United States House of Representatives elections, 1796

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United States House of Representatives elections, 1796
United States
1794 ←
August 12, 1796 - October 15, 1797
→ 1798

All 106 seats to the United States House of Representatives
54 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JDayton.jpg NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg
Leader Jonathan Dayton Nathaniel Macon
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Leader's seat New Jersey-AL North Carolina-5th
Last election 47 59
Seats won 57 49
Seat change Increase 10 Decrease 10

Speaker before election

Jonathan Dayton
Federalist

Elected Speaker

Jonathan Dayton
Federalist

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 5th Congress took place in the various states took place between August 12, 1796 (in North Carolina) and October 15, 1797 (in Tennessee). The first session was convened on May 15, 1797, at the proclamation of the new President of the United States, John Adams. Since Kentucky and Tennessee had not yet voted, they were unrepresented until the second session.

A number of gains for the Federalist Party provided the president with a reliable majority in support of his policies. Many of the Federalist pick-ups in Congress came from the former Middle Colonies (New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware). New England remained heavily Federalist, whereas the South and West favored Democratic-Republican candidates. Federalist trade and infrastructure policies found widespread approval in the Mid-Atlantic states during this era. With the growth of cities in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York, government intervention in the interest of industrialization and mercantilism became more attractive to voting citizens in these areas.

During this period, each state fixed its own date for a congressional general election. Elections to a Congress took place both in the even-numbered year before and in the odd-numbered year when the Congress convened. In some states the congressional delegation was not elected until after the legal start of the Congress (on the 4th day of March in the odd-numbered year).

Election summaries[edit]

During this period, each state fixed its own date for a congressional general election. Elections took place both in the even-numbered year before and in the odd-numbered year when a Congress convened. In some states, the congressional delegation was not elected until after the legal start of the Congress (on the 4th day of March in the odd-numbered year). The 1st session of the 5th Congress ran May 15 - July 10, 1797,[1] before the states of Kentucky and Tennessee had their elections, causing those states to be unrepresented in the 1st session.

57 49
Federalist Democratic-Republican
State Type Date Total
seats
Federalist Democratic-
Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
Connecticut At-large September 19, 1796 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large October 4, 1796 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Georgia At-large November 7, 1796 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Maryland District (8) October 3, 1796 8 6 Increase 2 2 Decrease 2
Massachusetts District (14) November 7, 1796[2] 14 11 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1
New Hampshire At-large August 29, 1796[3] 4 4 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
New York District (10) December 15, 1796 10 6 Increase 2 4 Decrease 2
North Carolina District (10) August 12, 1796 10 1 Steady 9 Steady
Pennsylvania District (12[4]) October 11, 1796 13 6 Increase 2 7 Decrease 2
Rhode Island At-large August 30, 1796 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District (6) October 11, 1796 6 3 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1
Vermont District (2) September 9, 1796[5] 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
1797 elections
Kentucky District (2) September 2, 1797 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
New Jersey At-large January 11, 1797 5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee At-large October 15, 1797 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Virginia District (19) March 20, 1797 19 4 Increase 2 15 Decrease 2
Total 106 57
53.8%
Increase10 49
46.2%
Decrease10
House seats
Federalist
  
53.77%
D-R
  
46.23%

Late elections to the 4th Congress[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Tennessee became a state in 1796 near the end of the 4th Congress. Elections for its first representative were held the same year.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee at-large None (District created) Democratic-Republican gain Andrew Jackson (DR) 98.9%
James Rody 1.1%

Complete returns[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

Connecticut's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Previous incumbent James Hillhouse (F) resigned July 1, 1796 Federalist hold Uriah Tracy (F) 13.8%
Roger Griswold (F) 13.3%
Joshua Coit (F) 12.1%
Zephaniah Swift (F) 12.0%
Nathaniel Smith (F) 11.9%
Chauncey Goodrich (F) 9.7%
Samuel W. Dana[6] (F) 7.5%

James Davenport[6][7] (F) 6.2%
David Daggett (F) 4.7%
John Allen[7] (F) 3.3%
William Edmond[7] (F) 3.3%
Jonathan Treadwell 2.6%
Gideon Granger (DR) 2.2%
Chauncey Goodrich Federalist 1794 Re-elected
Joshua Coit Federalist 1792 Re-elected
Roger Griswold Federalist 1794 Re-elected
Nathaniel Smith Federalist 1795 (special) Re-elected
Zephariah Swift Federalist 1792 Re-elected
Uriah Tracy Federalist 1792 Re-elected

Four vacancies occurred during the 5th Congress, two of which were before the Congress met when Zephariah Swift declined to serve in the 5th Congress and Uriah Tracy resigned after being elected to the Senate. These two vacancies were filled by John Allen and James Davenport. The third occurred when James Davenport (F) died on August 3, 1797 and was replaced by William Edmond (F). The fourth occurred when Joshua Coit (F) died on September 5, 1798 and was replaced by Jonathan Brace (F).

