United States Senate election in Iowa, 2014

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United States Senate election in Iowa, 2014
Iowa
2008 ←
November 4, 2014 → 2020

  Joni Ernst - Official Portrait - 84th GA.jpg Bruce Braley official 110th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Nominee Joni Ernst Bruce Braley
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 584,133 489,250
Percentage 52.2% 43.7%

Iowa Senatorial Election Results by County, 2014.svg

County results

U.S. Senator before election

Tom Harkin
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Joni Ernst
Republican

The 2014 United States Senate election in Iowa was held on November 4, 2014 to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Iowa. Incumbent Democratic Senator Tom Harkin is not running for re-election to a sixth term in office.[1]

U.S. Representative Bruce Braley was unopposed for the Democratic nomination; the Republicans nominated State Senator Joni Ernst in a June 3 primary election.[2] Douglas Butzier, who was the Libertarian nominee, died on October 14 in a single engine plane crash near Key West, Iowa. He was the pilot and the only person aboard the plane.[3][4][5][6] He will still appear on the ballot, alongside Independents Bob Quast, Ruth Smith and Rick Stewart.

Democratic primary[edit]

Bruce Braley ultimately faced no opposition in his primary campaign and became the Democratic nominee on June 3, 2014.[7]

Candidates[edit]

Declared[edit]

Withdrew[edit]

  • Bob Quast, businessman (running as an Independent)[9]

Declined[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

Polling[edit]

Results[edit]

Democratic primary results[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bruce Braley 62,623 99.2%
Democratic Write-ins 504 0.8%
Totals 63,127 100%

Republican primary[edit]

The Republican primary was held on June 3, 2014. If no candidate won more than 35% of the vote, the nominee would have been chosen at a statewide convention. It would have been only the second time in 50 years that a convention picked a nominee and the first time since 2002, when then-State Senator Steve King won a convention held in Iowa's 5th congressional district to decide the Republican nominee for Congress. Having the nominee chosen by a convention led to fears that the increasingly powerful Ron Paul faction of the state party, led by Party Chairman A. J. Spiker, could have nominated an unelectable candidate.[20][21]

The convention was scheduled to be held on June 14 but was then moved July 12. Republican leaders, including Governor Terry Branstad and U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley, as well as four of the candidates for the nomination, criticized the move. Candidates Sam Clovis, Joni Ernst, Matthew Whitaker and David Young signed a letter to the Republican Party of Iowa asking them to move the convention date back, saying that "Essentially gifting [Bruce] Braley an additional 30 days to campaign in a vacuum, while reducing our nominee's time to raise funds and campaign as the general election candidate by an entire month – only serves to strengthen Braley’s viability". Spiker responded that the move was necessary to accommodate the 27-day period that the Iowa Secretary of State's office requires to certify the results of the primary.[22] Spiker reiterated his position in September 2013, rejecting calls for a vote by the central committee to move the convention date. He said that nominating a candidate before the primary had been certified would break state law, "which outlines that a ballot vacancy does not exist until the canvass is completed and certified."[23]

Secretary of State Matt Schultz was highly critical of Spiker, saying that "no political party should use the excuse of the final date of the statewide canvass to determine the date of its special nominating convention. Furthermore, to state that it is necessary to hold a special nominating convention after the conclusion of the state canvass is not only misleading, it is false."[24] Following efforts by members of the central committee to call a special meeting to move the date back to June, Spiker agreed and a meeting was held on September 23.[25] The central committee voted 16-1 to move the convention date back to June 14.[26] Statewide Republican leaders and activists and members of the National Republican Senatorial Committee believe that the real reason for the attempt to delay the convention was to give the Ron Paul faction time to organize an insurgent effort to push through a candidate they support, which could have even be Spiker himself or State Party Co-chair David Fischer.[21] The infighting has been traced back to the failure of the NRSC and allies of Governor Branstad and Senator Grassley to recruit a "top-tier" candidate for the race.[21]

