United States House of Representatives elections, 1822

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1822
United States
1820 ←
July 1, 1822 - August 14, 1823 → 1824

All 213 seats to the United States House of Representatives
107 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Clay.jpg LMcLane.jpg
Leader Henry Clay Louis McLane
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Kentucky-3rd Delaware-AL
Last election 155 seats 32 seats
Seats won 189 24
Seat change Increase 34 Decrease 8

Speaker before election

Philip Barbour
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 18th Congress were held at different dates in each state between July 1, 1822 (in Louisiana) and August 14, 1823 (in North Carolina). This was the first election based on the results of the 1820 Census, which added a total of 26 seats to the House. Four states lost one Representative each, while nine states gained anywhere between 1 and 8 seats.

The campaign was waged between the Democratic-Republican Party and the Federalist Party. However, by this time, party unity had broken down and the consensus principles of the Era of Good Feelings were giving way to fragmentation. In turn, many historians classify the parties of the Representatives based on how they voted in the Contingent Election of 1825 (where the House determined the winner of the 1824 presidential election), at the end of the 18th Congress, with results similar to those in the following table. Michael J. Dubin classifies candidates based on the political parties supporting them in the elections of 1822-1823 (though he does not provide a nationwide tally).

This was the single largest gain by any President's party in House midterm elections in US history, and the only time the President's party made gains of 10 seats or more in such an election.

Election summaries[edit]

189 24
Democratic-Republican Federalist

Following the 1820 Census, 26 new seats were apportioned, with 4 States losing 1 seat each, 9 States gaining between 1 and 8 seats, and the remaining 11 States having no change in apportionment.

Note: Each party is broken down according to the numbers of Adams-Clay supporters (AC), Crawford supporters (C) and Jackson supporters (J)

State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change AC C J Change AC C J Change
Delaware At-large October 1, 1822 1 Decrease1 0 Decrease1 0 1 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 7, 1822 7 Increase1 0 7 0 Increase1 0 Steady
Illinois At-large August 5, 1822 1 Steady 1 0 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District[1] (3) August 5, 1822 3 Increase2 0 0 3 Increase2 0 Steady
Kentucky District (12) August 5, 1822 12 Increase2 8 0 4 Increase2 0 Steady
Louisiana District[1] (3) July 1–3, 1822 3 Increase2 2 0 1 Increase2 0 Steady
Maryland District (8[2]) October 7, 1822 9 Steady 3 1 2 Steady 2 0 1 Steady
Massachusetts District (13) November 4, 1822[3] 13 Steady 6 0 0 Steady 6 0 1 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 5–6, 1822 1 Steady 0 0 1 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri At-large October 7, 1822 1 Steady 1 0 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large August 26, 1822[4] 6 Steady 6 0 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey At-large October 15, 1822 6 Steady 1 0 5 Steady 0 Steady
New York District (30[5]) November 4–6, 1822 34 Increase7 14 14 2 Increase11 4 0 0 Decrease4
Ohio District (14) October 8, 1822 14 Increase8 10 2 2 Increase8 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District (18[6]) October 8, 1822 26 Increase3 0 0 20 Increase5 1 0 5 Decrease2
Rhode Island At-large August 27, 1822 2 Steady 2 0 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont At-large[7] September 3, 1822 5 Decrease1 5 0 0 Decrease1 0 Steady
1823 elections
Alabama District[1] (3) August 3, 1823 3 Increase2 0 0 3 Increase2 0 Steady
Connecticut At-large April 7, 1823 6 Decrease1 6 0 0 Decrease1 0 Steady
Maine District (7) April 7, 1823[8] 7 Steady 6 0 0 Increase1 1 0 0 Decrease1
North Carolina District (13) August 14, 1823 13 Steady 0 10 2 Steady 1 0 0 Steady
South Carolina District (9) February 12–13, 1823 9 Steady 0 0 9 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District (9) August 7–8, 1823 9 Increase3 0 0 9 Increase3 0 Steady
Virginia District (22) April, 1823 22 Decrease1 1 19 1 Steady 0 1 0 Decrease1
Total 213 Increase 26 72 64 53 Increase34 15 7 2 Decrease8
88.7% 11.3%
House seats
D-R
  
88.73%
Federalist
  
11.27%

Late elections to the 17th United States Congress[edit]

Date ↑ District Reason Result Candidates
March 12, 1822 New York 9 Solomon Van Rensselaer (F) resigned January 14, 1822.
Winner also elected to the next term in a different district.
Federalist hold Stephen Van Rensselaer (F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
October 28, 1822 Virginia 9 Thomas Van Swearingen (F) resigned August 19, 1822.
Winner also elected to the next term in a different district.
Federalist hold James Stephenson (F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
September 30, 1822 Florida territory at-large The territory was organized March 30, 1822, and granted the right to send a delegate to the 17th Congress.
Winner seated January 23, 1823[9] as the first Hispanic American in Congress.
Winner lost election to the following full term.[10]
Independent gain Joseph Marion Hernández 72.5%
William Barnett 27.5%
October 1, 1822 Delaware at-large Caesar A. Rodney (DR) resigned January 24, 1822 when elected to the U.S. Senate. Federalist gain Daniel Rodney (F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
October 8, 1822 Pennsylvania 1 William Milnor (F) resigned May 8, 1822.
Winner lost election to the next full term.
Federalist hold Thomas Forrest (F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
October 8, 1822 Pennsylvania 6 Samuel Moore (DR) resigned May 20, 1822.
Winner also elected to the next term in a different district.
Democratic-Republican hold Samuel D. Ingham (DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
October 8, 1822 Pennsylvania 14 Henry Baldwin (DR) resigned May 8, 1822 because of his declining health and failing finances.
Winner also elected to the next term in a different district.
Democratic-Republican hold Walter Forward (DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
December 2, 1822 Indiana at-large William Hendricks (DR) resigned July 25, 1822 to run for Governor of Indiana.
Winner also elected to the next term in a different district
Democratic-Republican hold Jonathan Jennings
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
December 2, 1822 Maine 2 Ezekiel Whitman (F) resigned June 1, 1822. Democratic-Republican gain Mark Harris
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
December 4, 1822 South Carolina 4 James Overstreet (DR) died May 24, 1822.
Winner also elected to the next term.
Democratic-Republican hold Andrew R. Govan (DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
December 10, 1822 Pennsylvania 7 Ludwig Worman (F) died October 17, 1822.
Winner lost election to the next term.
Democratic-Republican gain Daniel Udree (DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
December 11, 1822 South Carolina 9 James Blair (DR) resigned May 8, 1822.
Winner also elected to the next term in a different district.
Democratic-Republican hold John Carter (DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
December 13, 1822 South Carolina 2 William Lowndes (DR) died October 27, 1822.
Winner also elected to the next term.
Democratic-Republican hold James Hamilton, Jr. (DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Complete returns[edit]

