United States Senate elections, 1798 and 1799

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United States Senate elections, 1798 and 1799
United States
1796 / 1797 ←
Dates vary by state → 1800 / 1801

11 of the 32 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
17 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Last election 21 seats (67.7%) 10 seats (32.3%)
Seats before 22 (68.7%) 10 (31.3%)
Seats won 23 (61.9%) 9 (28.1%)
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 1
Seats up 5 6

Majority party before election

Federalist

Elected Majority party

Federalist

The United States Senate election of 1798 was an election for the United States Senate, occurring during the middle of President John Adams's administration, which had no net change in political control of the Senate.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results[edit]

6th Congress (1799–1801):

  • Majority Party: Federalist (22)
  • Minority Party: Democratic-Republican (9)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 31

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7 DR8 DR9 DR10 F22 F21 F20 F19 F18 F17
Majority →
F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14 F15 F16
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Results of the elections[edit]

DR6O DR5O DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7O DR8O DR9O V1+ F22O F21O F20O F19O F18 F17
Majority →
F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14 F15 F16
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant
Party hold: Incumbent re-elected
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party
No tag Seat not up for election this time

Complete list of races[edit]

Special elections during the 5th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated before March 4, 1799; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
New York
(Special: Class 1)
Philip Schuyler Federalist 1789
1797
Incumbent resigned January 3, 1798.
Winner elected January 11, 1798 to finish term ending March 4, 1801.
(Winner later resigned, see below.)
Federalist hold.
John Sloss Hobart (F)
Delaware
(Special: Class 2)
John Vining Federalist 1792 Incumbent resigned January 19, 1798.
Winner elected January 19, 1798 to term ending March 4, 1799.
(Winner died August 11, 1798, see below.)
Federalist hold.
Joshua Clayton (F)
New York
(Special: Class 1)
William North Federalist May 1798 (Appointed) Predecessor resigned to become Judge of the U.S. District Court of New York.
Interim appointee served until winner qualified.
Winner elected August 17, 1798 to finish term ending March 4, 1801.
Federalist hold.
James Watson (F)
South Carolina
(Special: Class 2)
John Hunter Democratic-
Republican
1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned November 26, 1798.
Winner elected December 6, 1798.
(Winner also elected to next term, see below.)
Democratic-Republican hold.
Charles Pinckney (DR)
Tennessee
(Special: Class 1)
Daniel Smith Democratic-
Republican
October 1798 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired when successor qualified.
Winner elected December 12, 1798 to finish term ending March 4, 1803.
Winner qualified upon resignation from other Senate seat on March 4, 1799.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Anderson (DR)
Delaware
(Special: Class 2)
Joshua Clayton Federalist January 1798 Died August 11, 1798.
Winner elected January 17, 1799 to term ending March 4, 1799.
(Winner also elected to next term, see below.)
Federalist hold.
William H. Wells (F)

Races leading to the 6th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1799; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Delaware William H. Wells Federalist January 1799 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William H. Wells (F)
Georgia Josiah Tattnall Democratic-
Republican
1796 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected in 1799.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Abraham Baldwin (DR)
Kentucky John Brown Democratic-
Republican
1792 (New seat)
1792
Incumbent re-elected in 1799. John Brown (DR)
Massachusetts Theodore Sedgwick Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired to run for the U.S. House of Representatives.
Winner elected in 1799.
Federalist hold.
Samuel Dexter (F)
New Hampshire Samuel Livermore Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected in 1798. Samuel Livermore (F)
New Jersey Richard Stockton Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
Winner elected in 1799.
Federalist hold.
Jonathan Dayton (F)
North Carolina Alexander Martin Democratic-
Republican
1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected December 12, 1798.[1]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jesse Franklin (DR)
Alexander Martin (DR)
Rhode Island Ray Greene Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1799. Ray Greene (F)
South Carolina Charles Pinckney Democratic-
Republican
1798 Incumbent re-elected December 6, 1798. Charles Pinckney (DR)
Tennessee Joseph Anderson Democratic-
Republican
1797 (Special) Incumbent resigned March 4, 1799 when elected to the Class 1 seat (see below).
Winner elected in 1799.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Cocke (DR)
Virginia Henry Tazewell Democratic-
Republican
1794 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1798, but died January 24, 1799 before the term began.
(Seat remained vacant until nine months into the next term, see below.)
Democratic-Republican loss.
Henry Tazewell (DR)

Special elections during the 6th Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated after March 4, 1799, the beginning of the next Congress.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Virginia Vacant Vacant Vacant Incumbent Henry Tazewell (DR) had been re-elected in 1798 but died January 24, 1799 before the term began.
Winner elected December 5, 1799 to the next term.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Wilson C. Nicholas (DR)

See also[edit]

References[edit]