Ernst received widespread attention for a campaign advert she released in March 2014 where she employed a tongue-in-cheek comparison between her experience castrating pigs and her ability to cut "pork" in Congress.[27][28] Many found the ad to be humorous[29][30] and it was spoofed by late-night comedians including Jimmy Fallon and Stephen Colbert,[31][32] while some found it to be in bad taste.[33][34] Before the ad aired, Ernst had struggled in fundraising,[35][36] and two polls of the Republican primary taken in February 2014 had shown her in second place, several points behind opponent Mark Jacobs.[37][38] After it aired, a Suffolk University poll in early April showed her with a narrow lead and a Loras College poll showed her essentially tied with Jacobs.[34][39][40][41] By May, she was being described by the media as the "strong front-runner".[42]

In May 2014, Roll Call reported that the Republican primary campaign had become a proxy for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination, with Mitt Romney and Marco Rubio supporting Ernst, Rick Perry endorsing Whitaker and Rick Santorum backing Clovis.[43] Jacobs, who had no such high-profile endorsements, ran as the "outsider".[44]

Ultimately, Ernst won the primary with 56% of the vote, negating the need for a convention.

Candidates[edit]

Declared[edit]

Withdrew[edit]

Declined[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Sam
Clovis
Joni
Ernst
Mark
Jacobs
Paul
Lunde
Scott
Schaben
Matt
Whitaker
Other Undecided
Des Moines Register May 27–30, 2014 400 ± 4.9% 11% 36% 18% 2% 13% 16%
Public Policy Polling May 15–19, 2014 303 ± ? 14% 34% 18% 2% 1% 6% 26%
Loras College May 12–13, 2014 600 ± 4% 9.5% 30.8% 19.3% 2.3% 7.3% 30.7%
Harper Polling^ April 30–May 1, 2014 500 ± 4.38% 14% 33% 23% 1% 3% 26%
The Polling Company April 13–14, 2014 223 ± 4% 5.8% 22.5% 20.4% 0.4% 2.1% 6.7% 42.1%
Loras College April 7–8, 2014 600 ± 4% 7.3% 18.1% 18.8% 3.5% 4% 48.2%
Suffolk University April 3–8, 2014 224 ± 6.55% 6.7% 25% 22.77% 1.34% 4.02% 40.18%
Public Policy Polling February 20–23, 2014 283 ± 5.8% 8% 13% 20% 3% 3% 11% 42%
Hill Research Consultants* February 12–13, 2014 300 ± 4% 6% 11% 22% 8% 3% 50%
  • ^ Internal poll for Joni Ernst campaign
  • * Internal poll for Mark Jacobs campaign

Results[edit]

Republican primary results[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joni Ernst 88,692 56.12%
Republican Sam Clovis 28,434 17.99%
Republican Mark Jacobs 26,582 16.82%
Republican Matthew Whitaker 11,909 7.54%
Republican Scott Schaben 2,270 1.44%
Republican Write-ins 144 0.09%
Totals 158,031 100%

General election[edit]

Debates[edit]

On August 29, Ernst and Braley announced their agreement to hold three televised debates in Davenport, Des Moines, and Sioux City, the first debate on September 28, the second on October 11, and the last on October 16.[112]

Fundraising[edit]

Candidate Raised Spent Cash on Hand
Bruce Braley (D) $9,918,362 $10,069,945 $707,302
Joni Ernst (R) $9,206,690 $7,660,912 $2,244,366

