United States House of Representatives elections, 1900

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1900
United States
1898 ←
November 6, 1900
(3 states held earlier elections)
→ 1902

All 357 seats to the United States House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  DavidBremmerHenderson.jpg James D Richardson.jpg
Leader David Henderson James Richardson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Iowa-3rd Tennessee-5th
Last election 185 seats 163 seats
Seats before 190 seats[1] 158 seats
Seats won 198 153
Seat change Increase 8 Decrease 5

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Populist Silver Republican
Last election 6 seats 2 seats
Seats before 6 seats 2 seats
Seats won 5 1
Seat change Decrease 1 Decrease 1

Speaker before election

David Henderson
Republican

Elected Speaker

David Henderson
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1900 for members of the 57th Congress, coinciding with the re-election of President William McKinley.

McKinley's Republican Party gained thirteen seats from the Democratic Party and minor parties, cementing their majority. A reassertion of Republican control in the Mid-Atlantic was key in the gain of new seats. However, with an improved economy, especially in the industrial sector, the election cycle featured no keystone issue, resulting in a general support for the status quo. The fading Populist Party held on to five House seats, while the sole member of the Silver Party changed parties to Democratic.

Election summaries[edit]

198 1 5 153
Republican SR P Democratic
House seats
Republican
  
55.46%
Democratic
  
42.86%
Populist
  
1.40%
Silver Republican
  
0.28%
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic Populist Silver Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 0 Steady 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 6 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 7 7 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Colorado District 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 1 Steady
Connecticut District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 11 0 Steady 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Illinois District 22 11 Decrease 3 11 Increase 3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 9 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District
+at-large
8 7 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 2 Steady 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[2] District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 6 Increase 2 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 13 10 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District 12 12 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Minnesota District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 15 2 Decrease 1 13 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Montana At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 2 Steady 2 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1
New Hampshire District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 8 6 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 34 21 Increase 5 13 Decrease 5 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District 9 2 Steady 7 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
North Dakota At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 17 Increase 2 4 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oregon[2] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large
30 26 Increase 6 4 Decrease 6 0 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 2 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District 13 0 Decrease 1 13 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Utah At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[2] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 0 Steady 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington At-large 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
West Virginia District 4 4 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Total 357 198
55.5%
Increase 13 153
42.9%
Decrease 10 5
1.4%
Decrease 1 1
0.3%
Decrease 1

The previous election also had one member of the Silver Party

Three states, with 8 seats between them, held elections early in 1900:

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Republican
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Populist
  60+ to 80% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
  up to 60% Republican
  up to 60% Democratic
  up to 60% Populist
Changes in seats
  6+ Republican gain
  6+ Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Populist gain
  no net change

Complete returns[edit]

Party abbreviations

California[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 John All Barham Republican 1894 Retired
Republican hold
Frank Coombs (R) 55.3%
James F. Farraher (D) 42.4%
William Morgan (Soc) 1.6%
Charles T. Clark (P) 0.8%
California 2 Previous incumbent Marion De Vries (D) resigned
August 20, 1900 to accept a judicial position
Republican gain Samuel D. Woods[3] (R) 50.4%
J. D. Sproul (D) 47.9%
W. F. Lockwood (Soc) 0.9%
W. H. Barron (P) 0.8%
California 3 Victor H. Metcalf Republican 1898 Re-elected Victor H. Metcalf (R) 58.3%
Frank Freeman (D) 38%
R. A. Dague (Soc) 2.6%
Alvin W. Holt (P) 1.1%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Re-elected Julius Kahn (R) 55.7%
R. Porter Ashe (D) 38.2%
Charles C. O'Donnell (I) 3.6%
G. B. Benham (Soc) 2.2%
Joseph Rowell (P) 0.3%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Re-elected Eugene F. Loud (R) 55.7%
J. H. Henry (D) 41.3%
C. H. King Sr. (Soc) 2.2%
Fred E. Caton (P) 0.8%
California 6 Russell J. Waters Republican 1898 Retired
Republican hold
James McLachlan (R) 52.4%
W. D. Crichton (D) 42.4%
Noble A. Richardson (Soc) 3.1%
A. H. Hensley (P) 2.1%
California 7 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Re-elected James C. Needham (R) 51.8%
William Graves (D) 37.9%
H. G. Wilshire (Soc) 7%
James Campbell (P) 3.2%

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 87.0%
G. Brown Patterson (R) 13.0%
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Re-elected Robert Wyche Davis (D) 80.0%
John M. Cheney (R) 20.0%

Nevada[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Nevada at-large Francis G. Newlands Democratic 1892 Re-elected
as Democratic
Francis G. Newlands (D/Sil) 58.8%
E. S. Farrington (R) 41.2%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Elliott Democratic 1886
1896
Re-elected William Elliott (D) 72.7%
W. W. Beckett (R) 27.3%
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Re-elected W. Jasper Talbert (D) 97.7%
J. B. Odom (R) 2.3%
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Re-elected Asbury Latimer (D) 97.5%
Anson C. Merrick (R) 2.5%
South Carolina 4 Stanyarne Wilson Democratic 1894 Lost primary
Democratic hold
Joseph T. Johnson (D) 97.0%
S. T. Poinier (R) 3.0%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Re-elected David E. Finley (D) 97.3%
John F. Jones (R) 2.7%
South Carolina 6 James Norton Democratic 1897 (special) Lost primary
Democratic hold
Robert B. Scarborough (D) 94.3%
R. A. Stuart (R) 5.7%
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes Democratic 1894 Re-elected J. William Stokes (D) 93.2%
Alexander D. Dantzler (R) 6.8%

J. William Stokes (D) of the 7th district died in office on July 6, 1901 and was replaced in a special election by Asbury F. Lever (D)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Includes three vacancies
  2. ^ a b c Elections held early
  3. ^ Also won special election to 56th Congress