Alabama[edit]

Alabama increased from 1 to 3 Representatives in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama 1
Known as the Northern district
Gabriel Moore
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Gabriel Moore (J-DR) 100%
Alabama 2
Known as the Middle district
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John McKee (J-DR) 24.7%
Thomas Farrar 21.6%
Jesse W. Garth (DR) 19.6%
Marmaduke Williams (DR) 19.1%
Sion L. Perry 7.9%
John S. Fulton 7.0%
Alabama 3
Known as the Southern district
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
George W. Owen (J-DR) 67.6%
Arthur P. Bagby (DR) 23.7%
Silas Dinsmoor 8.7%

Connecticut[edit]

Connecticut lost one seat in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Noyes Barber Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Gideon Tomlinson (A-DR) 17.2%
Ebenezer Stoddard (A-DR) 16.6%
Ansel Sterling (A-DR) 16.1%
Lemuel Whitman (A-DR) 13.7%
Noyes Barber (A-DR) 13.5%
Samuel A. Foot (A-DR) 11.7%

Henry W. Edwards (DR) 5.1%
Daniel Burrows (DR) 3.7%
John Russ (DR) 2.5%
Ebenezer Stoddard Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected
Gideon Tomlinson Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected
Ansel Sterling Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected
John Russ Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry W. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Daniel Burrows Democratic-Republican 1821 Lost re-election
Seat eliminated

Delaware[edit]

Delaware was reduced once more from 2 back to 1 representative after the Fourth Census, which number has remained constant to the present day. At the time of the 1822 election, the second seat in Delaware's at-large district was vacant, so there was only one incumbent going into the election.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large Louis McLane Federalist 1816 Re-elected Louis McLane (C-F) 54.2%
Arnold Naudain (DR) 45.7%
Others 0.1%

Georgia[edit]

Georgia gained one seat in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Alfred Cuthbert Democratic-Republican 1813 (special)
1820
Re-elected John Forsyth (C-DR) 13.5%
Edward F. Tattnall (C-DR) 13.0%
Joel Abbot (C-DR) 11.5%
Wiley Thompson (C-DR) 11.2%
Thomas W. Cobb (C-DR) 11.1%
George Cary (C-DR) 9.9%
Alfred Cuthbert (C-DR) 9.7%

Thomas Glascock 9.6%
Charles E. Haynes (J-DR) 5.9%
John R. Golding 4.6%
George R. Gilmer Democratic-Republican 1820 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Joel Abbot Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected
Edward F. Tattnall Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
Robert R. Reid Democratic-Republican 1819 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Wiley Thompson Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain

Thomas W. Cobb (C-DR) resigned December 6, 1824, having been elected to the Senate. A special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy which was won by Richard Henry Wilde (C-DR)

Illinois[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Illinois at-large Daniel P. Cook Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Daniel P. Cook (A-DR) 55.6%
John McLean (DR) 44.4%
Elias Kane (DR) <0.1%

Indiana[edit]

Indiana gained 2 Representatives in reapportionment following the 1820 Census. Indiana's single at-large seat in the 17th Congress was empty at the time of the election, previous incumbent William Hendricks (DR) having resigned to run for Governor of Indiana. Jonathan Jennings (J-DR), elected to the new 2nd district, was elected in the ensuing special election to fill the at-large district for the remainder of the 17th Congress.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana 1 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
William Prince (J-DR) 57.4%
Charles Dewey 42.6%
Indiana 2 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Jonathan Jennings[11] (J-DR) 60.5%
James Scott 39.5%
Indiana 3 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John Test (J-DR) 46.5%
Samuel C. Vance 32.7%
Ezra Ferris 20.8%

In the 1st district, William Prince died on September 8, 1824, and was replaced in a special election by Jacob Call (J-DR)

Kentucky[edit]

Kentucky gained 2 representatives in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 David Trimble Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected David Trimble (A-DR) 79.8%
Thomas Fletcher (DR) 20.2%
Kentucky 2 Thomas Metcalfe
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Thomas Metcalfe (A-DR) 73.8%
William Worthington 14.0%
Walker Reid 12.3%
Kentucky 3 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Henry Clay (A-DR) 100%
Kentucky 4 John S. Smith
Redistricted from the 7th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 (special) Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert P. Letcher (A-DR) 52.2%
John S. Smith (DR) 47.8%
Kentucky 5 John T. Johnson
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected John T. Johnson (J-DR) 47.5%[12]
Robert McHatton (J-DR) 47.8%
Alfred Sanford 4.7%
Kentucky 6 None (District created) New seat
Adams Republican gain
David White (A-DR) 56.1%
John Logan 43.9%
Kentucky 7 Samuel H. Woodson
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Thomas P. Moore (J-DR) 41.5%
John Pope (DR) 29.7%
Samuel H. Woodson (DR) 28.8%
Kentucky 8 None (District created) New seat
Adams Republican gain
Richard A. Bucker[13] (A-DR)
Nathan Gaither (J-DR?)
Kentucky 9 James D. Breckinridge
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 (special) Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Charles A. Wickliffe (J-DR) 52.0%
James D. Breckinridge (DR) 48.0%
Kentucky 10 Francis Johnson
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected Francis Johnson (A-DR) 100%
Kentucky 11 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Philip Thompson[13] (A-DR)
James Crutcher
William Inglish
John S. Eave
Kentucky 12 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Robert P. Henry[14] (J-DR)
Dickson Given
Breathitt[15]
Young Ewing

