United States House of Representatives elections, 1832

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1832
United States
1830 ←
July 2, 1832 - October 7, 1833 → 1834

All 240 seats to the United States House of Representatives
121 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  AndrewStevenson.jpg
Leader Andrew Stevenson Lewis Williams
Party Democratic National Republican
Leader's seat Virginia-11th North Carolina-13th
Last election 126 seats 66 seats
Seats won 145 61
Seat change Increase 19 Decrease 5

  Third party Fourth party
  HarmarDenny2.jpg
Leader Harmar Denny John K. Griffin
Party Anti-Masonic Nullifier
Leader's seat Pennsylvania-22nd South Carolina-9th
Last election 17 seats 4 seats
Seats won 25 9
Seat change Increase 8 Increase 5

Speaker before election

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elected Speaker

Andrew Stevenson
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1832. They were held concurrently with the 1832 presidential election, in which Jacksonian Andrew Jackson was reelected.

The Jacksonians gained 17 seats, picking up several new seats in districts that were created following the 1830 Census; the rival Anti-Jacksonian Party lost a net total of three seats. Economic issues were key factors in this election. Southern agricultural districts reacted angrily to passage of the Tariff of 1832, which led to the Nullification Crisis. President Andrew Jackson and the Jacksonians showed a distrust for the banking sector, particularly the central Second Bank of the United States, which was strongly supported by the rival Anti-Jacksonian Party.

The third party Anti-Masonic Party, based on anti-Masonry, gained eight seats, and Nullifier Party, a John C. Calhoun-led state's rights party that supported South Carolina in the Nullification Crisis, picked up five seats, including all but one of the nine representatives in the South Carolina delegation.

Election summaries[edit]

Following the 1830 Census, 27 new seats were apportioned,[1] with 4 States losing 1 seat each, 8 States having no change, and the remaining 12 States gaining between 1 and 6 seats.

145 9 25 61
Jacksonian N AM Anti-Jacksonian
State Type Date Total
seats
Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic Nullifier
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Delaware At-large November 13, 1832 1 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 1, 1832 9 Increase2 9 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District[2] (3) August 6, 1832 3 Increase2 3 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District (3) July 2–4, 1832 3 Steady 1 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 6–7, 1832 2 Increase1 2 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri[3] At-large August 6, 1832
August 5, 1833
2 Increase1 1 Steady 1 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey At-large November 6, 1832 6 Steady 6 Increase6 0 Decrease6 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District (33[4]) November 5–7, 1832 40 Increase6 32 Increase9 0 Decrease3 8 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District (19) October 9, 1832 19 Increase5 11 Increase5 6 Decrease2 2 Increase2 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District (25[5]) October 9, 1832 28 Increase2 14 Decrease3 4 Increase2 10 Increase3 0 Steady
1833 elections
Alabama District (5) August 5, 1833 5 Increase2 4 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Increase1
Connecticut At-large April 11, 1833 6 Steady 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District (7) August 5, 1833 7 Increase4 6 Increase3 1 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District (13) August 5, 1833 13 Increase1 4 Decrease4 9 Increase5 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine District (8) September 9, 1833 8 Increase1 7 Increase1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District (8) October 7, 1833 8 Decrease1 6 Increase2 2 Decrease3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District (12) April 1, 1833 12 Decrease1 1 Increase1 9 Decrease4 2 Increase2 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large March 12, 1833 5 Decrease1 5 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District (13) August 8, 1833 13 Steady 6 Decrease5 7 Increase5 0 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 27, 1833 2 Steady 0 Steady 1 Decrease1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
South Carolina District (9) September 2–3, 1833 9 Steady 1 Decrease4 0 Steady 0 Steady 8 Increase4
Tennessee District (13) August 1–2, 1833 13 Increase4 12 Increase4 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District (5) January 1, 1833 5 Steady 0 Steady 3 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District (21) April, 1833 21 Decrease1 14 Decrease3 7 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Total 240 Increase27 145
60.4%
Increase19 61
25.4%
Decrease5 25
10.4%
Increase8 9
3.8%
Increase5
House seats
Jacksonian
  
60.42%
Anti-Jacksonian
  
25.42%
Anti-Masonic
  
10.42%
Nullifier
  
3.75%

Complete returns[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Following the reapportionment resulting from the Fifth Census, Pennsylvania gained two representatives, increasing from 26 to 28, and was redistricted into 25 districts, two of which were plural districts

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[6][7]
Pennsylvania 1 Joel B. Sutherland Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Joel B. Sutherland (J) 50.0%
James Gowen (AJ) 40.5%
Samuel B. Davis (J) 9.5%
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Henry Horn Jacksonian 1830 Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Horace Binney (AJ) 62.9%
James Harper (AJ) 59.9%

