United States Maritime Administration
Seal of the U.S. Maritime Administration
Flag of the U.S. Maritime Administration
|Formed||May 24, 1950|
|Preceding Agency||Maritime Commission|
|Agency executive||Paul N. Jaenichen, Acting Administrator, Deputy Administrator|
|Parent agency||Department of Transportation|
The United States Maritime Administration (MARAD) is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation that maintains the National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF) as a ready source of ships for use during national emergencies, and assists the NDRF in fulfilling its role as the nation's fourth arm of defense, logistically supporting the military when needed.
On June 4, Deputy Maritime Administrator Paul “Chip” Jaenichen was named Acting Maritime Administrator. He will serve in this role until the appointment and confirmation of a new Maritime Administrator. Acting Maritime Administrator Jaenichen has been with the U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration since July 2012 when he was appointed Deputy Maritime Administrator by President Obama.
When the United States Maritime Commission was abolished on May 24, 1950, its functions were split between the Federal Maritime Board which was responsible for regulating shipping and awarding subsidies for construction and operation of merchant vessels, and Maritime Administration, which was responsible for administering subsidy programs, maintaining the national defense reserve merchant fleet, and operating the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
In 1961, the Federal Maritime Board regulatory functions were assumed by the newly created Federal Maritime Commission, while the subsidy functions were assigned to the Maritime Subsidy Board of the Maritime Administration.
On August 6, 1981, MARAD came under control of the Department of Transportation thereby bringing all transportation programs under one cabinet-level department.
MARAD administers financial programs to develop, promote, and operate the U.S. Maritime Service and the U.S. Merchant Marine; determines services and routes necessary to develop and maintain American foreign commerce and requirements of ships necessary to provide adequate service on such routes; conducts research and development activities in the maritime field; regulates the transfer of U.S. documented vessels to foreign registries; maintains equipment, shipyard facilities, and reserve fleets of Government-owned ships essential for national defense.
Paul Jaenichen, Acting Administrator, Deputy Maritime Administrator
Franklin Parker, Chief Counsel
Michael Novak, Director, Congressional and Public Affairs
Kevin Tokarski, Associate Administrator, Strategic Sealift
Rear Admiral James Helis, USMS, Superintendent, United States Merchant Marine Academy
Delia Davis, Associate Administrator, Administration
John P. Quinn, Associate Administrator, Environment and Compliance
H. Keith Lesnick, Associate Administrator, Intermodal System Development
Owen Doherty, Associate Administrator, Business and Finance Development
The Maritime Administration collaborates extensively with stakeholders from all transportation sectors and modes in order to accomplish its mission to improve and strengthen the U.S. marine transportation system. MARAD operates one federal service academy and administers a Grant-In-Aid Program for six state-operated maritime academies:
|Federal||United States Merchant Marine Academy||Kings Point, New York||One of the United States service academies|
|State||California Maritime Academy||Vallejo, California||A campus of the California State University|
|State||Maine Maritime Academy||Castine, Maine|
|State||Massachusetts Maritime Academy||Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts|
|State||Great Lakes Maritime Academy||Traverse City, Michigan||A division of Northwestern Michigan College|
|State||SUNY Maritime College||Bronx, New York||A campus of the State University of New York|
|State||Texas Maritime Academy||Galveston, Texas||A campus of the Texas A&M University System|
Students at these academies can graduate with appropriate United States Coast Guard licenses (Mate or Engineer) if they choose to take the Coast Guard License exam, and may become commissioned reserve officers in any branch of the service when graduating from USMMA or a ROTC scholarship from one of the other maritime schools.
The Maritime Subsidy Board negotiates contracts for ship construction and grants operating-differential subsidies to shipping companies.
Maritime Security Program
The Maritime Administrator is vested with the residual powers of the Director of the National Shipping Authority, which was established in 1951 to organize and direct emergency merchant marine operations.
The Maritime Security Program (MSP) authorizes MARAD to enter into contracts with U.S.-flag commercial ship owners to provide service during times of war or national emergencies. As of 2007, ten companies have signed contracts providing the MSP with a reserve of sixty cargo vessels.
Harold E. Shear Maritime Administrator October 19, 1981 – May 31, 1985 John A. Gaughan Maritime Administrator November 26, 1985 – March 26, 1989 Warren G. Leback Maritime Administrator October 11, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Albert J. Herberger Maritime Administrator September 14, 1993 – June 30, 1997 Clyde J. Hart, JR. Maritime Administrator August 6, 1998 - December 2000 William G. Schubert Maritime Administrator December 6, 2001 – February 11, 2005 Sean T. Connaughton Maritime Administrator September 6, 2006 – January 2009 David T. Matsuda Maritime Administrator September 6, 2009– June 2013
- United States Federal Maritime Commission
- United States Merchant Marine, the U.S. merchant shipping fleet.
- United States Maritime Service, a training organization for the U.S. Merchant Marine.
- U.S. Merchant Marine Academy
- "Maritime Security Program (MSP)". MARAD. Retrieved August 3, 2007.
- U.S. Maritime Administration web site
- United States Maritime Administration in the Federal Register
- MARAD page in the U.S. Naval Vessel Register
- Papers of Louis S. Rothschild (Administrator of the United States Maritime Administration 1953-1955), Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library