An unsuccessful motion was made to expel Roger Griswold after a fight with Matthew Lyon of Vermont.

Delaware[edit]

Delaware's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large John Patten Democratic-Republican 1794 Retired
Federalist gain
James A. Bayard (F) 56.3%
William Perry (DR) 43.7%

Georgia[edit]

Georgia's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Abraham Baldwin Democratic-Republican 1789 Re-elected Abraham Baldwin (DR) 35.8%
John Milledge (DR) 33.1%

Thomas P. Carnes (F) 18.7%
Francis Willis (DR) 10.5%
George Nailor (DR) 1.8%<
John Milledge Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected

Kentucky[edit]

Kentucky's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1
Known as the Southern District
Christopher Greenup Democratic-Republican 1792 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Thomas Terry Davis (DR)[8]
Kentucky 2
Known as the Northern District
Alexander D. Orr Democratic-Republican 1792 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Fowler (DR)[8]
Notley Conn
Edmund Bollock

Maryland[edit]

Maryland's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 George Dent Federalist 1792 Re-elected George Dent (F) 99.7%
Philip Key 0.3%
Maryland 2 Richard Sprigg, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1796 (special) Re-elected Richard Sprigg, Jr. (DR) 100%
Maryland 3 William Craik Federalist 1796 (special) Re-elected William Craik (F) 51.0%
Benjamin Edwards 49.0%
Maryland 4 Thomas Sprigg Democratic-Republican 1792 Retired
Federalist gain
George Baer, Jr. (F) 72.1%
Samuel Ringgold (DR) 27.9%
Maryland 5 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792 Re-elected Samuel Smith (DR) 100%
Maryland 6 Gabriel Christie Democratic-Republican 1792 Lost re-election
Federalist hold
William Matthews (F) 51.5%
Gabriel Christie (DR) 48.5%
Maryland 7 William Hindman Federalist 1792 Re-elected William Hindman (F) 62.6%
Robert Wright (DR) 37.4%
Maryland 8 William V. Murray Federalist 1790 Retired
Federalist hold
John Dennis (F) 100%

Massachusetts[edit]

Massachusetts's results by district

Massachusetts' electoral law required a majority for election, necessitating additional trials in three districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot
Massachusetts 1
Known as the 1st Western District
Previous incumbent Theodore Sedgwick (F) resigned in June upon being elected to the Senate Democratic-Republican gain Thomson J. Skinner[6] (DR) 56.4%
Ephraim Williams (F) 43.6%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the 2nd Western District
William Lyman Democratic-Republican 1792 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
William Shepard (F) 46.3%
Sam Hinshaw 23.9%
William Lyman (DR) 21.4%
John Williams 4.0%
Nahum Park 2.0%
Scattering 2.4%
William Shepard (F) 100%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the 3rd Western District
Samuel Lyman Federalist 1794 Re-elected Samuel Lyman (F) 83.3%
Daniel Bigelow (DR) 16.7%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the 4th Western District
Dwight Foster Federalist 1792 Re-elected Dwight Foster (F) 80.8%
Levi Lincoln, Sr. (DR) 19.2%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the 1st Southern District
Nathaniel Freeman, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Nathaniel Freeman, Jr. (DR) 82.1%
Peleg Coffin, Jr. (F) 17.9%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the 2nd Southern District
John Reed, Sr. Federalist 1794 Re-elected John Reed, Sr. (F) 78.8%
Edward H. Robbins (F) 21.2%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the 3rd Southern District
George Leonard Federalist 1788
1794
Retired
Federalist hold
Elisha May (F) 45.3%
Stephen Bullock (F) 28.3%
Laban Wheaton (F) 26.4%
Stephen Bullock (F) 35.8%
Laban Wheaton (F) 32.7%
Elisha May (F) 31.5%
Stephen Bullock (F) 56.7%
Elisha May (F) 28.3%
Laban Wheaton (F) 15.1%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the 1st Middle District
Fisher Ames Federalist 1788 Retired
Federalist hold
Harrison Gray Otis (F) 57.0%
James Bowdoin (DR) 43.0%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the 2nd Middle District
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR) 69.0%
Ebenezer Bridge (F) 16.8%
Samuel Dexter (F) 14.3%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the 3rd Middle District
Previous incumbent Benjamin Goodhue (F) resigned in June, 1796 upon being elected to the Senate Federalist hold Samuel Sewall[6] (F) 67.9%
Loammi Baldwin (F) 22.1%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the 4th Middle District
Theophilus Bradbury Federalist 1794 Re-elected Theophilus Bradbury (F) 100%
District of Maine Massachusetts 12
Known as the 1st Eastern District
Henry Dearborn Democratic-Republican 1792 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Isaac Parker (F) 40.5%
Henry Dearborn (DR) 31.7%
John Bowman 27.8%
Isaac Parker (F) 48.2%
Henry Dearborn (DR) 33.8%
John Bowman 18.0%
Isaac Parker (F) 52.6%
Henry Dearborn (DR) 47.5%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the 2nd Eastern District
Peleg Wadsworth Federalist 1792 Re-elected Peleg Wadsworth (F) 100%
Massachusetts 14
Known as the 3rd Eastern District
George Thatcher Federalist 1788 Re-elected George Thatcher (F) 100%

