United States House of Representatives elections, 1828

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United States House of Representatives elections, 1828
United States
1826 ←
July 9, 1828 - October 5, 1829
→ 1830

All 213 seats to the United States House of Representatives
107 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  AndrewStevenson.jpg JohnWTaylor.jpg
Leader Andrew Stevenson John W. Taylor Phineas L. Tracy
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic
Leader's seat Virginia-9th New York-17th New York-29th
Last election 113 seats 100 seats 0 seats
Seats won 135 73 5
Seat change Increase 22 Decrease 27 Increase 5

Speaker before election

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elected Speaker

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

In the United States House of Representatives elections in 1828, the Jacksonians soundly took control of the presidency, with Andrew Jackson's victory, and greatly increased their majority in Congress. Outgoing President John Quincy Adams's unpopularity played a major role in the Jacksonian pick-up, as did the perception of the Anti-Jacksonian Party as urban and elitist. Major increases in suffrage also heightened Jacksonian wins, as newly enfranchised voters tended to associate with Jacksonian principles. The Anti-Masonic Party, a single issue faction based on distrust of Freemasonry, became the first third party in American history to garner seats in the House.

Election summaries[edit]

135 5 73
Jacksonian AM Anti-Jacksonian
State Type Date Total
seats
Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Delaware At-large October 7, 1828 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large[1] October 6, 1828 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois At-large August 4, 1828 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District (3) August 4, 1828 3 1 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District (3) July 8–10, 1828 3 1 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Maine District (7) September 8, 1828 7 4 Increase2 3 Decrease2 0 Steady
Massachusetts District (13) November 7, 1828 13 0 Steady 13 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 4–5, 1828 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri At-large August 4, 1828 1 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1 0 Steady
New Jersey At-large November 4, 1828 6 0 Decrease1 6 Increase1 0 Steady
New York District (30[2]) November 3–5, 1828 34 19 Decrease1 12 Decrease2 3 Increase3
Ohio District (14) October 14, 1828 14 8 Increase6 6 Decrease6 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District (18[3]) October 14, 1828 26 24 Increase4 1 Decrease5 1 Increase1
South Carolina District (9) October 13–14, 1828 9 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District (5) September 2, 1828 5 0 Steady 4 Decrease1 1 Increase1
1829 elections
Alabama District (3) August 3, 1829 3 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut At-large April 29, 1829 6 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District (12) August 3, 1829 12 10 Increase3 2 Decrease3 0 Steady
Maryland District (8[4]) October 5, 1829 9 6 Increase3 3 Decrease3 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large March 10, 1829 6 6 Increase5 0 Decrease5 0 Steady
North Carolina District (13) August 13, 1829 13 10 Increase1 3 Decrease1 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 27, 1829 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District (9) August 6–7, 1829 9 8 Decrease1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
Virginia District (22) April, 1829 22 16 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady
Total 213 135
63.4%
Increase22 73
34.3%
Decrease27 5
2.3%
Increase5
House seats
Jacksonian
  
63.38%
Anti-Jacksonian
  
34.27%
Anti-Masonic
  
2.35%

Complete returns[edit]

Alabama[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama 1
Known as the Northern district
Gabriel Moore Jacksonian 1821 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Clement C. Clay (J) 52.0%
Nicholas Davis (AJ) 48.0%
Alabama 2
Known as the Middle district
John McKee Jacksonian 1823 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Robert E. B. Baylor (J) 47.3%
Seth Barron 27.5%
Henry W. Ellis (J) 25.2%
Alabama 3
Known as the Southern district
George W. Owen Jacksonian 1823 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Dixon H. Lewis (J) 41.4%
Samuel W. Oliver 31.3%
Francis Armstrong 27.3%

Connecticut[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
David Plant Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Ralph Isaacs Ingersoll (AJ) 12.5%
Noyes Barber (AJ) 11.4%
Ebenezer Young (AJ) 9.9%
Jabez W. Huntington (AJ) 9.5%
William L. Storrs (AJ) 8.5%
William W. Ellsworth (AJ) 8.4%

David Plant (J[5]) 8.1%
John M. Niles (J) 4.8%
Andrew T. Judson (J) 4.6%
Orange Merwin (J[5]) 4.5%
Elisha Phelps (J[5]) 3.8%
John P. Trott (J) 3.4%
Hinman[6] (J) 3.4%
Roger Sherman 2.0%
Daniel Burrows 1.9%
Others 3.4%
Elisha Phelps Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1825
Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Ralph I. Ingersoll Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected
Orange Merwin Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Noyes Barber Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected
John Baldwin Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large Kensey Johns, Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1827 (special) Re-elected Kensey Johns, Jr. (AJ) 52.3%
James A. Bayard, Jr. (J) 47.7%