Louisiana[edit]

Louisiana gained two seats in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Louisiana 1 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Edward Livingston (J-DR) 98.1%
Others 1.9%
Louisiana 2 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Henry H. Gurley (A-DR) 46.1%
W.S. Hamilton[15] 31.6%
James M. Bradford 22.3%
Louisiana 3 Josiah S. Johnston
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
William L. Brent (A-DR) 55.7%
Josiah S. Johnston (DR) 44.3%

Maine[edit]

Maine electoral law at this time required a majority for election, with additional ballots taken if a majority were not achieved. This proved necessary in 1822 in the 1st, 3rd, 4th, and 6th districts. Although Maine neither gained nor lost representatives after the Fourth Census, there was redistricting, which placed two incumbents into the 3rd district

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial Third trial Fourth trial
Maine 1 Joseph Dane Federalist 1820 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Isaac Lane (DR) 29.9%
William Burleigh (A-DR) 27.7%
Thomas G. Thornton (DR) 11.4%
Edward P. Hayman 8.8%
Rufus McIntire (J-DR) 8.0%
Benjamin Greene 7.5%
John MacDonald 5.5%
Others 1.2%
William Burleigh (A-DR) 41.6%
Isaac Lane (DR) 33.5%
Rufus McIntire (J-DR) 20.7%
John MacDonald 1.3%
Edward P. Hayman 1.0%
Others 1.9%
William Burleigh (A-DR) 48.4%
Rufus McIntire (J-DR) 42.2%
Isaac Lane (DR) 7.7%
Others 1.8%
William Burleigh (A-DR) 52.3%
Rufus McIntire (J-DR) 47.7%
Maine 2 Mark Harris Democratic-Republican 1822 (special) Retired
Federalist gain
Stephen Longfellow (A-F) 50.5%
John Anderson (DR) 47.7%
Others 1.8%
Maine 3 Mark Langdon Hill Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Mark Langdon Hill (DR) 31.6%
Ebenezer Herrick (A-DR) 26.1%
Jeremiah Bailey (F) 22.9%
Daniel Rose (DR) 15.6%
Samuel Thatcher (F?) 3.3%
Mark Langdon Hill (DR) 40.1%
Ebenezer Herrick (A-DR) 39.4%
Jeremiah Bailey (F) 16.0%
Daniel Rose (DR) 3.1%
Samuel Thatcher (F?) 1.1%
Others 0.3%
Ebenezer Herrick (A-DR) 63.5%
Mark Langdon Hill (DR) 35.7%
Others 0.8%
Ebenezer Herrick
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
Maine 4 Joshua Cushman
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Joshua Cushman (A-DR) 47.8%
Ebenezer T. Warren (DR) 47.3%
Sanford Kingsbury 1.7%
James Parker (DR) 1.4%
Thomas Fillebrown 1.3%
Nathan Cutler 0.5%
Joshua Cushman (A-DR) 60.2%
Ebenezer T. Warren (DR) 29.1%
Josiah Prescott 7.5%
Others 3.2%
Maine 5 Enoch Lincoln
Redistricted from the 7th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 (special) Re-elected Enoch Lincoln (A-DR) 96.7%
Ezekiel Thompson 1.7%
Others 1.6%
Maine 6 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Jeremiah O'Brien (A-DR) 31.4%
Alfred Johnson, Jr. (DR) 28.2%
William Abbott (F) 25.4%
Aaron Holbrook (DR) 9.4%
Jonathan D. Weston 3.9%
Others 1.7%
Jeremiah O'Brien (A-DR) 40.8%
Alfred Johnson, Jr. (DR) 37.1%
William Abbott (F) 21.9%
Others 0.2%
Jeremiah O'Brien (A-DR) 53.2%
Alfred Johnson, Jr. (DR) 26.6%
William Abbott (F) 18.7%
Others 1.5%
Maine 7 William D. Williamson
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
David Kidder (A-DR) 51.8%
William Emerson (DR) 24.7%
Obid Wilson 17.8%
Others 5.8%

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Raphael Neale Federalist 1818 Re-elected Raphael Neale (A-F) 64.7%
Thomas Blackiston (F) 34.9%
Others 0.4%
Maryland 2 Joseph Kent Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Joseph Kent (A-DR) 99.5%
Others 0.5%
Maryland 3 Henry R. Warfield Federalist 1818 Re-elected Henry R. Warfield (A-F) 97.1%
Barton Harris 2.9%
Maryland 4 John Nelson Democratic-Republican 1820 Retired
Federalist gain
John Lee (J-F) 30.9%
Thomas C. Worthington (J-DR) 30.1%
Michael Sprigg (J-DR) 24.8%
Casper Weaver (DR) 6.6%
William Gabby (DR) 6.1%
Joseph Swearingin (DR) 1.5%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792
1816
Re-elected Peter Little (J-DR) 44.1%
Samuel Smith (C-DR) 43.2%

John Patterson (DR) 12.7%
Peter Little Democratic-Republican 1810
1816
Re-elected
Maryland 6 Philip Reed Democratic-Republican 1816
1820
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
George E. Mitchell (A-DR) 94.3%
Peregrine L. Lynch (DR) 4.2%
Philip Reed (DR) 0.3%
Others 1.2%
Maryland 7 Robert Wright Democratic-Republican 1810
1820
Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
William Hayward, Jr. (C-DR) 54.6%
Thomas Emory (DR) 45.4%
Maryland 8 Thomas Bayly Federalist 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
John S. Spence (A-DR) 66.5%
James Murray (F) 33.5%
Others 0.1%

In the 5th district, Samuel Smith resigned on December 22, 1822,[9] before the end of the 17th Congress. Special elections were held to fill the vacancies in the 17th and 18th Congresses.