In the 11th district, Theophilus Bradbury (F) resigned July 24, 1797, which vacancy was filled in a special election by Bailey Bartlett (F)[1]

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire's results by district

In 1796, New Hampshire had a single at-large district with 4 seats. Each voter cast 4 votes and a majority of voters (12.5% of votes) was required to be elected. Since only three candidates received a majority, a run-off was held between the candidates in fourth and fifth place to fill the remaining seat.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
First ballot Second ballot
New Hampshire at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Jeremiah Smith Federalist 1790 Re-elected Jeremiah Smith (F) 25.0%
Abiel Foster (F) 24.3%
William Gordon (F) 14.9%

Jonathan Freeman (F) 9.5%
Peleg Sprague[7] (F) 4.4%
Woodbury Langdon (DR) 4.2%
John Prentice 4.1%
Thomas Cogwell 3.4%
Nathaniel Peabody 2.3%
John Bellows 2.1%
Joseph Cilley 1.9%
Nathaniel Rogers 1.9%
Jonathan Freeman (F) 72.5%
Peleg Sprague[7] (F) 27.5%
Nicholas Gilman Federalist 1788 Retired
Federalist hold
John Samuel Sherburne Democratic-Republican 1792 Retired
Federalist gain
Abiel Foster Federalist 1794 Re-elected

Jeremiah Smith (F) resigned July 26, 1797 and a special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy, which elected Peleg Sprague (F).

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
New Jersey at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
Thomas Henderson Federalist 1794 Lost re-election
Federalist hold
Jonathan Dayton (F) 15.8%
Mark Thomson (F) 10.4%
James H. Imlay (F) 9.6%
James Schureman (F) 9.3%
Thomas Sinnickson (F) 9.1%

Aaron Kitchell (DR) 8.6%
Joseph Bloomfield (DR) 5.5%
James Linn (DR) 5.3%
Ebenezer Elmer (DR) 4.8%
John Condit (DR) 4.6%
William Crane (F) 3.5%
Joseph Cooper (DR) 3.5%
William Helms (DR) 2.8%
Thomas Lowrey (F) 1.5%
Jonathan Elmer (F) 1.3%
Aaron Kitchell Federalist 1794 (special) Lost re-election
Federalist hold
Jonathan Dayton Federalist 1791 Re-elected
Isaac Smith Federalist 1794 Retired
Federalist hold
Mark Thomson Federalist 1794 Re-elected

New York[edit]

