United States House of Representatives elections, 1892

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1892
United States
1890 ←
November 8, 1892[Note 1] → 1894

All 356 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  CharlesFrederickCrisp.jpg Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader Charles Frederick Crisp Thomas Brackett Reed
Party Democratic Republican
Last election 238 seats 86 seats
Seats won 220[1][Note 2][Note 3] 124[1][Note 2]
Seat change Decrease 18 Increase 38
Popular vote 7,515,314[citation needed] 6,868,564[citation needed]
Percentage 46.92% 42.88%

  Third party Fourth party
  Jerry Simpson.jpg No image.svg
Leader Jerry Simpson
Party Populist Silver
Last election 8 seats New Party
Seats won 11[1] 1[1][Note 4]
Seat change Increase 3 Increase 1
Popular vote 1,263,481[citation needed] 7,171[citation needed]
Percentage 7.89% 0.04%

Speaker before election

Charles Crisp
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Charles Crisp
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1892 for members of the 53rd Congress, taking place at the same time as the election of Grover Cleveland as President for the second, non-continuous, time, defeating incumbent Benjamin Harrison.

In spite of the presidential results, Harrison's Republican Party gained back some of the seats that had been lost in 1890 to the Democratic Party, but was still deep in the minority. The Republican pickups were a result of a number of Republican-friendly Northern districts reverting to form after voting Democratic in the previous election cycle. The third party Populists, who had high support among farmers and laborers in the South and West, also gained two seats.

Election summaries[edit]

This was the first election after reapportionment following the 1890 Census. Twenty-four new seats were added,[2] with 13 States gaining one seat each, two States gaining 2 seats each, and one state gaining 3 seats, and the remaining 28 states having no change. Several states did not redistrict following the apportionment of extra seats, and elected those new seats at-large.

218 2 11 1 124
Democratic ID P S Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Populist
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 Increase 1 9 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 6 Increase 1 6 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 7 Increase 1 4 Increase 2 2 Decrease 2 1 Increase 1
Colorado District[Note 5] 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1 2 Increase 2
Connecticut District 4 Steady 3 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 11 Increase 1 11 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District
+2 at-large[Note 6]
22 Increase 2 11 Decrease 3 11 Increase 5 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 Steady 11 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 Steady 1 Decrease 5 10 Increase 5 0 Steady
Kansas District
+at-large[Note 6]
8 Increase 1 1 Increase 1 2 Steady 5 Steady
Kentucky District 11 Steady 10 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[Note 7] District 4 Steady 0 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 13 Increase 1 3[Note 8] Decrease 4 10 Increase 5 0 Steady
Michigan District 12 Increase 1 5 Decrease 2 7 Increase 3 0 Steady
Minnesota District 7 Increase 2 2 Decrease 1 4 Increase 3 1 Steady
Mississippi District 7 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 15 Increase 1 14 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Montana At-large 1 Steady 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 Increase 3 1 Steady 3 Increase 3 2 Steady
Nevada At-large 1[Note 4] Steady 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 Steady 0 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady
New Jersey District 8 Increase 1 6 Increase 1 2 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 34 Steady 20 Decrease 3 14 Increase 3 0 Steady
North Carolina District 9 Steady 8 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
North Dakota At-large 1 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 Steady 11 Decrease 3 10 Increase 3 0 Steady
Oregon[Note 7] District[Note 5] 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 2 Increase 1 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large[Note 6]
30 Increase 2 10[Note 8] Steady 20 Increase 2 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 Steady 6 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 Steady 8 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District 13 Increase 2 13 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[Note 7] District 2 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 Steady 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington At-large 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 2 Increase 1 0 Steady
West Virginia District 4 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 10 Increase 1 6 Decrease 2 4 Increase 3 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Total 356 Increase 24 220[1][Note 3]
61.8%
Decrease 23 124[1]
34.83%
Increase 45 11[1]
3.1%
Increase 3
House seats
Democratic
  
61.80%
Republican
  
34.83%
Populist
  
3.09%
Silver
  
0.28%

The previous election of 1890 saw the election of eight Populists, but no other third party or independent members.

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Populist
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Populist
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
 
  Up to 60% Republican
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Populist gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dates[edit]

In 1892, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Complete returns[edit]

California[edit]

