United States Senate elections, 1912

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United States Senate elections, 1912
United States
1910 ←
1912
→ 1914

34 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
 
Party Democratic Republican Progressive
Last election 44 seats 48 seats 0 seats
Seats before 46 48 2
Seats won 51 44 1
Seat change Increase 5 Decrease 4 Decrease 1

US 1912 senate election map.svg

  Democrat re-elected/hold
  Democratic gain
  Republican re-elected/hold
  Republican gain

Majority party before election


Republican

Elected Majority party


Democratic

In the 1912 United States Senate elections, held on November 5, Democrats gained control of the Senate from the Republicans. This coincided with Democrat Woodrow Wilson's victory in the presidential election amid a divide in the Republican Party. In the Senate, Joseph M. Dixon and Miles Poindexter defected from the Republican Party and joined Theodore Roosevelt's new Progressive Party. Dixon, however, lost his seat during this election.

Some states elected their Senators directly even before passage of the 17th Amendment in 1913. Oregon pioneered direct election and experimented with different measures over several years until it succeeded in 1907. Soon after, Nebraska followed suit and laid the foundation for other states to adopt measures reflecting the people's will. By 1912, as many as 29 states elected senators either as nominees of their party's primary or in conjunction with a general election.

This was the first time in 20 years that the Democrats won a majority in Senate.

Results summary[edit]

Parties Total Seats
Incumbents This election Result +/-
Not up Up Re-
elected
Held Gained Lost
  Democratic 46 32 14 7 4 Increase 9 Decrease 2 51 Increase 5
  Republican 48 29 19 6 4 Increase 2 Decrease 8 44 Decrease 4
  Progressive 2 1 1 0 0 Steady Decrease 1 1 Decrease 1
  Others 0 0 0 0 0 Steady Steady 0 Steady
Total 96 62 34 13 8 Increase 11 Decrease 11 96 Steady

Senate party division, 63rd Congress (1913–1915)[edit]

Majority Party: Democratic (51 seats)

Minority Party: Republican (44 seats)

Other Parties: Progressive (1 seat)

Total Seats: 96

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

Does not include the new Senators from Arizona and New Mexico, who were elected in March 1912.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6
D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7
D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26
D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29 D28 D27
D37 D38 D39 D40 D41 D42 D43 D44 V1 V2
Majority → R46
R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45
R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29 R28 R27
R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26
R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8 R7
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

  • Miles Poindexter (Washington Class 1), who was not up for election this cycle, changed parties from Republican to Progressive in the next Congress.
D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
AL
D37
AR
D36
GA
D35
NC
D34
OK
D33
AZ2
D32
AZ1
D31 D30 D29
D39
VA
D40
SC
D41 O
TX
D42 O
MS
D43 O
LA
D44 O
KY
D45 +
CO
D46 +
DE
D47 +
IL
D48 +
KS
Majority →
R38 O
RI
R39 +
ME
R40 +
WV
R41 V1 D53 +
TN
D52 +
OR
D51 +
NJ
D50 +
NH
D49 +
MT
R37 O
SD
R36 O
NE
R35 O
MA
R34
WY
R33
NM2
R32
NM1
R31
MN
R30
MI
R29
IA
R28
ID
R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27
R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8
P1 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7
Key:
D# Democratic
P# Progressive
R# Republican
V# Vacant
 
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Complete list of races[edit]

Bold state names indicates link to election article. Bold candidates' names indicates winner.

*Asterisks indicate elections in which Senators where selected by some form of direct voting and then subsequently elected by state legislatures.

Elections during the 62nd Congress[edit]

