United States House of Representatives elections, 1814

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1814
United States
1812 ←
April 26, 1814 - August 10, 1815[1]
→ 1816

All 183[2] seats to the United States House of Representatives
92 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Clay.jpg TimothyPitkin.jpg
Leader Henry Clay Timothy Pitkin
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Kentucky-2nd Connecticut-AL
Last election 114 68
Seats won 119[2] 64
Seat change Increase 5 Decrease 4

Speaker before election

Langdon Cheves
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 14th Congress were held at various dates in each state between April 1814 (in New York) and August 10, 1815 (in North Carolina). The Congress' first session began on December 4, 1815.

This election took place in the middle of the War of 1812. Although the war was extremely unpopular in certain portions of the country, particularly New England, the dominant Democratic-Republican Party made small gains. The failed American invasion of Upper Canada (Ontario) in 1812-13 and the Burning of Washington by the British in 1814 were embarrassing setbacks, but the war was viewed by many as reasonably successful. National morale was high because the small American military overall had been able to fight British forces to a draw in coastal and frontier conflict.

The election of 1814 was the last in which the declining Federalist Party was able to secure more than a third of the seats in the House of Representatives - and it was only barely able to do so.

Election summaries[edit]

One new seat was added with the admission of Indiana during the 2nd session of the 14th Congress[3]

119 64
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
Connecticut At-large September 19, 1814 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Delaware At-large October 4, 1814 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Georgia At-large October 3, 1814 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District (10) August 3, 1814 10 10 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana At-large July 4–6, 1814 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District (8[4]) October 3, 1814 9 4 Decrease2 5 Increase2
Massachusetts District (20) November 7, 1814[5] 20 2 Decrease2 18 Increase2
New Hampshire At-large August 29, 1814 6 0 Steady 6 Steady
New Jersey At-large[6] October 10–11, 1814 6 6 Increase4 0 Decrease4
New York District (21[7]) April 26–28, 1814 27 21 Increase12 6 Decrease12
Ohio District (6) October 11, 1814 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District (15[7]) October 11, 1814 23 18 Decrease4 5 Increase4
Rhode Island At-large August 30, 1814 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
South Carolina District (9) October 10–11, 1814 9 8 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Vermont At-large September 6, 1814 6 0 Decrease6 6 Increase6
1815 elections
North Carolina District (13) August 10, 1815 13 11 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Tennessee District (6) August 3–4, 1815 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District (23) April, 1815 23 19 Increase2 4 Decrease2
1816 elections
Indiana At-large August 5, 1816 1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
Total[2] 183 119
65.0%
Increase5 64
35.0%
Decrease4
House seats
D-R
  
65.03%
Federalist
  
34.97%

Complete returns[edit]

Indiana held elections in 1816 for this Congress.

Connecticut[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (special) Re-elected Epaphroditus Champion[8] (F)
John Davenport (F)
Lyman Law (F)
Jonathan O. Moseley (F)
Timothy Pitkin (F)
Lewis B. Sturges (F)
Benjamin Tallmadge (F)

Sylvanus Backus (F)
Asa Bacon (F)
Charles Dennison (F)
Sylvester Gilbert (F)
James Gould (F)
Uriel Holmes (F)
Ebenezer Huntington (F)
Samuel B. Sherwood (F)
Nathan Smith (F)
Nathaniel Terry (F)
Thomas S. Williams (F)
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Re-elected
Epaphroditus Champion Federalist 1806 Re-elected
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (special) Re-elected
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist 1805 (special) Re-elected
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Re-elected
Lyman Law Federalist 1810 Re-elected

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
Delaware at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Henry M. Ridgely Federalist 1810 Retired
Federalist hold
Thomas Clayton (F) 30.4%
Thomas Cooper (F) 30.4%

Willard Hall (DR) 19.6%
George Reed (DR) 19.6%
Thomas Cooper Federalist 1812 Re-elected

Georgia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
William Barnett Democratic-Republican 1812 (special) Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
John Forsyth (DR) 17.0%
Alfred Cuthbert (DR) 15.7%
Wilson Lumpkin (DR) 13.7%
Richard Henry Wilde (DR) 12.4%
Bolling Hall (DR) 11.4%
Thomas Telfair (DR) 10.6%