New York's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Jonathan Nicoll Havens Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Jonathan Nicoll Havens (DR) 66.0%
Selah Strong (F) 34.0%
New York 2 Edward Livingston Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Edward Livingston (DR) 56.6%
James Watson (F) 43.3%
New York 3 Philip Van Courtlandt Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Philip Van Courtlandt (DR) 50.3%
Samuel Haight (F) 49.7%
New York 4 John Hathorn Democratic-Republican 1794 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Lucas Elmendorf (DR) 56.1%
Conrad E. Elmendorf (F) 43.9%
New York 5 Theodorus Bailey Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
David Brooks (F) 54.5%
Theodorus Bailey (DR) 45.5%
New York 6 Ezekiel Gilbert Federalist 1793 Retired
Federalist hold
Hezekiah L. Hosmer (F) 57.7%
John P. Van Ness (DR) 42.3%
New York 7 John E. Van Alen Federalist 1793 Re-elected John E. Van Alen (F) 57.9%
John Woodworth (DR) 42.1%
New York 8 Henry Glen Federalist 1793 Re-elected Henry Glen (F) 77.7%
Peter Swart (DR) 22.3%
New York 9 John Williams Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected as a Federalist
Federalist gain
John Williams (F) 62.8%
James Gordon (F) 27.3%
Douw I. Fonda (DR) 10.0%
New York 10 William Cooper Federalist 1794 Lost re-election
Federalist hold
James Cochran (F) 50.6%
William Cooper (F) 48.7%
Charles Williamson (DR) 0.7%

North Carolina[edit]

North Carolina's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 James Holland Democratic-Republican 1795 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Joseph McDowell (DR)[8]
James Holland
North Carolina 2 Matthew Locke Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Matthew Locke (DR) 56.9%
Nathaniel Alexander (DR) 27.1%
Robert Irwin (F) 15.8%
Others 0.2%
North Carolina 3 Jesse Franklin Democratic-Republican 1795 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert Williams (DR)[8]
Jesse Franklin (DR)
North Carolina 4 Previous incumbent Absalom Tatom (DR) resigned June 1, 1796, William F. Strudwick (F) won special election to 4th Congress Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Richard Stanford (DR)[8]
Absalom Tatom (DR)
William Sheppard (F)
Stephen Moore (F)
North Carolina 5 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Re-elected Nathaniel Macon (DR)[8]
North Carolina 6 James Gillespie Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected James Gillespie (DR)[8]
William H. Hill (F)
James Keenan
Gabriel Holmes (I)
North Carolina 7 William B. Grove Federalist 1791 Re-elected William B. Grove (F) 73.4%
Duncan MacFarland (DR) 26.6%
North Carolina 8 Dempsey Burges Democratic-Republican 1795 Re-elected Dempsey Burges (DR)[8]
Joseph Riddick (DR)
James Gregory (F)
James Brown (F)
North Carolina 9 Thomas Blount Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Thomas Blount (DR)[8]
Willis Alston (F)
North Carolina 10 Nathan Bryan Democratic-Republican 1795 Re-elected Nathan Bryan (DR) 54.1%
Richard D. Spaight[7] (DR) 45.9%

Nathan Bryan (DR) of the 10th district died June 4, 1798, and was replaced in a special election by Richard Dobbs Spaight (DR)

Pennsylvania[edit]

Pennsylvania's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[10]
Pennsylvania 1 John Swanwick Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected John Swanwick (DR) 51.3%
Edward Tilghman (F) 48.7%
Pennsylvania 2 Frederick Muhlenberg Democratic-Republican 1788 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Blair McClenachan (DR) 60.2%
Robert Waln (F) 39.8%
Pennsylvania 3 Richard Thomas Federalist 1794 Re-elected Richard Thomas (F) 52.9%
William Gibbons (DR) 47.1%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Sitgreaves Federalist 1794 Re-elected Samuel Sitgreaves (F) 42.6%
John Chapman (F) 25.2%

Peter Muhlenberg (DR) 13.0%
John Richards (DR) 12.3%
Robert Lollar (DR) 6.9%
John Richards Democratic-Republican 1794 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Pennsylvania 5 Incumbent Daniel Hiester (DR) resigned before the end of the Fourth Congress. Federalist gain George Ege[6] (F) 56.8%
Joseph Hiester[7] (DR) 43.2%
Pennsylvania 6 Samuel Maclay Democratic-Republican 1794 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
John A. Hanna (DR) 74.3%
John Carson (F) 21.1%
Samuel Maclay (DR) 4.6%
Pennsylvania 7 John W. Kittera Federalist 1791 Re-elected John W. Kittera (F) 95.6%
William Webb (F) 4.4%
Pennsylvania 8 Thomas Hartley Federalist 1788 Re-elected Thomas Hartley (F) (100%)
Pennsylvania 9 Andrew Gregg Democratic-Republican 1791 Re-elected Andrew Gregg (DR) 53.8%
William Irvine (DR) 32.0%
James Wallace (F) 7.9%
Robert Whitehall (DR) 4.1%
Thomas Kennedy (F) 2.3%
Pennsylvania 10 David Bard Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected David Bard (DR) 45.1%
Abraham Smith (DR) 30.3%
William M. Brown (F) 24.6%
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1791 Re-elected William Findley (DR) 79.3%
James Findley (F) 20.7%
Pennsylvania 12 Albert Gallatin Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Albert Gallatin (DR) 61.7%
John Woods (F) 26.4%
Thomas Stokely (F) 11.9%