Georgia[edit]

Georgia returned to electing its Representatives at-large for the 1828 election.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
George R. Gilmer
Redistricted from the 1st district
Jacksonian 1820
1827 (special)
Re-elected George R. Gilmer (J) 11.1%
Richard Henry Wilde (J) 11.0%
Wiley Thompson (J) 10.2%
James M. Wayne (J) 9.4%
Charles E. Haynes (J) 8.8%
Thomas F. Foster (J) 8.3%
Wilson Lumpkin (J) 7.6%

John A. Cuthbert (J) 6.7%
Thomas U. Charlton (J) 6.2%
James Meriwether (J) 5.6%
William Triplett (J) 5.5%
Charles Williamson (J) 5.1%
Daniel H. Braisford (J) 4.5%
Richard Henry Wilde
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Jacksonian 1824 (special
1827 (special)
Re-elected
Wiley Thompson
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected
Wilson Lumpkin
Redistricted from the 4th district
Jacksonian 1814
1826
Re-elected
Charles E. Haynes
Redistricted from the 5th district
Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Tomlinson Fort
Redistricted from the 6th district
Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
John Floyd
Redistricted from the 7th district
Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold

George R. Gilmer (J) did not serve in the 21st Congress and was replaced in a special election by Henry G. Lamar (J)

Illinois[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Illinois at-large Joseph Duncan Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Joseph Duncan (J) 62.9%
George Forquer (AJ) 37.1%

Indiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana 1 Thomas H. Blake Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Ratliff Boon (J) 50.3%
Thomas H. Blake (AJ) 49.7%
Indiana 2 Jonathan Jennings Anti-Jacksonian 1822 (special) Re-elected Jonathan Jennings (AJ) 73.3%
John H. Thompson (J) 26.7%
Indiana 3 Oliver H. Smith Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian gain
John Test (AJ) 55.8%
Jon McCarty (J) 44.2%

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 Henry Daniel Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Henry Daniel (J) 66.6%
Micajah Harrison (AJ) 33.4%
Kentucky 2 John Chambers Anti-Jacksonian 1828 (special) Retired
Jacksonian gain
Nicholas D. Coleman (J) 45.1%
Adam Beatty (AJ) 45.1%
George M. Bedinger (AJ) 8.3%
James G. Leach (J) 1.6%
Kentucky 3 James Clark Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1825 (special)
Re-elected James Clark (AJ) 71.4%
Matthew Flournoy 28.6%
Kentucky 4 Robert P. Letcher Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Robert P. Letcher[7] (AJ)
Kentucky 5 Robert L. McHatton Jacksonian 1826 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Richard M. Johnson (J) 55.2%
Robert L. McHatton (J) 44.8%
Kentucky 6 Joseph Lecompte Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Joseph Lecompte (J) 54.6%
Thomas P. Wilson 45.4%
Kentucky 7 Thomas P. Moore Jacksonianian 1822 Retired
Jacksonian hold
John Kincaid (J) 56.3%
William P. Booker 43.7%
Kentucky 8 Richard A. Buckner Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Nathan Gaither (J) 34.5%
Martin Beaty (AJ) 33.0%
William Owens (J) 15.1%
Tunstall Quarles (J) 14.5%
Anderson[6] (J) 2.9%
Kentucky 9 Charles A. Wickliffe Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Charles A. Wickliffe (J) 53.6%
Richard Rudd (AJ) 46.4%
Kentucky 10 Joel Yancey Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Joel Yancey (J) 51.4%
Francis Johnson (AJ?) 48.6%
Kentucky 11 Thomas Chilton Jacksonian 1827 (special) Re-elected Thomas Chilton (J) 64.7%
James Crutcher (AJ) 35.3%
Kentucky 12 Chittenden Lyon Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Chittenden Lyon[7] (J)

Louisiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Louisiana 1 Edward Livingston Jacksonian 1822 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Edward D. White (AJ) 58.6%
Edward Livingston (J) 41.4%
Louisiana 2 Henry H. Gurley Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Henry H. Gurley (AJ) 51.1%
Lafayette Saunders (J) 48.9%
Louisiana 3 William L. Brent Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Walter H. Overton (J) 55.9%
William L. Brent (AJ) 44.1%

Maine[edit]

