Vermont's at-large congressional district

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Vermont's At-large congressional district
VT 1.gif
Current Representative Peter Welch (DHartland)
Area 9,620 mi² (24,923 km²)
Population (2000) 608,827
Median income $51,755
Ethnicity 95.2% White, 0.8% Black, 0.9% Asian, 1.4% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 1.2% other
Occupation 24.6% blue collar, 61% white collar
Cook PVI D+13

Vermont has been represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single at-large congressional district since the 1930 census, when the state lost its second seat. There were once six districts in Vermont. Bernie Sanders (Independent) held the seat from 1991 until 2007, when he became a U.S. Senator. Democrat Peter Welch has represented the state since 2007.

List of representatives[edit]

From 1813-1821, beginning with the 13th Congress, Vermont elected its representatives statewide/at-large. Beginning in 1821 with the 17th Congress, Vermont returned to electing representatives from districts. In 1933, Vermont returned to an at-large district after being reduced to one representative after the 1930 Census.

1813 – 1821: Six seats[edit]

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F
Repre-
sentative
Party Electoral history Repre-
sentative
Party Electoral history Repre-
sentative
Party Electoral history Repre-
sentative
Party Electoral history Repre-
sentative
Party Electoral history Repre-
sentative
Party Electoral history
13 March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
William Czar Bradley.jpg
William C. Bradley
Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election William Strong Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election James Fisk politician.jpg
James Fisk
Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election Charles Rich Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election Richard Skinner.jpg
Richard Skinner
Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election Ezra Butler.jpg
Ezra Butler
Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election
14 March 4, 1815 –
May 5, 1816
Daniel Chipman.jpg
Daniel Chipman
Federalist Resigned Luther Jewett Federalist Lost re-election Chauncey Langdon.jpg
Chauncey Langdon
Federalist Retired Asa Lyon Federalist Lost re-election Charles Marsh.jpg
Charles Marsh
Federalist Lost re-election John Noyes.jpg
John Noyes
Federalist Lost re-election
May 6, 1816 –
March 3, 1817
Vacant
15 March 4, 1817 –
April 20, 1818
Orsamus C. Merrill Democratic-
Republican
Election overturned Mark Richards Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election Charles Rich Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected to the 3rd district Heman Allen - Sheriff und US Politiker.jpg
Heman Allen
Democratic-
Republican
Resigned Samuel Crafts.jpg
Samuel C. Crafts
Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected to the 5th district William Hunter Democratic-
Republican
Retired
April 20, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
Vacant
16 March 4, 1819 –
January 12, 1820
William Strong Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election Ezra Meech.jpg
Ezra Meech
Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election
January 13, 1820 –
March 3, 1821
Rollin C Mallary.jpg
Rollin C. Mallary
Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected to the 1st district

1933 – present: 1 seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Ernest W. Gibson.jpg Ernest W. Gibson Republican March 4, 1933 –
October 19, 1933
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1932
Resigned when appointed to U.S. Senate
Vacant October 19, 1933 –
January 16, 1934
Charles A. Plumley.jpg Charles A. Plumley Republican January 16, 1934 –
January 3, 1951
Won special election in 1934
Re-elected in November 1934
Re-elected in 1936
Re-elected in 1938
Re-elected in 1940
Re-elected in 1942
Re-elected in 1944
Re-elected in 1946
Re-elected in 1948
Retired
WinstonProuty.jpg Winston L. Prouty Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1959
Elected in 1950
Re-elected in 1952
Re-elected in 1954
Re-elected in 1956
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
William Meyer (Vermont).JPG William H. Meyer Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1961
Elected in 1958
Lost re-election
Robert Theodore Stafford.jpg Robert Stafford Republican January 3, 1961 –
September 16, 1971
Elected in 1960
Re-elected in 1962
Re-elected in 1964
Re-elected in 1966
Re-elected in 1968
Re-elected in 1970
Appointed to U.S. Senate
Vacant September 16, 1971 –
January 7, 1972
Richard W. Mallary.jpg Richard W. Mallary Republican January 7, 1972 –
January 3, 1975
Won special election in 1972
Re-elected in November 1972
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Jim Jeffords.jpg James M. Jeffords Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1989
Elected in 1974
Re-elected in 1976
Re-elected in 1978
Re-elected in 1980
Re-elected in 1982
Re-elected in 1984
Re-elected in 1986
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Peter Plympton Smith.jpg Peter P. Smith Republican January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
Elected in 1988
Lost re-election
Bernie Sanders.jpg Bernie Sanders Independent January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2007
Elected in 1990
Re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Re-elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Re-elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Peterwelch.jpg Peter Welch Democratic January 3, 2007 –
Current
Elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Re-elected in 2010
Re-elected in 2012

