United States House of Representatives elections, 1798

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1798
United States
1796 ←
April 24, 1798 - August 1, 1799
→ 1800

All 106 seats to the United States House of Representatives
54 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  TheodoreSedgwick.jpg NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg
Leader Theodore Sedgwick Nathaniel Macon
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Leader's seat Massachusetts-1st North Carolina-5th
Last election 57 49
Seats won 60 46
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 3

Speaker before election

Jonathan Dayton

Elected Speaker

Theodore Sedgwick

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 6th Congress took place in 1798 and 1799, the earliest in New York in April 1798, and the latest in Tennessee in August 1799, after the official start of the 6th Congress on March 4, 1799, but before the start of the first session of this Congress in Philadelphia on December 2, 1799. It was the last congressional session before the move to the new capital at Washington, D.C..

President John Adams, a Federalist elected two years prior in the election of 1796, remained popular during a time of national economic growth, and the Federalists made a modest gain of three seats at the expense of the opposition Democratic-Republicans, the party of Vice President and future President Thomas Jefferson. This resulted in an increased Federalist majority in the House, 60-46 seats.

The Federalist party squandered its popularity by passing a series of controversial new laws in the summer of 1798, including the Naturalization Act of 1798 and the Alien and Sedition Acts. Their passage seriously injured the chances of President Adams and Federalist congressional candidates in the elections of 1800.

The House that met during this Congress would ultimately elect Thomas Jefferson over Aaron Burr in the presidential election of 1800.

Election summaries[edit]

60 46
Federalist Democratic-Republican
State Type Date Total
Federalist Democratic-
Seats Change Seats Change
Connecticut At-large September 7, 1798 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large October 2, 1798 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 8, 1798 2 2 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Maryland District (8) October 1, 1798 8 5 Decrease1 3 Increase1
Massachusetts District (14) November 5, 1798[1] 14 12 Increase1 2 Decrease1
New Hampshire At-large August 2, 1798 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District[2] (5) October 10, 1798 5 2 Decrease3 3 Increase3
New York District (10) April 24–26, 1798 10 4 Decrease2 6 Increase2
North Carolina District (10) August 10, 1798 10 4 Increase3 6 Decrease3
Pennsylvania District (12[3]) October 9, 1798 13 5 Decrease1 8 Increase1
Rhode Island At-large August 28, 1798 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District (6) October 12, 1798 6 5 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Vermont District (2) September 4, 1798[4] 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
1799 elections
Kentucky District (2) May 7, 1799 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Tennessee At-large August 1, 1799 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Virginia District (19) April 24, 1799 19 6 Increase2 13 Decrease2
Total 106 60
Increase3 46
House seats

Complete returns[edit]


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates[5]
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
William Edmond Federalist 1797 (special) Re-elected John Allen (F) 13.4%
Chauncey Goodrich (F) 12.5%
Samuel W. Dana (F) 12.4%
William Edmond (F) 11.8%
Roger Griswold (F) 11.5%
Jonathan Brace (F)[6] 8.4%
John Davenport (F) 7.0%

Elizur Goodrich[7] (F) 4.1%
Timothy Pitkin (F) 3.7%
Benjamin Tallmadge (F) 3.5%
John C. Smith[7] (F) 3.5%
Elias Perkins (F) 3.2%
Calvin Goddard (F) 2.2%
Simeon Baldwin (F) 1.6%
Chauncey Goodrich Federalist 1794 Re-elected
Previous incumbent Joshua Coit (F) died September 5, 1798 Federalist hold
Roger Griswold Federalist 1794 Re-elected
Nathaniel Smith Federalist 1795 (special) Lost re-election
Federalist hold
John Allen Federalist 1796 Re-elected
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 Re-elected

John Allen (F) declined to serve in the 6th Congress and was replaced in a special election by Elizur Goodrich (F).