Date State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
March 4, 1912 New Mexico
General (Class 1)
New seat Winner elected to term ending March 4, 1917
Republican gain
Thomas B. Catron (Republican) Unopposed[1]
March 4, 1912 New Mexico
General (Class 2)
New seat Winner elected to term ending March 4, 1913
Republican gain
Winner was subsequently re-elected in November (see below).
Albert B. Fall (Republican) Unopposed[2]
March 27, 1912 Arizona
General (Class 1)
New seat Winner elected to term ending March 4, 1917
Democratic gain
Henry F. Ashurst (Democratic) 50.00%
Ralph Henry Cameron (Republican) 44.33%
E. Johnson (Socialist) 5.67%[3]
March 27, 1912 Arizona
General (Class 3)
New seat Winner elected to term ending March 4, 1915
Democratic gain
Marcus A. Smith (Democratic) 50.00%
Hoval A. Smith (Republican) 43.84%
E.B. Simonton (Socialist) 5.8%[4]
November 5, 1912 Alabama John H. Bankhead Democratic Incumbent re-elected John H. Bankhead (Democratic) Unopposed[5]
November 5, 1912 Arkansas Jeff Davis Democratic Incumbent re-elected, but died January 3, 1913.[6] Jeff Davis (Democratic) Unopposed
November 5, 1912 Colorado* Simon Guggenheim Republican Incumbent retired
Democratic gain
John F. Shafroth (Democratic) 47.34%
Clyde Dawson (Republican) 26.8%
Frank Catlin (Progressive) 23.48%
Mary E. Miller (Prohibition) 2.38%[7]
November 5, 1912 Delaware Harry A. Richardson Republican Incumbent retired
Democratic gain
Willard Saulsbury, Jr. (Democratic) Unopposed[8]
November 5, 1912 Georgia Augustus Octavius Bacon Democratic Incumbent re-elected Augustus Octavius Bacon (Democratic) Unopposed[9]
November 5, 1912 Idaho William Borah Republican Incumbent re-elected William Borah (Republican) Unopposed[10]
November 5, 1912 Illinois Shelby Moore Cullom Republican Incumbent lost renomination[11]
Democratic gain
J. Hamilton Lewis (Democratic) 80.39%
Frank H. Funk (Progressive) 10.78%
Lawrence Yates Sherman (Republican) 4.41%
Abstained 2.45%
Bernard Berlyn (Socialist) 1.96%[11]
November 5, 1912 Iowa William S. Kenyon Republican Incumbent re-elected William S. Kenyon (Republican) Unopposed[12]
November 5, 1912 Kansas* Charles Curtis Republican Incumbent lost renomination
Democratic gain
William Howard Thompson (Democratic) 49.34%
Walter R. Stubbs (Republican) 43.35%
Allan Ricker (Socialist) 7.32%[13]
November 5, 1912 Kentucky Thomas H. Paynter Democratic Incumbent retired
Democratic hold
Ollie Murray James (Democratic) Unopposed[14]
November 5, 1912 Louisiana Murphy J. Foster Democratic Incumbent lost renomination
Democratic hold
Joseph E. Ransdell (Democratic) Unopposed[15]
November 5, 1912 Maine Obadiah Gardner Democratic Incumbent lost re-election
Republican gain
Edwin C. Burleigh (Republican)[16]
November 5, 1912 Massachusetts Winthrop M. Crane Republican Incumbent retired
Republican hold
John W. Weeks (Republican) Unopposed[17]
November 5, 1912 Michigan William Alden Smith Republican Incumbent re-elected William Alden Smith (Republican) Unopposed[18]
November 5, 1912 Minnesota* Knute Nelson Republican Incumbent re-elected Knute Nelson (Republican) 62.8%
Daniel Lawler (Democratic) 37.2%[19]
November 5, 1912 Mississippi LeRoy Percy Democratic Incumbent lost renomination
Democratic hold
James K. Vardaman (Democratic) Unopposed[20]
November 5, 1912 Montana* Joseph M. Dixon Republican Incumbent lost re-election as a Progressive
Democratic gain
Thomas J. Walsh (Democratic) 41.17%
Joseph M. Dixon (Progressive) 32.1%
Henry C. Smith (Republican) 26.73%[21]
November 5, 1912 Nebraska Norris Brown Republican Incumbent lost renomination[22]
Republican hold
George W. Norris (Republican)
Ashton C. Shallenberger (Democratic)[23]
November 5, 1912 New Hampshire Henry E. Burnham Republican Incumbent retired
Democratic gain
Henry F. Hollis (Democratic) 50.94%
John H. Bartlett (Republican) 32.62%
Henry B. Quinby (Republican) 4.85%
Edward Nathan Pearson (Republican) 3.77%
Robert P. Bass (Progressive) 3.24%
Sherman Everett Burroughs (Republican) 1.35%
Gordon Woodbury (Democratic) 0.81%
Clarence Carr (Democratic) 0.54%
William Swart (Independent) 0.54%[24]
November 5, 1912 New Jersey Frank O. Briggs Republican Incumbent lost re-election
Democratic gain
William Hughes (Democratic)[25]
November 5, 1912 New Mexico Albert B. Fall Republican Incumbent re-elected Albert B. Fall (Republican) Unopposed[26]
November 5, 1912 North Carolina Furnifold McLendel Simmons Democratic Incumbent re-elected Furnifold McLendel Simmons (Democratic) Unopposed[27]
November 5, 1912 Oklahoma* Robert Latham Owen Democratic Incumbent re-elected Robert Latham Owen (Democratic) 50.43%
Joseph Dickerson (Republican) 33.28%
John Wills (Socialist) 16.3%[28]
November 5, 1912 Oregon* Jonathan Bourne, Jr. Republican Incumbent lost renomination and then lost re-election as Progressive
Democratic gain
Harry Lane (Democratic) 30.07%
Ben Selling (Republican) 28.79%
Jonathan Bourne, Jr. (Progressive) 19.41%
Benjamin Ramp (Socialist) 8.31%
A. E. Clark (Progressive-WI) 8.3%
B. Lee Paget (Prohibition) 5.13%[29]
November 5, 1912 Rhode Island George P. Wetmore Republican Incumbent retired
Republican hold
LeBaron B. Colt (Republican) Unopposed[30]
November 5, 1912 South Carolina Benjamin Tillman Democratic Incumbent re-elected Benjamin Tillman (Democratic) Unopposed
November 5, 1912 South Dakota Robert J. Gamble Republican Incumbent lost renomination[31]
Republican hold
Thomas Sterling (Republican) Unopposed[32]
November 5, 1912 Tennessee Newell Sanders Republican Appointee retired
Democratic gain
John K. Shields (Democratic) Unopposed[33]
November 5, 1912 Texas Joseph Weldon Bailey Democratic Incumbent retired
Democratic hold
Morris Sheppard (Democratic) Unopposed[34]
November 5, 1912 Virginia Thomas S. Martin Democratic Incumbent re-elected Thomas S. Martin (Democratic) Unopposed[35]
November 5, 1912 West Virginia Clarence Wayland Watson Democratic Incumbent lost re-election
Republican gain
Nathan Goff, Jr. (Republican)[36]
November 5, 1912 Wyoming Francis E. Warren Republican Incumbent re-elected Francis E. Warren (Republican) Unopposed[37]
January 15, 1913 Colorado
Special (Class 3)
Vacant Vacant Charles J. Hughes, Jr. (D) died January 11, 1911.
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1915.
Democratic hold
Charles S. Thomas (Democratic) Unopposed[38]
January 23, 1913 Nevada*
Special (Class 1)
William A. Massey Republican Appointee lost election to finish term ending March 4, 1917.
Democratic gain
Key Pittman (Democratic) 39.78%
William A. Massey (Republican) 39.34%
G. A. Steele (Socialist) 13.73%
S. Summerfield (Progressive) 7.15%[39]
January 23, 1913 Tennessee
Special (Class 2)
Newell Sanders Republican Appointee retired when elected successor qualified
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1913.
Democratic gain
William R. Webb (Democratic)
January 23, 1913 Texas
Special (Class 2)
Rienzi Melville Johnston Democratic Appointee retired when elected successor qualified
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1913.
Democratic hold
Morris Sheppard (Democratic) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 23, 1913 Arkansas
Special (Class 2)
John N. Heiskell Democratic Appointee retired when elected successor qualified[6]
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1913.
Democratic hold
William M. Kavanaugh (Democratic) Unopposed[40]
January 24, 1913 Idaho
Special (Class 3)
Kirtland I. Perky Democratic Appointee retired when elected successor qualified
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1915.
Republican gain
James H. Brady (Republican) Unopposed[41]
January 27, 1913 Arkansas
General (Class 2)
William Marmaduke Kavanaugh Democratic Elected to next term of Senator Jeff Davis (D) who died between the election and the new Congress[6]
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1919.
Democratic hold
Joseph T. Robinson (Democratic) Unopposed[42]

