United States House of Representatives elections, 1820

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1820
United States
1818 ←
July 3, 1820 - August 10, 1821
→ 1822

All 187[1] seats to the United States House of Representatives
94 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  PPBarbour.jpg LMcLane.jpg
Leader Philip Barbour Louis McLane
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Virginia-11th Delaware-AL
Last election 160 seats 26 seats
Seats won 155[1] 32
Seat change Decrease 5 Increase 6

Speaker before election

John W. Taylor
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Philip Barbour
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 17th Congress too place in the various states took place between July 3, 1820 (Louisiana) and August 10, 1821 (Tennessee). In four states (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi) the election coincided with the taking of the 4th Census (August 7, 1820). Future enumerations would henceforth be held at a different time of year.

James Monroe won reelection and the Era of Good Feelings, a period of near-complete dominance of national politics by the Democratic-Republican Party, continued after this campaign. However, the Democratic-Republicans lost a small number of seats, due to midterm discontent in some urban, eastern areas. However, the huge Democratic-Republican majority remained intact and the Federalist Party started to become increasingly fragmented.

Election summaries[edit]

One seat was added during this Congress for the new State of Missouri[2]

155 32
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
Delaware At-large October 3, 1820 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
Georgia At-large October 2, 1820 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois At-large August 7, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana At-large August 7, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District (10) August 7, 1820 10 10 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana At-large July 3-5, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[3] District (7) November 7, 1820[4] 7 5 Decrease1[5] 2 Increase1[5]
Maryland District (8[6]) October 2, 1820 9 6 Steady 3 Steady
Massachusetts District (13) November 6, 1820[7] 13[8] 6 Decrease1[9] 7 Increase1[9]
Mississippi At-large August 7-8, 1820 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri At-large August 28, 1820 1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large August 18, 1820 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey At-large November 7, 1820 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District (6) October 10, 1820 6 6 Increase1 0 Decrease1
Pennsylvania District (15[10]) October 10, 1820 23 15 Decrease4 8 Increase4
Rhode Island At-large August 29, 1820 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District (9) October 9-10, 1820 9 9 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District[11] (6) September 5, 1820[12] 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
1821 elections
Alabama At-large August 5-6, 1821 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut At-large April 2, 1821 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
New York District (22[13]) April 24-26, 1821 27 19 Decrease2 8 Increase2
North Carolina District (13) August 9, 1821 13 12 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Tennessee District (6) August 9-10, 1821 6 5[14] Decrease1 0 Steady
Virginia District (23) April, 1821 23 21 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Total[1] 187 155
82.9%
Decrease5 32
17.1%
Increase6
House seats
D-R
  
82.89%
Federalist
  
17.11%

Complete returns[edit]

Alabama[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama at-large John Crowell Democratic-Republican 1819 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Gabriel Moore (DR) 64.6%
George W. Owen (DR) 32.6%
Silas Dinsmoor 2.8%

Connecticut[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
James Stevens Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Gideon Tomlinson (DR) 14.3%
Noyes Barber (DR) 13.8%
Henry W. Edwards (DR) 13.7%
John Russ (DR) 13.5%
Ebenezer Stoddard (DR) 13.4%
Ansel Sterling (DR) 13.1%
Daniel Burrows (DR) 9.6%

Calvin Willey (DR) 4.1%
Timothy Pitkin (F) 1.0%
Others 3.5%
Jonathan O. Moseley Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Gideon Tomlinson Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected
Elisha Phelps Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
John Russ Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected
Henry W. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected
Samuel A. Foot Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Louis McLane Federalist 1816 Re-elected Caesar A. Rodney (DR) 26.9%
Louis McLane (F) 26.1%

Willard Hall (DR) 23.5%
John Mitchell (F) 23.3%
Others 0.2%
Willard Hall Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold

On January 24, 1822, Caesar A. Rodney resigned after being elected to the Senate, and was replaced in a special election by Daniel Rodney (F).

Georgia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
William Terrell Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert R. Reid (DR) 14.8%%
Alfred Cuthbert (DR) 12.5%
Joel Abbot (DR) 12.3%
George R. Gilmer (DR) 11.1%
Edward F. Tattnall (DR) 11.1%
Wiley Thompson (DR) 10.7%

Thomas W. Cobb (DR) 10.6%
George Walton 7.2%
Zadock Cook (DR) 4.2%
Gibson Clark 2.9%
James Blair 2.7%
Joel Crawford Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Joel Abbot Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected
John A. Cuthbert Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert R. Reid Democratic-Republican 1819 (special) Re-electd
Thomas W. Cobb Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold

Illinois[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Illinois at-large Daniel P. Cook Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Daniel P. Cook (DR) 64.7%
Elias Kane 35.2%
John McLean (DR) 0.1%

Indiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana at-large William Hendricks Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected William Hendricks (DR) 91.0%
Reuben W. Nelson 9.0%

Hendricks resigned July 25, 1822 to run for Governor of Indiana. A special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy which elected Jonathan Jennings (DR-J).