Maine law at the time required a majority vote for election, necessitating a second election in the 5th district and a total of 6 elections in the 6th district. Only the results of the first and final elections are shown here.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First vote Final vote
Maine 1 Rufus McIntire Jacksonian 1827 (special) Re-elected Rufus McIntire (J) 66.0%
Simon Nowall 7.5%
Nathaniel Appleton 7.1%
Samuel A. Bradley 5.8%
Moses Emery 4.9%
John Holmes (AJ) 4.3%
Others 4.5%
Maine 2 John Anderson Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected John Anderson (J) 76.2%
Joseph Anderson 20.2%
Others 3.6%
Maine 3 Joseph F. Wingate Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Joseph F. Wingate (AJ) 75.2%
John Ruggles (J) 11.7%
Samuel E. Smith (J) 6.4%
Albert Smith (J) 3.5%
Others 3.3%
Maine 4 Peleg Sprague Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Peleg Sprague (AJ) 94.8%
Others 5.2%
Maine 5 James W. Ripley Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Reuel Washburn (AJ) 49.96%
James W. Ripley (J) 43.7%
Oliver Herrick 3.2%
Samuel A. Bradley 2.4%
Others 0.8%
James W. Ripley (J) 54.4%
Reuel Washburn (AJ) 44.6%
Others 1.0%
Maine 6 Jeremiah O'Brien Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Jeremiah O'Brien (J[5]) 48.0%
Joshua W. Hathaway (J) 31.4%
Joshua Hall 10.1%
Samuel Upton 9.0%
Others 1.4%
Leonard Jarvis (J) 53.8%
John G. Deane 19.1%
Samuel Upton 163.7%
Philip Morrill 6.3%
Charles Lowell 2.1%
Others 2.1%
Maine 7 Samuel Butman Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Samuel Butman (AJ) 62.0%
William Emerson 29.1%
Samuel Whitney 7.4%
Others 1.6%

Peleg Sprague (AJ) of the 4th district resigned upon being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by George Evans (AJ)

The election in the 6th district was not resolved until near the end of the 1st session.

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Clement Dorsey Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Clement Dorsey (AJ) 88.1%
Others 11.9%
Maryland 2 John C. Weems Jacksonian 1826 (special) Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Benedict J. Semmes (AJ) 54.5%
John C. Weems (J) 45.5%
Maryland 3 George C. Washington Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected George C. Washington (AJ) 100%
Maryland 4 Michael C. Sprigg Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Michael C. Sprigg (J) 56.0%
William Price (AJ) 44.0%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
John Barney Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Benjamin C. Howard (J) 30.0%
Elias Brown (J) 29.4%

Peter Little (AJ) 22.6%
John Barney (AJ) 18.0%
Peter Little Anti-Jacksonian 1810
1816
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Maryland 6 Levin Gale Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
George E. Mitchell (J) 53.5%
James W. Williams (AJ) 46.5%
Maryland 7 John Leeds Kerr Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Richard Spencer (J) 50.3%
John Leeds Kerr (AJ) 49.7%
Maryland 8 Ephraim K. Wilson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Ephraim K. Wilson (AJ) 97.9%
Others 2.1%

Massachusetts[edit]

The majority requirement for election was met in all 13 districts in 1828.

District[8] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
Benjamin Gorham Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (special)
1827 (special
Re-elected Benjamin Gorham (AJ) 78.6%
William Ingalls (J) 19.9%
Henry See 1.5%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
Benjamin W. Crowninshield Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Benjamin W. Crowninshield (AJ) 54.6%
Leverett Saltonstall (AJ) 26.0%
Ezra Mudge 11.7%
Joseph S. Cabot (J) 7.7%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
John Varnum Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected John Varnum (AJ) 73.1%
George Savory (J) 16.7%
Samuel Phillips 6.6%
John Fitz 3.7%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Edward Everett Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Edward Everett (AJ) 74.2%
S. M. Parker[6] (J) 11.6%
S. Fiske[6] 11.5%
Others 2.7%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Worcester South district
John Davis Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected John Davis (AJ) 90.4%
Jonas Sibley 6.8%
Sumner Boston 2.8%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Worcester North district
John Locke Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Joseph G. Kendall (AJ) 52.7%
John Locke (AJ) 44.2%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Franklin district
Samuel C. Allen Anti-Jacksonian 1816 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian hold
George Grennell, Jr. (AJ) 69.7%
Elihu Hoyt (AJ) 15.7%
Samuel Dickinson (AJ) 9.5%
Samuel C. Allen (AJ) 3.6%
Others 1.5%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Hampden district
Isaac C. Bates Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Isaac C. Bates (AJ) 87.7%
John Mills (J) 7.9%
Others 4.4%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Berkshire district
Henry W. Dwight Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected Henry W. Dwight (AJ) 53.4%
George N. Briggs (AJ) 24.6%
Nathan Willis (J) 22.0%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Norfolk district
John Bailey Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected John Bailey (A) 75.9%
William Ellis (J) 13.9%
Ebenezer Seaver (J) 5.6%
Others 4.6%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Plymouth district
Joseph Richardson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Joseph Richardson (AJ) 52.6%
Thomas P. Beal (AJ) 47.4%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Bristol district
James L. Hodges Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected James L. Hodges (AJ) 81.2%
Francis Baylies (J) 7.8%
Others 10.9%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Barnstable district
John Reed, Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1820
Re-elected John Reed, Jr. (AJ) 94.3%
Others 5.7%