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Bruce
Braley (D)
Joni
Ernst (R)
Other Undecided
Public Policy Polling November 1–3, 2014 1,265 ± 2.8% 45% 48% 2%[113] 5%
46% 49% 5%
Quinnipiac University October 28–November 2, 2014 778 ± 3.5% 47% 47% 2% 4%
Public Policy Polling October 30–31, 2014 617 ± ? 47% 48% 5%
Iowa Poll October 28–31, 2014 701 ± 3.7% 44% 51% 1% 4%
YouGov October 25–31, 2014 1,112 ± 4.4% 43% 42% 3% 13%
Fox News October 28–30, 2014 911 ± 3% 44% 45% 4% 8%
Rasmussen Reports October 28–30, 2014 990 ± 3% 47% 48% 3% 3%
CNN/ORC October 27–30, 2014 647 LV ± 4% 47% 49% 4%
887 RV ± 3.5% 49% 43% 7%
Reuters/Ipsos October 23–29, 2014 1,129 ± 3.3% 45% 45% 4% 7%
Quinnipiac October 22–27, 2014 817 ± 3.4% 45% 49% 2% 5%
Loras College October 21–24, 2014 1,121 ± 2.93% 45.3% 44.2% 2.3% 8.2%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov October 16–23, 2014 2,322 ± 3% 44% 44% 1% 11%
NBC News/Marist October 18–22, 2014 772 LV ± 3.5% 46% 49% 1% 4%
1,052 RV ± 3% 46% 46% 2% 6%
Gravis Marketing October 20–21, 2014 964 ± 3% 43% 49% 8%
Monmouth University October 18–21, 2014 423 ± 4.8% 46% 47% 5% 2%
Quinnipiac University October 15–21, 2014 964 ± 3.2% 46% 48% 3% 4%
Public Policy Polling October 15–16, 2014 714 ± ?% 48% 47% 5%
Suffolk University October 11–14, 2014 500 ± 4.4% 43.2% 47% 2.4%[114] 7.4%
Quinnipiac University October 8–13, 2014 967 ± 3.2% 45% 47% 3% 5%
Rasmussen Reports October 8–10, 2014 957 ± 3% 45% 48% 1% 5%
Iowa Poll October 3–8, 2014 1,000 ± 3.1% 46% 47% 3% 4%
Morey Group October 4–7, 2014 1,000 ± 3.1% 39.3% 37.9% 1.6% 21.2%
Magellan October 3, 2014 1,299 ± 2.8% 40.8% 50% 9.2%
Loras College October 1–3, 2014 600 ± 4% 42.1% 42.4% 3.7% 11.8%
NBC News/Marist September 27–October 1, 2014 778 LV ± 3.5% 44% 46% 1% 9%
1,093 RV ± 3% 45% 44% 1% 11%
Greenberg Quinlan Rosner September 25–October 1, 2014 1,000 ± 2.09% 44% 45% 11%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov September 20–October 1, 2014 2,359 ± 2% 44% 43% 1% 12%
Gravis Marketing September 29–30, 2014 522 ± 4% 41% 50% 10%