Benjamin Richards (J) 39.8%
Henry Horn (J) 37.4%
None (Seat created) New seat
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Pennsylvania 3 John G. Watmough Anti-Jacksonian 1830 Re-elected John G. Watmough (AJ) 53.7%
Jesse R. Burden (J) 34.4%
Mahon M. Lewis (J) 11.9%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
William Hiester Anti-Masonic 1830 Re-elected William Hiester (AM) 58.5%
David Potts, Jr. (AM) 58.4%%
Edward Darlington (AM) 58.3%

Frederick Hambright (J) 41.7%
John Morgan (J) 41.6%
Henry Myers (J) 41.5%
Joshua Evans, Jr. Jacksonian 1828 Retired
Anti-Masonic gain
David Potts, Jr. Anti-Masonic 1830 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 5 Joel K. Mann Jacksonian 1830 Re-elected Joel K. Mann (J) 54.5%
Benjamin Reiff (AM) 45.5%
Pennsylvania 6 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
Robert Ramsey (J) 43.9%
Mathias Morris (AJ) 38.6%
Thomas Ross (AM) 17.5%
Pennsylvania 7 Peter Ihrie, Jr.
Redistricted from the 8th district
Jacksonian 1829 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
David D. Wagener (J) 58.3%
Peter Ihrie, Jr. (AM[8]) 34.7%
Owen Rice 6.9%
Pennsylvania 8 Henry King
Redistricted from the 7th district
Jacksonian 1830 Re-elected Henry King (J) 54.3%
William Audenreid (AM) 45.7%
Pennsylvania 9 Henry A. P. Muhlenberg
Redistricted from the 7th district
Jacksonian 1828 Re-elected Henry A. P. Muhlenberg (J) 57.1%
David Hollenstein (AM) 42.9%
Pennsylvania 10 John C. Bucher
Redistricted from the 6th district
Jacksonian 1830 Lost re-election
Anti-Masonic gain
William Clark (AM) 60.7%
John C. Bucher (J) 39.3%
Pennsylvania 11 Adam King
Redistricted from the 10th district
Jacksonian 1826 Lost re-election
Anti-Masonic gain
Charles A. Barnitz (AM) 51.9%
Adam King (J) 48.1%
Pennsylvania 12 Thomas H. Crawford
Redistricted from the 11th district
Jacksonian 1828 Lost re-election
Anti-Masonic gain
George Chambers (AM) 55.6%
Thomas H. Crawford (J) 44.4%
Pennsylvania 13 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
Jesse Miller (J) 53.8%
Thomas Whiteside (AM) 46.2%
Pennsylvania 14 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
Joseph Henderson (J) 52.9%
James Milliken (AM) 47.1%
Pennsylvania 15 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
Andrew Beaumont (J) 34.8%
Thomas W. Miner (AM/AJ) 33.3%
James McClintock (Ind. Jack.) 31.9%
Pennsylvania 16 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
Joseph B. Anthony (J) 58.1%
Ner Middleswarth (AM) 41.9%
Pennsylvania 17 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
John Laporte (J) 60.3%
Simon Kinney (AM) 39.7%
Pennsylvania 18 George Burd
Redistricted from the 13th district
Anti-Jacksonian 1830 Re-elected George Burd (AJ) 52.0%
David Mann (AM) 48.0%
Pennsylvania 19 Richard Coulter
Redistricted from the 17th district
Jacksonian 1826 Re-elected Richard Coulter (J) 100%
Pennsylvania 20 Andrew Stewart
Redistricted from the 14th district
Anti-Masonic 1820
1830
Re-elected Andrew Stewart (AM) 51.8%
William G. Hawkins (J) 48.8%
Pennsylvania 21 Thomas M. T. McKennan
Redistricted from the 15th district
Anti-Masonic 1830 Re-elected Thomas M. T. McKennan (AM) 56.1%
William McCreery (J) 43.9%
Pennsylvania 22 Harmar Denny
Redistricted from the 16th district
Anti-Masonic 1829 (special) Re-elected Harmar Denny (AM) 61.2%
William Robinson (J) 38.8%
Pennsylvania 23 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
Samuel S. Harrison (J) 61.0%
William Ayers (AM) 39.0%
Pennsylvania 24 John Banks
Redistricted from the 18th district
Anti-Masonic 1830 Re-elected John Banks (AM) 51.1%
Samuel Power (J) 48.9%
Pennsylvania 25 None (District created) New seat
Jacksonian gain
John Galbraith (J) 55.2%
Thomas H. Sill (AM) 44.8%

In the 1st district, Joel B. Sutherland (J) resigned sometime after the election to accept a judgeship, but then subsequently resigned that position and ran in the ensuing special election, winning the seat back.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stat. 516
  2. ^ Changed from at-large
  3. ^ Missouri held an election in 1832 for the first seat in its at-large district, and again in 1833 for the second seat in that district
  4. ^ Includes 5 plural districts
  5. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  6. ^ For plural districts, percent is based on assumption that each voter cast as many votes as there are seats
  7. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  8. ^ Changed parties