United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command

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United States Marine Corps Special Operations Command
MARSOC LOGO.JPG
Marine Corps Special Operations Command Emblem
Active February 24, 2006 - present[1]
Country  United States of America
Branch  United States Marine Corps
Type Special Operations
Role Train, organize, equip and deploy task organized, scalable and responsive Marine Corps special operations forces worldwide in support of combatant commanders and other agencies
Size 2,600 Commandos[1]
Part of United States Special Operations Command Insignia.svg U.S. Special Operations Command
Garrison/HQ Camp Lejeune, North Carolina
Nickname Raiders
Motto "Always Faithful, Always Forward"
Engagements Afghanistan War
Iraq War
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Mark A. Clark[1]

United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) is a component command of the United States Special Operations Command that comprises the Marine Corps' contribution to SOCOM. Its core capabilities are direct action, special reconnaissance and foreign internal defense. MARSOC has also been directed to conduct counter-terrorism, and information operations.[2]

History and Lineage[edit]

Marine special operators conduct combat operations in eastern Afghanistan.

Its creation was announced on 23 November 2005 by US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, following a meeting between him, the USSOCOM commander General Bryan D. Brown, and the Marine Corps Commandant General Michael Hagee on 28 October 2005. MARSOC was officially activated on 24 February 2006 with ceremonies at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

The potential participation of the Marine Corps in SOCOM has been controversial since SOCOM was formed in 1986. At the time, Marine Corps leaders felt that their Force Reconnaissance units were best kept in the Marine Corps' MAGTF command structure, and that the detachment of an "elite" Marine Special Operations unit from the Marine Corps would be to the detriment of the Marine Corps as a whole. A re-evaluation following the 11 September attacks and the War on Terrorism, along with new policy established by Secretary Rumsfeld and then-Commandant Gen. James L. Jones at The Pentagon, caused the Marine Corps to work towards integration with SOCOM. The establishment of MARSOC represented the most significant step towards that goal, and followed the establishment of MCSOCOM Detachment One (DET1), a small Marine Corps detachment formed as a pilot program to test Marine Corps integration into SOCOM. It was made up of mostly Force Recon Marines from 1st and 2nd Force Reconnaissance Companies along with other hand picked support men and served with Navy SEALs under Naval Special Warfare Group One. Detachment 1 conducted a multitude of special operations in Iraq alongside their Special Operations brothers of the sister services. SOCOM conducted a study of the unit's deployment, which clearly indicated success and strong performance. Detachment 1 was disbanded in 2006 soon after the creation of MARSOC.

The first Marine Special Operations Company was stood up in June 2006, shortly after the creation of MARSOC. It was deployed supporting the Global War on Terrorism in December 2013 alongside the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) where they conducted various special operations missions, ranging from Direct action (military), reconnaissance and other mission sets.[3]

The first Marine Special Operations Individual Training Course began at Camp Lejeune on 6 October 2008.[4] MARSOC's stated end-goal is 850 CSOs.[5]

Organization[edit]

A Marine special operator glides towards his target during HALO operations.
Marine special operators conduct CQB training.

MARSOC comprises roughly 2,500 Marines[6] and sailors, and is currently commanded by Major General Mark A. Clark. MARSOC's organization was finalized in 2007. The base unit of MARSOC is the fourteen-man Marine Special Operations Team (MSOT). Each 14-man MSOT is organized into three elements: a Headquarters (HQ) and two identical Tactical Squads. The HQ element consists of the Team Leader (Captain), Team Chief (Master Sergeant), Operations SNCO (Gunnery Sergeant), and a Communications SNCO. Each Tactical Element consists of an Element Leader (Staff Sergeant), three Critical Skills Operators (Sergeant/Corporal), and a Navy Special Amphibious Reconnaissance Corpsman (SARC). MARSOC is based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and is split into three subordinate commands:

Name Insignia Headquarters Description
Marine Special Operations Regiment USMC MSOR logo.svg Camp Lejeune, NC and Camp Pendleton, CA MSOR consists of a Headquarters Company and three Marine Special Operations Battalions (1st, 2nd and 3rd). The MSOBs are tasked with direct action, special reconnaissance, counter-terrorism, and information operations. They are also trained to carry out peacetime foreign internal defense[7] and unconventional warfare. This includes giving military training to friendly foreign nations. Each MSOB consists of four Marine Special Operations Companies (MSOCs) that contain four Marine Special Operations Teams (MSOTs) in each Company. The organization allows a Team to operate on its own if needed, but maintains the ability to operate as part of a bigger unit such as an MSOC or SOTF, similar to Army Special Forces ODA/B.[8] The core personnel strength of the MSOBs was initially drafted from Force Reconnaissance Marines.
Marine Special Operations Support Group MSOSG1-LOGO.jpg Camp Lejeune, NC Comprises 400 personnel, contains the Command's administrative, and support assets.[9] Support personnel who augment MSOTs consist of EOD Technicians, MWD handlers, communications specialists among other personnel.[10]
Marine Special Operations Intelligence Battalion Marine Corps Special Operations Intelligence Battalion.jpg Camp Lejeune, NC Provides intelligence support at all operational levels in order to support training and operations worldwide with mission-specific intelligence capability.[11]
Marine Special Operations School MSOS Insignia.jpg Camp Lejeune, NC Conducts screening, training, selection, assessment, and development functions for MARSOC.[12]