Elections during the 63rd Congress[edit]

Date State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
March 26, 1913 Illinois
Special (Class 3)
Vacant Vacant 1909 election of William Lorimer (R) voided July 13, 1912
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1915.
Republican hold
Lawrence Y. Sherman (Republican) 70.1%
Charles Boeschenstein (Democratic) 12.25%
Frank H. Funk (Republican) 10.78%
Abstaining 4.41%
? McDonald (Socialist) 1.96%
John Fitzpatrick (Democratic) 0.49%[43]
November 4, 1913 Maryland
Special (Class 1)
William P. Jackson Republican Appointee retired when elected successor qualified
Winner elected to finish term ending March 4, 1917.
Democratic gain
Blair Lee (Democratic) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NM US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ "NM US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ "AZ US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  4. ^ "AZ US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ "AL US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Arkansas seat:
    • Incumbent Jeff Davis (D) was re-elected but died January 3, 1913.
    • John N. Heiskell (D) was appointed January 6, 1913 to continue the term ending March 4, 1913, but did not run to finish the term.
    • William Marmaduke Kavanaugh (D) was elected January 29, 1913 to finish the term ending March 4, 1913.
    • Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) was elected to the new term beginning March 4, 1913.
  7. ^ "CO US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ "DE US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ "GA US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  10. ^ "ID US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Senate Class II - History". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  12. ^ "IA US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ "KS US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  14. ^ "KY US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  15. ^ "LA US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  16. ^ "ME US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  17. ^ "MA US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  18. ^ "MI US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  19. ^ "MN US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  20. ^ "MS US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  21. ^ "MT US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  22. ^ "NE US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  23. ^ "NE US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  24. ^ "NH US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  25. ^ "NJ US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  26. ^ "NM US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  27. ^ "NC US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  28. ^ "OK US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  29. ^ "OR US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  30. ^ "RI US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  31. ^ "SD US Senate - R Primary". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 28, 2013. 
  32. ^ "SD US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 28, 2013. 
  33. ^ "TN US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  34. ^ "TX US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  35. ^ "VA US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  36. ^ "WV US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  37. ^ "WY US Senate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  38. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=333039
  39. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36483
  40. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/CandidateDetail.html?CandidateID=134481
  41. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=391403
  42. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=332758
  43. ^ "Senate Class III - History". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 

Source: United States Senate Official Website

See also[edit]