United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 1800

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United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 1800
Pennsylvania
1798 ←
October 14, 1800 → 1802

All 13 Pennsylvania seats to the United States House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 8 5
Seats won 10 3
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 2

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in Pennsylvania for the 7th Congress were held October 14, 1800.

Background[edit]

Thirteen Representatives (8 Democratic-Republicans and 7 Federalists) had been elected in the previous election

Congressional districts[edit]

Pennsylvania was divided into 12 districts, one of which (the 4th) was a plural district, with 2 Representatives. This was the last election which used these districts.

The counties that made up the 5th district did not border each other. That district was therefore made up of two separate pieces rather than being a single contiguous entity

Note: Many of these counties covered much larger areas than they do today, having since been divided into smaller counties

Election Results[edit]

Nine incumbents (8 Democratic-Republicans and 1 Federalist) ran for re-election, all of who won re-election. The incumbents Robert Waln (F) of the 1st district, Richard Thomas (F) of the 3rd district, John W. Kittera (F) of the 7th district and Thomas Hartley (F) of the 8th district did not run for re-election. Ten Democratic-Republicans and three Federalists were elected, a net gain of 2 seats for the Democratic-Republicans.

1800 United States House election results
District Democratic-Republican Federalist
1st William Jones 1,698 50.2% Francis Gurney 1,684 48.8%
2nd Michael Leib (I) 2,744 77.8% John Lardner 783 22.2%
3rd Joseph Shallcroft 2,389 46.7% Joseph Hemphill 2,732 53.3%
4th
2 seats
Peter Muhlenberg (I) 6,683 34.4% Cadwallader C. Evans 3,028 15.6%
Robert Brown (I) 6,681 34.4% John Arndt 3,010 15.5%
5th Joseph Hiester (I) 3,018 83.2% Roswell Wells 611 16.8%
6th John A. Hanna (I) 4,295 74.6% Samuel Maclay 1,460 25.4%
7th John Whitehill 1,927 45.9% Thomas Boude 2,274 54.1%
8th John Stewart[1] 2,263 54.8% John Eddie 1,866 45.2%
9th Andrew Gregg (I) 2,383 72.6% David Mitchell 901 27.4%
10th David Bard 967 46.4% Henry Woods (I) 1,118 53.6%
11th John Smilie (I) 2,182 100%
12th Albert Gallatin (I) 4,270 72.9% Presley Neville 1,590 27.1%

Special elections[edit]

There were three special elections following the October elections, one of which was for the outgoing Congress.

In the 4th district, Peter Muhlenberg (DR) was elected to the Senate on November 27, 1800, while in the 12th district, Albert Gallatin (DR) was appointed Secretary of the Treasury in May, 1801. Neither served in the 7th Congress, and special elections were held in both districts on October 13, 1801

1801 Special election results
District Democratic-Republican Federalist Party
4th Isaac Van Horne 4,687 100%
12th William Hoge 4,687 82.6% Alexander Fowler 836 14.7%
Isaac Weaver 154 2.7%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Also won special election to 6th Congress