Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district

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Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district
Current Representative Jim McGovern (DWorcester)
Cook PVI D+10[1]

Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district is in central Massachusetts. It contains the cities of Worcester, the largest city of central Massachusetts, and Northampton in the Pioneer Valley. It is represented by Jim McGovern.

The shape of the district was changed for the elections of 2012, after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census.[2] The new district covers central Massachusetts, including much of Worcester County, and is largely the successor to the old 3rd District. Most of the old 2nd district, including Springfield, has been moved into the new 1st district.

Locations[edit]

Known as the 2nd Western District from 1795 to 1803, the "Essex North" district from 1803 to 1813, and the "Essex South" district from 1813 to 1833.[3]

Cities and towns in the district[edit]

In Franklin County: Deerfield, Erving, Gill, Greenfield, Leverett, Montague, New Salem, Northfield, Orange, Shutesbury, Sunderland, Warwick, Wendell, and Whately.

In Hampden County: Precinct 1A in Palmer

In Hampshire County: Amherst, Belchertown, Hadley, Hatfield, Northampton, Pelham, and Ware.

In Norfolk County: Precincts 4A and 5 in Bellingham

In Worcester County: Athol, Auburn, Barre, Blackstone, Boylston, Douglas, Grafton, Hardwick, Holden, Hubbardston, Leicester, Leominster, Mendon, Millbury, Millville, New Braintree, North Brookfield, Northborough, Northbridge, Oakham, Oxford, Paxton, Petersham, Phillipston, Princeton, Royalston, Rutland, Shrewsbury, Spencer, Sterling, Sutton, Templeton, Upton, Uxbridge, Webster, West Boylston, West Brookfield, Westborough, Worcester, and Precinct 1 in Winchendon.

Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013[edit]

1840s[edit]

The district from 1843 to 1853, as established by the Act of September 16, 1842.

"The town of Chelsea, in the County of Suffolk, and the towns of Beverly, Danvers, Essex, Gloucester, Hamilton, Ipswich, Lynn, Lynnfield, Manchester, Marblehead, Middleton, Rockport, Salem, Saugus, Topsfield, and Wenham, in the County of Essex, and Malden, Medford, Reading, South Reading, and Stoneham, in the County of Middlesex."[4]

1860s[edit]

"Parts of the counties of Bristol, Norfolk, and Plymouth."[5]

1870s-1900s[edit]

The district from 1903 to 1913.

1910s[edit]

"Franklin County: Towns of Bernardston, Deerfield, Erving, Gill, Leverett, Montague, Northfield, Shutesbury, Sunderland, Warwick, Wendell, and Whately. Hampshire County: City of Northampton; towns of Amherst, Belchertown, Easthampton, Enfield, Granby, Hadley, Hatfield, Pelham, South Hadley, Ware, and Williamsburg. Hampden County: Cities of Chicopee and Springfield: towns of Agawam, East Longmeadow, Hampden, Longmeadow, Ludlow, West Springfield, and Wilbraham."[6]

1920s-2002[edit]

2003 to 2013[edit]

The district from 2003 to 2013

The district contains the following municipalities:

In Hampden County:

Agawam, Brimfield, Chicopee, East Longmeadow, Hampden, Holland, Longmeadow, Ludlow, Monson, Palmer, Springfield, Wales, Wilbraham.

In Hampshire County:

Hadley, Northampton, South Hadley.

In Norfolk County:

Bellingham.

In Worcester County:

Blackstone, Brookfield, Charlton, Douglas, Dudley, East Brookfield, Grafton, Hopedale, Leicester, Mendon, Milford, Millbury, Millville, North Brookfield, Northbridge, Oxford, Southbridge, Spencer, Sturbridge, Sutton, Upton, Uxbridge, Warren, Webster.