Jonathan Brace (F) resigned in May, 1800 and was replaced in a special election by John Cotton Smith (F)


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large James A. Bayard Federalist 1796 Re-elected James A. Bayard (F) 61.2%
Archibald Alexander (DR) 38.8%


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Abraham Baldwin Democratic-Republican 1789 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
James Jones (F) 36.9%
Benjamin Taliaferro (F) 33.4%

Abraham Baldwin (DR) 28.3%
John Milledge (DR) 1.4%
John Milledge Democratic-Republican 1794 Lost re-election
Federalist gain

John Milledge (DR) had declined to run for re-election. As a result, many Democratic-Republican voters cast their votes for Baldwin and one of the Federalists, giving the Federalists enough votes to win both seats.

On January 11, 1801, James Jones (F) died. His seat remained vacant for the remainder of the 6th Congress.


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1
Known as the Southern district
Thomas T. Davis Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Thomas T. Davis (DR)[8]
Kentucky 2
Known as the Northern district
John Fowler Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected John Fowler (DR) 55.3%
Robert Johnston 25.5%
Philemon Thomas 19.2%


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 George Dent Federalist 1792 Re-elected George Dent (F) 54.5%
John Campbell (F) 45.5%
Maryland 2 Richard Sprigg, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1796 (special) Lost re-election
Federalist gain
John C. Thomas (F) 61.6%
Richard Sprigg, Jr. (DR) 38.4%
Maryland 3 William Craik Federalist 1796 (special) Re-elected William Craik (F) 100%
Maryland 4 George Baer, Jr. Federalist 1796 Re-elected George Baer, Jr. (F) 54.9%
Daniel Hiester (DR) 45.1%
Maryland 5 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792 Re-elected Samuel Smith (DR) 57.7%
James Winchester (F) 42.3%
Maryland 6 William Matthews Federalist 1796 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
Gabriel Christie (DR) 56.2%
Philip Thomas (F) 43.8%
Maryland 7 William Hindman Federalist 1792 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Joshua Seney (DR) 55.6%
William Hindman (F) 44.4%
Maryland 8 John Dennis Federalist 1796 Re-elected John Dennis 100%

Joshua Seney (DR) of the 7th district died October 28, 1798 before the start of Congress, a special election was held for his successor which was won by Joseph H. Nicholson (DR).


Massachusetts' electoral law required a majority for election. This was not met in the 5th and 7th districts necessitating additional ballots in those districts.