Massachusetts[edit]

District[16] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial Third trial
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
Benjamin Gorham Federalist 1820 Retired
Federalist hold
Daniel Webster (A-F) 62.9%
Jesse Putnam (DR) 37.1%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
Gideon Barstow Democratic-Republican 1820 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Benjamin W. Crowninshield (A-DR) 48.4%
Benjamin Merrill (F) 41.9%
Willard Peele (I) 9.7%
Benjamin W. Crowninshield (A-DR) 51.9%
Benjamin Merrill (F) 27.4%
Willard Peele (I) 20.8%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1814
Re-elected Jeremiah Nelson (A-F) 76.0%
Amos Spaulding (DR) 24.0%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Timothy Fuller Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Timothy Fuller (DR) 89.2%
Thomas Harris 6.9%
Others 3.8%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Worcester South district
Jonathan Russell
Redistricted from the 11th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Jonas Sibley (A-DR) 47.8%
Benjamin Adams (F) 45.3%
Seth Hastings 4.7%
Others 2.2%
Jonas Sibley (A-DR) 53.5%
Benjamin Adams (F) 39.1%
Seth Hastings 7.4%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Worcester North district
Lewis Bigelow
Redistricted from the 12th district
Federalist 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Samuel Dana (DR) 42.9%
Lewis Bigelow (F) 34.3%
James Kendall (F) 22.8%
Samuel Dana (DR) 45.9%
Lewis Bigelow (F) 32.0%
James Kendall (F) 22.2%
John Locke (A-DR) 53.3%
Samuel Dana (DR) 46.7%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Franklin district
Samuel C. Allen
Redistricted from the 6th district
Federalist 1816 Re-elected Samuel C. Allen (A-F) 91.1%
Others 8.9%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Hampden district
Samuel Lathrop
Redistricted from the 5th district
Federalist 1818 Re-elected Samuel Lathrop (A-F) 81.2%
Thomas Shepherd (DR) 18.8%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Berkshire district
Henry W. Dwight
Redistricted from the 7th district
Federalist 1820 Re-elected Henry W. Dwight (A-F) 62.4%
William Jarvis (DR) 37.6%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Norfolk district
William Eustis
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic-Republican 1800
1820 (special)
Re-elected William Eustis (DR) 84.5%
Richard Sullivan (F) 5.7%
Others 9.8%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Plymouth district
Aaron Hobart
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected Aaron Hobart (A-DR) 58.1%
Cushing Otis (F) 41.9%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Bristol district
Francis Baylies
Redistricted from the 10th district
Federalist 1820 Re-elected Francis Baylies (J-F) 66.8%
Hercules Cushman (DR) 33.2%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Barnstable district
John Reed, Jr.
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1812
1820
Re-elected John Reed, Jr. (A-F) 53.5%
Walter Folger, Jr. (DR) 46.5%

William Eustis (DR) of the 10th district resigned before the start of the 18th Congress and was replaced in special election by John Bailey (A-DR). Bailey's election was contested and his seat vacated March 24, 1824. Another special election was held which re-elected Bailey.

Mississippi[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Mississippi at-large Christopher Rankin Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Christopher Rankin (J-DR) 64.8%
George Poindexter (DR) 35.2%

Missouri[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Missouri at-large John Scott Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected John Scott (A-DR) 60.0%
John B. Lucas 25.2%
Alexander Stuart 14.8%

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire electoral law required a candidate to receive votes from a majority of voters for election, that is 1/12 of votes. Only five candidates received the requisite majority, and so a run-off election was held for the sixth seat.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
General election Run-off election
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Josiah Butler Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Matthew Harvey (A-DR) 16.6%
William Plumer, Jr. (A-DR) 16.1%
Aaron Matson (A-DR) 15.2%
Ichabod Bartlett (A-DR) 14.9%
Thomas Whipple, Jr. (A-DR) 11.6%

Edmund Parker (DR) 6.8%
Charles Wooman (I) 5.7%
Arthur Livermore (A-DR) 3.9%
Estwicke Evans (I) 3.0%
Richard Odell (I) 2.9%
Nichol Eastman (I) 1.9%
William Vale (I) 1.5%
Arthur Livermore (A-DR) 38.8%
Edmund Parker (DR) 31.4%
Richard Odell (I) 29.8%
Nathaniel Upham Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Matthew Harvey Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
Aaron Matson Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
William Plumer, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected
Thomas Whipple, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected

New Jersey[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
John Linn Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
George Holcombe (J-DR) 16.6%
George Cassedy (J-DR) 16.3%
Lewis Condict (J-DR) 16.3%
Samuel Swan (J-DR) 16.3%
James Matlack (A-DR) 16.2%
Daniel Garrison (J-DR) 16.1%

Ephraim Bateman (DR) 2.1%
George Holcombe Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
George Cassedy Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
Ephraim Bateman Democratic-Republican 1814 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel Swan Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected
James Matlack Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected

New York[edit]

New York's representation increased after the 1820 Census from 27 to 34 seats, elected from 30 districts, two with two members each, and one with three members.