William Barnett (DR) 9.8%
Joel Abbot (DR) 8.5%
Hiram Storrs 0.9%
George M. Troup Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Bolling Hall Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected
Alfred Cuthbert Democratic-Republican 1813 (special) Re-elected
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected
Thomas Telfair Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected

Alfred Cuthbert resigned November 9, 1816. The vacancy left was filled in a special election by Zadock Cook (DR)

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 James Clark Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected James Clark (DR) 100%
Kentucky 2 Joseph H. Hawkins Democratic-Republican 1814 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry Clay[8] (DR)
Kentucky 3 Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Richard M. Johnson (DR) 100%
Kentucky 4 Joseph Desha Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Joseph Desha (DR) 100%
Kentucky 5 Samuel Hopkins Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Alney McLean (DR) 54.1%
Anthony New (DR) 27.1%
Rezin Davidge 18.8%
Kentucky 6 Solomon P. Sharp Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected Solomon P. Sharp (DR) 100%
Kentucky 7 Samuel McKee Democratic-Republican 1808 Re-elected Samuel McKee (DR) 61.3%
Samuel South 38.7%
Kentucky 8 Stephen Ormsby Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected Stephen Ormsby[8] (DR)
James Moore
Kentucky 9 Thomas Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Micah Taul[8] (DR)
Thomas Montgomery (DR)
Kentucky 10 William P. Duval Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Benjamin Hardin[8] (DR)
Matthew Walton (DR)

Henry Clay was elected to the 2nd district, which he had represented in the 12th and 13th Congresses until he resigned to accept a position as diplomatic envoy to Great Britain. He was still out of the country at the time of the general election. Kentucky's governor, unsure of the implications of a situation in which Clay held the office of United States Representative and diplomatic envoy simultaneously, declared his seat vacant. A subsequent special election was held in 1815, which Clay won without opposition.[10] Kentucky's 2nd district was thus officially considered to be vacant from the March 4, 1815 (the start of the 14th Congress), until October 30 of the same year. The 14th Congress did not meet until December 4,[11] however, so there was no effective vacancy.

In the 1st district, James Clark (DR) resigned in 1816. A special election was held that elected Thomas Fletcher (DR) to fill the vacancy left by Clark's resignation.

Louisiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
Louisiana at-large Thomas B. Robertson Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected Thomas B. Robertson (DR) 90.6%
John B. Prevost (F) 8.2%

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
Maryland 1 Philip Stuart Federalist 1810 Re-elected Philip Stuart (F) 99.8%
Maryland 2 Joseph Kent Democratic-Republican 1810 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
John C. Herbert (F) 57.3%
Joseph Kent (DR) 42.6%
Maryland 3 Alexander C. Hanson Federalist 1812 Re-elected Alexander C. Hanson (F) 99.4%
Maryland 4 Samuel Ringgold Democratic-Republican 1810 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
George Baer, Jr. (F) 51.4%
Samuel Ringgold (DR) 48.5%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803
1812
Re-elected Nicholas R. Moore (DR) 38.3%
William Pinkney (DR)38.0%

John E. Howard (F) 22.9%
Alexander McKim Democratic-Republican 1808 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Maryland 6 Stevenson Archer Democratic-Republican 1811 (special) Re-elected Stevenson Archer (DR) 51.8%
Abraham Jarrett (F) 48.1%
Maryland 7 Robert Wright Democratic-Republican 1810 (special) Re-elected Robert Wright (DR) 52.5%
Samuel W. Thomas (F) 47.5%
Maryland 8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 1804 Re-elected Charles Goldsborough (F) 96.2%
Thomas E. Waggaman (DR) 3.8%

Alexander C. Hanson (F) of the 3rd district resigned in 1816 upon being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by George Peter (F)

Nicholas R. Moore (DR) of the 5th district resigned in 1815, prior to the start of the 15th Congress. Also in the 5th district, William Pinkney (DR) resigned on April 18, 1816 after being named Minister to Russia. Two separate special elections were held to replace them which elected Samuel Smith (DR) and Peter Little (DR).