Special Operations Combat Service Specialist[edit]

Special Operations Combat Service Specialists (SOCS-Ss) are Combat Service Support Marines who serve one standard tour with MARSOC in their primary MOS, such as Motor Transport or Logistics. Their training includes core skills for joint and interagency work as well as enhanced SOF combat skills training to enable their successful integration and survivability in special operations environments.[13]

Special Operations Capabilities Specialist[edit]

Special Operations Capabilities Specialists (SOCS) are Combat Support Marines that are able to join MARSOC based upon their MOS skill. They receive advanced special operations forces training and certification. SOCSs are operational and tactical force multipliers and frequently deploy alongside Critical Skills Operators (CSOs). SOCS billet fields include Intelligence, Communications, Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Dog Handlers, and Fire-Control Specialists. Special Operations Capabilities Specialist are awarded the AMOS of 8071, and return to the operating forces after an extended tour of service with MARSOC.[14]

Screening[edit]

All Marines are screened to ensure that the Marines joining MARSOC meet the established prerequisites for duty within the command. Selection of the right personnel begins with a rigorous screening process designed to identify the right Marines for the right billet within MARSOC. Operational billets are open only to males. Screening takes place in 3 stages: record screening, physical screening, and a psychological and medical evaluation.

Special Operations Training Course[edit]

The Special Operations Training Course(STC) is six weeks of unhindered, realistic, challenging basic and intermediate Special Operations Forces (SOF) war fighting skills training. During STC the Special Operations Capabilities Specialists will also attend Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) training along with a MARSOF Level 1 Course specific to their MOS: Explosive Ordnance Disposal (6 weeks), Communications (12 weeks), Intelligence (4-6 weeks), Joint Terminal Attack Controller (4 weeks), Multi-Purpose Canine (10 weeks), or SARC/IDC Corpsman (13 months).[15]

Critical Skills Operators[edit]

Critical Skills Operators are the primary special operations Marines within MARSOC. They are trained to execute a variety of missions. Specialized training also provides capabilities in language fluency necessary for crossing cultural barriers, allowing CSOs to connect with the local forces as well as civilians.[16] Marines designated CSOs are awarded MOS 0372. Critical Skills Operators (CSOs) are assigned to Marine Special Operations Teams (MSOT), Companies (MSOC) and Battalions (MSOBs).[17] As is to be expected, the selection and training process for CSOs is intense, comprehensive, and unforgiving.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
Notes
  1. ^ a b c SOCOM Public Affairs (2013). SOCOM Fact Book 2013. SOCOM Public Affairs. 
  2. ^ Hejlik, Major General Dennis J; Gilmore, Major Cliff W; Ingram, Sergeant Major Matthew P (August 2006). "Special Operations Marines and the Road Ahead". Marine Corps Gazette (Marine Corps Association). ISSN 0025-3170. 
  3. ^ http://sadefensejournal.com/wp/?p=1102
  4. ^ Armistead, Michael Warren (20 October 2008). "First US MARSOF Individual Training Course has begun" (Press release). United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 15 November 2008. 
  5. ^ Kyle McNally. "ITC 2-11 Graduation". Marines.mil. 
  6. ^ U.S. Seeks Faster Deployment; Smaller, More Flexible Special-Operations Teams Would Tackle Emerging Threats Under New Plan May 7, 2012
  7. ^ Stahlman, Josephh (28 August 2007). "MSOAG Marines get LIT". United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  8. ^ "Questions & Responses Page". U.S Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command. United States Marine Corps. 30 October 2007. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  9. ^ "Marine Special Operations Support Group". U.S. Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command. United States Marine Corps. 15 November 2008. 
  10. ^ http://sadefensejournal.com/wp/?p=1102
  11. ^ Richard Blumenstein. "MARSOC stands up MIB". Marines.mil. 
  12. ^ Maurer, Kevin (26 October 2008). "Marine Leader: Unit A Good Fit". Fayetteville Observer. Associated Press. 
  13. ^ http://www.marsoc.com/about-marsoc/
  14. ^ http://www.marsoc.com/about-marsoc/
  15. ^ http://www.marsoc.com/about-marsoc/
  16. ^ http://www.marsoc.com/storage/downloads/marsoc-command-pamphlet.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.americanspecialops.com/marsoc/marsoc-selection-training.php
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