United States Senate elections, 1810 and 1811

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United States Senate elections, 1810 and 1811
United States
1808 / 1809 ←
Dates vary by state → 1812 / 1813

11 of the 34 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
18 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 27 seats (79.4%) 7 seats (20.6%)
Seats before 26 (76.5%) 8 (23.5%)
Seats won 27 (79.4%) 7 (20.6%)
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 1
Seats up 9 2

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1810 and 1811 were elections that had the majority Democratic-Republican Party gain one seat in the United States Senate. The minority Federalists had gone into the elections with such a small share of Senate seats (7 out of 34, or 20.6%) that they had won all of the elections, they would still not have controlled a majority.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

Composition after June 1810 special election in New Hamphsire.

DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Majority → DR18
F8 DR26 DR25 DR24 DR23 DR22 DR21 DR20 DR19
F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Majority → DR18
DR27+* DR26O DR25O DR24 DR23 DR22 DR21 DR20 DR19
F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Note:
  • DR27+ (Massachusetts seat): Incumbent Federalist lost re-election, but successor Democratic-Republican was elected late in 1811, after this Congress began.
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant
Party hold: Incumbent re-elected
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party
No tag Seat not up for election this time

Complete list of races in 1810 and 1811[edit]

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 11th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1810 or before March 4, 1811; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
Samuel White Federalist 1801 (Appointed)
1796 (Special)
1803
1809
Incumbent died November 4, 1809.
Winner elected January 12, 1810 to finish the term ending March 4, 1815.
Federalist hold.
Outerbridge Horsey (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
Nahum Parker Democratic-Republican 1807 Incumbent resigned June 1, 1810.
Winner elected June 21, 1810 to finish the term ending March 4, 1813.
Federalist gain.
Charles Cutts (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut
(Class 1)
James Hillhouse Federalist 1796 (Special)
1797
1803
1809
Incumbent resigned June 10, 1810.
Winner elected December 4, 1810 to finish the term ending March 4, 1815.
Federalist hold.
Samuel W. Dana (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio
(Class 1)
Return J. Meigs, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 (Special)
1809
Incumbent resigned December 8, 1810 to become Governor of Ohio.
Winner elected December 15, 1810 to finish the term ending March 4, 1815.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Worthington (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina
(Class 2)
Thomas Sumter Democratic-Republican 1801 (Special)
1809
Incumbent resigned December 16, 1810.
Winner elected December 31, 1810 to finish the term ending March 4, 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner was subsequently elected to the next full term (See below).
John Taylor (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the 12th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1811 (except where noted due to late election); ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Delaware James A. Bayard Federalist 1804 (Special)
1805
Incumbent re-elected. James A. Bayard (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia William H. Crawford Democratic-Republican 1807 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William H. Crawford (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 1810 (Appointed) Appointee retired to run for U.S. House of Representatives.
Winner elected in 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George M. Bibb (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts Timothy Pickering Federalist 1803 (Special)
1804
Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner was elected late on June 29, 1811 due to partisan deadlock in the Massachusetts Senate.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire Nicholas Gilman Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Nicholas Gilman (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey John Condit Democratic-Republican 1803 (Appointed)
? (Elected)
Incumbent re-elected. John Condit (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina James Turner Democratic-Republican 1804 Incumbent re-elected. James Turner (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island Elisha Mathewson Democratic-Republican 1807 (Special) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected in 1811.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jeremiah B. Howell (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Taylor (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee Jenkin Whiteside Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1809. Jenkin Whiteside (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia William B. Giles Democratic-Republican 1804 (Appointed, class 1)
1804 (Special)
1804
Incumbent re-elected in 1811. William B. Giles (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the 12th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1811 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Tennessee
(Class 2)
Jenkin Whiteside Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Resigned October 8, 1811.
Winner elected October 8, 1811 to finish the term ending March 4, 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George W. Campbell (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island
(Class 1)
Christopher G. Champlin Federalist 1809 (Special) Resigned October 12, 1811.
Winner elected October 28, 1811 to finish term ending March 4, 1815.
Federalist hold.
William Hunter (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]