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot Fourth ballot Fifth ballot
Massachusetts 1
Known as the 1st Western District
Thomson J. Skinner Democratic-Republican 1796 Retired
Federalist gain
Theodore Sedgwick (F) 80.2%
Thomas Ives (DR) 19.8%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the 2nd Western District
William Shepard Federalist 1796 Re-elected William Shepard (F) 89.9%
John Williams (DR) 10.1%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the 3rd Western District
Samuel Lyman Federalist 1794 Re-elected Samuel Lyman (F) 88.4%
Daniel Bigelow 6.4%
Scattering 5.2%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the 4th Western District
Dwight Foster Federalist 1792 Re-elected Dwight Foster (F) 80.8%
Levi Lincoln, Sr. (DR) 19.2%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the 1st Southern District
Nathaniel Freeman, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1794 Retired
Federalist gain
Lemuel Williams (F) 32.5%
Macajah Coffin (DR) 30.4%
Beriah Norton (F) 17.4%
Jonathan Moore (F) 13.4%
Scattering 6.3%
Macajah Coffin (DR) 33.5%
Lemuel Williams (F) 30.1%
Sam Savage 27.1%
Beriah Norton (F) 9.3%
Lemuel Williams (F) 36.5%
Sam Savage 33.9%
Macajah Coffin (DR) 29.5%
Lemuel Williams (F) 46.6%
Sam Savage 27.2%
Macajah Coffin (DR) 26.2%
Lemuel Williams (F) 74.8%
Macajah Coffin (DR) 25.2%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the 2nd Southern District
John Reed, Sr. Federalist 1794 Re-elected John Reed, Sr. (F) 58.0%
John Dwight 26.9%
Daniel Snow 15.1%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the 3rd Southern District
Stephen Bullock Federalist 1796 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Stephen Bullock (F) 26.9%
Laban Wheaton (F) 25.7%
Josiah Dean 23.6%
Phanuel Bishop (DR) 11.8%
Scattering 12.1%
Stephen Bullock (F) 33.3%
Josiah Dean 25.5%
Laban Wheaton (F) 22.4%
Phanuel Bishop (DR) 18.9%
Stephen Bullock (F) 48.1%
Phanuel Bishop (DR) 41.3%
Josiah Dean10.6%
Phanuel Bishop (DR) 52.1%
Stephen Bullock (F) 47.9%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the 1st Middle District
Harrison Gray Otis Federalist 1796 Re-elected Harrison Gray Otis (F) 55.9%
William Heath (DR) 43.6%
William Eustis (DR) 0.6%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the 2nd Middle District
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR) 66.2%
Timothy Bigelow (F) 33.8%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the 3rd Middle District
Samuel Sewall Federalist 1796 Re-elected Samuel Sewall (F) 70.3%
Loammi Baldwin (F) 20.5%
Scattering 9.2%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the 4th Middle District
Bailey Bartlett Federalist 1797 (special) Re-elected Bailey Bartlett (F) 100%
District of Maine Massachusetts 12
Known as the 1st Eastern District
Isaac Parker Federalist 1796 Retired
Federalist hold
Silas Lee (F) 64.4%
Henry Dearborn (DR) 35.6%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the 2nd Eastern District
Peleg Wadsworth Federalist 1792 Re-elected Peleg Wadsworth (F) 73.5%
Charles Tainer 26.5%
Massachusetts 14
Known as the 3rd Eastern District
George Thatcher Federalist 1788 Re-elected George Thatcher (F) 65.5%
John Fairchild (DR) 34.5%

Three vacancies occurred in Massachusetts' representation during the 6th Congress. The first occurred in the 10th district when Samuel Sewall (F) resigned and was filled by Nathan Read (F). The second occurred in the 4th district when Dwight Foster (F) resigned upon being elected to the Senate and was filled by Levi Lincoln, Sr. (DR). The third occurred in the 3rd district when Samuel Lyman (F) resigned and was filled by Ebenezer Mattoon (F)

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Peleg Sprague Federalist 1797 (special) Re-elected Abiel Foster (F) 24.2%
William Gordon (F) 21.6%
Jonathan Freeman (F) 21.0%
Peleg Sprague (F) 19.5%

Thomas Bellows (F) 1.9%
John Prentice (F) 1.8%
Timothy Walker (F) 1.0%
William Plummer (F) 0.8%
Joseph Dennie (F) 0.7%
Woodbury Langdon (DR) 0.7%
John Goddard (DR) 0.6%
Oliver Peabody (F) 0.6%
William Gardner (DR) 0.5%
Others 5.1%
Jonathan Freeman Federalist 1796 Re-elected
William Gordon Federalist 1796 Re-elected
Abiel Foster Federalist 1794 Re-elected

Peleg Sprague (F) declined to serve, James Sheafe (F) was elected to fill his seat.

On June 12, 1800, William Gordon (F) resigned to accept a position as New Hampshire Attorney General, and a special election was held to fill the resulting vacancy, which was won by Samuel Tenney (F)

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey switched to district representation for this election. The districts were not numbered at the time, but are retroactively numbered here as 1-5. New Jersey would go back to an at-large district the following election.