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 David Trimble Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected David Trimble (DR) 68.5%
William P. Fleming 31.5%
Kentucky 2 Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 1810
1814
Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel H. Woodson (DR) 59.4%
John Pope (DR) 37.8%
Thomas T. Barr 2.8%
Kentucky 3 William Brown Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John T. Johnson (DR) 98.6%
Thomas A. Grimes 1.4%
Kentucky 4 Thomas Metcalfe Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Thomas Metcalfe[15] (DR)
Kentucky 5 Alney McLean Democratic-Republican 1814
1818
Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Anthony New[15] (DR)
John Daviess
Dickson Gwen
Kentucky 6 Previous incumbent David Walker (DR) died March 1, 1820 Democratic-Republican hold Francis Johnson[16] (DR) 57.2%
John Breathitt 41.8%
Willis Wills 1.0%
Kentucky 7 George Robertson Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected George Robertson[15] (DR)
Kentucky 8 Richard C. Anderson, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Wingfield Bullock[15] (DR)
Norborne B. Beall
Samuel Churchill
John Logan
Kentucky 9 Previous incumbent Tunstall Quarles (DR) resigned June 15, 1820 Democratic-Republican hold Thomas Montgomery[15][16] (DR)
Kentucky 10 Benjamin Hardin Democratic-Republican 1814
1818
Re-elected Benjamin Hardin[15] (DR)
Richard Rudd
John Hays

Vacancies occurred in the 7th and 8th districts during the 17th Congress. In the 7th district, George Robertson (DR) resigned sometime before the start of the 17th Congress, and was replaced by John S. Smith (DR). In the 8th district, Wingfield Bullock (DR) died October 13, 1821 and was replaced in a special election by James D. Breckinridge (DR)

Louisiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Louisiana at-large Thomas Butler Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Josiah S. Johnston (DR) 50.9%
Edward Livingston (DR) 49.1%

Maine[edit]

This was the first election in Maine since its separation from Massachusetts. In the previous election, Massachusetts had had 20 representatives. Seven seats (representing the 14th-20th districts) were reassigned from Massachusetts to Maine. In addition, under the terms of the law which admitted Maine to the union, any vacancies in the 16th Congress by Representatives elected to represent Massachusetts but residing in the new states of Maine would be filled by a resident of Maine.[17] John Holmes, who had been elected to the House for the former 14th district of Massachusetts was elected as one of the first two senators for Maine. The vacancy was filled in a special election by Joseph Dane (F). Dane was the only Representative officially considered as representing Maine in the 16th Congress. The Representatives from the 15th-20th districts were still classified as being from Massachusetts for the remainder of the 16th Congress.

Maine law required a majority to win election, necessitating additional ballots if a majority was not received.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial Third trial
Maine 1 Joseph Dane Federalist 1820 (special) Re-elected Joseph Dane (F) 52.8%
Alexander Rice (DR) 38.7%
Isaac Lyman 6.0%
William Moody 2.4%
Maine 2 Ezekiel Whitman
Redistricted from Massachusetts' 15th district
Federalist 1808
1816
Re-elected Ezekiel Whitman (F) 74.1%
James Irish 24.6%
Mark Harris[18] (DR) 1.3%
Maine 3 Mark Langdon Hill
Redistricted from Massachusetts' 16th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Mark Langdon Hill (DR) 49.9%
Joseph F. Wingate (DR) 39.8%
Joshua Head 4.4%
Daniel Rose (DR) 3.5%
Pearl Stafford 2.4%
Mark Langdon Hill (DR) 54.2%
Joseph F. Wingate (DR) 44.7%
Others 1.1%
Maine 4 Martin Kinsley
Redistricted from Massachusetts' 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
William Durkee Williamson (DR) 44.7%
Jacob MacGaw (F) 21.2%
John Cooper 11.8%
Martin Kinsley (DR) 11.2%
John Wilkins (DR) 9.3%
Josiah Kedder 1.3%
William Durkee Williamson (DR) 45.8%
Jacob MacGaw (F) 22.8%
John Wilkins (DR) 13.1%
Martin Kinsley (DR) 9.6%
John Cooper 7.1%
William Durkee Williamson (DR) 50.2%
Thomas Cobb 17.8%
Jabez Mowry 17.4%
Martin Kinsley (DR) 8.1%
Maine 5 James Parker
Redistricted from Massachusetts' 18th district
Democratic-Republican 1812
1818
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Ebenezer Herrick (DR) 38.2%
Ebenezer T. Warren (DR) 31.3%
James Parker (DR) 21.6%
Joshua Gage (DR) 4.7%
Peter Grant (F) 1.5%
Others 2.8%
Ebenezer Herrick (DR) 38.1%
Joshua Gage (DR) 27.6%
Ebenezer T. Warren (DR) 24.7%
Peter Grant (F) 8.6%
James Parker (DR) 1.0%
Ebenezer Herrick (DR) 52.7%
Ebenezer T. Warren (DR) 24.6%
Peter Grant (F) 10.5%
Joshua Gage (DR) 7.1%
James Parker (DR) 5.2%
Maine 6 Joshua Cushman
Redistricted from Massachusetts' 19th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Joshua Cushman (DR) 100%
Maine 7 Enoch Lincoln
Redistricted from Massachusetts' 20th district
Democratic-Republican 1818 (special) Re-elected Enoch Lincoln (DR) 95.9%
Samuel A. Bradley 1.5%
Others 2.6%