Massachusetts[edit]

District[12] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
Artemas Ward, Jr. Federalist 1812 Re-elected Artemas Ward, Jr. (F) 96.9%
Benjamin Austin (DR) 3.1%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
Timothy Pickering
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Federalist 1812 Re-elected Timothy Pickering (F) 89.2%
Daniel Kilham (DR) 10.8%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
William Reed
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1810 Retired
Federalist hold
Jeremiah Nelson (F) 89.8%
Thomas Kitteridge (DR) 10.2%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Samuel Dana Democratic-Republican 1814 (special) Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Asahel Stearns (F) 53.5%
Samuel Dana (DR) 46.5%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Hampshire South district
William Ely Federalist 1804 Retired
Federalist hold
Elijah H. Mills (F) 89.4%
Enos Foot (DR) 10.6%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Hampshire North district
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Re-elected Samuel Taggart (F) 61.7%
Samuel C. Allen (F) 30.2%
Solomon Snead (DR) 8.2%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Berkshire district
John W. Hulbert
Redistricted from the 12th district
Federalist 1812 Re-elected John W. Hulbert (F) 55.6%
William P. Walker (DR) 44.4%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Plymouth district
William Baylies
Redistricted from the 7th district
Federalist 1812 Re-elected William Baylies (F) 65.3%
Seth Sprague (DR) 33.5%
Joseph Rice (DR) 1.2%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Barnstable district
John Reed, Jr.
Redistricted from the 8th district
Federalist 1812 Re-elected John Reed, Jr. (F) 78.4%
Thomas Hazard, Jr. (DR) 19.5%
Joseph Dimmick (DR) 2.1%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Bristol district
Laban Wheaton
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1808 Re-elected Laban Wheaton (F) 65.2%
Marcus Morton (DR) 34.8%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Worcester South district
Elijah Brigham
Redistricted from the 10th district
Federalist 1810 Re-elected Elijah Brigham (F) 66.2%
John Spurr (DR) 33.8%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Worcester North district
Abijah Bigelow
Redistricted from the 11th district
Federalist 1810 Retired
Federalist hold
Solomon Strong (F) 74.8%
Edmund Cushing (DR) 25.2%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Norfolk district
Nathaniel Ruggles Federalist 1812 Re-elected Nathaniel Ruggles (F) 57.4%
Thomas Boylston Adams (DR) 42.6%
District of Maine Massachusetts 14
Known as the 1st Eastern district
Cyrus King Federalist 1812 Re-elected Cyrus King (F) 53.1%
John Holmes (DR) 46.9%
Massachusetts 15
Known as the 2nd Eastern district
George Bradbury Federalist 1812 Re-elected George Bradbury (F) 64.7%
Ezekiel Whitman (DR)
Massachusetts 16
Known as the 3rd Eastern district
Abiel Wood
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Benjamin Brown (F) 61.7%
Abiel Wood (DR) 38.3%
Massachusetts 17
Known as the 4th Eastern district
John Wilson
Redistricted from the 18th district
Federalist 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
John Wilson (F) 49.3%
James Carr (F) 48.3%
Others 2.4%
James Carr (F) 57.0%
John Wilson (F) 43.0%
Massachusetts 18
Known as the 5th Eastern district
James Parker
Redistricted from the 19th district
Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Thomas Rice (F) 56.4%
James Parker (DR) 43.6%
Massachusetts 19
Known as the 6th Eastern district
Samuel Davis
Redistricted from the 16th district
Federalist 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Samuel S. Conner (DR) 49.3%
Timothy Boutelle (F) 48.8%
William Reed (DR) 1.5%
Others 0.4%
Samuel S. Conner (DR) 52.4%
Timothy Boutelle (F) 47.6%
Massachusetts 20
Known as the 7th Eastern district
Levi Hubbard Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Albion K. Parris (DR) 56.6%
Samuel A. Bradley (F) 43.4%

Elijah Brigham (F) of the 11th district died on February 22, 1816. A special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy, electing Benjamin Adams (F) to fill the vacancy.