Greenberg Quinlan Rosner September 25–30, 2014 800 ± 3.46% 47% 46% 7%
Public Policy Polling September 25–28, 2014 1,192 ± 2.8% 42% 44% 4%[115] 10%
43% 45% 12%
Harstad Research September 21–25, 2014 809 ± ? 42% 42% 16%
Iowa Poll September 21–24, 2014 546 ± 4.2% 38% 44% 6%[116] 12%
Rasmussen Reports September 17–18, 2014 750 ± 4% 43% 43% 4% 14%
Fox News September 14–16, 2014 600 ± 4% 41% 41% 6% 12%
Quinnipiac University September 10–15, 2014 1,167 ± 2.9% 44% 50% 1% 4%
CNN/ORC September 8–10, 2014 608 LV ± 4% 49% 48% 1% 2%
904 RV ± 3.5% 50% 42% 7%
Loras College September 2–5, 2014 1,200 ± 2.82% 45.3% 40.5% 14.2%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov August 18–September 2, 2014 1,764 ± 3% 44% 42% 2% 13%
Public Policy Polling August 28–30, 2014 816 ± 3.4% 43% 45% 12%
Suffolk August 23–26, 2014 500 ± 4% 40.2% 40% 4.8%[117] 15%
Public Policy Polling August 22–24, 2014 915 ± 3.2% 41% 40% 5%[118] 14%
42% 42% 16%
Rasmussen Reports August 11–12, 2014 750 ± 4% 43% 43% 6% 8%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov July 5–24, 2014 2,056 ± 2.7% 45% 46% 2% 8%
Gravis Marketing July 17–18, 2014 1,179 ± 3% 44% 43% 13%
NBC News/Marist July 7–13, 2014 1,599 ± 2.5% 43% 43% 1% 14%
Quinnipiac University June 12–16, 2014 1,277 ± 2.7% 44% 40% 16%
Vox Populi Polling June 4–5, 2014 665 ± 3.8% 44% 49% 7%
Loras College June 4–5, 2014 600 ± 4% 41.7% 48% 10.3%
Rasmussen Reports June 4–5, 2014 750 ± 4% 44% 45% 3% 9%
Public Policy Polling May 15–19, 2014 914 ± 3.3% 45% 39% 16%
Hickman Analytics April 24–30 500 ± 4.4% 44% 40% 16%
Suffolk University April 3–8, 2014 800 ± 3.5% 37.63% 29.75% 32.63%
Rasmussen Reports March 24–25, 2014 750 ± 4% 40% 37% 23%
Quinnipiac University March 5–10, 2014 1,411 ± 2.6% 42% 29% 1% 27%
Public Policy Polling February 20–23, 2014 869 ± 3.3% 41% 35% 23%
Quinnipiac University December 10–15, 2013 1,617 ± 2.4% 44% 38% 1% 17%
Harper Polling November 23–24, 2013 985 ± 3.12% 41.91% 35.96% 22.12%
Public Policy Polling July 5–7, 2013 668 ± 3.8% 45% 33% 22%