In the 2nd district, Ezekiel Whitman (F) resigned June 1, 1822 and was replaced in a special election by Mark Harris (DR)

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Raphael Neale Federalist 1818 Re-elected Raphael Neale (F) 54.0%
Nicholas Stonestreet (F) 46.0%
Maryland 2 Joseph Kent Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Joseph Kent (DR) 96.9%
John C. Herbert (F) 2.2%
Maryland 3 Henry R. Warfield Federalist 1818 Re-elected Henry R. Warfield (F) 99.3%
Maryland 4 Samuel Ringgold Democratic-Republican 1810
1816
Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Nelson (DR) 57.9%
Thomas C. Worthington (F) 41.9%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792
1816
Re-elected Peter Little (DR) 50.0%
Samuel Smith 50.0%
Peter Little Democratic-Republican 1810
1816
Re-elected
Maryland 6 Stevenson Archer Democratic-Republican 1811 (special)
1818
Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Jeremiah Cosden (DR) 49.9%
Philip Reed (DR) 49.9%
Maryland 7 Thomas Culbreth Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert Wright (DR) 50.5%
Thomas Culbreth (DR) 49.5%
Maryland 8 Thomas Bayly Federalist 1816 Re-elected Thomas Bayly (F) 99.5%

In the 6th district, Cosden and Reed were tied. Under Maryland law at the time, a tie vote was settled by lot, which Cosden won. However, Reed contested this election, alleging that there were 7 votes for him which had not been counted.[19] Reed was successful, and on March 22, 1822[20] was awarded the seat.

In the 5th district, Samuel Smith resigned his seat on December 17, 1822 after being elected to the Senate. A special election was held which elected Isaac McKim (DR) to fill the vacancy beginning January 8, 1823[20]

Massachusetts[edit]

This was the first election in Massachusetts after the separation of the former District of Maine as the new State of Maine, taking the old 14th - 20th districts with it. Massachusetts had a majority requirement for election, which was not met in the 2nd district necessitating two additional elections.

District[21] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial Third trial
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
Previous incumbent Jonathan Mason (F) resigned May 15, 1820 Federalist hold Benjamin Gorham[16] (F) 57.9%
Samuel Wells 40.2%
Jesse Putname 1.4%
Others 0.5%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
Nathaniel Silsbee Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Willard Peele (I) 38.5%
Gideon Barstow (DR) 34.0%
Leverett Saltonstall I (F) 27.4%
Gideon Barstow (DR) 48.4%
John Hooper (F) 28.1%
Willard Peele (I) 10.1%
Charles Saunders 9.1%
Others 4.4%
Gideon Barstow (DR) 53.9%
Timothy Pickering (F) 44.7%
Others 1.4%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1814
Re-elected Jeremiah Nelson (F) 85.7%
Amos Spaulding 12.6%
Others 1.7%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Timothy Fuller Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Timothy Fuller (DR) 58.2%
John Hart (DR) 20.9%
Samuel P. Fay (F) 17.8%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Hampshire South district
Samuel Lathrop Federalist 1818 Re-elected Samuel Lathrop (F) 73.7%
Thomas Shepherd (DR) 26.3%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Hampshire North district
Samuel C. Allen Federalist 1816 Re-elected Samuel C. Allen (F) 92.4%
Others 7.6%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Berkshire district
Henry Shaw Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Federalist gain
Henry W. Dwight (F) 51.4%
William P. Walker (DR) 43.9%
Others 4.7%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Plymouth district
Previous incumbent Zabdiel Sampson (DR) resigned July 26, 1820 Democratic-Republican hold Aaron Hobart (DR) 54.4%
William Baylies (F) 45.6%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Barnstable district
Walter Folger, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
John Reed, Jr. (F) 65.9%
Walter Folger, Jr. (DR) 22.9%
Others 11.2%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Bristol district
Marcus Morton Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Francis Baylies (F) 52.5%
Marcus Morton (DR) 47.5%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Worcester South district
Benjamin Adams Federalist 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Jonathan Russell (DR) 52.9%
Benjamin Adams (F) 42.9%
Others 4.2%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Worcester North district
Jonas Kendall Federalist 1818 Lost re-election
Federalist hold
Lewis Bigelow (F) 51.7%
Edmund Cushing (DR) 26.1%
Jonas Kendall (F) 22.1%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Norfolk district
William Eustis Democratic-Republican 1820 (special) Re-elected William Eustis (DR) 65.0%
James Richardson (F) 30.7%
Richard Sullivan (F) 4.3%

Mississippi[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Mississippi at-large Christopher Rankin Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Christopher Rankin (DR) 100%%

Missouri[edit]

Missouri was admitted to the union on August 10, 1821,[20] but elections had been held in 1820.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Missouri at-large None (District created) New seat
Democratic-Republican gain
John Scott (DR) 93.6%
James Caldwell 6.4%

