United States House of Representatives elections, 1904

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1904
United States
1902 ←
November 1, 1904[1]
→ 1906

All 386 seats to the United States House of Representatives
194 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois-18th Mississippi-8th
Last election 209 seats 176 seats
Seats won 250 136
Seat change Increase 41 Decrease 40

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1904 were held to elect members of the 59th Congress, and coincided with the re-election of President Theodore Roosevelt.

Roosevelt's popularity swept many Republican house candidates into office, cementing their majority over the opposition Democratic Party. Because Roosevelt came from a liberal wing of the Republican Party, his ideology was prevalent among freshman representatives. Progressive Republicanism mobililized a new base of support and proved to be especially popular among the Protestant middle class workers who held jobs in business or in the front offices of industrial facilities.

Election summaries[edit]

250 136
Republican Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
Arkansas District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
California District 8 8 Increase 3 0 Decrease 3
Colorado District
+at-large
3[2] 3 Increase 1 0 Steady
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Florida District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady
Georgia District 11 0 Steady 11 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 25 24 Increase 7 1 Decrease 7
Indiana District 13 11 Increase 2 2 Decrease 2
Iowa District 11 11 Increase 1 0 Steady
Kansas District
+at-large
8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 2 Increase 1 9 Decrease 1
Louisiana District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Maine[3] District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 3 Decrease 2 3 Increase 2
Massachusetts District 14 11 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1
Michigan District 12 12 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Minnesota District 9 9 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Mississippi District 8 0 Steady 8 Steady
Missouri District 16 9 Increase 8 7 Decrease 8
Montana At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 6 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 10 9 Increase 2 1 Decrease 2
New York District 37 26 Increase 6 11 Decrease 6
North Carolina District 10 1 Increase 1 9 Decrease 1
North Dakota District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 20 Increase 3 1 Decrease 3
Oregon[3] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District 32 31 Increase 3 1 Decrease 3
Rhode Island District 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
South Carolina District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 2 Steady 8 Steady
Texas District 16 0 Steady 16 Steady
Utah At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[3] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 1 Steady 9 Steady
Washington At-large 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
West Virginia District 5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 10 Steady 1 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Total 386 250
64.8%
Increase 41 136
35.2%
Decrease 40
House seats
Republican
  
64.77%
Democratic
  
35.23%

The previous election had 1 Silver Republican

Three states, with 8 seats between them, held elections early in 1904:

  80.1-100% Republican
  80.1-100% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  
  
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  6+ Republican gain
  6+ Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  no net change


Complete returns[edit]

Party abbreviations:

California[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Re-elected James N. Gillett (R) 54.1%
Anthony Caminetti (D) 39.3%
A. J. Gaylord (S) 5.5%
Jarrot Laban Rollins (Pr) 1.1%
California 2 Theodore A. Bell Democratic 1902 Lost re-election
Republican gain
Duncan E. McKinlay (R) 49.2%
Theodore A. Bell (D) 46.6%
J. H. White (S) 3.3%
Eli P. LaCell (Pr) 0.9%
California 3 Previous incumbent Victor H. Metcalf (R) resigned July 1, 1904
after being appointed Commerce Secretary
Republican hold Joseph R. Knowland[4] (R) 68.6%
Henry C. McPike (D) 20.1%
M. Lesser (S) 10.1%
Bates Morris (Pr) 1.3%
California 4 Edward J. Livernash Democratic 1902 Lost re-election
Republican gain
Julius Kahn (R) 56.8%
Edward J. Livernash (D) 36.4%
William Costley (S) 6.4%
Hubert R. Chapin (Pr) 0.4%
California 5 William J. Wynn Democratic 1902 Lost re-election
Republican gain
Everis A. Hayes (R) 52.3%
William J. Wynn (D) 39.7%
Frank R. Whitney (S) 5%
Charles J. Williams (UL) 2%
George B. Pratt (Pr) 1%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Re-elected James C. Needham (R) 55.1%
William M. Conley (D) 38.3%
J. L. Cobb (S) 4.5%
Joel H. Smith (Pr) 2.2%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Re-elected James McLachlan (R) 44.8%
Benjamin J. Cloes (P) 30.3%
W. O. Morton (D) 16.2%
Frank I. Wheat (S) 5.2%
John Sobieski (Pr) 3.6%
California 8 Milton J. Daniels Republican 1902 Retired
Republican hold
Sylvester C. Smith (R) 55.6%
Charles A. Barlow (D) 34.5%
Noble A. Richardson (S) 9.9%

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 75.1%
E. R. Gunby (R) 20.1%
Z. A. Middlebrooks (S) 4.7%
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Retired
Democratic hold
Frank Clark (D) 77.2%
John M. Cheney (R) 19.9%
W. B. Wood (S) 2.9%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Re-elected William B. Lamar (D) 100%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Re-elected George Swinton Legaré (D) 91.3%
J. N. Noland (R) 5.2%
Aaron P. Prioleau (R)3.5%
South Carolina 2 George W. Croft Democratic 1902 Retired
Democratic hold
James O'H. Patterson (D) 94.7%
Isaac Myers (R) 5.3%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Re-elected Wyatt Aiken (D) 98.2%
John Scott (R) 1.8%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Re-elected Joseph T. Johnson (D) 97.5%
J. D. Adams (R) 2.5%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Re-elected David E. Finley (D) 98.5%
C. P. White (R) 1.5%
South Carolina 6 Robert B. Scarborough Democratic 1900 Retired
Democratic hold
J. Edwin Ellerbe (D) 95.8%
E. H. Deas (R) 4.2%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Re-elected Asbury F. Lever (D) 93.8%
C. C. Jacobs 6.0%
Others 0.2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 3 states held later elections
  2. ^ Previous election had 1 Silver Republican
  3. ^ a b c Elections held early
  4. ^ Also elected in special election to 58th Congress