United States Senate elections, 1968

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United States Senate elections, 1968
United States
1966 ←
November 5, 1968 → 1970

34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Michael Joseph Mansfield.jpg EverettDirksen.jpg
Leader Mike Mansfield Everett Dirksen
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Montana Illinois
Last election 64 seats 36 seats
Seats before 62 38
Seats won 57 43
Seat change Decrease 5 Increase 5
Popular vote 24,976,660 23,588,832
Percentage 49.3% 46.5%
Swing Increase 1.4% Decrease 4.5%

US 1968 senate election map.svg

  Republican hold
  Republican gain
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain

Majority Leader before election

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

The 1968 United States Senate elections were elections for the United States Senate which coincided with the 1968 presidential election. Although Richard Nixon won the presidential election narrowly, the Republicans picked up five net seats in the Senate. Republicans would gain another seat after the election when Alaska Republican Ted Stevens was appointed to replace Democrat Bob Bartlett.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
D60 D59 D58 D57 D56 D55 D54 D53 D52
D61 D62 D63 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

As a result of the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
R41+ R42+ D58+ D57+ D56O D55O D54O D53 D52
R40+ R39+ R38+ R37+ R36+ R35O R34O R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

At the beginning of the next Congress[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48 D49 D50
Majority → D51
R41 R42 R43+ D57 D56 D55 D54 D53 D52
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
  • R43+ (Alaska seat):
    • Bob Bartlett (D), who was not up, died December 11, 1968 before the next Congress.
    • Ted Stevens (R) was appointed December 24, 1968 in his place.
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
 
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator from same party
+ Party gain: New senator from different party

Incumbents who retired[edit]

Democratic hold[edit]

  1. Alabama: J. Lister Hill (D) was replaced by James Allen (D).

Democratic gain[edit]

  1. Iowa: Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R) was replaced by Harold Hughes (D).

Republican holds[edit]

  1. Kansas: Frank Carlson (R) was replaced by Bob Dole (R).
  2. Kentucky: Thruston Ballard Morton (R) was replaced by Marlow W. Cook (R).

Republican gains[edit]

  1. Arizona: Carl Hayden (D) was replaced by Barry Goldwater (R).
  2. Florida: George Smathers (D) was replaced by Edward J. Gurney (R), the first Republican to represent Florida in the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction.

Incumbents who lost their seats[edit]

Democratic holds[edit]

  1. Alaska: Ernest Gruening (D) lost renomination to Mike Gravel (D), who later won the general election.
  2. Missouri: Edward V. Long (D) lost renomination to Thomas Eagleton (D), who later won the general election.

Democratic gain[edit]

  1. California: Thomas Kuchel (R) lost renomination to Max Rafferty (R), who later lost the general election to Alan Cranston (D).

Republican gains[edit]

  1. Maryland: Daniel Brewster (D) lost re-election to Charles Mathias, Jr. (R)
  2. Ohio: Frank J. Lausche (D) lost renomination to John J. Gilligan (D), who later lost the general election to William B. Saxbe (R).
  3. Oklahoma: A. S. Mike Monroney (D), lost re-election to Henry Bellmon (R).
  4. Oregon: Wayne Morse (D), lost re-election to Bob Packwood (R).
  5. Pennsylvania: Joseph S. Clark (D), lost re-election to Richard Schweiker (R).

Later change[edit]

Republican gain[edit]

  1. Alaska: Bob Bartlett (D) died December 11, 1968 and Ted Stevens (R) was appointed December 24, 1968.

Complete list of races[edit]

A bolded state name indicates an article about that state's election.

All seats were class 3.