Recent elections[edit]

1990 election[edit]

Independent Bernie Sanders defeated incumbent Republican Peter Plympton Smith.

United States House election, 1990: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 117,522 56.00
Republican Peter Plympton Smith 82,938 39.52
Democratic Lewis E. Young 6,315 3.01
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 1,965 0.94
Write-ins N/A 1,116 0.53
Majority 34,584 16.48
Turnout 209,856
Independent gain from Republican Swing

1992 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House election, 1992: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 162,724 57.78 +1.78%
Republican Tim Philbin 86,901 30.86 +2.35%
Democratic Lewis E. Young 22,279 7.91 +4.9%
Natural Law John Dewey 3,549 1.26 +1.26%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 3,660 1.30 +0.36%
Freedom for LaRouche Douglas M. Miller 2,049 0.73 +0.73%
Write-ins N/A 464 0.16 -0.37%
Majority 75,823 26.92
Turnout 281,626
Independent hold Swing

1994 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House election, 1994: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 105,502 44.84 -12.94%
Republican John Carroll 98,523 41.87 +11.01%
Natural Law Carole Banus 2,963 1.26 +0.00
Green Jack Rogers 2,664 1.13 +1.13%
Liberty Union Annette Larson 1,493 0.63 -0.67%
Write-ins N/A 304 0.13 -0.03%
Majority 6,979 2.97
Turnout 235,279
Independent hold Swing

1996 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 140,678 55.23 +10.39%
Republican Susan W. Sweetser 82,021 32.59 -9.28%
Democratic Jack Long 23,830 9.36 +9.36%
Libertarian Thomas J. Morse 2,693 1.06 +1.06%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 1,965 0.77 +0.14%
Green Robert Melamede 1,350 0.53 -0.60%
Natural Law Norio Kushi 812 0.32 -0.94%
Write-ins N/A 357 0.14 +0.01%
Majority 57,657 22.64
Turnout 254,706
Independent hold Swing

1998 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 136,403 63.40 +8.17%
Republican Mark Candon 70,740 32.88 +0.29%
Green Matthew Mulligan 3,464 1.61 +1.08%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 2,153 1.01 +.024%
Libertarian Robert Maynard 2,097 0.97 -0.09%
Write-ins N/A 276 0.13 -.01%
Majority 65,663 30.52
Turnout 215,133
Independent hold Swing

2000 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 196,118 69.21 +5.81%
Republican Karen Ann Kerin 51,977 18.34 -14.54%
Liberty Union Peter Diamondstone 14,918 5.26 +3.65%
Independent Stewart Skrill 4,799 1.69 +1.69%
Green Jack Rogers 2,978 1.05 -0.56%
Libertarian Daniel H. Krymkowski 2,978 1.05 +0.08%
Write-ins N/A 760 0.27 +0.14%
Majority 144,141 50.87
Turnout 283,366
Independent hold Swing

2002 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 144,880 64.32 -4.89%
Republican William Meub 72,813 32.32 +13.98%
Liberty Union Jane Newton 3,185 1.41 -3.85%
Green Fawn Skinner 2,344 1.04 -0.01%
Libertarian Fawn Skinner 2,033 0.90 -0.15%
Majority 72,067 31.99
Turnout 225,255
Independent hold Swing

2004 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders ran for and won re-election.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Bernie Sanders 205,774 67.47 +2.8%
Republican Greg Parke 74,271 24.35 -7.7%
Democratic Larry Drown 21,684 7.11 +7.1%
Liberty Union Jane Newton 3,018 0.99 -0.3%
Write-ins N/A 261 0.09 N/A
Majority 131,503 43.11
Turnout 305,008
Independent hold Swing +5.3

2006 election[edit]

Incumbent Bernie Sanders retired to run for (and win) a U.S. Senate seat.

