United States Senate elections, 1816 and 1817

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United States Senate elections, 1816 and 1817
United States
1814 / 1815 ←
Dates vary by state → 1818 / 1819

12 of the 36 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
19 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 26 (63.9%) 11 (30.6%)
Seats before 23 (63.9%) 12 (33.3%)
Seats won 25 (65.8%) 13 (34.2%)
Seat change Increase 2 Increase 1
Seats up 9 3

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1816 and 1817 were elections for the United States Senate which had the Democratic-Republican Party gain a net of two seats from the admission of a new state, and which coincided with the Presidential election. As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results[edit]

15th Congress (1817–1819)

  • Majority Party: Democratic-Republican (25)
  • Minority Party: Federalist (13)
  • Total Seats: 38

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

Composition after June 12, 1816 election in Massachusetts.

DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18
Majority → DR19
F9 F10 F11 F12 V1* DR23 DR22 DR21 DR20
F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Note:
  • V1 (Kentucky seat): A Democratic-Republican incumbent had resigned May 1, 1816. A federalist then filled the seat either by appointment or by special election. The seat was subsequently won by a Democratic-Republican.

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15+* DR16+* DR17√* DR18O DR19O
Majority → DR20O
F10 F11O F12+ F13+ DR25+ DR24+ DR23O DR22O DR21O
F9 F8 F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Note:
  • DR15+ and DR16+ (Indiana seats): The new state of Indiana elected two Democratic-Republicans to the new seats on December 11, 1816.
  • DR17+ (Tennessee seat): Legislature failed to elect, then the incumbent was appointed to start the term.
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant
Party hold: Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to full term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party
No tag Seat not up for election this time

Complete list of races in 1816 and 1817[edit]

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the preceding Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1816 or before March 4, 1817; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Virginia
(Class 2)
Vacant William B. Giles (DR) had resigned March 3, 1815.
Winner elected January 3, 1816 despite being unqualified to serve due to young age.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Armistead Mason (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland
(Class 1)
Vacant The Maryland General Assembly failured to elect in time for the March 4, 1815 beginning of the term.
Winner elected January 29, 1816.
Federalist gain.
Robert Harper (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Christopher Gore Federalist 1813 (Appointed)
1815
Incumbent resigned May 30, 1816, unhappy with the politics of Washington and suffering from poor health.
Winner elected June 12, 1816.
Federalist hold.
Eli P. Ashmun (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia
(Class 2)
William Wyatt Bibb Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent resigned November 9, 1816.
Winner elected November 13, 1816.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George M. Troup (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina
(Class 2)
James Turner Democratic-Republican 1804
1810
Incumbent resigned November 21, 1816 due to ill health.
Winner elected December 4, 1816.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Montfort Stokes (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special)
1810
Incumbent resigned November 1816.
Winner elected December 4, 1816.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Smith (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Indiana
(Class 1)
New seat Indiana was admitted to the Union December 11, 1816.
Winner seated that day.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Noble (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Indiana
(Class 3)
New seat Indiana was admitted to the Union December 11, 1816.
Winner seated that day.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Waller Taylor (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland
(Class 1)
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist 1816 (Special) Incumbent resigned December 6, 1816.
Winner elected December 20, 1816.
Federalist hold.
Alexander Hanson (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the next Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1817; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Delaware William H. Wells Federalist 1799 (Special)
1799
1804 (Resigned)
1813 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
Winner elected in 1817.
Federalist hold.
Nicholas Van Dyke
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia William Wyatt Bibb Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Resigned November 9, 1816.
Winner elected November 13, 1816.
Winner was also elected to finish the previous term, see above.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George M. Troup (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky Martin D. Hardin Federalist November 13, 1816 (either appointment or special election) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
Winner elected in 1817.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John J. Crittenden (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Louisiana James Brown Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1816 or 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William C. C. Claiborne (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1811 Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
Winner elected in 1817.
Federalist gain.
Harrison Gray Otis (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire Thomas W. Thompson Federalist 1814 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
Winner elected in 1816 or 1817.
Democratic-Republican gain.
David L. Morril (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey John Condit Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special)
1810
Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
Winner elected in 1816 or 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Lambert (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina
(Class 2)
James Turner Democratic-Republican 1804
1810
Resigned November 21, 1816 due to ill health.
Winner elected December 4, 1816.
Winner was also elected to finish the previous term, see above.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Montfort Stokes (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island Jeremiah Howell Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
Winner elected in 1816 or 1817.
Federalist gain.
James Burrill, Jr. (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special)
1810
Incumbent resigned November 1816.
Winner elected December 4, 1816.
Winner was also elected to the previous term, see above.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Smith (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee John Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
Legislature failed to elect.
Incumbent was then appointed to start the term.
John Williams (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia Armistead T. Mason Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election, but he was an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives.
Winner elected in 1816 or 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John W. Eppes[1] (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the next Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were elected in 1817 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Tennessee
(Class 2)
John Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Legislature had failed to elect and the incumbent was then appointed to start the term.
Incumbent was then re-elected sometime in 1817 to complete the term.
John Williams (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
Jeremiah Mason Federalist 1813 (Special) Incumbent resigned June 16, 1817.
Winner elected June 27, 1817.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Clement Storer (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont
(Class 3)
Dudley Chase Democratic-Republican 1813 Resgined November 3, 1817.
Winner elected November 4, 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Fisk (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Mississippi
(Class 1)
New state Mississippi was admitted as a new state December 10, 1817.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Walter Leake (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Mississippi
(Class 2)
New state Mississippi was admitted as a new state December 10, 1817.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Williams (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "VA US Senate". Our Campaigns. January 11, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2015.