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
New Jersey 1
Called the Eastern district
James Schureman
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1797 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
John Condit (DR) 52.5%
James Schureman (F) 47.5%
New Jersey 2
Called the Northern district
Mark Thomson
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1794 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Aaron Kitchell (DR) 72.5%
Mark Thomson (F) 27.5%
New Jersey 3
Called the Western district
None (District created) Democratic-Republican gain James Linn (DR) 51.3%
Samuel R. Stewart (F) 31.1%
Archibald Mercer (F) 17.6%
New Jersey 4
Called the Middle district
James H. Imlay
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1797 Re-elected James H. Imlay (F) 81.0%
Thomas Henderson (DR) 19.0%
New Jersey 5
Called the Southern district
None (District created) Federalist gain Franklin Davenport (F) 56.5%
Jonathan Elmer (DR) 43.5%

New York[edit]

Between the 1796 and 1798 elections, New York re-districted. This marked the first time that its districts were numbered.

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
New York 1 Jonathan N. Havens Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Jonathan N. Havens (DR) 53.9%
Richard Thorn (F) 46.1%
New York 2 Edward Livingston Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Edward Livingston (DR) 52.7%
Phillip Livingston (F) 47.3%
New York 3 Philip Van Courtlandt Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Philip Van Courtlandt (DR) 77.1%
Mordecai Hale (F) 22.9%
New York 4 Lucas C. Elmendorf Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Lucas C. Elmendorf (DR) 64.8%
Jonathan Hasbrouck (F) 34.1%
John Hathorn (DR) 1.1%
New York 5 David Brooks Federalist 1796 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Theodorus Bailey (DR) 55.8%
David Brooks (F) 44.2%
New York 6 Hezekiah L. Hosmer Federalist 1796 Retired
Federalist hold
John Bird (F) 59.1%
Elisha Jenkins (DR) 40.9%
New York 7 John E. Van Alen Federalist 1793 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
John Thompson (DR) 52.5%
John Williams (F) 37.5%
Jellis A. Fonda (F) 10.0%
John Williams
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1796 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
New York 8 Henry Glen Federalist 1793 Re-elected Henry Glen (F) 100%
New York 9 None (District created) Federalist gain Jonas Platt (F) 51.2%
Peter Smith (DR) 48.8%
New York 10 James Cochran Federalist 1796 Retired
Federalist hold
William Cooper (F) 52.2%
Moss Kent (DR) 47.8%

On October 25, 1799, Jonathan N. Havens (DR) of the 1st district died. A special election was held which elected John Smith (DR) to replace him.

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates[5]
North Carolina 1 Joseph McDowell Democratic-Republican 1796 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Joseph Dickson (F) 55.1%
James Holland (DR) 44.8%
North Carolina 2 Matthew Locke Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Archibald Henderson (F) 84.4%
Basil Gaither (F) 9.5%
Matthew Locke (DR) 6.1%
North Carolina 3 Robert Williams Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Robert Williams (DR) 69.8%
James Martin (F) 30.2%
North Carolina 4 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Richard Stanford (DR) 54.5%
Samuel Benton (F) 45.5%
North Carolina 5 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Re-elected Nathaniel Macon (DR)[8]
North Carolina 6 James Gillespie Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
William H. Hill (F) 50.1%
James Gillespie (DR) 39.8%
Alexander D. Moore (F) 10.1%
North Carolina 7 William B. Grove Federalist 1791 Re-elected William B. Grove (F) 100%
North Carolina 8 Dempsey Burges Democratic-Republican 1795 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
David Stone (DR) 40.0%
Charles Johnson (F) 30.9%
Dempsey Burges (DR) 29.1%
North Carolina 9 Thomas Blount Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Willis Alston (DR) 37.4%
Thomas Blount (DR) 29.1%
William Kennedy (F) 24.6%
John Binford (F) 8.9%
North Carolina 10 Previous incumbent Nathan Bryan (DR) died June 4, 1798 Democratic-Republican hold Richard D. Spaight[6] (DR) 66.7%
George E. Badger (F) 32.3%