Mississippi[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Mississippi at-large William Haile Jacksonian 1826 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Thomas Hinds[9] (J) 43.3%
David Dickson (J) 23.6%
Adam L. Bingaman (AJ) 17.3%
William Haile (J) 15.8%

Missouri[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Missouri at-large Edward Bates Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Spencer D. Pettis (J) 60.6%
Edward Bates (AJ) 39.4%

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Ichabod Bartlett Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Retired
Jacksonian gain
John Brodhead (J) 9.3%
Thomas Chandler (J) 9.2%
Jonathan Harvey (J) 9.2%
Joseph Hammons (J) 9.2%
John W. Weeks (J) 9.2%
Henry Hubbard (J) 9.2%

Langley Boardman (AJ) 7.8%
Joseph Bell (AJ) 7.7%
Ezekiel Webster (AJ) 7.7%
Jothan Lord (AJ) 7.6%
David Barker, Jr. (AJ) 7.2%
John Wallace (AJ) 6.7%
Jonathan Harvey Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Titus Brown Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
David Barker, Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Thomas Whipple, Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Joseph Healy Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain

New Jersey[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Lewis Condict Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected Lewis Condict (AJ) 8.7%
Richard M. Cooper (AJ) 8.7%
Isaac Pierson (AJ) 8.7%
Samuel Swan (AJ) 8.7%
James F. Randolph[9] (AJ) 8.6%
Thomas H. Hughes (AJ) 8.6%

William N. Jeffers (J) 8.0%
James Parker (J) 8.0%
Peter D. Vroom (J) 8.0%
John Clement 8.0%
George Cassedy (J) 8.0%
Samuel Fowler (J) 8.0%
Previous incumbent George Holcombe (J) died January 14, 1828 Jacksonian hold
Isaac Pierson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected
Previous incumbent Hedge Thompson (AJ) died July 23, 1828 Anti-Jacksonian gain
Samuel Swan Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected
Ebenezer Tucker Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold

New York[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Silas Wood Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
James Lent (J) 52.3%
Silas Wood (AJ) 47.7%
New York 2 John J. Wood Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Jacob Crocheron (J) 59.2%
Peter W. Radcliff (AJ) 40.8%
New York 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Churchill C. Cambreleng Jacksonian 1821 Re-elected Campbell P. White (J) 24.0%
Gulian Verplanck (J) 18.8%
Churchill C. Cambreleng (J) 18.8%

David Ogden (AJ) 14.9%
Thomas C. Taylor (AJ) 14.6%
Ebenezer Lord (AJ) 9.0%
Gulian Verplanck Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected
Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
New York 4 Aaron Ward Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Henry B. Cowles (AJ) 51.0%
Caleb Tompkins (J) 49.0%
New York 5 Previous incumbent Thomas J. Oakley (J) resigned May 9, 1828 to become a judge of the superior court of New York City Jacksonian hold Abraham Bockee (J) 58.5%
Edmund H. Pendleton (AJ) 41.5%
New York 6 John Hallock, Jr. Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Hector Craig (J) 55.7%
Samuel J. Wilkin (AJ) 44.3%
New York 7 George O. Belden Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Charles G. DeWitt (J) 61.9%
Lewis D. Bevier (AJ) 27.3%
John Bogardus (AM) 10.8%
New York 8 James Strong Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1822
Re-elected James Strong (AJ) 50.9%
James Vanderpoel (J) 49.1%
New York 9 John D. Dickinson Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1826
Re-elected John D. Dickinson (AJ) 51.6%
George R. Davis (J) 48.4%
New York 10 Stephen Van Rensselaer Anti-Jacksonian 1822 (special) Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Ambrose Spencer (AJ) 51.0%
Charles E. Dudley (J) 47.7%
George Merchant (AM) 1.2%
New York 11 Selah R. Hobbie Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Perkins King (J) 61.6%
Jacob Haight (AJ) 38.4%
New York 12 John I. De Graff Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Peter I. Borst (J) 57.5%
Jacob Livingston (AJ) 42.5%
New York 13 Samuel Chase Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian gain
William G. Angel (J) 55.7%
Erastus Crafts (AJ) 44.3%
New York 14 Henry R. Storrs Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1822
Re-elected Henry R. Storrs (AJ) 51.1%
Greene C. Bronson (J) 48.9%
New York 15 Michael Hoffman Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected Michael Hoffman (J) 100%
New York 16 Henry Markell Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Benedict Arnold (AJ) 52.9%
William I. Dodge (J) 47.1%
New York 17 John W. Taylor Anti-Jacksonian 1812 Re-elected John W. Taylor (AJ) 54.9%
John Cramer (J) 45.1%
New York 18 Henry C. Martindale Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Henry C. Martindale (AJ) 58.0%
John Willard (J) 42.0%
New York 19 Richard Keese Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Isaac Finch (AJ) 48.0%
William Hogan (J) 44.7%
John McLean (AM) 4.1%
John Cameron 3.3%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Silas Wright, Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Joseph Hawkins (AJ) 25.5%
George Fisher (AJ) 25.1%