As in the previous election, the Democratic-Republican Party in New York was divided into two factions, the "Bucktails" and the Clintonians, which distinction is not marked here. The Clintonians and the Federalists ran on a joint ticket in 1822 as in 1821, in some cases, it's unclear which party a candidate belonged to, those are marked C/F.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Silas Wood Federalist 1818 Re-elected
as Democratic-Republican
Silas Wood (A-DR) 50.5%
John P. Osborn (DR) 49.5%
New York 2 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Jacob Tyson (C-DR) 90.9%
Jacob Patchen (C/F) 9.1%
New York 3
Plural district with 3 seats
John J. Morgan
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected John J. Morgan (J-DR) 34.0%
Churchill C. Cambreleng (C-DR) 33.7%
Peter Sharpe (A-DR) 32.3%
Churchill C. Cambreleng
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected
None (Seat created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
New York 4 None (Seat created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Joel Frost (C-DR) 68.6%
Abraham Smith (C/F) 21.0%
Peter A. Jay (F) 10.3%
New York 5 William W. Van Wyck
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected William W. Van Wyck (A-DR) 71.1%
Derrick B. Stockhold (C/F) 28.9%
New York 6 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Hector Craig (J-DR) 57.5%
Charles Ludlow (DR) 42.5%
New York 7 Charles H. Ruggles Federalist 1821 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Lemuel Jenkins (C-DR) 57.1%
Charles H. Ruggles (F) 42.9%
New York 8 None (District created) New seat
Federalist gain
James Strong (F) 57.7%
Joseph D. Monnell (DR) 42.3%
New York 9 John D. Dickinson
Redistricted from the 10th district
Federalist 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
James L. Hogeboom (DR) 53.1%
John D. Dickinson (F) 46.9%
New York 10 Stephen Van Rensselaer
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1822 (special) Re-elected Stephen Van Rensselaer (A-F) 100%
New York 11 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Charles A. Foote (C-DR) 54.1%
John T. More (C/F) 45.9%
New York 12 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Lewis Eaton (C-DR) 62.8%
Nicholas F. Beck (C/F) 34.7%
Henry R. Teller (C/F) 1.7%
Gideon Halladay 0.7%
New York 13 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Isaac Williams, Jr. (A-DR) 98.6%
Others 1.4%
New York 14 None (District created) New seat
Federalist gain
Henry R. Storrs (A-F) 50.5%
Ezekiel Bacon (DR) 49.4%
Others 0.1%
New York 15 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John Herkimer (A-DR) 59.6%
Simeon Ford (C/F) 40.4%
New York 16 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John W. Cady (A-DR) 50.7%
Alexander Sheldon (DR) 49.2%
Others 0.1%
New York 17 John W. Taylor
Redistricted from the 11th district
Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected John W. Taylor (A-DR) 54.2%
George Palmer (DR) 45.8%
New York 18 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Henry C. Martindale (A-DR) 55.0%
David Russell (C/F) 44.9%
Others 0.1%
New York 19 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John Richards (C-DR) 52.1%
Ezra C. Gross (C/F) 45.7%
Others 2.2%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Egbert Ten Eyck (C-DR) 49.9%
Ela Collins (C-DR) 49.5%

Others 0.6%
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
New York 21 Samuel Campbell Democratic-Republican 1821 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Lot Clark (C-DR) 72.9%
Samuel Campbell (DR) 26.4%
Others 0.6%
New York 22 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Justin Dwinell (C-DR) 94.7%
Others 5.3%
New York 23 Elisha Litchfield
Redistricted from the 19th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Elisha Litchfield (DR-C) 59.6%
Asa Wells (C/F) 40.4%
New York 24 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Rowland Day (C-DR) 59.2%
Jonathan Richmond (C/F) 40.7%
Others <0.1%
New York 25 David Woodcock
Redistricted from the 20th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel Lawrence (A-DR) 52.5%
David Woodcock (DR) 47.5%
New York 26
Plural district with 2 seats
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Dudley Marvin (A-DR) 33.6%
Robert S. Rose (A-DR) 22.7%

William Thompson (C/F) 19.1%
John Price (C/F) 13.9%
Micah Brooks (DR) 10.6%
Others 0.1%
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
New York 27 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Moses Hayden (A-DR) 60.6%
John H. Jones (DR) 39.3%
Others 0.1%
cNew York 28 William B. Rochester
Redistricted from the 20th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected William B. Rochester (A-DR) 98.4%
Others 1.6%
New York 29 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Isaac Wilson (A-DR) 50.0%
Parmenio Adams[17] (A-DR) 49.6%
Others 0.4%
New York 30 Albert H. Tracy
Redistricted from the 22nd district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Albert H. Tracy (A-DR) 62.6%
Augustus Porter (DR) 37.2%
Others 0.1%

In the 28th district, William B. Rochester (DR) was appointed judge of the 8th Circuit Court on April 21, 1823 and resigned his seat in the House, before the 18th Congress assembled, a special election was held which elected William Woods (DR) in his place.

In the 29th district, Isaac Wilson (DR) was initially declare the winner with 2,093 votes to 2,077 for Adams and took his seat when the 18th Congress assembled. After investigation, the House Committee on Elections determined that there had been erroneous vote totals reported from two towns, with the corrected totals being 2,072 votes for Adams and 2,071 for Wilson. On January 7, 1824, the House declared Adams the rightful holder of that seat.