Results[edit]

2014 Iowa U.S. Senator general election[119]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Joni Ernst 584,133 52.2 +14.94
Democratic Bruce Braley 489,250 43.7 -18.96
Independent Rick Stewart 26,566 2.4 +2.4
Libertarian Douglas Butzier 8,292 0.7 +0.7
Independent Bob Quast 5,908 0.5 +0.5
Independent Ruth Smith 4,694 0.4 +0.4
Other Write-Ins 1,071 0.1 -0.17
Majority 94,833 8.5
Turnout 1,119,914
Republican gain from Democratic Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ed O’Keefe (January 26, 2013). "Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) won’t seek reelection". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Joni Ernst Wins GOP Primary In Iowa Senate Race". Huffington Post. June 3, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Wife confirms man killed in plane crash is Senate candidate". kcci.com. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Senate Candidate Killed in Eastern Iowa Plane Crash". whotv.com. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Pilot Killed In Eastern Iowa Plane Crash". woitv.com. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Dr. Doug Butzier website for Iowa Senate Race (2014)". 13 October 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Bruce Braley Wins Democratic Primary In Iowa Senate Race". Huffington Post. Jun 3, 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Blake, Aaron (February 7, 2013). "Iowa Rep. Bruce Braley to run for Senate". The Fix. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (March 14, 2014). "Candidates for federal, statewide offices". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Braley wins endorsement of ex-Gov. Chet Culver". Newton Daily News. July 2, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (June 4, 2013). "Waterloo Democrat Jeff Danielson won't run for higher office". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  12. ^ Tibbetts, Ed (January 29, 2013). "Loesback won't seek U.S. Senate seat". Globe Gazette. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  13. ^ Petroski, William (January 28, 2013). "Iowa House Democratic Leader McCarthy "absolutely" won't seek higher office". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 4, 2013. 
  14. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (February 7, 2013). "Tom Vilsack is Iowans' Senate pick". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  15. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (15 February 2013). "BREAKING: Vilsack will not seek U.S. Senate seat in 2014". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  16. ^ a b "IA-Sen: Loebsack endorses Braley (updated with Boswell)". Bleeding Heartland. February 16, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c "Harkin endorses Braley for U.S. Senate". The Gazette. April 21, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs "IA-Sen: Most Democratic state legislators endorse Braley". Bleeding Heartland. April 3, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  19. ^ a b Iowa Election Results
  20. ^ Cahn, Emily (5 July 2013). "Rare Convention Presents Hurdle in Iowa Senate Race". Roll Call. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c Goldmacher, Shane (23 September 2013). "Iowa GOP Infighting Could Cost a Senate Seat". National Journal. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  22. ^ Jason Noble; Jennifer Jacobs (26 August 2013). "Branstad says switching GOP convention date is ‘a real mistake’". Roll Call. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  23. ^ Jason Noble; Jennifer Jacobs (12 September 2013). "GOP chair’s commitment to July convention prompts call for his resignation". Roll Call. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  24. ^ Jason Noble (13 September 2013). "Iowa GOP will hold meeting Sept. 23 to review state convention date". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  25. ^ Jennifer Jacobs (21 September 2013). "Resolution could be near in dispute over Iowa GOP convention date". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  26. ^ Jennifer Jacobs (24 September 2013). "GOP reverses course on convention dates". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  27. ^ "Iowa Senate Candidate Says Castration Gives Her Conservative Cred". Time. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  28. ^ "In Politics, Hog Castration Cuts Through The Ad Clutter". NPR. March 28, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Iowa Senate Candidate Says Castration Gives Her Conservative Cred". Time. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  30. ^ "How did John Boehner's opponent get his campaign ad to go viral? Humor. (+video)". Christian Science Monitor. April 15, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Jimmy Fallon cringes at Joni Ernst's hog-castration ad". Des Moines Register. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Colbert: I'm pulling for Joni Ernst 'whole hog, or whatever's left'". Des Moines Register. March 27, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Joni Ernst 'Castrating Hogs' Ad: Republican Iowa Senate Candidate Stirs Controversy With Offbeat Campaign Spot [VIDEO]". International Business Times. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  34. ^ a b "How Joni Ernst’s ad about ‘castrating hogs’ transformed Iowa’s U.S. Senate race". The Washington Post. May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Sarah Palin endorses "hog castrator" Jodi Ernst in Iowa Senate race". CBS News. March 26, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  36. ^ "The Fix’s fourth-quarter fundraising winners and losers". CBS News. February 3, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  37. ^ "Sarah Palin endorses ‘pork-cutting’ Joni Ernst in Iowa". Politico. March 26, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  38. ^ "Ernst Aims to Be Iowa's First Female Senator". RealClearPolitics. March 9, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Ernst Narrowly Leads GOP Field in Iowa Senate Race". RealClearPolitics. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  40. ^ "Poll: Joni Ernst Takes Lead in Iowa GOP Senate Primary". Weekly Standard. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  41. ^ "Jacobs, Ernst tied in inaugural Loras Poll". TH Online. April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  42. ^ James Hohmann (May 29, 2014). "Joni Ernst focused on primary in final Iowa debate". Politico. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  43. ^ Alexis Levinson (31 May 2014). "Iowa Senate Primary Becomes 2016 Battleground". Roll Call. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  44. ^ Alexis Levinson (28 May 2014). "Ad Deluge Intensifies in Final Week Before Iowa Senate Primary". Roll Call. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  45. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (10 June 2013). "Sioux City radio host Sam Clovis joins U.S. Senate race". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  46. ^ a b Jacobs, Jennifer (10 July 2013). "Republican Joni Ernst joins U.S. Senate race". Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  47. ^ Emily Cahn (November 13, 2013). "Iowa’s GOP Senate Field Grows Again". Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  48. ^ Burns, Douglas (5 July 2013). "Kuemper alum Schaben plans U.S. Senate bid". Daily Times Herald. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  49. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (May 7, 2013). "GOP Senate Candidate Announces in Iowa". Roll Call. Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  50. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (6 May 2013). "GOP’s Matt Whitaker says he’s running for U.S. Senate". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  51. ^ Noble, Jason (January 2, 2014). "U.S. Senate candidate David Young changes gears, will run for Congress instead". Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  52. ^ Boshart, Rod (January 28, 2013). "Branstad not interested in Harkin’s seat; Reynolds keeping options open". Globe Gazette. Retrieved January 28, 2013. 
  53. ^ a b Jacobs, Jennifer (January 26, 2013). "Who among Republicans may eye Harkin's Senate seat?". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  54. ^ Deace, Steve (July 18, 2013). "The U.S. Senate race in Iowa". SteveDeace.com. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  55. ^ http://blogs.desmoinesregister.com/dmr/index.php/2013/01/28/iowa-senate-gop-leader-dix-wont-run-for-u-s-senate-or-congress-in-2014
  56. ^ Fischer, David (December 7, 2013). "After much consideration...". Twitter. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  57. ^ a b c d Jacobs, Jennifer (16 May 2013). "Potential Republican candidate drops from Senate race". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  58. ^ Hohmann, James (January 26, 2013). "Harkin retirement: Jump ball in Iowa". Politico. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  59. ^ Goddard, Taegan (3 May 2013). "King Passes on Senate Run". Political Wire. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  60. ^ http://blogs.desmoinesregister.com/dmr/index.php/2013/02/27/latham-email-says-hes-not-interested-in-u-s-senate-campaign/article
  61. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (2 May 2013). "Bill Northey Passes on Iowa Race #IASEN". Roll Call. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  62. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra (23 April 2013). "Report: Reynolds not running for Senate in Iowa". The Hill. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  63. ^ "IA-Sen: Rod Roberts rules out running". Bleeding Heartland. February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Iowa Secretary of State passes up Senate bid". Sioux City Journal. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  65. ^ http://globegazette.com/news/iowa/harkin-won-t-seek-th-senate-term/article_bd7c338c-67e2-11e2-a285-001a4bcf887a.html
  66. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (February 15, 2014). "Register Exclusive: Bob Vander Plaats will not run for Senate". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 
  67. ^ "IA Sen- Brad Zaun Not Running". Bleeding Heartland. March 11, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  68. ^ "Pastor Terry Amann Endorses Sam Clovis". Iowans for Sam Clovis for Senate. April 7, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  69. ^ "Dorie Day Press Release". Iowans for Sam Clovis for Senate. April 7, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  70. ^ Deace, Steve (May 12, 2014). "Sam Clovis for U.S. Senate". SteveDeace.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  71. ^ "Congressman Louie Gohmert to Rally Support for Clovis This Friday in Des Moines". The Iowa Republican. April 29, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  72. ^ "Santorum Endorses True Conservative Clovis for U.S. Senate in Iowa". Patriot Voices. May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  73. ^ a b c "Clovis Endorsed by Citizens United and Eagle Forum". The Iowa Republican. March 27, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  74. ^ Jacobs, Jennifer (May 13, 2014). "Bob Vander Plaats endorses Sam Clovis for US Senate". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  75. ^ Deace, Steve (March 31, 2014). "Sam Clovis Wins Gun Owners of America Endorsement". Caffeinated Thoughts. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  76. ^ Deace, Steve (May 6, 2014). "Tea Party Patriots Endorses Clovis for U.S. Senate". SteveDeace.com. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  77. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  78. ^ "Palin endorsement article". The Washington Post. 