Silas Wright, Jr. (J) 25.1%
Perley Keyes (J) 24.2%
Rudolph Bunner Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian gain
New York 21 John C. Clark Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Robert Monell (J) 63.6%
Tilly Lynde 36.4%
New York 22 John G. Stower Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Thomas Beekman (AJ) 53.4%
John G. Stower (J) 46.6%
New York 23 Jonas Earll, Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Jonas Earll, Jr. (J) 50.4%
Daniel Kellogg (AJ) 44.6%
Parson P. Shipman 5.0%
New York 24 Nathaniel Garrow Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Gershom Powers (J) 61.6%
Daniel Kellogg (AJ) 24.8%
Moses Dixon (AM) 13.6%
New York 25 David Woodcock Anti-Jacksonian 1821
1826
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Thomas Maxwell (J) 60.1%
David Woodcock (AJ) 39.9%
New York 26
Plural district with 2 seats
Dudley Marvin Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Lost re-election
Anti-Masonic gain
Robert S. Rose (AM) 26.4%
Jehiel H. Halsey (J) 21.4%

Phineas P. Bates (J) 20.8%
Dudley Marvin (AJ) 16.1%
Israel J. Richardson (AM) 15.3%
John Maynard Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Retired
Jacksonian gain
New York 27 Daniel D. Barnard Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Lost re-election
Anti-Masonic gain
Timothy Childs (AM) 54.6%
Addison Gardiner (J) 36.0%
Daniel D. Barnard (AJ) 9.4%
New York 28 John Magee Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected John Magee (J) 55.2%
Timothy H. Porter (AJ) 44.8%
New York 29 Phineas L. Tracy Anti-Jacksonian 1827 (special) Re-elected
as Anti-Masonic
Phineas L. Tracy (AM[5]) 68.9%
Heman J. Redfield (J) 31.1%
New York 30 Daniel G. Garnsey Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Ebenezer F. Norton (J) 45.0%
John Birdsall (J) 24.3%
John G. Camp (AJ) 17.3%
Daniel G. Garnsey (AM[5]) 13.4%

Hector Craig (J) of the 6th district resigned July 12, 1830 and was replaced in a special election by Samuel W. Eager (AJ)

In the 20th district, Silas Wright, Jr. (J) contested the election of George Fisher (J), who, in turn, resigned March 9, 1830 without serving, and was replaced in a special election by Jonah Sanford (J).

Robert Monell (J) of the 21st district resigned February 21, 1831

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Jacksonian 1807
1825
Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
William Biddle Shepard (AJ) 54.0%
Lemuel Sawyer (J) 46.0%
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Jacksonian 1798
1825
Re-elected Willis Alston (J) 93.9%
George E. Spruill 6.1%
North Carolina 3 Thomas H. Hall Jacksonian 1817
1827
Re-elected Thomas H. Hall (J) 93.5%
Richard Hines (J) 3.9%
William A. Blount (J) 2.6%
North Carolina 4 John H. Bryan Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Jesse Speight (J) 64.5%
Thomas H. Daves (J) 26.2%
James Manney (AJ) 9.4%
North Carolina 5 Gabriel Holmes Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Gabriel Holmes (J) 52.2%
Edward B. Dudley[10] (J) 47.8%
North Carolina 6 Daniel Turner Jacksonian 1827 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Robert Potter (J) 83.9%
Samuel Hillman (AJ) 12.5%
W. Joyner[6] 3.6%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Anti-Jacksonian 1806
1827
Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Edmund Deberry (AJ) 51.9%
John A. Cameron (AJ) 48.1%
North Carolina 8 Daniel L. Barringer Jacksonian 1826 (special) Re-elected Daniel L. Barringer (J) 61.5%
James A. Craig (J) 37.0%
Nathaniel J. Palmer 1.3%
Boyle[6] 0.2%
North Carolina 9 Augustine H. Shepperd Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Augustine H. Shepperd (J) 100%
North Carolina 10 John Long Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John Giles (J) 58.6%
John Long (AJ) 41.4%
North Carolina 11 Henry W. Connor Jacksonian 1821 Re-elected Henry W. Connor[7] (J)
North Carolina 12 Samuel P. Carson Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Samuel P. Carson (J) 100%
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Anti-Jacksonian 1815 Re-elected Lewis Williams (AJ) 58.6%
Samuel King (J) 41.4%

Gabriel Holmes (J) of the 5th district died September 26, 1829 and was replaced in a special election by Edward B. Dudley (J).