Vermont Senate President Pro Tempore Peter Welch (D-Windsor County) was the Democratic nominee and the eventual winner.

Three candidates competed for the Republican nomination:

Rainville won the Republican primary on September 12, beating Shepard by a wide margin.

There were also numerous third party and independent candidates: Chris Karr (WTP), Bruce Marshall (Green Party), Dennis Morrisseau (Ind), Jane Newton (Liberty Union Party), Keith Stern (Ind), and Jerry Trudell (Ind). Morrisseau gathered the most votes, with 1% or 1,383 votes.

By September 14, 2006, the race between Rainville and Welch was close. An American Research Group poll showed Welch with a 48-45% lead.[2]

On October 4, 2006, The Burlington Free Press reported that one of Rainville's staffers, Christopher Stewart, resigned from her campaign after committing plagiarism—copying policy statements from other politicians, including Senator Hillary Clinton, and using them on Rainville's website. Rainville's website was off-line for some time while her staff removed the plagiarized passages. [1]

Welch beat Rainville 53% to 45%, or 139,585 votes to 117,211.

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Peter Welch 139,815 53.22 +46.1
Republican Martha Rainville 117,023 44.54 +20.1
Impeach Bush Now Dennis Morrisseau 1,390 0.53 +0.53
Independent Jerry Trudell 1,013 0.39 +0.39
Green Bruce Marshall 994 0.38 +0.38
Independent Keith Stern 963 0.37 +0.37
Liberty Union Jane Newton 721 0.27 -0.7
We the People Chris Karr 599 0.23 +0.23
Write-ins N/A 208 0.08 +0.08
Majority 22,792 8.68 -34.4
Turnout 262,726
Democratic gain from Independent Swing

2008 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Peter Welch 248,203 83.25 +30.03%
Independent Mike Bethel 14,349 4.18 +4.18
Energy Independence Jerry Trudel 10,818 3.63 +3.63%
VT Progressive Thomas James Hermann 9.081 3.05 +3.05%
Independent Cris Ericson 7,841 2.63 +2.63%
Liberty Union Jane Newton 5,307 1.78 +1.51%
Write-ins N/A 2,552 0.86 +0.78%
Majority 233,854 78.43
Turnout 298,151
Democratic hold Swing

2010 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2010: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Peter Welch 154,006 64.57 -18.68%
Republican Paul D. Beaudry 76,403 32.03 +32.03%
Independent (politician) Gus Jaccaci 4,704 1.97 +1.97%
Socialist Jane Newton 3,222 1.35 -0.43%
Write-ins N/A 186 0.08 -0.78%
Majority 77,603 32.54
Turnout 238,521
Democratic hold Swing

2012 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2012: Vermont At-large District
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Peter Welch 208,600 72.01 +7.44%
Republican Mark Donka 67,543 23.32 -8.71%
Independent James “Sam” Desrochers 8,302 2.87 +0.90%
Liberty Union Jane Newton 4,065 1.40 +1.40%
VoteKISS[3] Andre Laframboise 1,153 0.40 +0.40%
Majority 141,057 48.69
Turnout 289,663
Democratic hold Swing

2008 Presidential primary results[edit]

Democratic primary[edit]

Then-U.S. Senator and now President Barack Obama of Illinois won the March 4, 2008 Vermont Democratic Primary with 59.31% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while then-U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton of New York received 38.59%.

Republican primary[edit]

U.S. Senator John McCain of Arizona won the March 4, 2008 Vermont Republican Primary with 71.32% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while former Governor Mike Huckabee of Arkansas finished second with 14.30%.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]