State Incumbent Party Result Opposing Candidates
Alabama J. Lister Hill Democratic Retired
Democratic hold
James Allen (Democratic) 70.0%
Perry O. Hooper, Sr. (Republican) 22.1%
Robert Schwenn (Independent) 8.0%
Alaska Ernest Gruening Democratic Lost renomination
Democratic hold
Mike Gravel (Democratic) 45.1%
Elmer E. Rasmuson (Republican) 37.4%
Ernest Gruening (running as Independent) 17.4%
Arizona Carl Hayden Democratic Retired
Republican gain
Barry Goldwater (Republican) 57.2%
Roy Elson (Democratic) 42.8%
Arkansas J. William Fulbright Democratic Re-elected J. William Fulbright (Democratic) 59.2%
Charles T. Bernard (Republican) 40.9%
California Thomas Kuchel Republican Lost renomination
Democratic gain
Alan Cranston (Democratic) 51.8%
Max Rafferty (Republican) 46.9%
Paul Jacobs (Peace & Freedom) 1.3%
Colorado Peter H. Dominick Republican Re-elected Peter H. Dominick (Republican) 58.6%
Stephen L.R. McNichols (Democratic) 41.5%
Connecticut Abraham A. Ribicoff Democratic Re-elected Abraham A. Ribicoff (Democratic) 54.3%
Edwin H. May, Jr. (Republican) 45.7%
Florida George Smathers Democratic Retired
Republican gain
Edward J. Gurney (Republican) 55.9%
LeRoy Collins (Democratic) 44.1%
Georgia Herman Talmadge Democratic Re-elected Herman Talmadge (Democratic) 77.5%
E. Earl Patton (Republican) 22.5%
Hawaii Daniel Inouye Democratic Re-elected Daniel Inouye (Democratic) 83.4%
Wayne C. Thiessen (Republican) 15.0%
Idaho Frank Church Democratic Re-elected Frank Church (Democratic) 60.3%
George V. Hansen (Republican) 39.7%
Illinois Everett Dirksen Republican Re-elected Everett Dirksen (Republican) 53.0%
William G. Clark (Democratic) 46.6%
Indiana Birch Bayh Democratic Re-elected Birch Bayh (Democratic) 51.7%
William Ruckelshaus (Republican) 48.2%
Iowa Bourke B. Hickenlooper Republican Retired
Democratic gain
Harold Hughes (Democratic) 50.3%
David M. Stanley (Republican) 49.7%
Kansas Frank Carlson Republican Retired
Republican hold
Bob Dole (Republican) 60.1%
William I. Robinson (Democratic) 38.7%
Kentucky Thruston Ballard Morton Republican Retired
Republican hold
Marlow W. Cook (Republican) 51.4%
Katherine Peden (Democratic) 47.6%
Louisiana Russell B. Long Democratic Re-elected Russell B. Long (Democratic) Unopposed
Maryland Daniel Brewster Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Charles Mathias, Jr. (Republican) 47.8%
Daniel Brewster (Democratic) 39.1%
George P. Mahoney (American Independent) 13.1%
Missouri Edward V. Long Democratic Lost renomination
Democratic hold
Thomas Eagleton (Democratic) 51.1%
Thomas B. Curtis (Republican) 48.9%
Nevada Alan Bible Democratic Re-elected Alan Bible (Democratic) 54.8%
Ed Fike (Republican) 45.2%
New Hampshire Norris Cotton Republican Re-elected Norris Cotton (Republican) 59.3%
John W. King (Democratic) 40.7%
New York Jacob K. Javits Republican Re-elected Jacob K. Javits (Republican) 49.7%
Paul O'Dwyer (Democratic) 32.7%
James L. Buckley (Conservative) 17.3%
North Carolina Sam Ervin Democratic Re-elected Sam Ervin (Democratic) 60.6%
Robert V. Somers (Republican) 39.4%
North Dakota Milton Young Republican Re-elected Milton Young (Republican) 64.6%
Herschel Lashkowitz (Democratic) 33.7%
Ohio Frank J. Lausche Democratic Lost renomination
Republican gain
William B. Saxbe (Republican) 51.5%
John J. Gilligan (Democratic) 48.5%
Oklahoma A. S. Mike Monroney Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Henry Bellmon (Republican) 51.7%
A. S. Mike Monroney (Democratic) 46.2%
Oregon Wayne Morse Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Bob Packwood (Republican) 50.2%
Wayne Morse (Democratic) 49.8%
Pennsylvania Joseph S. Clark Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Richard Schweiker (Republican) 51.9%
Joseph S. Clark (Democratic) 45.8%
South Carolina Ernest Hollings Democratic Re-elected Ernest Hollings (Democratic) 61.9%
Marshall Parker (Republican) 38.1%
South Dakota George McGovern Democratic Re-elected George McGovern (Democratic) 56.8%
Archie M. Gubbrud (Republican) 43.2%
Utah Wallace F. Bennett Republican Re-elected Wallace F. Bennett (Republican) 53.7%
Milton N. Wellenmann (Democratic) 45.8%
Vermont George Aiken Republican Re-elected George Aiken (Republican) 99.9%
Unopposed
Washington Warren G. Magnuson Democratic Re-elected Warren G. Magnuson (Democratic) 64.4%
Jack Metcalf (Republican) 35.3%
Wisconsin Gaylord Nelson Democratic Re-elected Gaylord Nelson (Democratic) 61.7%
Jerris Leonard (Republican) 38.3%

See also[edit]