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Josiah Butler Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected William Plumer, Jr. (DR) 16.6%
Nathaniel Upham (DR) 16.5%
Josiah Butler (DR) 16.2%
Matthew Harvey (DR) 14.9%
Aaron Matson (DR) 14.2%
Thomas Whipple, Jr. (DR) 10.6%

Arthur Livermore (DR) 5.9%
Levi Jackson (F) 2.7%
Clifton Clagett (DR) 2.2%
Nathaniel Upham Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected
Clifton Clagett Democratic-Republican 1802
1816
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Joseph Buffum, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
William Plumer, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected
Arthur Livermore Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey had a large number of candidates in 1820, 119 candidates according to one contemporary newspaper.[22] A number of candidates ran under an "Anti-Caucus" ticket, indicated by DR-AC or F-AC here.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
John Linn Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Ephraim Bateman (DR) 16.4%
George Holcombe (DR) 15.1%
George Cassedy (DR) 14.0%
Samuel Swan (DR) 13.9%
John Linn (DR) 12.2%
James Matlack (DR) 11.7%

Lewis Condict[18] (DR-AC) 5.6%
John Rutherford (DR-AC) 1.7%
James Parker (F) 1.5%
Joseph McIlvaine (DR-AC) 1.4%
Samuel L. Southard (DR-AC) 1.4%
Joseph Hopkinson (DR-AC) 1.1%
John Frelinghuysen (F-AC) 1.1%
Others 2.9%
Bernard Smith Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1814 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Ephraim Bateman Democratic-Republican 1814 Re-elected
Joseph Bloomfield Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Charles Kinsey Democratic-Republican 1816
1820? (special)
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold

John Linn (DR) died on January 5, 1821, after the election but prior to the start of the 17th Congress. He was replaced in a special election by Lewis Condict (DR).

New York[edit]

The 21st district, previously a plural district with two seats, was divided into two single-member districts for the 17th Congress, the 21st and 22nd.

The Democratic-Republican party in New York at this time was divided into two factions, the "Bucktails" and the Clintonians. The Clintonians ran on a joint ticket with the remaining Federalists. In a few cases, it is unclear whether a candidate on the joint ticket was Democratic-Republican or Federalist. Those candidates will be marked "C/F" for Clintonian/Federalist.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1
Plural district with 2 seats
Silas Wood Federalist 1818 Re-elected Silas Wood (F) 27.1%
Peter Sharpe (DR) 23.1%

Cadwallader D. Colden (F) 22.9%
Joshua Smith (DR) 22.8%
"Cadwallader Colden" 2.7%
Cadwallader D. Colder 1.5%
James Guyon, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Henry Meigs Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John J. Morgan (DR) 49.5%
Churchill C. Cambreleng (DR) 29.6%

Henry Eckford (C/F) 20.9%
Peter H. Wendover Democratic-Republican 1814 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
New York 3 Caleb Tompkins Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Jeremiah H. Pierson (DR)
John T. Smith (C/F) 37.7%
Peter S. Van Orden (DR) 9.4%
New York 4 Randall S. Street Federalist 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
William W. Van Wyck (DR) 56.8%
William Taber (C/F) 43.2%
New York 5 James Strong Federalist 1818 Retired
Federalist hold
Walter Patterson (F) 57.8%
Philip J. Schuyler (DR) 42.0%
New York 6 Walter Case Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Selah Tuthill (DR) 61.6%
James W. Wilkin (DR) 38.3%
New York 7 Jacob H. De Witt Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Federalist gain
Charles H. Ruggles (F) 54.6%
William Gillespie (DR) 45.3%
New York 8 Robert Clark Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Richard McCarty (DR) 58.8%
Jacob Haight (DR) 41.1%
New York 9 Solomon Van Rensselaer Federalist 1818 Re-elected Solomon Van Rensselaer (F) 57.1%
Harmanus Bleecker (DR) 42.8%
New York 10 John D. Dickinson Federalist 1818 Re-elected John D. Dickinson (F) 55.5%
James L. Hogeboom (DR) 42.4%
Simon Newcomb (C/F) 2.0%
New York 11 John W. Taylor Democratic-Republican 1812 Re-elected John W. Taylor (DR) 53.3%
Guert Van Schoonhoven (DR) 46.5%
New York 12
Plural district with 2 seats
Nathaniel Pitcher Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Reuben H. Walworth (DR) 27.9%
Nathaniel Pitcher (DR) 26.1%

John Crary (C/F) 23.5%
Ezra C. Gross (DR) 22.5%
Ezra C. Gross Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
New York 13 Harmanus Peek Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Gebhard (DR) 51.0%
William Mann (DR) 49.0%
New York 14 John Fay Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Alfred Conkling (DR) 52.4%
John Herkimer (DR) 47.6%
New York 15
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Monell Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
James Hawkes (DR) 28.5%
Samuel Campbell (DR) 27.8%