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Bradbury Cilley Federalist 1812 Re-elected William Hale (F) 8.7%
Daniel Webster (F) 8.7%
Roger Vose (F) 8.7%
Jeduthun Wilcox (F) 8.7%
Bradbury Cilley (F) 8.7%
Charles Humphrey Atherton (F) 8.7%

John Fabyan Parrott (DR) 8.0%
David Morrill (DR) 8.0%
Stephen P. Webster (DR) 8.0%
Nathaniel Upham (DR) 8.0%
Elisha Huntley (DR) 8.0%
Josiah Butler (DR) 7.9%
Samuel Smith Federalist 1812 Retired
Federalist hold
William Hale Federalist 1808
1812
Re-elected
Roger Vose Federalist 1812 Re-elected
Daniel Webster Federalist 1812 Re-elected
Jeduthun Wilcox Federalist 1812 Re-elected

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey returned to an at-large basis for electing its representatives, abolishing the short-lived districts of the previous election.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Lewis Condict
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected Henry Southard (DR) 8.6%
Lewis Condict (DR) 8.6%
Ephraim Bateman (DR) 8.6%
Ezra Baker (DR) 8.6%
Benjamin Bennet (DR) 8.6%
Thomas Ward (DR) 8.6%

John Frelinghuysen (F) 8.1%
John N. Cumming (F) 8.1%
James Parker (F) 8.1%
James Giles (F) 8.0%
Samuel W. Harrison (F) 8.0%
Jacob S. Thompson (F) 8.0%
Thomas Ward
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic-Republican 1813 Re-elected
James Schureman
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1789
1813
Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Richard Stockton
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1813 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
William Coxe, Jr.
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Federalist 1813 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Previous incumbent, Jacob Hufty (F), died May 20, 1814 Democratic-Republican gain

New York[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
New York 1
Plural district with 2 seats
Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican 1810 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
George Townsend (DR) 26.8%
Henry Crocheron (DR) 26.8%

William Townsend (F) 22.7%
Cornelius Bedell (F) 22.6%
John Lefferts Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Irving Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Re-elected William Irving (DR) 26.3%
Peter H. Wendover (DR) 26.0%

John Anthon (F) 23.7%
Jacob Lorillard (F) 23.7%
Jotham Post, Jr. Federalist 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
New York 3 Peter Denoyelles Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Jonathan Ward (DR) 45.6%
Richard Valentine Morris (F) 43.8%
Philip Van Cortlandt (DR) 10.6%
New York 4 Thomas J. Oakley Federalist 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Abraham H. Schenck (DR) 54.0%
Abraham Bockee (F) 46.0%
New York 5 Thomas P. Grosvenor Federalist 1812 Re-elected Thomas P. Grosvenor (F) 61.7%
Edward P. Livingston (DR) 38.3%
New York 6 Jonathan Fisk Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected Jonathan Fisk (DR) 78.0%
Jonas Storey (F) 22.0%
New York 7 Abraham J. Hasbrouck Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel R. Betts (DR) 56.6%
Elnathan Sears (F) 43.7%
New York 8 Samuel Sherwood Federalist 1812 Retired
Federalist hold
John Adams (F) 47.1%
Erastus Root[13] (DR) 39.2%
"Erastus Rott" 13.8%
New York 9 John Lovett Federalist 1812 Re-elected John Lovett (F) 63.9%
Robert L. Tillotson (DR) 36.1%
New York 10 Hosea Moffitt Federalist 1812 Re-elected Hosea Moffitt (F) 57.9%
Josiah Masters (DR) 42.1%
New York 11 John W. Taylor Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected John W. Taylor (DR) 57.8%
Elisha Powell (F) 42.2%
New York 12
Plural district with 2 seats
Zebulon R. Shipherd Federalist 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
John Savage (DR) 25.8%
Benjamin Pond (DR) 25.6%

Elisha I. Winter (F) 24.4%
Zebulon R. Shipherd (F) 24.3%
Elisha I. Winter Federalist 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
New York 13 Alexander Boyd Federalist 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
John B. Yates (DR) 57.8%
Lawrence Vrooman (F) 42.2%
New York 14 Jacob Markell Federalist 1812 Retired
Federalist hold
Daniel Cady (F) 51.9%
John McCarthy (DR) 48.1%
New York 15
Plural district with 2 seats
Isaac Williams, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1813 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Jabez D. Hammond (DR) 28.0%
James Birdsall (DR) 27.8%