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Goodhue.jpg Benjamin Goodhue Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 4, 1793
Redistricted to 1st district
DFoster.jpg Dwight Foster Pro-
Administration
General ticket:
March 4, 1793 –
March 4, 1795
Redistricted to 4th district
No image.svg William Lyman Anti-
Administration
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
TheodoreSedgwick.jpg Theodore Sedgwick Pro-
Administration
Redistricted from 4th district
Redistricted to 1st district
Artemas Ward.jpg Artemas Ward Pro-
Administration
Redistricted from 7th district
No image.svg William Lyman Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1795 –
March 4, 1797
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Major General William shepard.jpg William Shepard Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 4, 1803
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacob Crowninshield.jpg Jacob Crowninshield Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
April 15, 1808
Died
Vacant April 15, 1808 –
May 24, 1808
Joseph Story.jpg Joseph Story Democratic-
Republican
May 23, 1808 –
March 4, 1809
Elected to finish Crowninshield's term
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
BenjaminPickman ca1843 byChesterHarding MFABoston.jpeg Benjamin Pickman, Jr. Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 4, 1811
Retired
No image.svg William Reed Federalist March 4, 1811 –
March 4, 1815
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
TimothyPickering.jpg Timothy Pickering Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 4, 1817
Redistricted from 3rd district
Nathaniel Silsbee.png Nathaniel Silsbee Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
March 4, 1821
Retired
No image.svg Gideon Barstow Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1821 –
March 4, 1823
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
BWCrowninshield.jpg Benjamin W. Crowninshield Adams-Clay
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 4, 1829
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 4, 1831
RufusChoate Southworth Hawes-crop.png Rufus Choate Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1831 –
June 30, 1834
Resigned
Vacant June 30, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Stephen Clarendon Phillips.png Stephen C. Phillips Anti-
Jacksonian
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
Elected to finish Choate's term
Resigned to become Mayor of Salem
Whig March 4, 1837 –
September 28, 1838
Leverett Saltonstall I.png Leverett Saltonstall Whig December 5, 1838 –
March 4, 1843
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Daniel Putnam King (1801-1850).jpg Daniel P. King Whig March 4, 1843 –
July 25, 1850
Died
Vacant July 25, 1850 –
March 4, 1851
RRantoul.jpg Robert Rantoul, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1851 –
August 7, 1852
Died
Vacant August 7, 1852 –
December 13, 1852
No image.svg Francis B. Fay Whig December 13, 1852 –
March 4, 1853
Elected to finish Rantoul's term
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Samuel Leonard Crocker.png Samuel L. Crocker Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 4, 1855
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
JBuffington.jpg James Buffington[7] American March 4, 1855 –
March 4, 1857
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 4, 1863
Oakes Ames - Brady-Handy.jpg Oakes Ames[5] Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 4, 1873
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
BWHarris.jpg Benjamin W. Harris[8][9] Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1883
Retired
John Davis Long.jpg John D. Long Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1889
Retired
Elijah A. Morse.png Elijah A. Morse Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 4, 1893
Redistricted to 12th district
Frederick Gillett.jpg Frederick H. Gillett[10][11] Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 4, 1925
Elected to the U.S. Senate
GeorgeBChurchill.jpg George B. Churchill Republican March 4, 1925 –
July 1, 1925
Died
Vacant July 1, 1925 –
September 29, 1925
No image.svg Henry L. Bowles Republican September 29, 1925 –
March 4, 1929
Elected to finish Churchill's term
Retired
No image.svg Will Kirk Kaynor Republican March 4, 1929 –
December 20, 1929
Died
Vacant December 20, 1929 –
February 11, 1930
No image.svg William J. Granfield Democratic February 11, 1930 –
January 3, 1937
Elected to finish Kaynor's term
Retired
No image.svg Charles R. Clason[12] Republican January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1949
Lost re-election
Foster Furcolo.jpg Foster Furcolo Democratic January 3, 1949 –
September 30, 1952
Resigned when appointed State Treasurer
Vacant September 30, 1952 –
January 3, 1953
Edward Boland (1961).jpg Edward Boland[13] Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1989
Retired
Richardneal.jpg Richard Neal[14] Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 2013
First elected in 1988