Robert Monell (DR) 22.3%
Alvan Stewart (C/F) 21.5%
Joseph S. Lyman Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
New York 16 Henry R. Storrs Federalist 1816 Retired
Federalist hold
Joseph Kirkland (F) 56.5%
Nathan Williams (DR) 43.4%
New York 17 Aaron Hackley, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Thomas H. Hubbard (DR) 51.0%
David Woods (DR) 48.9%
New York 18 William D. Ford Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Federalist gain
Micah Sterling (F) 52.3%
Perley Keyes (DR) 47.3%
New York 19 George Hall Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Elisha Litchfield (DR) 51.4%
George Hall (DR) 48.5%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Jonathan Richmond Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
William B. Rochester (DR) 29.6%
David Woodcock (DR) 24.7%

Jonathan Richmond (DR) 23.9%
Herman Camp (DR) 21.8%
Caleb Baker Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
New York 21 Nathaniel Allen Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Elijah Spencer (DR) 49.6%
Nathaniel Allen (DR) 48.6%
Daniel W. Lewis (C/F) 1.7%
New York 22 Albert H. Tracy
Redistricted from the 21st district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Albert H. Tracy (DR) 50.8%
Benjamin Ellicott (DR) 49.2%

In the 1st district, the winners were initially declared to be Silas Wood (F) and Peter Sharpe (DR). Sharpe's election was challenged. Initial returns showed 3,339 votes for Cadwallader D. Colden (F), with 395 for "Cadwallader Colden" and 220 for "Cadwallader D. Colder". After those votes were declared to be for Cadwallader D. Colden, he finished in 2nd place with 3,954 votes (27.1%), and thus received one of the two seats for that district in place of Sharpe.

Two vacancies occurred in the 17th Congress. In the 6th district, Selah Tuthill died on September 7, 1821 and was replaced by Charles Borland, Jr. (DR). The second vacancy occurred in the 9th district after Solomon Van Rensselaer resigned on January 14, 1822, which was filled by Stephen Van Rensselaer

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican 1807
1817
Re-elected Lemuel Sawyer (DR) 63.5%
James Iredell, Jr. (F) 24.6%
Thomas Williams (DR) 11.9%
North Carolina 2 Hutchins G. Burton Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Hutchins G. Burton (DR) 100%
North Carolina 3 Thomas H. Hall Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Thomas H. Hall (DR) 53.0%
William Clarke (F) 47.0%
North Carolina 4 Jesse Slocumb Federalist 1817 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
William S. Blackledge (DR) 61.5%
John P. Daves (F) 38.5%
North Carolina 5 Charles Hooks Democratic-Republican 1816 (special)
1819
Re-elected Charles Hooks (DR) 65.3%
Daniel Glisson (F) 34.7%
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1816 (special) Re-elected Weldon N. Edwards (DR) 99.3%
Others 0.7%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Federalist 1807
1819
Lost re-election
Federalist hold
Archibald McNeill (F) 52.4%
John Culpepper (F) 47.6%
North Carolina 8 James S. Smith Democratic-Republican 1817 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Josiah Crudup[15] (DR)
John Scott (F)
North Carolina 9 Thomas Settle Democratic-Republican 1817 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Romulus M. Saunders[15] (DR)
North Carolina 10 Charles Fisher Democratic-Republican 1819 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Long[15] (DR)
John L. Henderson (F)
North Carolina 11 William Davidson Federalist 1818 (special) Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Henry W. Connor (DR) 52.9%
William Davidson (F) 47.1%
North Carolina 12 Felix Walker Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Felix Walker (DR) 62.1%
Robert B. Vance (DR) 37.9%
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 Re-elected Lewis Williams[15] (DR)

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio 1 Thomas R. Ross Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Thomas R. Ross (DR) 100%
Ohio 2 John W. Campbell Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected John W. Campbell[15] (DR)
Ohio 3 Henry Brush Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Levi Barber (DR) 37.8%
Henry Brush (DR) 32.9%
Thomas Scott 29.3%
Ohio 4 Samuel Herrick Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John C. Wright (DR) 50.1%
David Chambers[18] (DR) 49.9%
Ohio 5 Philemon Beecher Federalist 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Joseph Vance (DR) 40.9%[23]
Philemon Beecher (F) 44.6%
Daniel Smith (F) 7.9%
Orris Parrish (DR) 6.3%
John Kilbourn 0.3%
Ohio 6 John Sloane Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected John Sloane (DR) 91.7%
Alred Kelley (DR) 8.2%
Others 0.1%

In the 4th district, Representative-elect John C. Wright (DR) resigned his seat March 3, 1821, the day before the start of the 17th Congress. A special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy which was won by David Chambers (DR).[20]

Pennsylvania[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[24]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 4 seats
Joseph Hemphill Federalist 1800
1818
Re-elected John Sergeant (F[25]) 24.8%
Joseph Hemphill (F) 15.1%
William Milnor (F) 14.8%
Samuel Edwards (F) 13.6%

Thomas Forrest[18] (F) 10.5%
Nicholas Biddle (DR) 10.5%
Joseph Engle (DR) 9.9%
Gideon Humphrey 0.8%
Samuel Edwards Federalist 1818 Re-elected
Thomas Forrest Federalist 1818 Lost re-election
Federalist hold
John Sergeant Federalist 1815 (special) Re-elected
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Darlington Democratic-Republican 1814
1818
Re-elected William Darlington (DR) 26.1%
Samuel Gross (DR) 26.0%