Three vacancies occurred during the 5th Congress. The first occurred when George Ege (F) of the 5th district resigned in October, 1797, and was replaced by Joseph Hiester (DR). The second occurred when Samuel Sitgreaves (F) of the 4th district resigned upon being appointed Commissioner to Great Britain and was replaced by Robert Brown (DR). The third occurred in the 1st district when John Swanwick (DR) died on August 1, 1798 and was replaced by Robert Waln (F).

Rhode Island[edit]

Rhode Island's results by district

Rhode Island had an at-large district with two seats, each of which were elected separately.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large seat A Benjamin Bourne Federalist 1790 Re-elected Benjamin Bourne (F) 99.9%
Others 0.1%
Rhode Island at-large seat B Francis Malbone Federalist 1792 Retired
Federalist hold
Christopher G. Champlin (F) 51.4%
William Greene (F) 48.4%
Others 0.2%

Benjamin Bourne (F) resigned before the end of the 4th Congress but after being re-elected, and a special election was held to fill the resulting vacancies in both the 4th and 5th Congresses, which was won by Elisha R. Potter (F). Potter himself subsequently resigned sometime after July, 1797 and was replaced in a second special election by Thomas Tillinghast (F).

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1
Also known as the Charleston district
William L. Smith Federalist 1788 Re-elected William L. Smith (F) 84.8%
Robert Simons (DR) 13.6%
John Rutledge (DR) 1.6%
South Carolina 2
Also known as the Beaufort district
Wade Hampton Democratic-Republican 1794 Retired
Federalist gain
John Rutledge, Jr. (F) 87.3%
Elnathan Haskell (DR) 16.7%
South Carolina 3
Also known as the Georgetown district
Lemuel Benton Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Lemuel Benton (DR) 63.3%
Tristam Thomas (F) 24.4%
Joseph Blyth (F) 12.3%
South Carolina 4
Also known as the Camden district
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Thomas Sumter (DR) 50.7%
Richard Winn (F[11]) 49.3%
South Carolina 5
Also known as the Ninety-Six district
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist 1794 Re-elected Robert Goodloe Harper (F) 67.6%
William Butler (DR) 32.4%
South Carolina 6
Also known as the Washington district
Samuel Earle Democratic-Republican 1794 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
William Smith (DR) 37.0%
Abraham Nott (F) 32.5%
William Will (DR) 25.4%
Samuel Lowrie (F) 2.6%
Robert Anderson (DR) 2.5%

One vacancy occurred during the 5th Congress in the 1st district when William L. Smith (F) resigned on July 10, 1797, and was replaced in a special election by Thomas Pinckney (F).

Tennessee[edit]

Tennessee's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee at-large Former incumbent Andrew Jackson (DR) had been elected to the Senate Democratic-Republican hold William C. C. Claiborne (DR)[8]
John Rhea (DR)
John Carter

Vermont[edit]

Vermont's results by district

Due to Vermont's election law requiring a majority to secure a congressional seat, the 1st district required three ballots to choose a winner.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot
Vermont 1
Known as the Western District
Israel Smith Democratic-Republican 1791 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Matthew Lyon (DR) 40.7%
Israel Smith (DR) 22.1%
Samuel Williams 7.3%
Nathaniel Chipman (F) 7.1%
Isaac Tichenor (F) 6.5%
Gideon Olin (DR) 4.5%
Enoch Woodbridge 4.3%
Jonas Galusha (DR) 3.4%
Daniel Chipman (F) 2.0%
Samuel Hitchcock 1.2%
Others 1.0%
Matthew Lyon (DR) 46.7%
Samuel Hitchcock 25.7%
Israel Smith (DR) 21.4%
Samuel Williams 2.9%
Gideon Olin (DR) 1.1%
Others 2.3%
Matthew Lyon (DR) 55.1%
Samuel Hitchcock 29.4%
Israel Smith (DR) 8.9%
Jonas Galusha (DR) 3.9%
Samuel Williams 0.7%
Scattering 2.1%
Vermont 2
Known as the Eastern District
Daniel Buck Federalist 1794 Re-elected Daniel Buck (F) 97.1%
Scattering 2.9%