John Giles (J) of the 10th district resigned before the start of Congress and was replaced in a special election by Abraham Rencher (J)

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio 1 James Findlay Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected James Findlay (J) 64.4%
David K. Este (AJ) 35.6%
Ohio 2 John Woods Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
James Shields (J) 62.1%
John Woods (AJ) 37.9%
Ohio 3 William McLean Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Joseph H. Crane (AJ) 57.4%
Morris Seeley (J) 42.6%
Ohio 4 Joseph Vance Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected Joseph Vance (AJ) 64.7%
John Alexander (J) 35.3%
Ohio 5 William Russell Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected William Russell (J) 71.8%
Isaiah Morris (AJ) 28.2%
Ohio 6 William Creighton, Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected William Creighton, Jr. (AJ) 50.2%
Cadwallader Wallace (J) 49.8%
Ohio 7 Samuel F. Vinton Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Samuel F. Vinton (AJ) 63.0%
George House (J) 37.0%
Ohio 8 William Stanbery Jacksonian 1827 (special) Re-elected William Stanbery[7] (J)
Isaac Minor (AJ)
Ohio 9 Philemon Beecher Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1822
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
William W. Irvin (J) 56.0%
Philemon Beecher (AJ) 44.0%
Ohio 10 John Davenport Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
William Kennon, Sr. (J) 51.2%
John Davenport (AJ) 48.8%
Ohio 11 John C. Wright Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John M. Goodenow (J) 52.6%
John C. Wright (AJ) 47.4%
Ohio 12 John Sloan Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John Thomson (J) 46.2%
John Sloan (AJ) 40.4%
George M. Cook 9.1%
John Harris 4.3%
Ohio 13 Elisha Whittlesey Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Elisha Whittlesey (AJ) 81.1%
Eli Baldwin (J) 18.9%
Ohio 14 Mordecai Bartley Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Mordecai Bartley (AJ) 52.1%
William H. Hunter (J) 28.6%
Reuben Wood (AJ) 19.3%

John M. Goodenow (J) of the 11th district resigned April 9, 1830, having been chosen as a judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio and was replaced in a special election by Humphrey H. Leavitt (J)

Pennsylvania[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[11]
Pennsylvania 1 Joel B. Sutherland Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Joel B. Sutherland (J) 74.7%
Peter A. Browne (AJ) 25.3%
Pennsylvania 2 John Sergeant Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1827 (special)
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Joseph Hemphill (J) 54.2%
John Sergeant (AJ) 45.8%
Pennsylvania 3 Daniel H. Miller Jacksonian 1822 Re-elected Daniel H. Miller (J) 68.3%
Samuel Harvey (AJ) 31.7%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
James Buchanan Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected James Buchanan (J) 17.6%
Joshua Evans, Jr. (J) 17.5%
George G. Leiper (J) 17.4%

Samuel Anderson (AJ) 15.9%
Townsend Haines (AJ) 15.9%
William Hiester (J) 15.8%
Samuel Anderson Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Charles Miner Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Pennsylvania 5 John B. Sterigere Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected John B. Sterigere (J) 56.9%
Joseph Royer (AJ) 43.1%
Pennsylvania 6 Innis Green Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Innis Green (J) 72.0%
Valentine Hummel (AJ) 28.0%
Pennsylvania 7
Plural district with 2 seats
Joseph Fry, Jr. Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Joseph Fry, Jr. (J) 31.1%
Henry A. P. Muhlenberg (J) 28.8%

Henry King (AJ) 20.4%
William Addams (AJ[5]) 19.6%
William Addams Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Pennsylvania 8
Plural district with 2 seats
George Wolf Jacksonian 1824 Re-elected George Wolf (J) 30.6%
Samuel D. Ingham (J) 30.0%

James M. Porter (AJ) 20.0%
Thomas G. Kennedy (AJ) 19.4%
Samuel D. Ingham Jacksonian 1812
1822 (special)
Re-elected
Pennsylvania 9
Plural district with 3 seats
George Kremer Jacksonian 1822 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Philander Stephens (J) 26.9%
James Ford (J) 26.6%
Alem Marr (J) 25.9%

John Murray (AJ) 8.5%
Chauncey Alford (AJ) 7.4%
George M. Hollenback (AJ) 4.7%
Espy Van Horne Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Samuel McKean Jacksonian 1822 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Pennsylvania 10 Adam King Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Adam King (J) 63.2%
William McIlvine (AJ) 36.8%
Pennsylvania 11
Plural district with 2 seats
James Wilson Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Thomas H. Crawford (J) 29.9%
William Ramsey (J) 29.3%

