 2009 - 1 October 2011)
- Vice Admiral Michael S. Rogers (1 October 2011 - )
 See also
- Fleet Cyber Command/Tenth Fleet Press Release #11-002, October 3, 2011
- Sean M. Maloney, 'To Secure Command of the Sea: NATO Command Organization and Naval Planning for the Cold War at Sea, 1945–54,' MA thesis, University of New Brunswick, 1991, p.58, 60, 61
- Navy Stands Up Fleet Cyber Command, Reestablishes U.S. 10th Fleet, NNS100129-24
- DOD News Release 827-09
- United States Navy, Chief of Naval Operations (23 July 2009). "Fleet Cyber Command/Commander Tenth Fleet Implementation Plan, (Memorandum)". Retrieved 18 November 2009
- "Press Release Fleet Cyber Command/Tenth Fleet #11-001". U.S. Navy. 18 April 2011.
 Further reading
- Ladislas Farago, The Tenth Fleet: The True Story of the U.S. Navy's "Phantom" Fleet Battling U-Boats During World War II New York: I. Obolensky (1962) LCCN 62-18782
- David Kohnen, Commanders Winn and Knowles: Winning the U-boat War with Intelligence (Enigma Press, 1999).
- David Kohnen, “Tombstone of Victory: Tracking the U-505 From German Commerce Raider to American War Memorial, 1944–1954” in The Journal of America’s Military Past (Winter, 2007).
- David Kohnen, “F-21 and F-211: A Fresh Look into the Secret Room” in Randy C. Bolano and Craig L. Symonds, ed., New Interpretations in Naval History: Selected Papers from the Fourteenth Naval History Symposium (Naval Institute Press, 2001).
- Montgomery Meigs, Slide Rules and Submarines: American Scientists and Subsurface Warfare in World War II (University Press of the Pacific, 2002)