United States Senate elections, 1796

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The United States Senate election of 1796 was an election for the United States Senate which, coinciding with John Adams's election as President, had the ruling Federalist Party gain one seat.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results[edit]

5th Congress (1797–1799):

  • Majority Party: Federalist (21)
  • Minority Party: Democratic-Republican (10)
  • Vacant: 1 (later filled by Democratic-Republican)
  • Total Seats: 32

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Note: There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[1]

End of the 4th Congress[edit]

DR DR DR DR DR DR
F F F F F DR DR DR DR DR
F
F F F F F F F F F
F F F F F F

Beginning of the 5th Congress[edit]

V DR DR DR DR DR
F F F F F DR DR DR DR DR
F
F F F F F F F F F
F F F F F F
Key:
DR = Democratic-Republican
F = Federalist
V = Vacant
Majority
divider

Complete list of races[edit]

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats, except where noted

1796 elections[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Candidates
Connecticut
Special
Oliver Ellsworth Federalist Resigned to become Chief Justice of the United States
Winner was elected May 12, 1796 to finish the term
Federalist hold
James Hillhouse (Federalist)
Connecticut
Special
Class 3
Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. Federalist Resigned June 10, 1796 to become Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut
Tracy was elected October 13, 1796 to finish the term
Federalist hold
Uriah Tracy (Federalist)
Delaware Henry Latimer Federalist Re-elected Henry Latimer (Federalist)
Georgia
Special
Class 3
George Walton Federalist Appointee retired when successor elected
Winner was elected February 20, 1796 to finish the term
Democratic-Republican gain
Josiah Tattnall (Democratic-Republican)
Maryland
Special
Richard Potts Federalist Resigned October 24, 1796
Winner was elected November 30, 1796 to finish the term
Federalist hold
John Eager Howard (Federalist)
Maryland Winner was elected November 30, 1796 to the next term
Massachusetts
Special
George Cabot Federalist Resigned June 9, 1796
Winner was elected June 11, 1796 to finish the term
Federalist hold
Benjamin Goodhue (Federalist)
Massachusetts Winner was elected June 11, 1796 to the next term
Massachusetts
Special
Class 2
Caleb Strong Federalist Strong resigned June 1, 1796
Sedgwick was elected June 11, 1796 to finish the term
Federalist hold
Theodore Sedgwick (Federalist)
New Jersey John Rutherfurd Federalist Re-elected John Rutherfurd (Federalist)
New York
Special
Class 3
Rufus King Federalist Resigned May 23, 1796 to become U.S. Minister to Great Britain
Winner was elected November 9, 1796 to finish the term
Federalist hold
John Laurance (Federalist)
Pennsylvania James Ross Federalist Re-elected James Ross (Federalist)
South Carolina
Special
Class 2
Pierce Butler Democratic-
Republican
Resigned October 25, 1796
Winner was elected December 8, 1796 to finish the term
Democratic-Republican hold
John Hunter (Democratic-Republican)
Tennessee William Cocke Democratic-
Republican
No election due to failure to elect
Democratic-Republican loss
Incumbent was later appointed
Legislature did not hold election
(William Cocke (Democratic-Republican) appointed to fill term)[2]
Vermont
Special
Moses Robinson Federalist Resigned October 15, 1796
Winner was elected October 18, 1796 to finish the term
Federalist hold
Isaac Tichenor (Federalist)
Vermont Winner was elected October 18, 1796 to the next term

1797 elections[edit]

State Incumbent Party Results Candidates
Connecticut James Hillhouse Federalist Re-elected James Hillhouse (Federalist)
New York Aaron Burr Democratic-
Republican
Lost re-election on January 24, 1797
Federalist gain
Philip Schuyler (Federalist)
Rhode Island Theodore Foster Federalist Re-elected Theodore Foster (Federalist)
Tennessee William Cocke Democratic-
Republican
Did not stand for re-election.
Democratic-Republican hold
Andrew Jackson (Democratic-Republican)
Tennessee
Special
Class 2
William Blount Democratic-
Republican
Expelled on July 8, 1797.[3]
Democratic-Republican hold
Joseph Anderson (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia Stevens Mason Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected Stevens Mason (Democratic-Republican)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. 
  2. ^ William Cocke at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 4, 2013
  3. ^ William Blount at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 4, 2013