United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1806
The 1806 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held from April 29 to May 1, 1806, to elect 17 U.S. Representatives to represent the State of New York in the United States House of Representatives of the 10th United States Congress.
17 U.S. Representatives had been elected in April 1804 to a term in the 9th United States Congress beginning on March 4, 1805. Samuel L. Mitchill and Daniel D. Tompkins had resigned their seats, and George Clinton, Jr., and Gurdon S. Mumford were elected to fill the vacancies. The representatives' term would end on March 3, 1807. The congressional elections were held together with the State elections in late April 1806, about ten months before the term would start on March 4, 1807, and about a year and a half before Congress actually met on October 26, 1807.
Congressional districts 
After the U.S. census of 1800, New York's representation in the House was increased to 17 seats. On March 30, 1802, the New York State Legislature had re-apportioned the congressional districts, dividing New York County seemingly at random into two districts. After the election of one Democratic-Republican and one Federalist in 1802, the Dem.-Rep. majority in the State Legislature gerrymandered the two districts together in an Act passed on March 20, 1804, so that two congressmen would be elected on a general ticket by the voters of both districts, assuring the election of two Democratic-Republicans.
Three new counties had been created since the last elections in 1804: Inside the 15th D., Jefferson Co. was split off from Oneida Co.; in the 16th D., Madison Co. from Chenango Co.; and in the 17th D., Allegany Co. from Genesee Co. The area of the districts remained the same.
- The 1st District comprising Queens and Suffolk counties.
- The 2nd and 3rd District (two seats) comprising New York, Kings and Richmond counties.
- The 4th District comprising Westchester and Rockland counties.
- The 5th District comprising Orange County.
- The 6th District comprising Dutchess County.
- The 7th District comprising Ulster and Greene counties.
- The 8th District comprising Columbia County.
- The 9th District comprising Albany County.
- The 10th District comprising Rensselaer County.
- The 11h District comprising Clinton, Saratoga and Essex counties.
- The 12h District comprising Washington County.
- The 13th District comprising Montgomery and Schoharie counties.
- The 14th District comprising Delaware and Otsego counties.
- The 15th District comprising Herkimer, Oneida and Jefferson counties.
- The 16th District comprising Chenango, Tioga, Onondaga and Madison counties.
- The 17th District comprising Ontario, Steuben, Cayuga, Seneca and Allegany counties.
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
14 Clintonians, 2 Federalists and 1 Lewisite were elected. The incumbents Mumford, Clinton, Van Cortlandt, Blake, Verplanck, Van Rensselaer, Masters, Thomas and Russell were re-elected; the incumbents Sailly, Tracy and Halsey were defeated.
|District||Democratic-Republican (Clintonian)||Federalist||Democratic-Republican (Lewisite)||Democratic-Republican||Democratic-Republican (Lewisite)|
|2 and 3||Gurdon S. Mumford||4,617||John B. Coles||3,707||John R. Livingston||173|
|George Clinton, Jr.||4,406||Nicholas Fish||3,695|
|4||Philip Van Cortlandt||969||Peter A. Jay||855||Samuel S. Smith||127||Peter Taulman||135|
|5||John Blake, Jr.||1,396||Reuben Hopkins||822|
|6||Daniel C. Verplanck||1,208|
|7||Johannes Bruyn||515||Barent Gardenier||1,408||William A. Thompson||1,024|
|8||James I. Van Alen||1,735||Robert Le Roy Livingston||1,725|
|9||Benjamin DeWitt||891||Killian K. Van Rensselaer||1,269||Henry Glen||562|
|10||Josiah Masters||1,282||Hosea Moffitt||1,146|
|11||John Thompson||2,018||Asahel Porter||1,381||Peter Sailly||91|
|13||Peter Swart||2,825||Isaac H. Tiffany||1,245|
|14||John Russell||2,129||Solomon Martin||1,034|
|15||John Nicholson||2,124||William Kirkpatrick||2,628|
|16||Reuben Humphrey||3,308||Thaddeus M. Wood||313||John Cantine||119||Uri Tracy||101|
|17||John Harris||1,736||Daniel W. Lewis||1,661||Silas Halsey||1,457||James Faulkner||91|
Note: The Anti-Federalists called themselves "Republicans." However, at the same time, the Federalists called them "Democrats" which was meant to be pejorative. After some time both terms got more and more confused, and sometimes used together as "Democratic Republicans" which later historians have adopted (with a hyphen) to describe the party from the beginning, to avoid confusion with both the later established and still existing Democratic and Republican parties.
Aftermath and special election 
The House of Representatives of the 10th United States Congress met for the first time at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., on October 26, 1807, and Blake, Gardenier, Harris, Humphrey, Kirkpatrick, Masters, Riker, Russell, Swart, Thomas Thompson, Van Alen, Van Cortlandt, Van Rensselaer and Verplanck took their seats on this day. Mumford took his seat on November 2, and Clinton on February 1, 1808.
David Thomas was appointed New York State Treasurer on February 5, 1808, and resigned his seat. His letter of resignation was read in the House on February 17. A special election to fill the vacancy was held at the annual State election in April 1808, and was won by Nathan Wilson, of the same party. Wilson took his seat on November 7, 1808.
|12||Nathan Wilson||2,327||Asa Fitch||1,755|
- 14 Clintonians and 1 Lewisite
- John B. Coles, state senator 1800-02
- Peter Taulman, assemblyman 1787 and 1788, delegate to constitutional convention 1801
- Reuben Hopkins, state senator 1794-97
- Johannes Bruyn, assemblyman 1781-82, 1782-83, 1796-97 and 1800; presidential elector 1792; state senator 1810-13
- William A. Thompson, First Judge of Sullivan Co. 1809-28
- Asahel Porter, assemblyman 1804-05 and 1806
- Solomon Martin, assemblyman 1800-01 and 1802
- Thaddeus M. Wood, Surrogate of Onondaga Co. 1799-1800
- Daniel W. Lewis, assemblyman 1804-05 and 1806; D.A. of the Seventh D. 1810-11
- James Faulkner, assemblyman 1803 and 1804; First Judge of Steuben Co. 1804-13
- Abridgment of the Debates in Congress from 1789 to 1856 (Vol. III; pages 612, 614 and 676)
- Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States (Vol. V; page 182)
- Abridgment of the Debates in Congress from 1789 to 1856 (Vol. IV; page 36)
- The New York Civil List compiled in 1858 (see: pg. 65 for district apportionment; pg. 69 for Congressmen)
- Members of the Tenth United States Congress [gives wrong resignation date "May 1, 1808" for Thomas]
- Election result 1st D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 2nd/3rd D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 4th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 5th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 6th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 7th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 8th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 9th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- 10th D. at Ourcampaigns.com
- Election result 11th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- 12th D. at Ourcampaigns.com
- Election result 13th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 14th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 15th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 16th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result 17th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"
- Special election result 12th D. at Tufts University Library project "A New Nation Votes"