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates[9]
Pennsylvania 1 Incumbent John Swanwick (DR) died August 1, 1798. Federalist gain Robert Waln[6] (F) 69.5%
Samuel Miles (DR) 30.5%
Pennsylvania 2 Blair McClenachan Democratic-Republican 1796 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Michael Leib (DR) 56.5%
Anthony Morris (F) 43.5%
Pennsylvania 3 Richard Thomas Federalist 1794 Re-elected Richard Thomas (F) 71.3%
John Pearson (DR) 28.7%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Incumbent Samuel Sitgreaves (F) resigned August 29, 1798. Democratic-Republican gain Robert Brown[6] (DR) 31.1%
Peter Muhlenberg (DR) 28.6%

John Chapman (F) 20.9%
Jacob Eyerly (F) 19.0%
Anthony Morris (F) 0.5%
John Chapman Federalist 1796 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
Pennsylvania 5 Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1797 (Special) Re-elected Joseph Hiester (DR) 69.3%
Daniel Clymer (F) 30.7%
Pennsylvania 6 John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected John A. Hanna (DR) 66.3%
Daniel Smith (F) 33.7%
Pennsylvania 7 John W. Kittera Federalist 1791 Re-elected John W. Kittera (F) 77.5%
William Barton (DR) 22.5%
Pennsylvania 8 Thomas Hartley Federalist 1788 Re-elected Thomas Hartley (F) 85.4%
Henry Slagle (F) 14.6%
Pennsylvania 9 Andrew Gregg Democratic-Republican 1791 Re-elected Andrew Gregg (DR) 57.8%
James Armstrong (F) 42.2%
Pennsylvania 10 David Bard Democratic-Republican 1794 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Henry Woods (F) 55.4%
Thomas Johnson (F) 24.3%
David Bard (DR) 20.3%
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1791 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Smilie (DR) 46.0%
William Todd (F) 32.7%
James Guthrie (F) 21.3%
Pennsylvania 12 Albert Gallatin Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Albert Gallatin (DR) 58.8%
John Woods (F) 41.2%

One vacancy occurred in the 8th district when Thomas Hartley (F) died on December 21, 1800. This vacancy was filled in a special election by John Stewart (DR).

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large seat A Thomas Tillinghast Federalist 1797 (special) Lost re-election
Federalist hold
John Brown (F) 65.4%
Thomas Tillinghast (F) 34.6%
Rhode Island at-large seat B Christopher G. Champlin Federalist 1796 Re-elected Christopher G. Champlin (F) 97.5%
Others 2.5%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1
Also known as the Charleston District
Thomas Pinckney Federalist 1797 (special) Re-elected Thomas Pinckney (F) 100%
South Carolina 2
Also known as the Beaufort District
John Rutledge, Jr. Federalist 1796 Re-elected John Rutledge, Jr. (F) 65.6%
Pierce Butler (DR) 34.4%
South Carolina 3
Also known as the Georgetown District
Lemuel Benton Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Benjamin Huger (F) 41.9%
Lemuel Benton (DR) 32.4%
Tristam Thomas (F) 22.2%
William Thomas (DR) 2.0%
Joseph Blyth (DR) 1.6%
South Carolina 4
Also known as the Camden District
Thomas Sumter Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Thomas Sumter (DR) 64.6%
Richard Winn (F) 35.4%
South Carolina 5
Also known as the Ninety-Six District
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist 1794 Re-elected Robert Goodloe Harper (F) 65.3%
William Butler (DR) 34.7%
South Carolina 6
Also known as the Washington District
William Smith Democratic-Republican 1796 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Abraham Nott (F) 43.8%
William Smith (DR) 43.2%
William Hill (F) 13.0%


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates
Tennessee at-large William C. C. Claiborne Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected William C. C. Claiborne (DR) 100%


The state's election laws required a candidate to win a majority to take office, necessitating a run-off election in the 1st (Western) district.