James Wilson (AJ) 20.5%
George Chambers (AJ) 20.4%
William Ramsey Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 12 John Mitchell Jacksonian 1824 Retired
Jacksonian hold
John Scott (J) 44.3%
William P. Maclay (AJ) 31.3%
David H. Huling (J) 24.4%
Pennsylvania 13 Chauncey Forward Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Chauncey Forward (J) 51.9%
William Piper (AJ) 48.1%
Pennsylvania 14 Andrew Stewart Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Thomas Irwin (J) 56.3%
Andrew Stewart (AJ) 43.7%
Pennsylvania 15 Joseph Lawrence Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
William McCreery (J) 64.8%
Joseph Lawrence (AJ) 35.2%
Pennsylvania 16
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Orr, Jr. Jacksonian 1825 (special) Retired
Jacksonian hold
John Gilmore (J) 29.6%
William Wilkins (AM) 24.7%

James S. Stevenson (J) 23.8%
Robert Moore (AJ) 18.3%
William Ayers 3.6%
James S. Stevenson Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Anti-Masonic gain
Pennsylvania 17 Richard Coulter Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Richard Coulter (J) 100%
Pennsylvania 18 Stephen Barlow Jacksonian 1826 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Thomas H. Sill (AJ) 54.3%
Stephen Barlow (J) 45.7%

Samuel D. Ingham (J) and George Wolf (J) of the 8th district resigned in March, 1829 and August 31, 1829, respectively. Both were replaced in a special election by Peter Ihrie, Jr. (J) and Samuel A. Smith (J).

William Wilkins (AM) of the 16th district resigned November 9, 1829 and was replaced in a special election by Harmar Denny (AM).

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Tristam Burges Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Dutee J. Pearce (AJ) 37.5%
Tristam Burges (AJ) 35.6%

Samuel Eddy (J) 10.8%
Job Durfee (J) 9.8%
Elisha R. Potter 4.5%
John D'Wolf 1.8%
Dutee J. Pearce Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Drayton Jacksonian 1825 (special) Re-elected William Drayton[7] (J)
South Carolina 2 James Hamilton, Jr. Jacksonian 1822 (special) Retired
Jacksonian hold
Robert W. Barnwell[7] (J)
South Carolina 3 Thomas R. Mitchell Jacksonian 1820
1824
Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
John Campbell[7] (J)
Thomas R. Mitchell (J)
South Carolina 4 William D. Martin Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected William D. Martin[7] (J)
South Carolina 5 George McDuffie Jacksonian 1820 Re-elected George McDuffie[7] (J)
South Carolina 6 Warren R. Davis Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Warren R. Davis (J) 76.1%[12]
Cobb[6] 23.9%
South Carolina 7 William T. Nuckolls Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected William T. Nuckolls[7] (J)
South Carolina 8 John Carter Jacksonian 1822 (special) Retired
Jacksonian hold
James Blair (J) 41.5%
Richard Irvine Manning I (J) 38.7%
James G. Spann (J) 19.8%
South Carolina 9 Starling Tucker Jacksonian 1816 Re-elected Starling Tucker[7] (J)

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Blair Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected John Blair (J) 67.3%
John A. Rogers 16.5%
William Priestly 16.2%
Tennessee 2 Pryor Lea Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Pryor Lea (J) 51.2%
Thomas D. Arnold (AJ) 48.8%
Tennessee 3 James C. Mitchell Jacksonian 1825 Retired
Jacksonian hold
James I. Standifer (J) 82.3%
James Lowry 17.7%
Tennessee 4 Jacob C. Isacks Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected Jacob C. Isacks (J) 100%
Tennessee 5 Robert Desha Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Robert Desha (J) 64.2%
William Trousdale (J) 35.8%
Tennessee 6 James K. Polk Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected
Tennessee 7 John Bell Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected John Bell (J) 100%
Tennessee 8 John H. Marable Jacksonian 1825 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Cave Johnson (J) 52.9%
John H. Marable (J) 47.1%
Tennessee 9 Davy Crockett Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected
as Anti-Jacksonian
Davy Crockett (AJ[5]) 63.8%
Adam R. Alexander (J) 34.3%
Joel Estes 1.6%
James Clark 0.2%

Vermont[edit]

