United States Senate elections, 1824

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The United States Senate election of 1824 was an election for the United States Senate which saw the Jacksonians gain a majority over the Anti-Jacksonian National Republican Party.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Result summary[edit]

19th Congress (1825–1827)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (26)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jacksonian (22)
  • Total seats: 48

List of races[edit]

All seats listed are class 3 unless otherwise indicated.

State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
Alabama William Kelly Democratic-Republican
(Jackson faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
Henry H. Chambers (Jacksonian)
Connecticut James Lanman Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
Re-elected, but disqualified
Vacant
James Lanman ([Data unknown/missing. You can help!])
Delaware
Special (Class 1)
Vacant Vacant Caesar A. Rodney had resigned in previous Congress
Winner elected January 8, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1827
Federalist gain
Thomas Clayton (Federalist (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
Georgia John Elliott Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
John M. Berrien (Jacksonian)
Georgia
Special (Class 2)
Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
Died September 7, 1824
Winner elected December 6, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1829
Democratic-Republican hold
Thomas W. Cobb (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction), later Jacksonian)
Illinois
Special
Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
Resigned
Winner was elected November 24, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1825, but not to next term
Democratic-Republican hold
John McLean (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction))
Illinois
General
Winner elected to next term
Jacksonian gain
Elias Kane (Jacksonian)
Indiana Waller Taylor Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Anti-Jacksonian gain
William Hendricks (Anti-Jacksonian)
Kentucky Isham Talbot Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
John Rowan (Jacksonian)
Louisiana
General
Josiah S. Johnston Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
Interim appointee elected to a full term
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Josiah S. Johnston (Anti-Jacksonian)
Louisiana
Special (Class 2)
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
Resigned May 27, 1824 to become Governor of Louisiana
Winner elected November 19, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1829
Democratic-Republican hold
Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny (Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
Maryland Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
Re-elected as a Jacksonian
Jacksonian gain
Edward Lloyd (Jacksonian)
Missouri David Barton Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
Re-elected as an Anti-Jacksonian
Anti-Jacksonian gain
David Barton (Anti-Jacksonian)
New Hampshire John F. Parrott Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner took office late, on March 16, 1825
Jacksonian gain
Levi Woodbury (Jacksonian)
New York Rufus King Federalist
(Adams-Clay faction)
Retired
Vacant due to a deadlock in the New York State Legislature
Vacant
Multiple
North Carolina Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
Re-elected as a Jacksonian
Jacksonian gain
Nathaniel Macon (Jacksonian)
Ohio Ethan Allen Brown Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
Lost re-election
Anti-Jacksonian gain
William Henry Harrison (Anti-Jacksonian)
Pennsylvania Walter Lowrie Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
Retired
Anti-Jacksonian gain
William Marks (Anti-Jacksonian)
South Carolina John Gaillard Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
Re-elected as a Jacksonian
Jacksonian gain
John Gaillard (Jacksonian)
Vermont William A. Palmer Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
Retired
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Dudley Chase (Anti-Jacksonian)
Virginia
Special (Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
Died August 21, 1824
Winner elected December 7, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1829
Democratic-Republican hold
Littleton Tazewell (Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction), later Jacksonian)

Elections after the Congress started[edit]

Date State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
May 4, 1825 Connecticut
Special
Vacant Vacant due to credentials challenge
Anti-Jacksonian gain
Calvin Willey (Anti-Jacksonian)

In 1826, New York elected its class 3 U.S. Senator, late into this Congress

Change in Senate composition[edit]

End of previous Congress
Da Da Da Da
Da Da Da Da Da Da Da Dc Dc Dc
Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc
Dc
Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc Dc Dj Dj Dj
Fa Dj Dj Dj Dj Dj Dj Dj Dj Dj
Fa Fa Fa Fa
Beginning of the next Congress
AJ AJ V V
AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J J AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J
J J J J J J J J J
J J J J J J J J J J
J J J V
Key:
AJ = Anti-Jacksonian
DRa = Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay)
DRc = Democratic-Republican (Crawford)
DRj = Democratic-Republican (Jackson)
Fa = Federalist (Adams-Clay)
J = Jacksonian
V = Vacant
= Majority divider

References[edit]

See also[edit]