United States House of Representatives elections, 1906

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1906
United States
1904 ←
November 6, 1906[1]
→ 1908

All 391[2] seats to the United States House of Representatives
196 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois-18th Mississippi-8th
Last election 250 seats 136 seats
Seats won 224 167[3]
Seat change Decrease 26 Increase 31

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1906 were held for members of the 60th Congress, in the middle of President Theodore Roosevelt's second term.

As in many midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats to the opposition Democratic Party, but retained a large overall majority. Dissatisfaction with working conditions and resentment toward union-busting among industrial laborers in the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest caused these groups to turn out to the polls in large numbers in support of the Democratic Party. However, gains in these regions were not enough to remove the Republican majority or the firm support that the party held among the middle class.

Election summaries[edit]

Five new seats were added for the State of Oklahoma, admitted on November 16, 1907.

224 167
Republican Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
Arkansas District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
California District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Colorado District
+at-large
3 3 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady
Georgia District 11 0 Steady 11 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 25 20 Decrease 4 5 Increase 4
Indiana District 13 9 Decrease 2 4 Increase 2
Iowa District 11 10 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1
Kansas District[4] 8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 4 Increase 2 7 Decrease 2
Louisiana District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Maine[5] District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 3 Steady 3 Steady
Massachusetts District 14 11 Steady 3 Steady
Michigan District 12 12 Steady 0 Steady
Minnesota District 9 8 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1
Mississippi District 8 0 Steady 8 Steady
Missouri District 16 4 Decrease 5 12 Increase 5
Montana At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 5 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 10 6 Decrease 3 4 Increase 3
New York District 37 26 Steady 11 Steady
North Carolina District 10 0 Decrease 1 10 Increase 1
North Dakota District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 16 Decrease 4 5 Increase 4
Oklahoma[6] District 5 1 Increase 1 4 Increase 4
Oregon[5] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District 32 25 Decrease 6 7[3] Increase 6
Rhode Island District 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
South Carolina District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 2 Steady 8 Steady
Texas District 16 0 Steady 16 Steady
Utah At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[5] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 1 Steady 9 Steady
Washington At-large 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
West Virginia District 5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 9 Decrease 1 2 Increase 1
Wyoming At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Total[2] 391 224
57.3%
Decrease 26 167[3]
42.7%
Increase 31
House seats
Republican
  
57.29%
Democratic
  
42.71%

Three states, with 8 seats between them, held elections early in 1906:

Oklahoma was admitted in 1907 and held its first congressional elections on September 17, 1907

  80.1-100% Republican
  80.1-100% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  
  
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  6+ Republican gain
  6+ Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  no net change


Complete returns[edit]

Party abbreviations

California[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Ran for governor
Republican hold
William F. Englebright (R) 54.1%
F. W. Taft (D) 39.9%
J. C. Weybright (S) 5%
R. L. Webb (Pro) 1.1%
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Re-elected Duncan E. McKinlay (R) 51.8%
W. A. Beard (D) 44.8%
A. J. Gaylord (S) 3.4%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Re-elected Joseph R. Knowland (R) 60%
Hugh W. Brunk (D) 21.5%
Charles C. Boynton (IL) 10.1%
William McDevitt (S) 7%
T. H. Montgomery (Pro) 1.3%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Re-elected Julius Kahn (R) 62.4%
David S. Hirshberg (D) 33.2%
Oliver Everett (S) 4.4%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Re-elected Everis A. Hayes (R) 52.6%
Hiram G. Davis (D) 41.9%
Joseph Lawrence (S) 5.5%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Re-elected James C. Needham (R) 55.6%
Harry A. Greene (D) 37.8%
Richard Kirk (S) 3.8%
Herman E. Burbank (Pro) 2.8%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Re-elected James McLachlan (R) 56.8%
Robert G. Laucks (D) 28.4%
Charles Ribble (S) 9.3%
Levi D. Johnson (Pro) 5.6%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Re-elected Sylvester C. Smith (R) 55.6%
Charles A. Barlow (D) 34.5%
Noble A. Richardson (S) 9.9%

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 86.5%
C. C. Allen (S) 13.5%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Re-elected Frank Clark (D) 88.2%
J. F. McClelland (R) 11.8%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Re-elected William B. Lamar (D) 93.4%
T. B. Meeker (S) 6.6%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Re-elected George Swinton Legaré (D) 99.3%
Aaron P. Prioleau (R) 0.7%
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Re-elected James O'H. Patterson (D) 95.3%
Isaac Myers (R) 4.7%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Re-elected Wyatt Aiken (D) 100%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Re-elected Joseph T. Johnson (D) 98.7%
David C. Gist (R) 0.9%
Others 0.4%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Re-elected David E. Finley (D) 100%
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Re-elected J. Edwin Ellerbe (D) 100%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Re-elected Asbury F. Lever (D) 97.6%
Aaron D. Dantzler (R) 2.4%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 3 states held earlier elections
  2. ^ a b Including late elections
  3. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Democrat
  4. ^ At-large district eliminated in redistricting
  5. ^ a b c Elections held early
  6. ^ New state