Robert Campbell (F) 22.2%
Tracy Robinson (F) 22.0%
Joel Thompson Federalist 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
New York 16 Morris S. Miller Federalist 1812 Retired
Federalist hold
Thomas R. Gold (F) 56.6%
Nathan Williams (DR) 43.4%
New York 17 William S. Smith Federalist Re-elected William S. Smith (F) 47.5%
Westel Willoughby, Jr.[13] (DR) 46.7%
"Westel Willoughby" 5.8%
New York 18 Moss Kent Federalist 1812 Re-elected Moss Kent (F) 53.9%
Samuel Whittlesey (DR) 46.1%
New York 19 James Geddes Federalist 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Victory Birdseye (DR) 58.9%
James Geddes (F) 41.1%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Daniel Avery Democratic-Republican 1810 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Enos T. Throop (DR) 36.8%
Oliver C. Comstock (DR) 36.5%

Emanuel Coryell (F) 13.4%
Seth Phelps (F) 13.3%
Oliver C. Comstock Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected
New York 21
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel M. Hopkins Federalist 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Micah Brooks (DR) 27.6%
Peter B. Porter (DR) 27.1%

Daniel W. Lewis (F) 22.7%
Richard Smith (F) 22.6%
Nathaniel W. Howell Federalist 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain

There were four vacancies (three resignations and one death) in the New York congressional delegation during the 14th Congress that resulted in special elections.

In the 12th district, Benjamin Pond (DR) died on October 6, 1814, before the start of the 14th Congress. A special election was held which elected Asa Adgate (DR) to fill the resulting vacancy.

In the 6th district, Jonathan Fisk (DR) resigned in March, 1815, before the 1st session but after the term began, to accept a position as United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York. He was replaced in a special election by James W. Wilkin (DR).

In the 20th district, Enos T. Throop (DR) resigned on June 4, 1816, after losing his re-election bid, and was replaced in a special election by Daniel Avery (DR).

Finally, in the 21st district, Peter B. Porter (DR) resigned January 23, 1816 after being appointed a Commissioner under the Treaty of Ghent and was replaced in a special election by Archibald S. Clarke (DR).

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 William H. Murfree Democratic-Republican 1813 Re-elected William H. Murfree (DR) 57.0%
Lemuel Sawyer (DR) 37.0%
William S. Hinton (DR) 5.4%
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Democratic-Republican 1798 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Joseph H. Bryan (DR) 52.2%
Thomas Burgess (F) 47.8%
North Carolina 3 William Kennedy Democratic-Republican 1803
1813 (special)
Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
James W. Clark (DR) 53.3%
James B. Haughton (F) 46.7%
North Carolina 4 William Gaston Federalist 1813 Re-elected William Gaston[8] (F)
North Carolina 5 William R. King Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected William R. King[8] (DR)
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Re-elected Nathaniel Macon (DR) 71.6%
William Person (F) 28.4%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Federalist 1806
1813
Re-elected John Culpepper (F) 86.6%
Richard Powell 3.6%
Benjamin Robinson 3.0%
John Winslow 1.0%
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Richard Stanford (DR) 52.3%
Roger Tillman (DR) 47.3%
North Carolina 9 Bartlett Yancey Democratic-Republican 1813 Re-elected Bartlett Yancey (DR) 60.0%
John Caldwell (F) 25.9%
Alexander Sneed 14.1%
North Carolina 10 Joseph Pearson Federalist 1808 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
William C. Love (DR) 53.1%
Joseph Pearson (F) 46.9%
North Carolina 11 Peter Forney Democratic-Republican 1813 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Daniel M. Forney (DR) 53.0%
Joseph Graham (F) 47.0%
North Carolina 12 Israel Pickens Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected Israel Pickens (DR) 51.8%
Felix Walker (DR) 48.2%
North Carolina 13 Meshack Franklin Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Lewis Williams (DR) 57.2%
Meshack Franklin (DR) 42.8%

William R. King (DR) of the 5th district resigned November 4, 1816, upon being assigned to a diplomatic post in Russia and was replaced in a special election by Charles Hooks (DR).

Nathaniel Macon (DR) of the 6th district resigned December 15, 1815, upon being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by Weldon N. Edwards.

Richard Stanford (DR) of the 8th district died April 16, 1815, and was replaced in a special election by Samuel Dickens (DR).

