United States Guards
American Civil War
During the War Between the States a Colonel H.P. Montgomery offered to recruit a regiment in New York with the title of "United States Guards" but his offer was not accepted.
World War I
The Guards were created on 22 December 1917 and were controlled by the Chief of the Militia Bureau. They eventually comprised 48 battalions of men who were either too old or physically unfit for active service.
The Guards were disbanded following the end of the war in 1920. The experience led the US Army to not wish to bear the financial burden of paying for troops whose only use was internal security.
World War II
The idea of reforming the US Guards was discussed in 1941 with the National Guard Bureau replying that the War Department did not want Federal troops for internal security duties; this function would be performed by state guards.
National Guard Bureau Military Protection, United States Guards: The Use of Organized Bodies in the Protection and Defense of Property During Riots, Strikes, and Civil Disturbances 1919 United States.
- p.54 Emerson, William K.Encyclopedia of United States Army Insignia and Uniforms University of Oklahoma Press
- p.87 Stentiford, Barry M. The American Home Guard: The Militia in the Twentieth Century Texas A&M University Press
- p.96 Stentiford