One new seat was added in reapportionment. Democrats had a net gain of one seat (taken from a Republican), and Populists gained a seat in the new district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 Thomas J. Geary Democratic 1890 Re-elected Thomas J. Geary (D) 56.8%
E. W. Davis (R) 38.6%
C. C. Swafford (Pop) 4.6%
California 2 Anthony Caminetti Democratic 1890 Re-elected Anthony Caminetti (D) 53.2%
John F. Davis (R) 43.1%
C. H. Dunn (Pr) 3.4%
J. H. White (I) 0.3%
California 3 Samuel G. Hilborn Republican 1890 Re-elected Samuel G. Hilborn (R) 43.2%
Warren B. English (D) 43.1%
J. L. Lyon (Pop) 11.5%
L. B. Scranton (Pr) 2.2%
California 4 John T. Cutting Republican 1890 Retired
Democratic gain
James G. Maguire (D) 49.2%
Charles O. Alexander (R) 43.4%
Edgar P. Burman (Pop) 6.5%
Henry Collins (Pr) 1%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Re-elected Eugene F. Loud (R) 46.4%
J. W. Ryland (D) 43.3%
Jonas Morrison (Pop) 7.9%
William Kelly (Pr) 2.4%
California 6 None (District created) New seat
Populist gain
Marion Cannon (Pop) 56.3%
Hervey Lindley (R) 38.8%
O. R. Dougherty (Pr) 4.9%
California 7 William W. Bowers
(Redistricted from the 6th district)
Republican 1890 Re-elected William W. Bowers (R) 41.6%
Olin Wellborn (D) 39%
Hiram Hamilton (Pop) 14.6%
M. B. Harris (Pr) 4.8%

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen R. Mallory Democratic 1890 Re-elected Stephen R. Mallory (D) 99.2%
Others 0.8%
Florida 2 Robert Bullock Democratic 1888 Retired
Democratic hold
Charles Merian Cooper (D) 76.0%
Austin S. Mann (Pop) 24.0%

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[3]
Ohio 1 Bellamy Storer Republican 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 2 John A. Caldwell Republican 1888 Re-elected
Ohio 3 George W. Houk Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 4 Martin K. Gantz Democratic 1890 Lost re-nomination
Democratic loss
Fernando C. Layton
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 5 Dennis D. Donovan
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 6 John M. Pattison
Redistricted from the 11 district
Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 7 William E. Haynes Democratic 1890 Retired
Republican gain
Ohio 8 None (District created) New seat
Republican gain
Ohio 9 None (District created) New seat
Democratic gain
Ohio 10 Robert E. Doan Republican 1890 Lost renomination
Republican loss
William H. Enochs
Redistricted from the 12th district
Republican 1890 Re-elected
James I. Dungan
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic 1890 Lost re-election
Democratic loss
Ohio 11 None (District created) New seat
Republican gain
Ohio 12 Joseph H. Outhwaite
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 13 Darius D. Hare
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 14 James W. Owens Democratic 1890 Retired
Democratic loss
Michael D. Harter
Redistricted from the 15th district
Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 15 None (District created) New seat
Republican gain
Ohio 16 Lewis P. Ohliger Democratic 1892 (s) Lost renomination
Democratic loss
Albert J. Pearson Democratic 1890 Re-elected
Ohio 17 None (District created) New seat
Democratic gain
Ohio 18 Joseph D. Taylor Republican 1890 Retired
Democratic gain
Ohio 19 Ezra B. Taylor Republican 1880 (s) Retired
Republican hold
Ohio 20 Vincent A. Taylor Republican 1890 retired
Republican Hold
Ohio 21 Tom L. Johnson Democratic 1890 Re-elected

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 William H. Brawley Democratic 1890 Re-elected William H. Brawley (D) 99.8%
Others 0.2%
South Carolina 2 George D. Tillman Democratic 1878 Lost primary
Democratic hold
W. Jasper Talbert (D) 99.6%
Others 0.4%
South Carolina 3 George Johnstone Democratic 1890 Lost primary
Democratic hold
Asbury Latimer (D) 91.2%
John R. Tolbert (R) 8.6%
Others 0.2%
South Carolina 4 George W. Shell Democratic 1890 Re-elected George W. Shell (D) 85.7%
Joshua A. T. Ensor (R) 14.3%
South Carolina 5 John J. Hemphill Democratic 1882 Lost primary
Democratic hold
Thomas J. Strait (D) 80.7%
E. Brooks Sligh (R) 19.3%
South Carolina 6 Previous incumbent Eli T. Stackhouse (R) died June 14, 1892 Democratic hold John L. McLaurin[Note 9] (D) 84.6%
E. J. Sawyer (R) 15.3%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 7 William Elliott Democratic 1890 Retired
Republican gain
George W. Murray (R) 50.0%
E. W. Moise (D) 49.6%
Others 0.4%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 6 and September 12.
  2. ^ a b Dubin (p. 303) records 214 Democrats, 2 Independent Democrats, 127 Republicans, 11 Populists, and 1 Silver at the opening of the 53rd Congress, before several contested elections overturned a few results..
  3. ^ a b Includes 2 Independent Democrats: Michael J. McEttrick elected to MA-10, and William McAleer elected to PA-03.
  4. ^ a b Nevada elected Francis G. Newlands, a member of the Silver Party.
  5. ^ a b Changed from at-large district.
  6. ^ a b c Additional seat or seats elected at-large due to failure of State to redistrict.
  7. ^ a b c Elections held early.
  8. ^ a b Includes 1 Independent Democrat.
  9. ^ Also elected in special election for 52nd Congress

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Martis, pp. 146–147.
  2. ^ "1890 Apportionment act" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 
  3. ^ Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 630–632. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]