Charles Miner (F) 24.1%
John Henderson (F) 23.8%
Samuel Gross Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 2 seats
James M. Wallace Democratic-Republican 1815 (special) Lost re-election
Federalist gain
James Buchanan (F) 27.9%
John Phillips (F) 27.5%

Jacob Hibshman (DR) 22.8%
James M. Wallace (DR) 21.8%
Jacob Hibshman Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Pennsylvania 4 Jacob Hostetter Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
James S. Mitchell (DR) 54.4%
Jacob Hostetter (F[26]) 45.6%
Pennsylvania 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Andrew Boden Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
James McSherry (DR) 27.2%
James Duncan (DR) 26.4%

James Wilson (F) 23.1%
Isaiah Graham (F) 22.8%
Robert K. Lowry (I) 0.6%
Previous incumbent David Fullerton (DR) resigned May 15, 1820 Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Moore Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Samuel Moore (DR) 30.7%
Thomas J. Rogers (DR) 28.6%

Daniel W. Dingman (F) 21.1%
Matthais Morris (F) 19.6%
Thomas J. Rogers Democratic-Republican 1818 (special) Re-elected
Pennsylvania 7 Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1798
1814
Retired to run for Governor of Pennsylvania
Federalist gain
Ludwig Worman (F) 55.5%
Gabriel Hiester (DR) 44.5%
Pennsylvania 8 Robert Philson Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
John Tod (DR) 75.7%
Robert Philson (F[26]) 24.3%
Pennsylvania 9 William P. Maclay Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
John Brown (DR) 54.6%
William P. Maclay (DR) 45.4%
Pennsylvania 10
Plural district with 2 seats
George Denison Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected George Denison (DR) 34.0%
William Cox Ellis (F) 23.3%

Abiel Fellows (F) 16.1%
Thomas Murray (DR) 15.7%
Thomas Murray, Jr.[18] (DR) 11.0%
John Murray Democratic-Republican 1817 (special) Retired
Federalist gain
Pennsylvania 11 David Marchand Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
George Plumer (DR) 54.7%
Alexander W. Foster (F) 45.3%
Pennsylvania 12 Thomas Patterson Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Thomas Patterson (DR) 67.3%
Thomas McGiffen (F) 32.7%
Pennsylvania 13 Christian Tarr Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Andrew Stewart (DR) 48.3%
Christian Tarr (DR) 40.1%
Charles Porter (F) 11.6%
Pennsylvania 14 Henry Baldwin Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Henry Baldwin (DR) 63.8%
William Marks (F) 36.2%
Pennsylvania 15 Robert Moore Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Patrick Farrelly (DR) 53.7%
Robert Moore (F[26]) 43.4%
Beven Pearson 2.9%

Six vacancies appeared in the 17th Congress, two of which appeared before Congress assembled.[20]

The first vacancy occurred in the 5th district, when James Duncan resigned in April, 1821 and was replaced in a special election by John Findlay (DR)

The second vacancy occurred in the 10th district when William Cox Ellis (F) resigned on July 20, 1821 and was replaced in a special election by Thomas Murray, Jr. (DR)

Two vacancies occurred on May 8, 1822 (the last day of the First Session of the 17th Congress), one in the 1st district when William Milnor (F) resigned and the other in the 14th district when Henry Baldwin (DR) resigned. The vacancy in the 1st district was filled by Thomas Forrest (F) and the vacancy in the 14th district was filled by Walter Forward (DR)

The fifth vacancy occurred shortly afterwards, on May 22, 1822, in the 6th district when Samuel Moore (DR) resigned. This vacancy was filled by Samuel D. Ingham. The vacancies in the 1st, 6th, and 14th districts were filled a week before the elections for the 18th Congress, by which time redistricting had occurred, so that the districts used for the special elections were different from those used for the general election.

The last vacancy occurred in the 7th district after Ludwig Worman (F) died on October 17, 1822 and was replaced in a special election by Daniel Udree (DR).

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Samuel Eddy Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Job Durfee[27] (DR) 31.5%
Samuel Eddy (DR) 25.5%

Samuel Bridgham (F) 24.5%
Nathaniel Hazard (DR) 17.9%
Others 0.6%
Nathaniel Hazard Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Charles Pinckney Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Joel R. Poinsett (DR) 52.1%
John Geddes (DR) 47.9%
South Carolina 2 William Lowndes Democratic-Republican 1810 Re-elected William Lowndes (DR) 100%
South Carolina 3 James Ervin Democratic-Republican 1816 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Thomas R. Mitchell (DR) 49.5%
Benjamin Huger (F) 39.2%
John R. Wilson (DR) 11.3%
South Carolina 4 James Overstreet Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected James Overstreet (DR) 70.3%[23]
John M. Felder (F) 29.7%
South Carolina 5 Starling Tucker Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Starling Tucker[15] (DR)
William Strother (DR)
South Carolina 6 Eldred Simkins Democratic-Republican 1818 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
George McDuffie (DR) 100%
South Carolina 7 Elias Earle Democratic-Republican 1804
1816
Lost releection
Democratic-Republican hold
John Wilson (DR) 55.8%[23]
Elias Earle (DR) 44.2%
South Carolina 8 John McCreary Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost releection
Democratic-Republican hold
Joseph Gist (DR) 50.7%[23]
John McCreary (DR) 49.3%
South Carolina 9 Joseph Brevard Democratic-Republican 1818 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John S. Richards (DR) 100%