District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates[5]
First ballot Second ballot
Vermont 1
Known as the Western District
Matthew Lyon Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Matthew Lyon (DR) 49.7%
Samuel Williams (F) 22.0%
Daniel Chipman (F) 19.5%
Abel Spencer (F) 3.8%
Israel Smith (DR) 3.4%
Others 1.6%
Matthew Lyon (DR) 55.5%
Samuel Williams (F) 37.9%
Israel Smith (DR) 6.6%
Vermont 2
Known as the Eastern District
Lewis R. Morris Federalist 1797 (Special) Re-elected Lewis R. Morris (F) 86.5%
Nathaniel Niles (DR) 6.7%
William Chamberlain (F) 2.5%
Stephen Jacobs 1.9%
Stephen R. Bradley 1.1%
Others 1.2%


District Incumbent Party First
Result Candidates[5]
Virginia 1 Daniel Morgan Federalist 1797 Retired
Federalist hold
Robert Page (F) 54.3%
John Smith (DR) 45.7%
Virginia 2 David Holmes Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected David Holmes (DR)[8]
Robert Porterfield (F)
Virginia 3 James Machir Federalist 1797 Retired
Democratic-Republican gain
George Jackson (DR) 53.9%
John Haymond (F) 46.0%
Virginia 4 Abram Trigg Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected Abram Trigg (DR) 88.5%
William Preston (F) 11.5%
Virginia 5 John J. Trigg Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected John J. Trigg (DR)[8]
George Hancock (F)
Virginia 6 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected Matthew Clay (DR)[8]
Isaac Coles (DR)
Virginia 7 Abraham B. Venable Democratic-Republican 1790 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Randolph (DR) 40.5%
Powhatan Bolling (DR) 40.3%
Clement Carrington (F) 19.2%
Virginia 8 Thomas Claiborne Democratic-Republican 1793 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel Goode (DR) 52.5%
Thomas Claiborne (DR) 47.5%
Virginia 9 Joseph Eggleston Democratic-Republican 1798 (special) Re-elected Joseph Eggleston (DR) 63.4%
Alexander McRae (F) 36.6%
Virginia 10 Carter B. Harrison Democratic-Republican 1793 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Edwin Gray (DR)[8]
John Mason, Jr. (DR)
Robert Booth (DR)
Benjamin Harrison (DR)
Wood Heath (F)
Virginia 11 Josiah Parker Federalist 1789 Re-elected Josiah Parker (F) 56.2%
Thomas Newton, Jr. (DR) 43.8%
Virginia 12 Thomas Evans Federalist 1797 Re-elected Thomas Evans (F) 62.3%
John Page (DR) 37.7%
Virginia 13 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1795 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
John Marshall (F)[8]
John Clopton (DR)
Virginia 14 Samuel J. Cabell Democratic-Republican 1795 Re-elected Samuel J. Cabell (DR) 83.6%
John Nicholas (DR) 16.4%
Virginia 15 John Dawson Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected John Dawson (DR)[8]
Virginia 16 Anthony New Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected Anthony New (DR)[8]
Benjamin Temple (F)
Virginia 17 Richard Brent Democratic-Republican 1795 Retired
Federalist gain
Leven Powell (F) 63.8%
Roger West (DR) 36.4%
Virginia 18 John Nicholas Democratic-Republican 1793 Re-elected John Nicholas (DR)[8]
John Blackwell (F)
Virginia 19 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican 1797 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Henry Lee (F) 51.4%
Walter Jones (DR) 48.6%

On June 7, 1800, John Marshall (F) of the 13th district resigned upon being named Secretary of State and was replaced in a special election by Littleton W. Tazewell (DR)


  1. ^ Additional trials required in 2 districts due to majority requirement not being met on first vote, additional trials were held January 17, April 1, June 6, and August 29, 1799
  2. ^ Changed from at-large system
  3. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  4. ^ An additional trial was held in one district due to majority requirement not being on the first vote, and was held on December 4, 1798
  5. ^ a b c d Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  6. ^ a b c d Also elected in special election to fill vacancy in 5th Congress
  7. ^ a b Won subsequent special election
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  9. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project