Redistricted to the 1st district
Jim McGovern, official 111th Congress photo.jpg Jim McGovern Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from 3rd district
and elected here in 2012
Representative Party Years Electoral history

Recent election results[edit]

U.S. House election, 1988: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 156,262 80.23
Communist Louis R. Godena 38,446 19.74
Write-in 52 0.01
Majority 117,816 60.40
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 1990: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 134,152 67.99 -12.24
Write-in 63,169 32.01 +32.00
Majority 70,983 35.98 -24.42
Turnout 197,321
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 1992: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 131,215 53.09 -14.90
Republican Anthony W. Ravosa, Jr. 76,795 31.07 +31.07
Independent Thomas R. Sheehan 38,963 15.76 +15.76
Write-in 190 0.07 -31.94
Majority 54,420 22.02 -13.96
Turnout 247,163
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 1994: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 117,178 58.55 +5.46
Republican John M. Briare 72,732 36.34 +5.27
Natural Law Kate Ross 10,167 5.08 +5.08
Write-in 46 0.02 -0.05
Majority 44,446 22.21 +0.19
Turnout 200,123
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 1996: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 162,995 71.67 +13.12
Republican Mark Steele 49,885 21.94 -14.40
Independent Scott Andrichak 9,181 4.04 +4.04
Natural Law Richard Kaynor 5,124 2.25 -2.83
Write-in 226 0.10 +0.08
Majority 113,110 49.74 +27.53
Turnout 227,411
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 1998: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 130,550 98.95 +27.28
Write-in 1,383 1.05 +0.95
Majority 129,167 97.90 +48.16
Turnout 131,933
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 2000: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 196,670 98.91 -0.04
Write-in 2,176 1.09 +0.04
Majority 194,494 97.81 -0.09
Turnout 253,867
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 2002: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 153,387 99.13 +0.22
Write-in 1,341 0.87 -0.22
Majority 152,046 98.26 +0.45
Turnout 208,498
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 2004: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 217,682 98.96 -0.17
Write-in 2,282 1.04 +0.17
Majority 227,183 97.92 -0.34
Turnout 287,871
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 2006: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 164,939 98.65 -0.31
Write-in 2,254 1.35 +0.31
Majority 162,685 97.30 -0.62
Turnout 214,939
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 2008: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 234,369 98.47 -0.18
Write-in 3,631 1.53 +0.18
Majority 230,738 96.95 -0.35
Turnout 306,820
Democratic hold Swing
U.S. House election, 2010: Massachusetts, District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Richard Neal 122,751 57.33 -41.14
Republican Thomas A. Wesley 91,209 42.60 +42.60
Write-in 164 0.08 -1.45
Majority 31,542 14.73 -82.12
Turnout 220,424
Democratic hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/spr/sprcat/catpdf2010/cong2010/CongressionalDistrict_2011State.pdf Access Date March 29, 2012
  3. ^ "United States - Massachusetts - MA - District 02". Our Campaigns. April 14, 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ "State Apportionment; districts of the Commonwealth for the choice of one representative to Congress in each district". Massachusetts Register ... for 1843. Boston: Loring. 
  5. ^ a b Ben. Perley Poore (1869). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the First Session of the Forty-First Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  6. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 64th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1916. 
  7. ^ "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Washington DC: House of Representatives. 1861. 
  8. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1878). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 45th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  9. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1882). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 47th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  10. ^ L.A. Coolidge (1897). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Fifth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  11. ^ A.J. Halford (1909). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 60th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 
  12. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 75th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1938. 
  13. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 90th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1968. 
  14. ^ "Massachusetts". 1991-1992 Official Congressional Directory: 102nd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1991. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°23′06″N 72°07′07″W / 42.38500°N 72.11861°W / 42.38500; -72.11861