Vermont electoral law required a majority for election. Two elections were required in the 3rd district and 8 in the 5th district to achieve a majority. Only the first and final elections are shown here.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First vote Final vote
Vermont 1 Jonathan Hunt Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Jonathan Hunt (AJ) 90.3%
Daniel Kellogg (J) 9.7%
Vermont 2 Rollin C. Mallary Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Re-elected Rollin C. Mallary[7] (AJ)
Vermont 3 George E. Wales Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Horace Everett (AJ) 44.2%
George E. Wales (AJ) 25.2%
Jacob Collamer (AJ) 23.3%
Asa Aiken 7.3%
Horace Everett (AJ) 56.7%
George E. Wales (AJ) 24.8%
Jacob Collamer (AJ) 15.2%
Asa Aiken 3.3%
Vermont 4 Benjamin Swift Anti-Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Benjamin Swift (AJ) 68.8%
Ezra Meech (J) 31.2%
Vermont 5 Daniel A. A. Buck Anti-Jacksonian 1822
1826
Lost re-election
Anti-Masonic gain
Daniel A. A. Buck (AJ) 39.6%
Seth Cushman (J) 26.7%
William Cahoon (AM) 24.6%
James Bell (AJ) 9.1%
William Cahoon (AM) 57.9%
James Bell (AJ) 28.5%
Seth Cushman (J) 6.8%
Others 6.8%

Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Thomas Newton, Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1801 Re-elected Thomas Newton, Jr. (AJ) 50.3%
George Loyall (J) 49.7%
Virginia 2 James Trezvant Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected James Trezvant (J) 100%
Virginia 3 William S. Archer Jacksonian 1820 (special) Re-elected William S. Archer (J) 100%
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander Jacksonian 1819 Re-elected Mark Alexander (J) 100%
Virginia 5 John Randolph Jacksonian 1799
1827
Retired
Jacksonian hold
Thomas T. Bouldin (J) 46.1%
George W. Crump (J) 42.0%
John Miller 11.9%
Virginia 6 Thomas Davenport Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Thomas Davenport (J) 100%
Virginia 7 Nathaniel H. Claiborne Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected Nathaniel H. Claiborne (J) 100%
Virginia 8 Burwell Bassett Jacksonian 1805
1821
Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Richard Coke, Jr. (J) 41.7%
Burwell Bassett (J) 37.5%
Carter M. Braxton 20.8%
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson Jacksonian 1821 Re-elected Andrew Stevenson (J) 100%
Virginia 10 William C. Rives Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected William C. Rives (J) 100%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Jacksonian 1815
1827
Re-elected Philip P. Barbour (J) 100%
Virginia 12 John Roane Jacksonian 1809
1827
Re-elected John Roane (J) 100%
Virginia 13 John Taliaferro Anti-Jacksonian 1824 (special) Re-elected John Taliaferro (AJ) 61.8%
Willoughby Newton 38.2%
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer Anti-Jacksonian 1817 Re-elected Charles F. Mercer (AJ) 82.0%
John Gibson 18.0%
Virginia 15 John S. Barbour Jacksonian 1823 Re-elected John S. Barbour (J) 100%
Virginia 16 William Armstrong Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Re-elected William Armstrong (AJ) 100%
Virginia 17 Robert Allen Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Robert Allen (J) 61.5%
Samuel Kerceval 38.5%
Virginia 18 Isaac Leffler Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Retired
Anti-Jacksonian hold
Philip Doddridge (AJ) 59.6%
Joseph Johnson (J) 40.4%
Virginia 19 William McCoy Jacksonian 1811 Re-elected William McCoy (J) 100%
Virginia 20 John Floyd Jacksonian 1817 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Robert Craig (J) 55.0%
Fleming B. Miller 45.0%
Virginia 21 Lewis Maxwell Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Re-elected Lewis Maxwell (AJ) 40.0%
Joseph Lowell 39.8%
William Smith (J) 20.2%
Virginia 22 Alexander Smyth Jacksonian 1817
1827
Re-elected Alexander Smyth (J) 100%

In the 1st district, George Loyall (J) successfully contested the election of Thomas Newton, Jr. (AJ) and was seated March 9, 1830 during the 1st session.

William C. Rives (J) of the 10th district resigned before Congress met and was replaced in a special election by William F. Gordon (J)

Philip P. Barbour (J) of the 11th district resigned October 15, 1830 to accept President Jackson's appointment to be judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia and was replaced in a special election by John M. Patton (J)

Alexander Smyth (J) of the 22nd district died April 17, 1830 and was replaced in a special election by Joseph Draper (J)

Non-voting delegates[edit]

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large Ambrose H. Sevier 1827 (special) Re-elected Ambrose H. Sevier[7]
Florida Territory at-large Joseph M. White 1824 Re-elected Joseph M. White[7]
Michigan Territory at-large Austin E. Wing 1824 Retired John Biddle[7]

John Biddle resigned February 21, 1831

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Changed from district
  2. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  3. ^ Includes 6 plural districts
  4. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Changed parties
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Full name not given in source
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source
  8. ^ District numbers vary between sources
  9. ^ a b Won special election to the 20th Congress
  10. ^ Won subsequent special election
  11. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  12. ^ Based on incomplete returns