  79. ^ "Joni Ernst gets Reagan endorsement". TheGazette. 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  80. ^ a b "In rare mailing, Romney backs Iowa's Joni Ernst for US Senate". Des Moines Register. March 5, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  81. ^ Spiering, Charlie (2014-05-05). "Exclusive: Marco Rubio Endorses Joni Ernst For Iowa Senate". Breitbart.com. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  82. ^ "Lt. Gov. Kim Reynolds endorses Joni Ernst in U.S. Senate race". Des Moines Register. October 7, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  83. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Former Republican State Representative Richard Anderson". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. September 5, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  84. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Representative Robert Bacon". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. August 15, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  85. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Representative Clel Baudler". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  86. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Senator Nancy Boettger". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. August 5, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  87. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Representative Mark Costello". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. September 6, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  88. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Representative Cecil Dolecheck". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. September 10, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  89. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of State Representative Dean Fisher". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. October 22, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  90. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Former State Senator Shawn Hamerlinck". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. October 4, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  91. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of State Representative Megan Hess". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. August 1, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  92. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of State Senator Hubert Houser". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. October 3, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  93. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Senator David Johnson". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. August 20, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  94. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Senator Tim Kapucian". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. August 1, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  95. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Former State Representative Renee Schulte". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. July 31, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  96. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Republican State Senator Amy Sinclair". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. August 19, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  97. ^ "State Representative Rob Taylor Endorses Ernst for U.S. Senate". The Iowa Republican. July 24, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  98. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of State Senator Dan Zumbach". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. October 29, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  99. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Dallas County Recorder Chad Airhart". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. July 29, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  100. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Adel City Councilman Jon McAvoy". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. September 12, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  101. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Waukee City Councilman Isaiah McGee". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. September 13, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  102. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Mills County Auditor Carol Robertson". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. October 16, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  103. ^ "Joni Ernst Announces Endorsement of Story County Treasurer Renee Twedt". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. October 17, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  104. ^ "PAC endorsement". March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014. 
  105. ^ "SCF Endorses Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate In Iowa". Senateconservatives.com. 2014-04-25. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  106. ^ "ShePAC Endorses Joni Ernst For United States Senate". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. October 2, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  107. ^ "National business group picks Joni Ernst over GOP rivals in Iowa U.S. Senate race". Des Moines Register. May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  108. ^ "Voices of Conservative Women PAC Endorses Joni Ernst for United States Senate". Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate. November 1, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  109. ^ "The 'major endorsement' for GOP's Mark Jacobs? Bill Northey". Des Moines Register. May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  110. ^ Vander Hart, Shane (December 30, 2013). "Matt Whitaker Endorsed by Former Hawkeye Brad Banks". Caffeinated Thoughts. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  111. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Endorsements". Whitaker for U.S. Senate. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  112. ^ U.S. Senate candidates Braley and Ernst agree to 3 debates. Quad City Times http://qctimes.com/news/local/u-s-senate-candidates-bruce-braley-and-joni-ernst-agree/article_a8fd0b73-7a0c-5421-8243-1eee2e236805.html |url= missing title (help). 
  113. ^ Douglas Butzier (L) 1%, Bob Quatz (I) 0%, Ruth Smith (I) 0%, Rick Stewart (I) 1%
  114. ^ Douglas Butzier (L) 0.6%, Bob Quatz (I) 0.6%, Ruth Smith (I) 0%, Rick Stewart (I) 1.2%
  115. ^ Douglas Butzier (L) 2%, Bob Quatz (I) 1%, Ruth Smith (I) 0%, Rick Stewart (I) 1%
  116. ^ Douglas Butzier (L) 1%, Bob Quatz (I) 0%, Ruth Smith (I) 2%, Rick Stewart (I) 2%, Other 1%
  117. ^ Rick Stewart (I) 2.2%, Douglas Butzier (L) 1%, Ruth Smith (I) 1%, Bob Quast (I) 0.6%
  118. ^ Douglas Butzier (L) 2%, Rick Stewart (I) 2%, Ruth Smith (I) 1%, Bob Quast (I) 0%
  119. ^ Iowa Secretary of State website

External links[edit]