United States Senate election in New York, 1893

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The 1893 United States Senate election in New York was held on January 17, 1893, by the New York State Legislature to elect a U.S. Senator (Class 1) to represent the State of New York in the United States Senate.

Background[edit]

Republican Frank Hiscock had been elected to this seat in 1887, and his term would expire on March 3, 1893.

At the controversial State election in November 1891, 17 Democrats, 14 Republicans and 1 Independent were elected for a two-year term (1892-1893) in the State Senate. This was the only time a Democratic majority was seated in the State Senate between 1874 and 1910. At the State election in November 1892, 74 Democrats and 54 Republicans were elected for the session of 1893 to the Assembly. The 116th New York State Legislature met from January 3 to April 20, 1893, at Albany, New York.

Candidates[edit]

Democratic caucus[edit]

The Democratic caucus met on January 10. 90 State legislators attended, only Assemblyman John Cooney, of Brooklyn, was absent due to illness. State Senator Amasa J. Parker, Jr. presided. Edward Murphy, Jr., a wealthy brewer of Troy, and Chairman of the Democratic State Committee, was nominated by a large majority. The New York Times had suggested earlier to nominate Carl Schurz, a former Republican U.S. Senator from Missouri and U.S. Secretary of the Interior, who lived now in New York City,[1] but the political machines of upstate boss David B. Hill and Tammany Hall chose a loyal party machine man rather than an Ex-Republican advocate of civil service reform. Even President-elect Grover Cleveland had voiced his disapproval of Murphy, to no avail.[2]

1893 Democratic caucus for United States Senator result
Office Candidate First ballot
U.S. Senator (Class 1) Edward Murphy, Jr. 85
W. Bourke Cockran 5

Republican caucus[edit]

The Republican caucus met on January 11. State Senator Thomas Hunter presided. They re-nominated the incumbent U.S. Senator Frank Hiscock by acclamation.

Result[edit]

Edward Murphy, Jr., was the choice of both the Assembly and the State Senate, and was declared elected. State Senator James T. Edwards (32nd D.), of Randolph, voted for the defeated Republican vice presidential candidate of 1892, Whitelaw Reid.

1893 United States Senator election result
Office House Democrat Republican Republican
U.S. Senator (Class 1) State Senate
(32 members)
Edward Murphy, Jr. 17 Frank Hiscock 12 Whitelaw Reid 1
State Assembly
(128 members)
Edward Murphy, Jr. 73 Frank Hiscock 52

Note: The votes were cast on January 17, but both Houses met in a joint session on January 18 to compare nominations, and declare the result.

Aftermath[edit]

When Murphy took his seat, for the first time since 1849 New York was represented by two Democrats in the U.S. Senate. Murphy served a single term, remaining in the U.S. Senate until March 3, 1899. In January 1899, Murphy was defeated for re-election by Republican Chauncey M. Depew.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ MR. SCHURZ FOR SENATOR.; HIS ELECTION WOULD BE A GREAT GAIN TO THE STATE AND THE NATION in NYT on November 27, 1892
  2. ^ MURPHY NOT A FIT MAN; MR. CLEVELAND'S VIEWS UPON THE NEW-YORK SENATORSHIP in NYT on December 28, 1892

Sources[edit]