United States Senate elections, 1806 and 1807

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United States Senate elections, 1806 and 1807

1804 / 1805 ←
Dates vary by state → 1808 / 1809

11 of the 34 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
18 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 27 seats (79.4%) 7 seats (20.6%)
Seats before 27 (79.4%) 7 (20.6%)
Seats won 28 (82.4%) 6 (17.6%)
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 1
Seats up 9 2

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate election of 1806 was an election which had the Democratic-Republican Party increase its overwhelming control of the Senate by one additional Senator. The Federalists went into the elections with such a small share of Senate seats (7 out of 34, or 21%) that even if they had won every election, they would have still remained a minority caucus. As it was, however, they lost one of the two seats they were defending and picked up no gains from their opponents.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Senate Party Division, 10th Congress (1807–1809)[edit]

  • Majority Party: Democratic-Republican (28)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 34

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Majority → DR18
DR27 DR26 DR25 DR24 DR23 DR22 DR21 DR20 DR19
F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Majority → DR18
DR27O DR26O DR25O DR24 DR23 DR22 DR21 DR20 DR19
DR28+ F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant
Party hold: Incumbent re-elected
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party
No tag Seat not up for election this time

Complete list of races in 1806 and 1807[edit]

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the preceding Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1806 or before March 4, 1807; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Georgia
(Class 3)
James Jackson Democratic-Republican 1793 (Class 2)
Resigned in 1795
1801
Incumbent died March 19, 1806.
Winner elected June 19, 1806 to finish the term ending March 4, 1807.
Democratic-Republican hold
John Milledge (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky
(Class 3)
John Adair Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Incumbent resigned November 18, 1806 after losing the election to the next term.
Successor elected November 19, 1806, despite being younger than the constitutional age minimum.
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland
(Class 3)
Robert Wright Democratic-Republican 1801 (Special) Incumbent resigned November 12, 1806 to become Governor of Maryland.
Successor elected November 25, 1806 to finish the term ending March 4, 1807 (as well as to the next term, see below).
Democratic-Republican hold
Philip Reed (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the next Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1807; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Connecticut Uriah Tracy Federalist 1796 (Special)
1801
Incumbent re-elected. Uriah Tracy (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia John Milledge Democratic-
Republican
1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Milledge (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky Henry Clay Democratic-
Republican
1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland Philip Reed Democratic-
Republican
1797 (Special) Incumbent elected November 25, 1806, as well as being elected to finish the preceding term. Philip Reed (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire William Plumer Federalist 1802 (Special) Incumbent retired.
Winner elected in 1807.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nahum Parker (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York John Smith Democratic-
Republican
1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Smith (Democratic-Republican), Unopposed
North Carolina David Stone Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent retired.[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected.
Democratic-Republican hold
David Stone (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio Thomas Worthington Democratic-
Republican
1803 Incumbent retired.[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected in 1806.
Democratic-Republican hold
Edward Tiffin (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania George Logan Democratic-
Republican
1801 (Appointed)
1801 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
Winner elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Andrew Gregg (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina John Gaillard Democratic-
Republican
1804 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Gaillard (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont Stephen R. Bradley Democratic-
Republican
1791
Lost in 1795
1801 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Stephen R. Bradley (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the next Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated in 1807 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Vermont
(Class 1)
Israel Smith Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent resigned October 1, 1807.
Winner elected October 10, 1807 to finish the term ending March 4, 1809.
Democratic-Republican hold
Jonathan Robinson (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Uriah Tracy Federalist 1796 (Special)
1801
1807
Incumbent died July 19, 1807.
Winner elected October 25, 1807 to finish the term ending March 4, 1813.
Federalist hold
Chauncey Goodrich (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island
(Class 2)
James Fenner Democratic-Republican 1805 Incumbent resigned September 1807.
Winner elected October 26, 1807 to finish the term ending March 4, 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold
Elisha Mathewson (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia
(Class 2)
George Jones Democratic-Republican 1807 (Appointed) Predecessor Abraham Baldwin (DR) had died March 4, 1807.
Incumbent appointee did not seek election to finish the term.
Winner elected November 7, 1807 to finish the term ending March 4, 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold
William H. Crawford (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]