Daniel Buck in the 2nd district resigned before the start of Congress and was replaced by Lewis R. Morris (F)

Virginia[edit]

Virginia's results by district
District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Robert Rutherford Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Daniel Morgan (F)[8]
Robert Rutherford (DR)
Virginia 2 Andrew Moore Democratic-Republican 1789 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
David Holmes (DR) 60.4%
John Steele (F) 27.5%
John Bowyer (DR) 12.1%
Virginia 3 George Jackson Democratic-Republican 1795 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
James Machir (F) 45.4%
George Jackson (DR) 28.7%
John Mitchell (DR) 20.1%
Thomas Wilson (F) 5.7%
Virginia 4 Francis Preston Democratic-Republican 1793 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Abram Trigg (DR)[8]
Virginia 5 George Hancock Federalist 1793 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
John J. Trigg (DR)[8]
Virginia 6 Isaac Coles Democratic-Republican 1793 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Matthew Clay (DR)[8]
Virginia 7 Abraham B. Venable Democratic-Republican 1790 Re-elected Abraham B. Venable (DR)[8]
Virginia 8 Thomas Claiborne Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Thomas Claiborne (DR) 62.3%
Jesse Browne (F) 37.7%
Virginia 9 William B. Giles Democratic-Republican 1790 Re-elected William B. Giles (DR)[8]
Virginia 10 Carter B. Harrison Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Carter B. Harrison (DR) 55.4%
Edwin Gray (F) 44.6%
Virginia 11 Josiah Parker Federalist 1789 Re-elected Josiah Parker (F)[8]
Virginia 12 John Page Democratic-Republican 1789 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Thomas Evans (F)[8]
John Page (DR)
Virginia 13 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1795 Re-elected John Clopton (DR)[8]
Burwell Bassett (F)
Virginia 14 Samuel J. Cabell Democratic-Republican 1795 Re-elected Samuel J. Cabell (DR)[8]
Virginia 15 James Madison, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1789 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Dawson (DR)[8]
Thomas Posey (F)
Virginia 16 Anthony New Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Anthony New (DR) 70.6%
Carter Braxton, Jr. (F) 29.3%
Robert P. Waring 0.1%
Virginia 17 Richard Brent Democratic-Republican 1795 Re-elected Richard Brent (DR) 100%
Leven Powell (F)[12]
Virginia 18 John Nicholas Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected John Nicholas (DR)[8]
John Blackwell (F)
William Fitzhugh (F)
Virginia 19 John Heath Democratic-Republican 1793 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Walter Jones (DR)[8]
Burgess Ball (F)

Morgan's election in the 1st district was unsuccessfully challnged by Rutherford.[1]

One vacancy occurred during the 5th Congress on October 2, 1798 when William B. Giles (DR) of the 9th district resigned on the grounds of ill health and in protest against the Alien and Sedition Acts. He was replaced in a special election by Joseph Eggleston (DR).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 5th Congress membership roster
  2. ^ Massachusetts electoral law required a majority for election, two additional trials were required in 3 districts held January 16, 1797 and April 3, 1797
  3. ^ New Hampshire electoral law required a majority for election, a subsequent election was held to fill one seat held November 7, 1796
  4. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  5. ^ Vermont electoral law required a majority for election, two additional trials were held in one district on December 11, 1796 and February 7, 1797
  6. ^ a b c d e Won special election to fill vacancy in 4th Congress
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Elected in subsequent special election
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  9. ^ a b c Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  10. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  11. ^ Although Winn had run as a Democratic-Republican in the previous election, the source used stated that he'd run as a Federalist in this election, however, by the time he returned to Congress in 1801 he was a Democratic-Republican again
  12. ^ The source used does not list votes for Powell, but provides a citations stating "Col. Powell of Loudoun was expected to have been a candidate on this occasion; but from the present ill state of his health, it was understood he had declined and consequently had but a few votes." Columbian Mirror and Alexandria Gazette. March 21, 1797.