Four vacancies leading to special elections arose in the 17th Congress.[20] The first was in the 9th district caused by Representative-elect Richards declining to serve. The second was also in the 9th district when James Blair (DR) resigned May 8, 1822. The third was in the 2nd district, also on May 8, 1822, when William Lowndes (DR) resigned. The fourth was in the 4th district caused James Overstreet (DR)'s death on May 24, 1822.

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803
1817
Re-elected John Rhea (DR) 40.4%
John Tipton 35.6%
John A. Rogers 24.1%
Tennessee 2 John Cocke Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected John Cocke (DR) 100%
Tennessee 3 Francis Jones Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Francis Jones (DR) 99.6%
Reuben Lidwell 0.4%
Tennessee 4 Robert Allen Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Robert Allen (DR) 100%
Tennessee 5 Newton Cannon Democratic-Republican 1814 (special)
1819
Re-elected Newton Cannon (DR) 99.0%
Fitzgerald Beasley 1.0%
Tennessee 6 Henry H. Bryan Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Henry H. Bryan (DR) 62.5%
Eldridge B. Robertson 34.5%
Colmore Duvall 3.0%

In the 6th district, Bryan won re-election but never appeared to take his seat in the 17th Congress, leaving that seat vacant. The vacancy was never filled, and thus, Tennessee had only 5 Representatives for the duration of the 17th Congress.

Vermont[edit]

In 1820, Vermont went back to using districts. This would prove to be the only election in which the 6th district would be used. A majority was required for election, which was not met in the 2nd or 3rd district, requiring additional ballots to achieve a majority. The 2nd district required 7 ballots. The 3rd district required two additional ballots.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot Fourth ballot Fifth ballot Sixth ballot Seventh ballot
Vermont 1 Rollin Carolas Mallary
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Re-elected Rollin Carolas Mallary (DR) 51.9%
Orsamus Cook Merrill (DR) 31.1%
Chauncey Langdon (F) 14.9%
Others 2.1%
Vermont 2 Mark Richards
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Phineas White (DR) 37.4%
Mark Richards (DR) 34.5%
James Elliot (F) 15.8%
William Hall, Jr. (F) 4.2%
Samuel Elliot (F) 2.7%
Aaron Leland (DR) 2.5%
Others 3.0%
Phineas White (DR) 41.3%
Mark Richards (DR) 37.2%
James Elliot (F) 11.%
Samuel Elliot (F) 4.4%
Jonathan Hunt (F) 4.2%
Others 1.8%
Phineas White (DR) 41.9%
Mark Richards (DR) 37.6%
James Elliot (F) 12.1%
Thomas G. Fessenden (I) 3.6%
Aaron Leland (DR) 3.4%
Others 1.4%
Mark Richards (DR) 43.6%
Phineas White (DR) 39.4%
James Elliot (F) 7.9%
Aaron Leland (DR) 4.0%
Thomas G. Fessenden (I) 3.7%
Others 1.5%
Mark Richards (DR) 48.6%
Phineas White (DR) 46.9%
Others 4.5%
Mark Richards (DR) 48.4%
Phineas White (DR) 45.6%
Others 6.1%
Phineas White (DR) 49.9% (DR)
Mark Richards (DR) 42.6%
James Elliot (F) 2.9%
William Hall (F) 1.6%
Martin Field (DR) 1.2%
Others 1.8%
Vermont 3 Charles Rich
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1812
1816
Re-elected Charles Rich (DR) 38.9%
David Edmonds (F) 27.9%
Ezra Meech (DR) 17.0%
Henry Olin (DR) 13.9%
Others 2.3%
Charles Rich (DR) 49.7%
David Edmonds (F) 42.4%
Ezra Meech (DR) 5.7%
Henry Olin (DR) 2.2%
Charles Rich (DR) 50.6%
David Edmonds (F) 41.2%
Ezra Meech (DR) 8.2%
Ezra Meech
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Vermont 4 William Strong
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1810
1818
Lost re-election Elias Keyes (DR) 50.6%
Horace Everett (DR) 24.8%
Uriel C. Hatch (DR) 15.8%
William Strong (DR) 5.8%
Others 3.0%
Vermont 5 Samuel C. Crafts
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Samuel C. Crafts (DR) 58.6%
Heman Allen (DR) 40.1%
Others 1.3%
Vermont 6 None (District created) Democratic-Republican gain John Mattocks (DR) 54.3%
Daniel A. A. Buck (DR) 41.7%
William Cahoon (DR) 1.9%
Others 2.1%

Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Edward B. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1820 (special) Re-elected Edward B. Jackson (DR) 75.2%
Thomas Wilson (F) 24.8%
Virginia 2 Thomas Van Swearingen Federalist 1819 Re-elected Thomas Van Swearingen (F) 83.2%
Robert Bailey (DR) 16.8%
Virginia 3 Jared Williams Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Jared Williams (DR) 63.3%
William Steinbergen (DR) 36.7%
Virginia 4 William McCoy Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected William McCoy[15] (DR)
Virginia 5 John Floyd Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected John Floyd[15] (DR)
Virginia 6 Alexander Smyth Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Alexander Smyth[15] (DR)
Virginia 7 Ballard Smith Democratic-Republican 1815 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
William Smith (DR) 53.2%
James Wilson (DR) 46.8%
Virginia 8 Charles F. Mercer Federalist 1817 Re-elected Charles F. Mercer (F) 55.0%
Sydnor Bailey (DR) 44.8%
Virginia 9 William Lee Ball Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected William Lee Ball (DR) 89.5%
John P. Hungerford (DR) 10.5%
Virginia 10 Thomas L. Moore Democratic-Republican 1820 (special) Re-elected Thomas L. Moore (DR) 70.7%
Mark A. Chilton (DR) 29.3%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (special) Re-elected Philip P. Barbour[15] (DR)
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Democratic-Republican 1817 Re-elected Robert S. Garnett (DR) 100%
Virginia 13 Severn E. Parker Democratic-Republican 1819 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Burwell Bassett (DR) 66.6%
John Patterson (F) 30.0%
Brazure W. Pryor (F) 3.4%
Virginia 14 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Jabez Leftwich (DR) 93.5%
James Calloway (DR) 6.5%
Virginia 15 George Tucker Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected George Tucker (DR) 87.5%
William R. Roane (F) 12.5%
Virginia 16 John Randolph Democratic-Republican 1799
1819
Re-elected John Randolph (DR) 68.7%
Archibald Austin (DR) 31.3%
Virginia 17 William S. Archer Democratic-Republican 1820 (special) Re-elected William S. Archer (DR) 100%
Virginia 18 Mark Alexander Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected Mark Alexander (DR) 100%
Virginia 19 James Jones Democratic-Republican 1819 Re-elected James Jones (DR)[15]
Virginia 20 John C. Gray Democratic-Republican 1820 (special) Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Arthur Smith (DR) 60.3%
John C. Gray (DR) 39.7%
Virginia 21 Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected Thomas Newton, Jr. (DR) 94.7%
Others 5.3%
Virginia 22 Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican 1811 Re-elected Hugh Nelson (DR) 100%
Virginia 23 John Tyler Democratic-Republican 1816 (special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Andrew Stevenson (DR) 100%

Two vacancies occurred in the 17th Congress. The first was in the 2nd district when Thomas Van Swearingen (F) died on August 19, 1822, he was replaced in a special election by James Stephenson (F). The second was in the 22nd district when Hugh Nelson resigned on January 14, 1823. The 22nd district was left vacant for the rest of the 17th Congress.

Non-voting delegates[edit]

There were four territories that had the right to send a delegate to at least part of the 17th Congress, only three of which actually sent delegates. Missouri Territory's seat remained vacant, as the territory was admitted as the State of Missouri early in the 17th Congress. Florida Territory sent its first delegate in 1822

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large James Woodson Bates 1819 Re-elected James Woodson Bates 51.5%
Matthew Lyon 48.5%
Michigan Territory at-large Solomon Sibley 1820 (special) Re-elected Solomon Sibley 47.0%
Augustus B. Woodward 28.2%
James MacCloskey 24.5%
Others 0.3%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Includes late elections
  2. ^ Stat. 545
  3. ^ Previously part of Massachusetts
  4. ^ Majority requirement for election, which was not met in 3 districts requiring additional elections on January 22, 1821 and September 10, 1821
  5. ^ a b Compared to the districts comprising the former District of Maine (former MA-14 to MA-20)
  6. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  7. ^ Majority requirement for election which was not met in 1 district requiring additional elections on January 8 and April 16, 1821
  8. ^ Seven districts moved to the new state of Maine
  9. ^ a b Compared to districts 1-13 in 1818
  10. ^ Includes 6 plural districts
  11. ^ Changed from at-large
  12. ^ Majority requirement for election which was not met in 2 districts requiring 6 additional elections held on December 11, 1820, February 19, May 1, July 2, September 4, and October 22, 1821
  13. ^ Includes 5 plural districts
  14. ^ The 6th district remained vacant for the entirety of the 17th Congress
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  16. ^ a b c Also elected in special election to fill vacancy in 16th Congress
  17. ^ http://artandhistory.house.gov/house_history/bioguide-front/16.pdf footnote 21
  18. ^ a b c d e Subsequently elected in special election
  19. ^ A New Nation Votes (see footnotes 1,2, and 5)
  20. ^ a b c d e f 17th Congress membership roster
  21. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here
  22. ^ A New Nation Votes
  23. ^ a b c d Based on incomplete returns
  24. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  25. ^ also supported by the Democratic-Republicans
  26. ^ a b c Changed parties
  27. ^ Received votes in many towns from Federalists