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
Ohio 1 John McLean Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected John McLean (DR) 100%
Ohio 2 John Alexander Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected John Alexander (DR) 50.6%
Thomas Morris (DR) 41.6%
John W. Campbell (DR) 7.8%
Ohio 3 William Creighton, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1813 (special) Re-elected William Creighton, Jr. (DR) 83.1%
Levin Belt (F) 16.9%
Ohio 4 James Caldwell Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected James Caldwell (DR) 61.2%
Bazaleel Wells (F) 38.3%
Ohio 5 James Kilbourne Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected James Kilbourne (DR) 45.4%
Samuel MacCulloch (DR) 24.3%
Philemon Beecher (F) 21.2%
Robert E. Slaughter (DR) 4.6%
Robert Cloud (DR) 2.2%
Hiram M. Curry (DR) 2.2%
Ohio 6 Previous incumbent Reasin Beall (DR) resigned June 7, 1814 to take appointment at Federal Land Office in Wooster, Ohio Democratic-Republican hold David Clendenin[14] (DR) 55.7%
Lewis Kinney (DR) 24.7%
John G. Young (DR) 15.2%
Thomas G. Jones (DR) 4.4%

In April 1816, John McLean (DR) of the 1st district resigned and was replaced in a special election by William Henry Harrison (DR).

Pennsylvania[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[15]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 4 seats
Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Jonathan Williams (F) 13.6%
Joseph Hopkinson (F) 13.6%
William Milnor (F) 13.2%
Thomas Smith (F) 13.2%

Adam Seybert (DR) 11.8%
William Anderson (DR) 11.8%
Charles J. Ingersoll (DR) 11.4%
John Conard (DR) 11.3%
William Anderson Democratic-Republican 1808 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Charles J. Ingersoll Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
John Conard Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Roger Davis Democratic-Republican 1810 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
William Darlington (DR) 25.1%
John Hahn (DR) 25.0%

Isaac Wayne (F) 25.0%
Samuel Henderson[14] (F) 24.9%
Incumbent Jonathan Roberts (DR) resigned February 24, 1814 Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 2 seats
Edward Crouch Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Amos Ellmaker (DR) 28.9%
John Whiteside (DR) 28.4%

Amos Slaymaker[14] (F) 22.0%
Samuel Rex (F) 20.7%
Incumbent James Whitehill (DR) resigned September 1, 1814 Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 4 Hugh Glasgow Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected Hugh Glasgow (DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 5
Plural district with 2 seats
William Crawford Democratic-Republican 1808 Re-elected William Maclay (DR) 27.6%
William Crawford (DR) 25.7%

Edward Crawford (F) 23.9%
Alexander Cobean (F) 19.7%
John Rea Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel D. Ingham Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected Samuel D. Ingham (DR) 34.1%
John Ross (DR) 30.0%

William Rodman (F) 15.9%
James Hollingshead (F) 12.5%
James Ralston (DR) 4.3%
Samuel Sitgreaves 3.1%(F)
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 7 Daniel Udree Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Joseph Hiester (DR) 60.7%
Daniel Udree 39.3%
Pennsylvania 8 William Piper Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected William Piper (DR) 62.4%
John Anderson (F) 37.6%
Pennsylvania 9 David Bard Democratic-Republican 1802 Re-elected David Bard (DR) 78.0%
John Blair (F) 22.0%
Pennsylvania 10
Plural district with 2 seats
Isaac Smith Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
William Wilson (DR) 28.9%
Jared Irwin (DR) 25.8%

David Scott (DR) 25.6%
John Boyd (F) 18.0%
Isaac Smith (DR) 1.7%
Jared Irwin Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Re-elected William Findley (DR) 55.3%
James Brady (F) 44.7%
Pennsylvania 12 Aaron Lyle Democratic-Republican 1808 Re-elected Aaron Lyle (DR) 61.3%
Obadiah Jennings (F) 34.2%
Thomas L. Birch (DR) 4.4%
Pennsylvania 13 Isaac Griffin Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Re-elected Isaac Griffin (DR) 100%
Pennsylvania 14 Adamson Tannehill Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
John Woods (F) 50.5%
Adamson Tannehill (DR) 49.5%
Pennsylvania 15 Thomas Wilson Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Re-elected Thomas Wilson (DR) 78.1%
Epaphroditus Cossitt (F) 21.9%

Three vacancies appeared in Pennsylvania's representation before the start of the 15th Congress. On March 12, 1815, David Bard of the 9th district died and was replaced in a special election by Thomas Burnside (DR). On May 16 of the same year, Jonathan Williams (F) of the 1st district also died and was replaced in a special election by John Sergeant (DR). Finally, on July 3, Amos Ellmaker of the 3rd district resigned after being appointed and commissioned president judge of the Twelfth Judicial District of Pennsylvania and was replaced in a special election by James M. Wallace (DR).