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican 1807
1817
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Alfred M. Gatlin (C-DR) 52.9%
Lemuel Sawyer (DR) 47.1%
North Carolina 2 Hutchins G. Burton Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Hutchins G. Burton[13] (C-DR)
Jesse A. Dawson
North Carolina 3 Thomas H. Hall Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Thomas H. Hall (C-DR) 52.2%
William Clark (F) 47.8%
North Carolina 4 William S. Blackledge Democratic-Republican 1821 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Richard Dobbs Spaight, Jr.[13] (C-DR)
North Carolina 5 Charles Hooks Democratic-Republican 1816 (special)
1819
Re-elected Charles Hooks[13] (C-DR)
John D. Jones
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1816 (special) Re-elected Weldon N. Edwards (C-DR) 100%
North Carolina 7 Archibald McNeill Federalist 1821 Retired
Federalist hold
John Culpepper (A-F) 50.9%
Alexander McNeill 49.1%
North Carolina 8 Josiah Crudup Democratic-Republican 1821 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Willie P. Mangum (C-DR) 59.3%
Daniel L. Barringer 40.7%
North Carolina 9 Romulus M. Saunders Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Romulus M. Saunders (C-DR) 100%
North Carolina 10 John Long Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected John Long (C-DR) 66.9%
John MacClelland 33.1%
North Carolina 11 Henry W. Connor Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Henry W. Connor (J-DR) 60.7%
William Davidson (F) 39.3%
North Carolina 12 Felix Walker Democratic-Republican 1817 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert Brank Vance (J-DR) 37.5%
Felix Walker (DR) 37.5%
George Walton (DR) 15.6%
Hodge Rabon (DR) 9.5%
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 Re-elected Lewis Williams[13] (C-DR)
Montford Stakes (DR)

In the 2nd district, Burton resigned March 23, 1824 after being elected Governor of North Carolina. A special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy which elected George Outlaw (C-DR).

In the 12th district, Vance and Walker both received 1,913 votes. At the time, the sheriffs of the four counties in that district cast the tie-breaking votes. Three voted for Vance, and one for Walker, giving the seat to Vance[18]

Ohio[edit]

Ohio gained 8 seats in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio 1 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
James W. Gazlay (J-DR) 52.8%
William Henry Harrison (DR) 47.2%
Ohio 2 Thomas R. Ross
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Thomas R. Ross (C-DR) 100%
Ohio 3 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
William McLean (A-DR) 28.8%
Joseph H. Crane (DR) 26.1%
William Blodget 14.5%
Joseph L. Hawkins 13.0%
Fielding Lowry 9.9%
John Houtz 7.5%
Others 0.2%
Ohio 4 Joseph Vance
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected Joseph Vance[13] (A-DR)
Ohio 5 John W. Campbell
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected John Wilson Campbell[13] (J-DR)
Ohio 6 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Duncan McArthur (A-DR) 27.7%
Henry Brush (DR) 19.2%
Edward King 17.5%
Caleb Atwater (J-DR) 16.3%
Richard Douglass 12.1%
Thomas Scott 7.4%
Ohio 7 Levi Barber
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic-Republican 1816
1820
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel F. Vinton (A-DR) 47.0%
Levi Barber (DR) 28.9%
Robert Lucas (DR) 24.1%
Ohio 8 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
William Wilson (C-DR) 48.7%
Orris Parish 23.1%
James Kilbourne (DR) 15.6%
Daniel S. Norton 9.9%
William Stanbery 2.4%
William Gavit 0.4%
Ohio 9 David Chambers
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 (special) Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Philemon Beecher (A-DR[19]) 37.6%
David Chambers (DR) 34.3%
Samuel Sullivan (DR) 18.0%
William Trimble (DR) 10.1%
Ohio 10 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John Patterson (A-DR) 53.7%
Charles Hammond 46.3%
Ohio 11 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John C. Wright (A-DR) 58.4%
John MacLaughlin 41.5%
John Kimmel 0.1%
Ohio 12 John Sloane
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected John Sloane (A-DR) 98.9%
George M. Crane 1.1%
Ohio 13 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Elisha Whittlesey (A-DR) 37.3%
Eli Baldwin 35.9%
Nehemiah King 11.4%
Samuel W. Phelps 10.9%
Adamson Bentley 4.3%
Others 0.1%
Ohio 14 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Mordecai Bartley (A-DR) 55.6%
Alfred Kelley 44.4%

Pennsylvania[edit]

Pennsylvania gained 3 Representatives in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[20]
Pennsylvania 1 None (District created) New seat
Federalist gain
Samuel Breck (A-F) 52.5%
Joel B. Sutherland (DR) 43.3%
Edward Heston (DR) 4.2%
Pennsylvania 2 Joseph Hemphill
Redistricted from the 1st district
Federalist 1800
1818
Re-elected Joseph Hemphill (J-F) 60.8%
George M. Dallas (DR) 36.7%
William J. Duane (DR) 2.5%
Pennsylvania 3 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Daniel H. Miller (J-DR) 64.0%
Thomas Forrest[11] (F) 33.2%
Adam Seybert (DR) 2.8%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
James Buchanan
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Federalist 1820 Re-elected James Buchanan (J-F) 18.6%
Isaac Wayne (J-F) 18.2%
Samuel Edwards (J-F) 18.1%

William Darlington (DR) 15.2%
William Anderson (DR) 15.0%
Jacob Hibshman (DR) 14.9%
William Darlington
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Democratic-Republican 1814
1818
Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Samuel Edwards
Redistricted from the 1st district
Federalist 1818 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 5 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Philip S. Markley (J-DR) 52.5%
John Hughes (F) 47.5%
Pennsylvania 6 John Phillips
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Federalist 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Robert Harris (J-DR) 54.6%
John Phillips (DR[19]) 45.4%
Pennsylvania 7
Plural district with 2 seats
Ludwig Worman Federalist 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Daniel Udree[11] (J-DR) 28.9%
Henry Wilson (J-DR) 27.4%

Ludwig Worman (F) 22.2%
Peter Rhoads (F) 21.5%
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Pennsylvania 8
Plural district with 2 seats
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Samuel D. Ingham[11] (J-DR) 34.7%
Thomas J. Rogers (J-DR) 29.1%

