Sergeant at Arms of the United States Senate

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The Sergeant at Arms of the Senate or originally known as the Doorkeeper of the Senate from the First Congress until the Eighth Congress (April 7, 1789 - March 3, 1803) is the law enforcement officer for the Senate of the United States. One of the chief roles of the Sergeant at Arms is to hold the gavel used at every session. The Sergeant at Arms can also compel the attendance of an absent Senator when ordered to by the Senate.

With the Architect of the Capitol and the House Sergeant at Arms, he serves on the Capitol Police Board, responsible for security around the building.

The Sergeant at Arms can, upon orders of the Senate, arrest any person who violates Senate rules.[1]

In March, 2014, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid announced that Terrance Gainer was planning on retiring as Senate Sergeant-at-Arms, and will be replaced by Senate Deputy Sergeant-at-Arms Andrew B. Willison. [2]

Sergeant at Arms Terrance Gainer (right) escorting President Obama to his 2011 State of the Union Address

List of the Sergeants at Arms of the Senate[edit]

James Mathers April 7, 1789 – September 2, 1811
Mountjoy Bayly November 6, 1811 – December 9, 1833
John Shackford December 9, 1833 – 1837
Stephen Haight September 4, 1837 – June 7, 1841
Edward Dyer June 7, 1841 – December 9, 1845
Robert Beale December 9, 1845 – March 17, 1853
Dunning R. McNair March 17, 1853 – July 6, 1861
George T. Brown July 6, 1861 – March 22, 1869
John R. French March 22, 1869 – March 24, 1879
Richard J. Bright March 24, 1879 – December 18, 1883
William P. Canaday December 18, 1883 – June 30, 1890
Edward K. Valentine June 30, 1890 – August 7, 1893
Richard J. Bright August 8, 1893 – February 1, 1900
Daniel M. Ransdell February 1, 1900 – August 26, 1912
E. Livingston Cornelius December 10, 1912 – March 4, 1913
Charles P. Higgins March 13, 1913 – March 3, 1919
David S. Barry May 19, 1919 – February 7, 1933
Chesley W. Jurney March 9, 1933 – January 31, 1943
Wall Doxey February 1, 1943 – January 3, 1947
Edward F. McGinnis January 4, 1947 – January 2, 1949
Joseph C. Duke January 3, 1949 – January 2, 1953
Forest A. Harness January 3, 1953 – January 4, 1955
Joseph C. Duke January 5, 1955 – December 30, 1965
Robert G. Dunphy January 14, 1966 – June 30, 1972[3]
William H. Wannall July 1, 1972 – December 17, 1975
Frank "Nordy" Hoffmann December 18, 1975 – January 4, 1981
Howard S. Liebengood January 5, 1981 – September 12, 1983
Larry E. Smith September 13, 1983 – June 2, 1985
Ernest E. Garcia June 3, 1985 – January 5, 1987
Henry K. Giugni January 6, 1987 – December 31, 1990
Martha S. Pope January 3, 1991 – April 14, 1994
Robert Laurent Benoit April 15, 1994 – January 3, 1995
Howard O. Greene, Jr January 4, 1995 – September 6, 1996
Gregory S. Casey September 6, 1996 – November 9, 1998
James W. Ziglar November 9, 1998 – September 3, 2001
Alfonso E. Lenhardt September 4, 2001 – March 16, 2003
William H. Pickle March 17, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Terrance W. Gainer January 4, 2007 – May 2, 2014
Andrew B. Willison May 5, 2014 – present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ senate.gov
  2. ^ Senate sergeant at arms to retire (TheHill article)
  3. ^ Obituaries, Washington Post, January 21, 2006; Page B05

External links[edit]