A fourth special election was held in the 9th district on October 8, 1816, after Thomas Burnside resigned to accept a judicial position.

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Richard Jackson, Jr. Federalist 1808 Retired
Federalist hold
John L. Boss, Jr. (F) 28.3%
James B. Mason (F) 27.5%

Nehemiah R. Knight (DR) 22.1%
John DeWolf, Jr. (DR) 22.1%
Elisha R. Potter Federalist 1808 Retired
Federalist hold

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
South Carolina 1 Langdon Cheves Democratic-Republican 1810 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry Middleton (DR) 62.8%
Thomas Rhett Smith (F) 37.2%
South Carolina 2 William Lowndes Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected William Lowndes (DR) 100%
South Carolina 3 Theodore Gourdin Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Benjamin Huger (F) 51.6%
Theodore Gourdin (DR) 48.4%
South Carolina 4 John J. Chappell Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected John J. Chappell[8] (DR)
South Carolina 5 David R. Evans Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
William Woodward[8] (DR)
South Carolina 6 John C. Calhoun Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected John C. Calhoun[8] (DR)
Benjamin C. Yancey (DR)
South Carolina 7 Elias Earle Democratic-Republican 1804
1810
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
John Taylor (DR) 75.4%
Elias Earle (DR) 24.1%
South Carolina 8 Samuel Farrow Democratic-Republican 1812 Retired[16]
Democratic-Republican hold
Thomas Moore[8] (DR)
Bowen[17] (F)
Samuel Farrow[16] (DR)
South Carolina 9 John Kershaw Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
William Mayrant (DR) 66.1%
John Kershaw (DR) 33.9%

In the 9th district, William Mayrant resigned on October 21, 1816,[11] and was replaced in a special election by Stephen D. Miller (DR).

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel Powell (DR) 58.9%
John Rhea (DR) 41.1%
Tennessee 2 John Sevier Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected John Sevier (DR) 100%
Tennessee 3 Thomas K. Harris Democratic-Republican 1813 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Isaac Thomas (DR) 54.4%
Thomas K. Harris (DR) 45.6%
Tennessee 4 John H. Bowen Democratic-Republican 1813 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Bennett H. Henderson (DR) 66.1%
Archibald W. Overton 23.4%
Willis Jones 10.5%
Tennessee 5 Newton Cannon Democratic-Republican 1814 (special) Re-elected Newton Cannon (DR) 100%
Tennessee 6 Parry W. Humphreys Democratic-Republican 1813 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
James B. Reynolds (DR) 33.7%
Peter R. Booker 31.6%
George W. L. Marr 28.8%
James Holland (DR) 5.8%

In the 2nd district, John Sevier (DR) died in office. A special election was held that led to the election of William G. Blount (DR) to fill that vacancy.

Vermont[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Vermont at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
William Czar Bradley Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Chauncey Langdon (F) 8.5%
Charles Marsh (F) 8.5%
Asa Lyon (F) 8.5%
Daniel Chipman (F) 8.5%
John Noyes (F) 8.5%
Luther Jewett (F) 8.5%

Ezra Butler (DR) 8.2%
Richard Skinner (DR) 8.2%
William Czar Bradley (DR) 8.2%
James Fisk (DR) 8.2%
William Strong (DR) 8.2%
Charles Rich (DR) 8.1%
William Strong Democratic-Republican 1810 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
James Fisk Democratic-Republican 1804
1810
Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Charles Rich Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Richard Skinner Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Ezra Butler Democratic-Republican 1812 Lost re-election
Federalist gain

Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[9]
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803
1813
Re-elected John G. Jackson (DR) 94.7%
Others 5.3%
Virginia 2 Francis White Federalist 1813 Lost re-election
Federalist hold
Magnus Tate (F) 63.4%
Francis White (DR) 36.6%
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry St. George Tucker (DR) 71.5%
Griffin Taylor (F) 27.6%
Virginia 4 William McCoy Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected William McCoy (DR) 51.0%
Robert Porterfield (F) 49.0%
Virginia 5 James Breckinridge Federalist 1809 Re-elected James Breckinridge (F) 51.5%
John Floyd (DR) 48.5%
Virginia 6 Daniel Sheffey Federalist 1809 Re-elected Daniel Sheffey[8] (F)
Virginia 7 Hugh Caperton Federalist 1813 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Ballard Smith[8] (DR)
John Matthews (F)
Virginia 8 Joseph Lewis, Jr. Federalist 1803 Re-elected Joseph Lewis, Jr. (F) 52.0%
Armistead Mason (DR) 48.0%
Virginia 9 John P. Hungerford Democratic-Republican 1813 Re-elected John P. Hungerford (DR) 56.9%
William Brent (DR) 43.1%
Virginia 10 Aylett Hawes Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected Aylett Hawes (DR) 59.4%
John Scott (F) 40.6%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (special) Re-elected Philip P. Barbour[8] (DR)
John Mercer (DR)
Virginia 12 John Roane Democratic-Republican 1809 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
William H. Roane (DR) 78.1%
James M. Garnett (F) 21.9%
Virginia 13 Thomas M. Bayly Federalist 1811 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Burwell Bassett (DR) 52.6%
John Eyre (F)
Virginia 14 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (special) Re-elected William A. Burwell[8] (DR)
Virginia 15 John Kerr Democratic-Republican 1813 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Matthew Clay (DR) 42.5%
John Kerr (DR) 34.1%
William Rice (F) 20.3%
White[17] (F) 3.1%
Virginia 16 John W. Eppes Democratic-Republican 1803
1813
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
John Randolph (DR) 51.6%
John W. Eppes (DR) 48.4%
Virginia 17 James Pleasants Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected James Pleasants[8] (DR)
Virginia 18 Thomas Gholson, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 (special) Re-elected Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) 88.1
John C. Goode (F) 11.9%
Virginia 19 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected Peterson Goodwyn[8] (DR)
Virginia 20 James Johnson Democratic-Republican 1813 Re-elected James Johnson (DR) 52.2%
Edwin Gray (F) 47.8%
Virginia 21 Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected Thomas Newton, Jr.[8] (DR)
Virginia 22 Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected Hugh Nelson[8] (DR)
Virginia 23 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1801 Re-elected John Clopton[8] (DR)

Matthew Clay (DR) of the 15th district died on May 27, 1815 and was replaced in a special election by John Kerr (DR).

Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) of the 18th district died July 4, 1816 and was replaced in a special election by Thomas M. Nelson (DR).

John Clopton (DR) of the 23rd district died September 11, 1816 and was replaced in a special election by future President John Tyler (DR).

Non-voting delegates[edit]

Four territories sent delegates to the 14th Congress. There was no election held in Illinois Territory

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana Territory at-large Jonathan Jennings 1809 Re-elected Jonathan Jennings[8]
Elisha Sparks
Mississippi Territory at-large William Lattimore 1803
1813
Re-elected William Lattimore 58.6%
Cowles Mead 41.4%
Missouri Territory at-large Edward Hempstead 1812 Retired Rufus Easton 36.7%
Alexander MacNair 33.1%
Samuel Hammond 28.8%
Thomas F. Riddick 1.4%

This was the last election for Indiana Territory, as it was admitted to the Union as a state in 1816. In Missouri Territory, Hempstead resigned and Easton also filled his seat for the remainder of the 13th Congress

References[edit]

  1. ^ Excludes states admitted during the 14th Congress
  2. ^ a b c Includes late elections
  3. ^ Stat. 290
  4. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  5. ^ Majority required for election, which was not met in two districts, requiring a second election, held on January 6, 1815
  6. ^ Changed from districts
  7. ^ a b includes 6 plural districts
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  10. ^ A New Nation Votes: Kentucky's 2nd district special election, 1815
  11. ^ a b 14th Congress membership roster
  12. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here
  13. ^ a b successfully contested election
  14. ^ a b c Won special election to fill vacancy in 13th Congress
  15. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  16. ^ a b The source indicates uncertainty as to whether Farrow ran in 1814.
  17. ^ a b Source did not provide full name

External links[edit]