Samuel Sitgreaves (F) 24.0%
Francis B. Shaw (F) 12.2%
Thomas J. Rogers
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 (special) Re-elected
Pennsylvania 9
Plural district with 3 seats
None (District created) New seat
Federalist gain
William Cox Ellis (J-F) 18.1%
Samuel McKean (J-DR) 17.4%
George Kremer (J-DR) 17.3%

Joseph Wood (DR) 16.7%
Henry Welles (Ind. Rep.) 15.0%
Henry Yearwick (Ind. Rep.) 10.5%
Ethan Baldwin (Ind. Rep.) 3.6%
Nicholas Middlesworth (DR) 1.5%
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Pennsylvania 10 James S. Mitchell
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected James S. Mitchell (J-DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 11
Plural district with 2 seats
John Findlay
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 (special) Re-elected John Findlay (J-DR) 27.0%
James Wilson (J-DR) 25.3%

James McSherry (F[19]) 24.2%
William N. Irvine (F) 23.6%
James McSherry
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 12 John Brown
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected John Brown (J-DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 13 John Tod
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected John Tod (J-DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 14 Andrew Stewart
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected Andrew Stewart (J-DR) 60.8%
Joseph Houston (Ind. Rep.) 39.2%
Pennsylvania 15 Thomas Patterson
Redistricted from the 12th district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Thomas Patterson (J-DR) 67.8%
Walter Craig (Ind. Rep.) 32.2%
Pennsylvania 16
Plural district with 2 seats
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Walter Forward[11] (J-DR) 30.2%
James Allison, Jr. (J-DR) 28.2%

John A. Scroggs (Ind. Rep.) 21.3%
Joel Lewis (Ind. Rep.) 20.2%
None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Pennsylvania 17 George Plumer
Redistricted from the 11th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected George Plumer (J-DR) 54.1%
Alexander W. Foster (Ind. Rep.) 45.9%
Pennsylvania 18 Patrick Farrelly
Redistricted from the 15th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected Patrick Farrelly (J-DR) 71.4%
Samuel Williamson (Ind. Rep.) 28.6%

There were two subsequent vacancies in the 18th Congress resulting in special elections. The first was in the 8th district when Thomas J. Rogers (DR) resigned April 20, 1824, the second was in the 13th district when John Tod (DR) resigned in June 1824. The first vacancy was filled by George Wolf (DR) and the second vacancy was filled by Alexander Thomson (DR), both special election being held on October 12, 1824

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Samuel Eddy Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Job Durfee (A-DR) 49.0%
Samuel Eddy (A-DR) 48.0%

Others 3.1%
Job Durfee Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Joel R. Poinsett Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected Joel R. Poinsett (J-DR) 59.5%
William Crafts 39.1%
Others 1.4%
South Carolina 2 James Hamilton, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1822 (special) Re-elected James Hamilton, Jr. (J-DR) 97.9%
Others 2.1%
South Carolina 3 Thomas R. Mitchell Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert B. Campbell (DR-J) 56.3%
Thomas R. Mitchell (DR) 43.3%
Others 0.4%
South Carolina 4 Andrew R. Govan Democratic-Republican 1822 (special) Re-elected Andrew R. Govan (DR-J) 53.5%
John M. Felder (DR) 46.3%
Others 0.2%
South Carolina 5 George McDuffie
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected George McDuffie (DR-J) 63.2%
Joseph Black 24.6%
James Lomax 12.2%
South Carolina 6 John Wilson
Redistricted from the 7th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected John Wilson (DR-J) 43.7%
Warren R. Davis 37.3%
Elias Earle (DR) 18.9%
Others 0.2%
South Carolina 7 Joseph Gist
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Re-elected Joseph Gist (DR-J) 55.0%
James McCreary 44.3%
Others 0.3%
South Carolina 8 John Carter
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic-Republican 1822 (special) Re-elected John Carter (DR-J) 55.4%
James G. Spann 44.3%
Others 0.3%
South Carolina 9 Starling Tucker
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Starling Tucker (DR-J) 61.4%
William Strother 38.3%
Others 0.3%

Tennessee[edit]

Tennessee gained 3 Representatives in reapportionment following the 1820 Census.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John Blair (J-DR) 52.5%
John Tipton 47.5%
Tennessee 2 John Cocke Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected John Cocke (J-DR) 100%
Tennessee 3 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
James I. Standifer (J-DR) 42.5%
James C. Mitchell 37.4%
William Dunlap 20.1%
Tennessee 4 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Jacob C. Isacks (J-DR) 65.2%
James Rogers 34.8%
Tennessee 5 Robert Allen
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Robert Allen (J-DR) 99.8%
Edward D. Trailor 0.2%
Tennessee 6 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
James T. Sandford (J-DR) 44.0%
Andrew Erwin 31.0%
Alfred M. Harris 25.1%
Tennessee 7 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Sam Houston (J-DR) 99.9%
Others 0.1%
Tennessee 8 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
James B. Reynolds (J-DR) 46.4%
Sterling Brewer 27.5%
John H. Marable 26.1%
Tennessee 9 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Adam R. Alexander (J-DR) 43.7%
James Terrill 30.8%
William R. Hess 25.5%

Vermont[edit]

Vermont lost 1 Representative in reapportionment following the 1820 Census. For the 1822 election, Vermont switched back to using a single at-large district. This would be the last year that Vermont would use an at-large district until 1932, when its representation was reduced to a single representative.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Vermont at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
Rollin Carolas Mallary
Redirected from the 1st district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Rollin Carolas Mallary (A-DR) 18.8%
Samuel C. Crafts (A-DR) 17.2%
Charles Rich (A-DR) 14.8%
Daniel A. A. Buck (A-DR) 11.0%
William Czar Bradley (A-DR) 10.7%

