United States House of Representatives elections, 1914

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1914
United States
1912 ←
November 3, 1914
(September 14, 1914 in Maine)
→ 1916

All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  ChampClark.jpg James Robert Mann 1909.jpg
Leader Champ Clark James Mann
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Missouri-9th Illinois-2nd
Last election 290 seats 134 seats
Seats won 230 197
Seat change Decrease 60 Increase 63

  Third party Fourth party Fifth party
 
Party Progressive Socialist Prohibition
Last election 10 seats 0 seats 0 seats
Seats won 5 1 1
Seat change Decrease 5 Increase 1 Increase 1

Speaker before election

Champ Clark
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Champ Clark
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1914 were held in the middle of President Woodrow Wilson's first term for members of the 64th Congress.

The opposition Republican Party had recovered from the split they underwent during the 1912 presidential election, and they made large gains in seats from the Democratic Party, though not enough to regain control of the body. The burgeoning economy greatly aided Republicans, who pushed for pro-business principles and took credit for the success that had been reached in the industrial sector. Many former Progressives rejoined the Republican Party, but a number of the most liberal members of the House remained under this banner.

Election summaries[edit]

230 1 1 5 1 197
Democratic I S P Pn Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Progressive Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District
+at-large
10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arizona At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 11 3 Steady 4 Decrease 1 2 Steady 2[1] Increase 1
Colorado District[2] 4 3 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District 5 0 Decrease 5 5 Increase 5 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District[2] 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 12 12 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District
+2 at-large
27 10 Decrease 10 16 Increase 11 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 11 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 1 Decrease 2 10 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District 8 6 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 9 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District 8 7 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Maine[3] District 4 1 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 5 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 16 4 Decrease 3 12 Increase 3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District[2] 13 2 Steady 11 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Minnesota District[2] 10 1 Steady 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 16 14 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Montana At-large 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 3 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 0 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 12 4 Decrease 7 8 Increase 7 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Mexico At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 43 19 Decrease 12 22 Increase 11 1 Steady 1[4] Increase 1
North Carolina District 10 9 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Dakota District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District[2] 22 9 Decrease 10 13 Increase 10 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oklahoma District[2] 8 7 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oregon District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+4 at-large
36 6 Decrease 6 30 Increase 8 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 3 1 Decrease 1 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota District 3 1 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 8 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District
+2 at-large
18 18 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Utah District[5] 2 1 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 9 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington District[2] 5 1 Increase 1 4 Increase 1 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady
West Virginia District
+at-large
6 3 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 3 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Total 435 230
52.9%
Decrease 60 197
45.3%
Increase 63 5
1.1%
Decrease 5 3[6]
0.7%
Increase 2
House seats
Democratic
  
52.87%
Republican
  
45.29%
Progressive
  
1.15%
Prohibition
  
0.23%
Socialist
  
0.23%
Others
  
0.23%

Maine held its elections September 14, 1914. There had previously been multiple states with earlier elections, but Maine was the only one remaining by 1914. Maine would continue to hold September elections until 1958.

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
 
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
 
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Progressive gain
  no net change

Complete results[edit]

Party abbreviations

California[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William Kent Independent 1910 Re-elected William Kent (I) 48.1%
Edward H. Hart (R) 38.3%
O. F. Meldon (D) 10.8%
Henry P. Stripp (Proh) 2.8%
California 2 John E. Raker Democratic 1910 Re-elected John E. Raker (D) 64.7%
James T. Matlock (R) 31.2%
W. P. Fassett (Proh) 4.1%
California 3 Charles F. Curry Republican gain 1912 Re-elected Charles F. Curry (R) 85.0%
David T. Ross (S) 8.7%
Edwin F. Van Vlear (Proh) 6.3%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Re-elected Julius Kahn (R) 69.1%
Henry Colombat (D) 22.8%
Allen K. Gifford (S) 6.6%
J. C. Westenberg (Proh) 1.5%
California 5 John I. Nolan Republican gain 1912 Re-elected John I. Nolan (R) 83.3%
Mads Peter Christensen (S) 11.4%
Frederick Head (Proh) 5.3%
California 6 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Retired
Progressive gain
John A. Elston (Prog) 44.4%
George H. Derrick (R) 37.7%
Howard H. Caldwell (S) 13.9%
Harlow E. Wolcott (Prog) 3.9%
California 7 Denver S. Church Democratic 1912 Re-elected Denver S. Church (D) 49.9%
A. M. Drew (R) 31.8%
Henry M. McKee (S) 9.9%
Don A. Allen (Proh) 8.3%
California 8 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Re-elected Everis A. Hayes (R) 49.1%
Lewis Dan Bohnett (Prog) 45.3%
Joseph Merritt Horton (Proh) 5.6%
California 9 Charles W. Bell Progressive 1912 Lost re-election
Prohibition gain
Charles H. Randall (Proh) 30.9%
Charles W. Bell (Prog) 30.3%
Frank C. Roberts (R) 27.7%
Henry A. Hart (S) 11.1%
California 10 William Stephens Progressive 1910 Re-elected William Stephens (Prog) 38.4%
Henry Z. Osborne (R) 28.9%
Nathan Newby (D) 15.5%
Ralph L. Criswell (S) 13.0%
Henry Clay Needham (Proh) 4.3%
California 11 William Kettner Democratic 1912 Re-elected William Kettner (D) 52.7%
James Carson Needham (R) 27.9%
James S. Edwards (Proh) 12.7%
Casper Bauer (S) 6.7%

Florida[edit]

An at-large district had been created in 1912 for a newly apportioned seat. The at-large district was eliminated in 1914 and a new district created.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 99.3%
H. B. Jeffers (I) 0.7%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Re-elected Frank Clark (D) 100%
Florida 3 Emmett Wilson Democratic 1912 Re-elected Emmett Wilson (D) 98.8%
E. Wentworth (I) 1.2%
Florida 4 Claude L'Engle
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic win 1912 Lost primary
Democratic hold
William J. Sears (D) 100%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Richard S. Whaley Democratic 1913 (special) Re-elected Richard S. Whaley (D) 98.5%
Aaron P. Prioleau (R) 1.0%
William Eberhard (S) 0.5%
South Carolina 2 James F. Byrnes Democratic 1910 Re-elected James F. Byrnes (D) 100%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Re-elected Wyatt Aiken (D) 100%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Re-elected Joseph T. Johnson (D) 99.5%
J. W. Sexton (R) 0.3%
M. I. Ellenberg (S) 0.2%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Re-elected David E. Finley (D) 100%
South Carolina 6 J. Willard Ragsdale Democratic 1912 Re-elected J. Willard Ragsdale (D) 100%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Re-elected Asbury F. Lever (D) 95.1%
I. S. Leevy (R) 4.1%
George F. Lee (S) 0.8%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1 Prohibition and 1 Independent
  2. ^ a b c d e f g At-large seat or seats eliminated in redistricting
  3. ^ Elections held early
  4. ^ Socialist
  5. ^ Changed from at-large
  6. ^ 1 Socialist, 1 Prohibition, and 1 Independent