John Mattocks (DR) 7.4%
Elias Keyes (DR) 6.2%
Steven Haight, Jr. (DR) 4.1%
Phineas White (DR) 3.2%
Orsamus Cook Merrill (DR) 61.3%
Horace Everett (DR) 1.1%
Heman Allen (DR) 0.9%
Others 1.5%
Phineas White
Redirected from the 2nd district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Charles Rich
Redirected from the 3rd district
Democratic-Republican 1812
1816
Re-elected
Elias Keyes
Redirected from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel C. Crafts
Redirected from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected
John Mattocks
Redirected from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Seat eliminated

Charles Rich (DR) died on October 15, 1824, and was replaced in a special election by Henry Olin (DR)

Virginia[edit]

Virginia lost one Representative in reapportionment following the 1820 Census. Nineteen incumbents ran for re-election leaving three open seats.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Thomas Newton, Jr.
Redistricted from the 21st district
Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected Thomas Newton, Jr.[13] (A-DR)
George Loyall (DR)
Virginia 2 Arthur Smith
Redistricted from the 20th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Arthur Smith[13] (C-DR)
Virginia 3 William S. Archer
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1820 (special) Re-elected William S. Archer (C-DR) 100%
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander
Redistricted from the 18th district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Mark Alexander[13] (C-DR)
Virginia 5 John Randolph
Redistricted from the 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1797
1819
Re-elected John Randolph (C-DR) 100%
Virginia 6 George Tucker
Redistricted from the 15th district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected George Tucker (C-DR) 100%
Virginia 7 Jabez Leftwich
Redistricted from the 14th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Jabez Leftwich (C-DR) 56.1%
Nathaniel H. Claiborne (DR) 43.9%
Virginia 8 Burwell Bassett
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic-Republican 1805
1821
Re-elected Burwell Bassett (C-DR) 58.2%
Abel P. Upshur (F) 41.5%
Others 0.3%
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson
Redistricted from the 23rd district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected Andrew Stevenson (C-DR) 100%
Virginia 10 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
William C. Rives (C-DR) 100%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (special) Re-elected Philip P. Barbour[13] (C-DR)
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Robert S. Garnett (C-DR) 75.3%
Edwin Upshaw (F) 24.7%
Virginia 13 William Lee Ball
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected William Lee Ball[13] (C-DR)
John Clowning
Ellyson Currie
John W. Hungerford (DR)
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer
Redistricted from the 8th district
Federalist 1817 Re-elected
as Democratic-Republican
Charles F. Mercer (C-DR[19]) 51.8%
Sydnor Bailey (DR) 48.2%
Virginia 15 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John S. Barbour (C-DR) 43.8%
Thomas Marshall (F) 17.8%
Thomas Brown (DR) 15.6%
Virginia 16 James Stephenson
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1822 (special) Re-elected James Stephenson (C-F) 98.9%
Others 1.1%
Virginia 17 Jared Williams
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Jared Williams (C-DR) 49.2%
Alfred H. Powell (F) 40.1%
Samuel Kercheval (DR) 10.7%
Virginia 18 None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
Joseph Johnson (J-DR) 58.2%
Phillip Doddridge (F) 38.3%
Edwin S. Duncan (DR) 2.5%
Jeremiah Browning (DR) 1.0%
Virginia 19 William McCoy
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected William McCoy (C-DR) 100%
Virginia 20 John Floyd
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected John Floyd[13] (C-DR)
Virginia 21 William Smith
Redistricted from the 7th district
Democratic-Republican 1821 Re-elected William Smith (C-DR) 55.5%
James M. H. Beale (DR) 31.6%
Isaac Morris (DR) 8.8%
Robert Bailey (DR) 3.1%
John Haymond (DR) 1.0%
Virginia 22 Alexander Smyth
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Alexander Smyth (C-DR) 55.6%
Benjamin Estill (F) 44.4%

A vacancy arose during the 18th Congress in the 13th district when William Lee Ball (DR) died on February 29, 1824. A special election was held to fill the vacancy, which chose John Taliaferro (DR).

Non-voting delegates[edit]

There were three territories with the right to send delegates to the 18th Congress

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large James Woodson Bates 1819 Retired Henry W. Conway 58.4%
William Bradford 41.4%
Florida Territory at-large Joseph M. Hernández September 30, 1822 (Special) Lost election to the full term Richard K. Call 48.0%
Joseph M. Hernández 24.4%
Alexander Hamilton 24.1%
Farquhar Bethune 3.5%
Michigan Territory at-large Solomon Sibley 1820 (special) Retired Gabriel Richard 28.1%
John Biddle 26.6%
Austin E. Wing 21.2%
Andrew G. Whitney 10.4%
James MacCloskey 10.4%
John R. Williams 3.2%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Changed from at-large
  2. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  3. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met in 3 districts, necessitating additional elections on March 3 and May 12, 1823
  4. ^ Run-off election held for one seat on May 11, 1823
  5. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  6. ^ Includes 6 plural districts
  7. ^ Changed from district
  8. ^ Majority required for election which was not met in 4 districts necessitating additional elections held on June 30, September 9, and November 3
  9. ^ a b 17th Congress membership roster
  10. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000533
  11. ^ a b c d e Elected in special election to fill vacancy in 17th Congress
  12. ^ Based on incomplete data
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source
  14. ^ Numbers of votes not available in source, said to have won by a majority of 101 votes
  15. ^ a b Source does not give full name
  16. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here
  17. ^ Successfully contested election
  18. ^ North Carolina district 12 race, 1823 from Ourcampaigns.com
  19. ^ a b c d Changed parties
  20. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project

External links[edit]